Medicinal Plants and Environmental Challenges

Գրքի շապիկի երեսը
Mansour Ghorbanpour, Ajit Varma
Springer, 31 հոկ, 2017 թ. - 413 էջ

This book sheds new light on the role of various environmental factors in regulating the metabolic adaptation of medicinal and aromatic plants. Many of the chapters present cutting-edge findings on the contamination of medicinal plants through horizontal transfer, as well as nanomaterials and the biosynthesis of pharmacologically active compounds. In addition, the book highlights the impacts of environmental factors (e.g., high and low temperature, climate change, global warming, UV irradiation, intense sunlight and shade, ozone, carbon dioxide, drought, salinity, nutrient deficiency, agrochemicals, waste, heavy metals, nanomaterials, weeds, pests and pathogen infections) on medicinal and aromatic plants, emphasizing secondary metabolisms.

In recent years, interest has grown in the use of bioactive compounds from natural sources. Medicinal and aromatic plants constitute an important part of the natural environment and agro-ecosystems, and contain a wealth of chemical compounds known as secondary metabolites and including alkaloids, glycosides, essential oils and other miscellaneous active substances. These metabolites help plants cope with environmental and/or external stimuli in a rapid, reversible and ecologically meaningful manner. Additionally, environmental factors play a crucial role in regulating the metabolic yield of these biologically active molecules. Understanding how medicinal plants respond to environmental perturbations and climate change could open new frontiers in plant production and in agriculture, where successive innovation is urgently needed due to the looming challenges in connection with global food security and climate change. Readers will discover a range of revealing perspectives and the latest research on this vital topic.

 

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1 Importance of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Human Life
1
2 Introduction to Environmental Challenges in All Over the World
25
3 Rarity of Endemic Medicinal Plants and Role of Herbaria for Their Conservation Against Environmental Challenges
49
4 Metabolic Responses of Medicinal Plants to Global Warming Temperature and Heat Stress
69
5 Effects of Toxic Gases Ozone Carbon Dioxide and Wastes on Plant Secondary Metabolism
81
6 Plant Secondary Metabolites and Some Plant Growth Regulators Elicited by UV Irradiation Light AndOr Shade
97
7 Effect of Climate Change on Algae Valuable Source of Medicinal Natural Compounds
123
8 Metabolic and Hormonal Responses of Plants to Cold Stress
137
13 Strategies for Enhancing Artemisinin Production in Artemisia annua Under Changing Environment
227
14 Plant Nanobionics a Novel Approach to Overcome the Environmental Challenges
247
Influence of Environmental Factors on the Content of Secondary Metabolites
259
16 The Most Important Fungal Diseases Associated with Some Useful Medicinal Plants
279
17 Weed and Weeding Effects on Medicinal Herbs
295
18 Medicinal Plant Diseases Caused by Nematodes
329
19 Plant Derived Essential Oils Against Aedes aegypti L and Their Biotechnological Production
345
20 Adaptation Strategies and Defence Mechanisms of Plants During Environmental Stress
359

9 The Impact of Drought Stress on the Quality of Spice and Medicinal Plants
159
10 Effect of Salinity Stress on Growth and Physiology of Medicinal Plants
177
11 Heavy MetalMediated Changes in Growth and Phytochemicals of Edible and Medicinal Plants
189
A so Far Unconsidered Source of Contamination of Medicinal Plants
215
21 Biotechnological Approaches for In Vitro Conservation of Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth
415
Medicinal Plants and Environmental Challenges
427
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Mansour Ghorbanpour, Ph.D.

Mansour Ghorbanpour is an Associate Professor at the Department of Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Arak University, Arak, Iran. He holds a B.Sc. (1997), an M.Sc. (2003) and a Ph.D. (2011) from the University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran. Dr. Ghorbanpour has been a visiting scholar to the Nutrient Uptake and Toxicity Stress (NUTS) group at the University of Western Australia, Australia. His research interests include environmental stresses and plant responses, phytonanotechnology, bioavailability of emerging contaminants, and plant metabolism. He also has previous experience in beneficial soil microorganisms and biosynthesis pathways for secondary metabolites.

To date, Dr. Ghorbanpour has published over 80 journal articles and 6 books. In addition, he serves as an editor for a number of international journals, including the Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants and the International Journal of Traditional and Herbal Medicine. Lastly, he has served as a reviewer for other scientific journals such as Natural Product Research, Carbon, Journal of Medicinal Plants, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plant, and Canadian Journal of Microbiology.

Ajit Varma, Ph.D.

Ajit Varma completed his PhD at Allahabad University and is a former Professor, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India. Presently, he is the Distinguished Scientist and Professor of Eminence at the Amity Institute of Microbial Technology; Pro-Vice Chancellor, Ritnand Balved Education Foundation; and Vice Chairman of Amity Science, Technology and Innovation Foundation at Amity University in Uttar Pradesh, India. He has published more than 374 papers and 87 books. Dr. Varma is Fellow of the Alexander-von-Humboldt Society, Germany, elected Fellow of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Fellow of the Microbiology Society of India.
Ajit Varma is also a series editor of the Springer series “Soil Biology” http://www.springer.com/series/5138.

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