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burg, a few miles southwest of the geographical centre. This county is more celebrated for its mining operations than for its agricultural products; simply, however, because the former has been prosecuted to the neglect of the latter. It is in connexion with the fifth judicial circuit, and the second congressional district, and forms the thirteenth senate district, and sends 3 members to the assembly, viz.: 1. Towns of White Oak Springs, Benton and New Diggings. 2. Towns of Shullsburg, Monticello, Gratiot, Wayne and Wyota. 3. Elk Grove, Belmont, Kendall, Center, Willow Springs, Fayette and Argyle. The Peckatonnica and Fevre rivers are the principal streams. The population in 1847 was 9,335; 1850, 11,556. Dwellings, 2,079; farms, 399; manufactories, 21. County Officers for 1853 and 1854: County Judge, Jas. H. Knowlton; Sheriff, Peter C. Meloy; Clerk of Court, D. W. Kyle; District Attorney, Hamilton H. Gray; Register, Elias Slothower; Clerk of Board of Supervisors, Thomas McMannus; Treasurer, Ephraim Ogden ; Surveyor, Thomas Bowen.
LAFAYETTE, P. O., in town of same name, Walworth county, being in town 3 N., of range 17 E.
LAFAYETTE, Town, in county of Walworth, being town 3, of range 17; centrally located, 5 miles northeast from Elkhorn. The population in 1850 was 1,008. It has 9 school districts.
LAGRANGE, P. V., in town of same name, Walworth county.
LAGRANGE, Town, in county of Walworth, being town 4 N., of range 16 E.; centrally located, 8 miles northwest from Elkhorn. The population in 1850 was 961. It has 9 school districts.
LAKE, Town, in county of Milwaukee, being town 6 N., of range 22 E.; centrally located, 4 miles south from Milwaukee. Population in 1850 was 1,474. It has 8 school districts.
LAKE ELLEN, is adjoining the village of Cascade, Sheboygan county. It abounds in fish, and covers an area of 320 acres.
LAKE EMILY, in the northeast part of town of Fox Lake, Dodge county.
LAKE HURON, is a small lake near the centre of town 20 N., of range 9 E., in Washington county. It covers about 200 8. CI’êS.
LAKE KATTAKITTEKON, see Lac Vieux desert.
LAKE MARIA, a small lake in southwest corner of Mackford, Marquette county, and has its outlet into Grand river.
LAKE MARIA, P. V., on section 25, town 14 N., of range 12, Marquette county, 20 miles south from Dartford, 65 miles east of north from Madison, on the road from Watertown to the Pinery, 4 from Granville, 5 from Mackford, 8 from Kingston, and 10 from Marquette. Population 60; 10 dwellings, with Methodist, Baptist, and Presbyterian denominations.
LAKE MASON, in the southwest corner of Marquette county, discharges its waters into the Neenah river.
LAKE MILLs, Town, in county of Jefferson, being town 7 N., of range 13 E.; centrally located, 8 miles northwest from Jefferson. Population in 1850 was 884. It has 7 school districts.
LAKE MILLs, P. V., on section 13, in town of same name, Jefferson county, 8 miles northwest from Jefferson, 26 miles east from Madison, at the outlet of Rock lake, on the mail route from Madison to Watertown. Population 400; with 50 dwellings, 3 stores, 1 hotel, 1 church and several religious denominations, 1 iron foundry, 1 grist mill, 1 saleratus factory, 2 cabinet and 3 blacksmith shops.
LAKE NINE, in north part of Richmond, Walworth county.
LARE of THE HILLocks, in Marathon county, near the 45° north latitude, discharging its waters easterly into the Wisconsin, about half way between Big and Little Bull Falls.
LAKE OF THE HILLs, located in town 11 N., of range 8 E. It is nearly two miles long, and three-fourths of a mile in width.
LAKE SARAH, forms the head waters of the Neenah, in the northeast corner of Columbia county.
LAKE VIEw, P. O., in town of Fitchburg, Dane county, on section 13, town 6 N., of range 9 E.
LAKE WIEUX DESERT, or Kattakittekon Lake, see Lac Vieux Desert.
LAKE WAUCOUSTA, two small lakes in Osceola, Fond du Lac county.
LAKE WINGRA, or Dead Lake, mostly on section 27, in Madison, Dane county, a mile long, and three-quarters of a mile wide.
LAMARTINE, Town, in county of Fond du Lac, being town 15 N., of range 16 E.; centrally located, 8 miles west from Fond du Lac. Population in 1850 was 588. It has 9 school districts.
LAMARTINE, P. V., Fond du Lac county, on section 34 of town of same name. It has 2 stores, 1 hotel, and a Baptist church. It is 7 miles southwest from Fond du Lac city, and 67 miles northeast from Madison.
LANCAstER, Town, in county of Grant, being towns 4 and 5 N., of range 3 W., and is the county seat. It has 9 school districts. There is 1 grist mill and 2 saw mills in the town, from three to four miles from the village; some of the most productive lead mines are in this town. There are large quantities of land yet unentered in the town, and the great fertility of the soil, convenience of building materials and fuel, of springs and brooks, offer inducement to settlers. Population about 1,500.
LANCASTER, P. V. and C. H., in town of same name, on section 3, town 4, near the geographical centre of the county, upon the edge of Boyce prairie, and in the most beautiful and healthy portion of the mining region. The business and trade of the township, as also of the town of Fennimore, are concentrated at the village. Population 400; 75 dwellings, 1 drug, 4 dry goods and grocery, 1 tin and sheet iron, and 1 stove stores, 1 waggon, 3 Smith, and 2 cabinet shops, 4 hotels, 1 Baptist church of brick, 1 Methodist and 1 Presbyterian church of wood, and an Episcopal church in progress of erection. Court house of brick, 40 by 56, with fire-proof offices for county pur
LANSING, P. V., in town of Freedom, Outagamie county.
LANSING, Town, in county of Outagamie, being towns 22 and 23 N., of range 17; centrally located, 10 miles north from Grand Chute. It has 1 school district.
LA PosNTE, County, is bounded on the northwest and north by the State line, in Lake Superior, on the east by Marathon, on the the south by Chippewa and St. Croix, and west by Minnesota. It was set off from St. Croix Feb. 19, 1845. It was, and remained attached to Crawford for judicial purposes, until the complete organization of St. Croix, Feb. 26, 1849. The boundaries were changed 6th March 1849, and it was fully organized 9th Feb. 1850. The county seat is established at La Pointe, on the southeast end of Madeline Island, in Lake Superior, the oldest settlement in the State. The county is watered by Bois Brule, (Burnt Wood,) Mauvais, (Bad,) or Maskau rivers, and other small streams entering the lake from three to ten miles apart, and by lakes. The country, for a short distance along the margin of the lake, is low and wet; further south it is generally rolling. The western portion of the country is prairie land; and the soil being good and winters mild, offers great inducements to agriculturists. In the more eastern parts, the timber in most places is very thick, comprising white and yellow Norway pine, and the different species of oak, maple, birch, and the soft woods. The county is in connexion with the nineteenth senate district, the sixth judicial circuit, and the second congressional district, and with St. Croix sends one member to the assembly. French missionaries visited this country as early as 1661. In 1850 the population was 489; 5 farms and 74 dwellings. R. D. Boyd is Register of Deeds, and Clerk of the Circuit Court and of the Board of Supervisors. LA PosNTE, P. V. and C. H., is situate on Madeline Island, in Lake Superior, La Pointe county, at about town 50 N., of range 4 W. It has a bay nearly three miles across, capable of containing at anchor, secure from all winds, a numerous fleet of the largest class vessels, and is the favorite harbor of the lake. La Pointe was originally settled by the North Western Fur Company as the most eligible point for a depot and trading port on the lake. As a site for a town, and as a resort for health and pleasure, La Pointe offers advantages equal to any other place in Wisconsin. It has the best fishing-grounds on the whole lake for trout, siscowet and white fish, or lake shad, more than one thousand barrels of which are packed annually at La Pointe. Tempered, as well in summer as in winter, by the vast expanse of water which surrounds it, and which, except at the immediate surface, is almost always at 40° Farnheit, its climate is milder and more equable than any part of Wisconsin, whether it be on the mainland of Lake Superior, or further south on the Mississippi. Chiefly for this reason, but also on account of the bracing winds that sweep across the lake, Madeline Island is probably not surpassed, in point of health, by any locality throughout the entire western country.*
LA PosNTE, Town, in county of La Pointe, comprising the same. Population in 1850 was 598.
LA PRAIRIE, Town, in county of Rock, being town 2 N. of range 13 E.; centrally located, 6 miles southeast from Janesville. The population in 1850 was 378. It has 6 school districts.
LAwRENCE, is the name of a town in the county of Brown.
LEACH Creek, a small tributary from the west of Baraboo river, which it enters near its mouth.
L’EAU CLAIRE, Lake and Mills, on river of same name, in town 26 N., of range 13 W., in Chippewa county, also called Clearwater and O'Claire.
* See Owen's Geological Survey of Wisconsin.