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High Priest, we desire to join ours, and to entreat thee
together with him, that thy word of truth may ever shine
among men, and that it may be our guide. And these
prayers

that we used to hear Luther also put
up daily, and it was in the midst of such prayers as
these

, that his peaceful soul, about the sixty-third year
of his age, was called away

from his mortal body.
“ Posterity possesses many monuments both of his
doctrine and of his piety. He published first, his
doctrinal works. In which he set forth that doctrine
which is unto salvation, and indispensable to man, and
which instructs the upright concerning repentance, faith,
and the true fruits of faith; concerning the use of the
sacraments; concerning the difference between the law
and the gospel, and between the gospel and philosophy;
concerning the dignity of the order politic; and finally,
concerning all the principal articles of that doctrine,
which must be set forth and maintained in the church.
He then published his works of refutation; in which he
disproved and exposed many errors prejudicial to men.
He published moreover his works of exposition which
contain many commentaries on the prophetic and apos-
tolic scriptures: in which works, even his enemies confess
that he surpasses all the commentaries extant. .

“That these are works of great merit, all good' men
well know. But truly, for utility and labour, all these
works together are surpassed by his version of the Old
and New Testament: in which there is so much clearness,
that the German reading of itself supplies the necessity
of commentary. Which version, however, is not quite
alone; there are annexed to it' annotations of great
learning, together with descriptions of the subject-heads,

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which give a summary of the divine doctrines contained in them, and instruct the reader in the kind of language which is there used; so that the honest and good heart, may draw the firmest testimonies of the true doctrine from the very fountains.-For it was the great aim of Luther, not to let any rest in his own writings, but to lead the minds of all to the fountain head. He would have us all to hear the voice of God. He wished to see, by that voice, the fire of genuine faith and calling upon God kindled in men, that God might be worshipped in truth, and that many might be made heirs of eternal life.

“ This anxious desire of his, therefore, and these his labours, it becomes us to spread abroad with grateful hearts: and taking him for an example, to remember that it behoves each of us to strive to adorn, according to his ability, the church of God. For to these two ends especially the whole of our life, its studies and designs, should be directed.---First, to promote the glory of God. And secondly, to profit his church.—Concerning the former, St. Paul says, “ Do all to the glory of God." Concerning the latter, it is said in the 122d Psalm,

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem.” To which exhortation, there is added, in the same verse, a most sweet promise, “They shall prosper that love thee.” These commands and promises from above, invite all to receive the true doctrine of the church, to love the ministers of the Gospel, and wholesome teachers, and to unite in desires and devoted endeavours to spread abroad the doctrine of truth, and to promote the concord of the true church of God.-Reader, farewell. Wirtemberg, June 1, 1546."

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THE

He following extract, is the conclusion of Luther's letter which accompanied his Treatise on Christian Liberty to Leo X., Pope of Rome; for whom the Treatise was expressly written.

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-"In a word, put no confidence in those who exalt
you, but rather in those who would humble you. For
this is the way of God's judgments—" He hath put
down the mighty from their seat, and hath exalted the
humble and meek.” Behold how much the successors of
Christ are unlike himself! And yet, they desire to be ac-
counted his vicars. And I greatly fear that very many
of them will be found to be his vicars in an awful reality.
For a vicar is one who takes the place of a potentate
when he is absent. ' And if the Pope rule and govern
when Christ is absent, that is, not dwelling in his heart,
what is such an one, but a vicar of Christ! And what
is such a church, but a confused multitude without
Christ? And what is such a vicar, but ANTICHRIST!
"1

may, perhaps, be deemed insolent for presuming
to teach a potentate so mighty: from whom, (as those
deadly pests of flatterers around you arrogantly vaunty)
all thrones and seats of judgment should fetch their defi-
nitive decision and sentence.-But I follow the example
of St. Bernard, in his book to Eugenius “On Consi-
deration;" which every Pope ought to know by heart.
Nor do I thus address you so much from a desire of
becoming your teacher, as from a duty of that pure and
faithful concern, which makes me fear for my friends
when all things seem secure and safe around them, and

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which will not suffer me to pay regard either to the dig-
nity or humility of their station, intent only upon the
consideration of their danger and their benefit. Where-
fore, when I see you tossed to and fro in tumult at Rome
as upon a sea of perils, with destruction threatening you
on every side, and involved in that state of surrounding
misery, that you stand in need of the least service from
the meanest of your brethren, I do not think it will be
an absurd intrusion if I forget, for a moment, your
greatness, while I perform an office of charity. I cannot
descend to adulation in a matter so momentous and
perilous—in which, if you do not consider me to be your
greatest, and yet most subservient, friend—there is one
that seeketh and judgeth!

“ Finally: That I might not come before you empty,
I bring with me this little Treatise,

published under the sanction of your name, as an auspicious sign of peace to be established, and of good hope to be realized. In which little work, you may have a taste of those things in which I delight to be engaged; and in which I might be engaged to much greater profit than I now am, if I were not hindered by those impious flatterers around you, as I have hitherto been.

The Treatise is insignificant if you look at its bulk, but if you consider its contents, you will, if I mistake not, find it to be a summary of the Christian life comprised in a narrow compass. As I am but a poor man, I have nothing else wherewith to present you. Nor will you need any thing else, but the gift of the Spirit to understand it. This offering, therefore, together with myself, I commend to your paternity and holiness: whom, may the Lord Jesus preserve unto eternal life.Amen!

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Wirtemberg, April 1526."

CONCERNING

CHRISTIAN LIBERTY.

John iv.

Christian faith, has appeared to many an easy matter : of whom, not a few have classed it among the moral virtues, nay, have made it merely a sort of attendant on virtue. And this they have done, because they have never proved what it is in their own experience, nor internally tasted its power. Whereas, no one can truly describe it himself, nor really understand it when truly described, unless he has at some time, under the fiery trial of pressing conflicts, tasted the spirit of it in his on soul. And he who has really tasted this, even in the smallest degree, can never write of it, speak of it, think of it, nor hear of it enough: for it is, as Christ calls it, “ a living fountain springing up into everlasting life," As to myself

, though I may not boast of an abundant stock of this grace, (for I deeply feel my straitened deficiency,) yet I do trust, that out of the great and various tribulations under which I have been exercised, I have gotten of faith a certain drachm : and that I can therefore treat of it, if not more eloquently, yet certainly more substantially, than any of those learned and subtle ones have hitherto done, in all their laboured disputations : who, after they had done, knew not what they themselves had written upon the subject. But in order to open up this matter the more plainly to simple souls, (since it is for them only I write,) I lay down at the outset these TWO PROPOSITIOns concerning the bondage and liberty of the Spirit

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