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ALBION, P. V., in town of same name, Dane county.
ALBION, Town, in county of Dane, being in town 5 N., range 12 E.; centrally located, 25 miles southeast from Madison, the county seat. It has 7 school districts.
ALBION, Town, in county of Jackson, being all of said county, north of township 22. It has 4 school districts.
ALCOVE, P. V., in Fond du Lac county, on section 32 of the town of Empire, (town 15 N., range 18 E.,) 6 miles southeast from Fond du Lac, the county seat, and 75 miles northeast from Madison.
ALGOMA, Town, in county of Winnebago, south side of Fox river. The population in 1850 was 702. It has 7 school districts.
ALGOMA, P. V., in town of same name, Winnebago county, on section 15, in town 18 N., range 16 E., on Fox river, between Lake Great Butte des Morts and Winnebago, 2 miles above Oshkosh.
ALLEN's GROVE, P. V., in town of Sharon, Walworth county, on section 6, in town 1 N., range 15 E.
ALMOND, P. V., in county of Portage. It is 16 miles from Plover, the county seat, and 105 miles from Madison. Population, 150. ALTo, P. V., Fond du Lac county, on section 13, in town of same name, being town 14 N., range 14 E.; located 18 miles southwest from Fond du Lac city, and 55 miles northeast from Madison. ALT0, Town, in the county of Fond du Lac, being town 14 N., of range 14 E.; centrally located, 10 miles southwest from Fond du Lac. Population in 1850 was 630. It has 9 school districts. AMENECON, (Amican), River, a tributary of Lake Superior, next east of Sandy river, in La Pointe county. AMHERST, Town, in county of Portage, being towns 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25, in range 10, and 24 and 25 in range 9 E.
APPLE, River, rises near the head of Duck Creek, and runs northeasterly into Fox river, 5 miles below Rapide de Croche, in Outagamie county.
APPLE, River, a tributary of St. Croix river from the east, in St. Croix county, enters the same from the east, near the line between townships 30 and 31.
APPLETON, P. V., and C. H., in Outagamie county, town of Grand Chute, on section 26, town 21 N., range 17 E. It is about 125 miles northeast from Madison. The Lawrence Institute is located at this place, and the surrounding country is very healthy and fertile. Population 800; 275 dwellings, 10 stores, 5 hotels, 4 saw mills, 1 flouring mill, 1 edge tool factory, 2 planing mills and a paper factory. It is situated on the Lower Fox river at the Grand Chute Rapids, 30 miles from Green Bay. Its hydraulic advantages are equal to any in the United States, the aggregate fall being 40 feet. It is in a direct line between Manitowoc on the Lake, and Stevens' Point on the Wisconsin, between which places a plank road is in process of construction.
ARENA, Town, in the county of Iowa, being townships Nos. 7 and 8 N., of ranges 4 and 5 E.; centrally located, 20 miles northeast from Mineral Point, the county seat. It has 3 school districts. It is in an agricultural district, containing bottom lands of the first quality, sandy, but well watered. Settled originally by the British Temperance Emigration Society.
ARENA, P. V., in town of same name, Iowa county, on the Wisconsin river, town 8 N., range 5 E.
ARMITAGERs, soapids, in Chippewa county, and on Chippewa river, in town 30 N., range 7 W.
ARMY, Lake, in town of East Troy, Walworth county, on section 16, town 4 N., range 18 E. It is named in compliment to the U. S. army, and is owned by Major H. W. Merrill, of the army. His farms, which includes the lake, contains 640 acres. The lake covers about 100 acres; is 28 miles southwest from
Milwaukee, and is on the northwest quarter of the section. Its form is oval, beautifully curved and indented with small bays and promontories, and being supplied by springs it has no visible inlet. Its shores are elevated by gently rising banks, and bordered on all sides with a fine growth of forest trees.
ASHFORD, Town, in county of Fond du Lac, being town 13 N., range 18 E.; centrally located, 15 miles southeast from the city of Fond du Lac. The population in 1850 was 546. It has 7 school districts.
ASHIPPUN, Town, in county of Dodge, being town 9 N ., range 17 E.; centrally located, 14 miles southwest from Juneau. It has 8 school districts.
ASHIPPUN, P.O., in town of same name, in southwest corner of Dodge county.
ASHWABENA, River, in Brown county, a small tributary of the Fox, emptying opposite to Depere.
ATTANw A, River, a tributary from the east of St. Croix river, a few miles above the Falls of St. Croix.
ATTICA, P. V., in southwest corner of the town of Brooklyn, on Sugar river, Green county.
ATTONowINING, Jover, a tributary from the north of river St. Croix.
AUBURN, P. O., Fond du Lac county, on section 18, of town of the same name, 14 miles southeast from Fond du Lac, and 90 miles northeast from Madison. It is situated on the Rubicon, the head waters of Milwaukee river, and has 1 store, 1 hotel, and 1 church.
AUBURN, Town, in the county of Fond du Lac, being town 13 N., range 19 E.; centrally located, 18 miles southeast from Fond du Lac. The population is 400. It has 8 school districts.
AvoCA, P. V., in Fond du Lac county, on section 13, town 14 N., range 16 E.
AVON, P. O., in town of same name, Rock county, on section 8, town 1 N., range 10 E.
AvoN, Town, in the county of Rock, being town 1 N., of range 10 E.; centrally located, 17 miles southwest from Janesville. The population in 1850 was 588. It has 7 school districts.
AZTALAN, Town, in the county of Jefferson, being town 7 N., of range 14 E.; centrally located, 5 miles north from Jefferson, the county seat. The population in 1850 was 429. It has 8 school districts.
AZTALAN, P. V., in Jefferson county, and town of same name, 7 miles northwest from Jefferson, and 28 miles east from Madison. It is on both sides of the Crawfish, on the direct road from Madison to Milwaukee. It contains l Baptist church, 3 denominations of Christians, 2 blacksmiths, 1 waggon-maker, 1 shoe shop, 1 fanning mill shop, brick yard, 1 saleratus factory, 3 stores, 2 hotels, 1 steam mill, 1 nursery of 150,000 trees, and an extensive stone quarry. In this town is situated the renowned “Ancient City,” which comprises 30 acres of land. The city is surrounded by a brick wall, and is an object of antiquarian research. Population 250.
BACHELOR's GROVE, P. V., in Rock county, on section 4, town 2, range 11 E., of the town of Plymouth ; 10 miles west from Janesville, and 40 miles south from Madison. Population 70, with 12 dwellings, 1 temperance hotel, and a M. E. church.
BAD Ax, Town, in county of Bad Ax. The population in 1850 (at which time it formed a portion of Crawford county,) was 630. It has 8 school districts.
BAD Ax, County, is bounded on the north by La Crosse, on the east by Sauk and Richland, on the south by Richland and Crawford, and on the west by the Mississippi river, and was set off from Crawford and organized March 1, 1851. The county seat was established by a vote of the electors of the county on the 29th day of Jnne, 1852, at Waroqua, near the centre of the county. It forms a part of the sixth judicial circuit, the second congressional, and the nineteenth senate district, and with Crawford sends one member of the assembly.
The streams are the Bad Ax, Kickapoo and Racoon rivers, with their tributaries, and small streams emptying into the Mississippi. A large quantity (41,807 acres,) of that portion of school lands known as the 500,000 acre grant, is situated in Bad Ax county, the soil of which is good, and produces good crops of wheat, oats, corn, &c. This county is comparatively new, and contained in 1850 less than 700 inhabitants. During the last two years the population has increased very fast.—County Officers: Judge, Henry J. Defrees; Sheriff, James Bailey; Clerk of Court, Wm. F. Terhune.
BAD Ax, River, in Bad Ax county, rises in town 14, range 4 W.; runs southwest, and empties into the Mississippi, in town 12. Its mouth is remarkable for being adjoining the site of the last battle field with Black Hawk, August 2d, 1832.
BAD Ax, P. V., in Bad Ax county, on section 25, town 12 N., range 5 W.
BAD FISH, Creek, rises in Oregon, Dane county, and runs southeast, emptying into the Catfish river, in Porter, Rock county.
BAD, Jover, of Lake Superior. See Mauvoise.
BAILEY’s, Harbor, on western shore of Lake Michigan, in town 30, T}oor county, at Gibraltar.
BAKER's CoRNER, P. V., in Walworth county, on section 6, town 3, range 18 E., town of Spring Prairie, 10 miles northeast from Elkhorn, and 80 miles southeast from Madison, on the road from Janesville to Racine, at the junction of the highway to East Troy and Milwaukee. It is in a good farming district, well adapted to raising wheat, &c.
BALD, Prairie, in Winnebago county, in towns of Clayton, Vinland, Winneconne and Winchester.
BALL, River, see La Crosse river and Prairie La Crosse.
BARABoo, P. V. and C. H., on both sides of river of same name, in Sauk county; it is mostly on section 2, in town 11 N., of range 6 E., and is about 50 miles northwest from Madison.