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01, as in our; th, as in thin; Th, as in this ; N, nearly like ng. nia, which runs nearly N., and the Gulf of Finland, extending in an easterly direction. It is connected with the ocean by the gulf called Cattegat.
BAU-T\-MORE, a co. of Md., on the W. side of the Chesapeake Bay, N. of the Patapsco r. Entire pop. 134,379.
BALTIMORE, a city, port of entry, and seat of justice of the above co., on the N. side of the Patapsco r., 14m. from its entrance into the Chesa peake Bay; about 38m., by the railroad, N.E. of Washington, and 93m.W.S.W. of Philadelphia. This town is admirably situated both for foreign and internal commerce. It is built round a basin, which affords a secure and spacious harbour; and it has communication by railroads not only with Philadelphia and Washington, but with Winchester, Annapolis, Cumberland, Frederick City, York, Lancaster, and Harrisburg. Among the remarkable buildings of Baltimore may be noticed the Washington Monument, on the summit of which stando a colossal statue of Washington, at a height of 163 feet from the ground. This city is the seat of a medical school, called the University of Maryland; and of St. Mary's College, a flourishing institution under the direction of the Roman Catholics. It is also the residence of a Catholic archbishop. All strangers agree in extolling the agreeable society of Baltimore, which is said to resemble, more than any other of our cities, the gay and polished capitals of Europe. Lat. 39° 17° N., Lon. 76° 37° W. Pop. 102,313.-Inhab. BÅL-T/-MO'-RE-AN.
BAL-TING-GLASS,' a small t. of Ireland, in the co. of Wicklow, 33 m. S. W. of Dublin.
BAY-BAR'-RĄ, an extensive country in the interior of N. Africa, the exact boundaries of which are not known. On the N. it borders on the Great Desert; and it extends to 5° W. Lon.
BAMBERG, bảml-běrg, an archiepiscopal t. of Bavaria, on the Regnitz, about 3 m. above its influx into the Main, and 30 m. W. of Baireuth. Besides its medical and surgical schools, it has a lyceum, in which a complete course of divinity and philosophy is given. Lat. 49° 56' N., Lon. 11° E. Pop. 21,000. (B.)
BAM -BOOK', a country of Africa, extending between 120 and 14° N. Lat., and 8o and 11° W. Lon., containing mines of gold, silver, and iron. It is esteemed one of the richest gold regions on the globe. The inhabitants are Mandingoes.
BANl-cẠ, an i. near the N. coast of Sumatra, between 1° 30'and 308 13. Lat., and 105° 9' and 106° 51' E. Lon. Its greatest length is 135 m.; its breadth, 65 m. Banca owes its importance to its inexhaustible tin mines, first discovered about the year 1710.
BAN-DẠ ISLANDS, a group of small islands in the eastern seas, between 4° 20' and 4° 40' S. Lat. and 129° 40' and 130° 10' E. Lon.
BANFF, sometimes written and always pronounced Bamff, the cap. of Banffshire, Scotland, on the Doveron, 39 m. N. N. W. of Aberdeen. Pop. of the burgh and parish, 3,202.
BANFFSHIRE, bamfl-shịr, a co. in the N. of Scotland, bordering on Moray Frith. Pop. 49,679.
Fate, får, fall, fåt; me, mlt; plne or pine, pln; nd, nôt; öð, as in good;
BANGALORE, bang'-ga-lore, an important fortified t. of Hindostan, in Mysore. Lat. 12° 57' N. Lon., 77° 36' E. Pop. estimated at 60,000. (P. C.)
Bang'-KOK!, the present cap. of Siam, situated on both sides of the r. Meinam, about 30 m. from its mouth. Both banks of the river are lined with floating houses for the whole length of the town, amounting to 3 or 4 miles. Towards the river, these houses have covered platforms, where the various productions of China and of the country are exposed for sale; so that this portion of Bang-kok may be called a float: ing bazaar. The greatest number of the inhabitants are Chinese and their descendants. The houses, with few exceptions, are built of wood. Lat. about 13° 30' N., Lon. 100° 30' E. Pop. estimated at 90,000. (B.)
BANGOR, bang-gor, a city in Caernarvonshire, Wales, near the N. entrance of Menai Strait, 9 m. N. E. of Caernarvon. Pop. 7,232.
BAN-GOR, a city of Me., cap. of the co. of Penobscot, on the W. bank of r. Penobscot, 30 m. in a straight line N. of Castine. It has a theo logical seminary, established in 1816. Pop. 8,627.
Bann, a r. of Ireland, which rises in the co. of Down, and flowing N. W. through Lough Neagh, enters the North Sea about 4 m. N. W. of Coleraine, after a course of near 80 m.
Ban-nọCK-burn', a village of Scotland, in the co. of Stirling, 29 m, W. N. W. from Edinburgh, celebrated for a great victory gained by Robert Bruce over Edward II. of England, in 1314. Pop. 2,206.
Ban'-tam', a t. of Java, in a prov. of the same name, on the N. E. coast of the island. Lat. 6° 2' S., Lon. 106° 9' E. It was formerly a great and populous city, but is now falling in ruins and almost deserted on account of the putrid miasmas which prevail here. (B.)
BAN-try, a t. of Ireland, in the co. of Cork, at the head of an extensive bay to which it gives its name. This bay contains three har. bours, one near its entranoe, secure and spacious, with water sufficiently deep for the largest ships. Pop. 4,275. (P. C.)
BAPAUME, bå-pome', an ancient t. of France, in the dep. of Pas de Calais, 94 m. N. N. E. of Paris. Lat. 50° 6' N., Lon. 2° 52' E. Pop. in 1832, 3,071. (P. C.)
BAR-BAI-DOS, or BARBADOES, the most eastern of the Caribbee islands, belonging to the English, who established a colony here in 1624. It is about 20 mn. long and 10 m. broad. Area 166 sq. m. Entire pop. in 1830, 91,887. (P. C.) Bridgetown, the cap., is situated on Carlisle Bay, at the S. W. end of the island. Lat. 13° 5° N., Lou. 59° 40 W.–Inhab. BAR-BA/-DI-ẠN.
BAR-LE-Duc, bar'-leh-dük', a t. in the N. of France, the cap. of the dep. of Meuse, or the Ornain, (or'-nån/,) a branch of the Marne, which is navigable to this place. It has various manufactures, but is particus larly celebrated for its sweetmeats. Lat. 48° 47' N., Lon. 50 10 E, Pop. 12,383. (B.)
BARI-BA-RY, an extensive country, lying along the N. coast of Africa ; bounded on the N. by the Mediterranean, E. by Egypt, S. by the Great Desert, and W, by the Atlantic, It embraces four great states or
ou, as in our; th, as in thin; th, as in this ; 'N, nearly like ng. divisions, viz., the empire of Morocco and the regencies of Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli. BARBARY appears to have been derived from Berber, a name by which the Arabs designated the people of this region before the Saracen conquest. Some, however, derive it from barbarus (barbarian). A more particular description of this country will be found under the names of the respective states.
Barl-BỌUR, a co, in the N. part of Va., on the head waters.of the Monongahela.
BARBOUR, a co. in the E. part of Alabama, bordering on the Chatta hoochee r. Pop. 12,024. Co. t. Clayton.
BARBUDA, bar-bool-dạ, one of the Caribbean islands, situated 27 m. N. of Antigua. It is 15 m. long and 8m. broad, and i as a castle in 17° 38' N. Lat., and 61° 51' W. Lon.
BARCELONA, bar-cèl-o'-nå, (Lat. Bar/cino, Gr. Bapxwvwvı) a fortified city and port of Spain, the cap. of Catalonia, on the Medite ranean, in the midst of a delightful and highly cultivated country. It is well built, and contains eight colleges, besides several other scienti ic and literary institutions. Lat. 41° 21' N., Lon. 2° 10' E. Pop. 12),000. (B.) – Adj. and inhab. BAR-CEL-01-N!-ẠN.
BARCELONA, a l. of S. America, in the republic of Venezuela, and cap. of a province of the same name. Lat. 10° 6' N., Lon. 64° 44' W. Pop. about 5,00). (B.)
BAREILLY, bar-s/-le, a t. of Delhi, Hindostan, and cap. of a district of the same name. Lat. 28° 23' N., Lon. 79° 16 E. Pop. above 66,000. (B.)
BARI-GAIN-TOWN', a small village and port of entry of N. J., in Atlantic co., about 4 m. from Great Egg Harbour.
Bari, bål-re, (Anc. Balrium,) an archiepiscopal t. of Naples, the cap. of a prov. of the same name, with a harbour on the Adriatic. Lat. 41° & N., Lon. 16° 55' E. Pop. 19,000. (B.)
BARINAS. See VARINAS.
BARLETTA, bar-let-tó, a t. of Naples, in the prov. of Bari, on the coast of the Adriatic, 112 m. E. N. E. of Naples. Lat. 41° 20' N., Lon. 16° 18' E. Pop. estimated at above 18,000. (B.)
BARNAUL, bar-noull, an important mining t. of Russia, in the government of Tomsk. Lat. 53° 20' N., Lon. 83° 26' E. Pop. about 8,000. (P. C.)
BARNS-LEY, a t. of England, in the co. of York, 13 m. N. of Sheffield. Pop. of the chapelry, with an area of about 6 sq. m., 12,310.
BARN-STA-BLE, a co. of Mass., comprising the whole peninsula of Cape Cod, the Elizabeth and some other islands. Pop. 32,548.
BARNSTABLE, a port of entry, cap. of the above co., on a little bay to which it gives its name. Lat. 41° 42' N., Lon. 70° 19' W. Pop. of the township, 4,301.
BARN-STA-PLE, a sea port t. of England, in North Devon, 34 m. N. W. of Exeter. Lat. 51° 5' N., Lon. 4° 4' W. Pop. 7,902.
BARN-WELL, a dist. in the S. W. part of S.C., bordering on the Savannah r. Pop. 21,471. Seat of justice, Barnwell c. h.
Fåte, får, fall, fåt; mė, mit; pine or pine, pin; nó, nôt; öð as in good;
BAROACH, bả-roch', a city of Hindostan, cap. of a dist. of same name in the prov. of Guzerat, on the Nerbudda r., 25 m. from its mouth. Lat. 21° 46' N., Lon. 73° 14' E. Pop. in 1812, 32,716. (P. C.)
BA-RO'-DẠ, a fortified city of Hindostan, cap. of a dist. of the same name, in the prov. of Guzerat. Lat. 22° 21' N., Lon. 73° 23' E. Pop. estimated at above 100,000. (B.)
BARRÈGES, bar'-raizh', a village of France, in the dep. of the Upper Pyrenees, celebrated for its warm mineral springs. It is 4,259 feet above the level of the sea. Lat. 42° 53' N., Lon. 0° 4' E.
Barl-ren, a co. in the S. central part of Ky. Pop. 17,288. Co. t. Glasgow.
Bard-Row, a r. in the S. E. of Ireland, which flows into St. George's Channel.
BAR/-Ry, a co. in the south-westerly part of Mich., a little N. of the Kalamazoo r. Pop. 1078. Co. t. Hastings.
Barry, a co. near the S. W. extremity of Mo., bordering on Ark. Pop. 4,795.
BAR-THOLI-O-MEW, a co. in the S. central part of Ind. Pop. 10,046. Co. t Columbus.
Basel, bål-zel, (Fr. Bale or Basle, bâl,) a canton in the N. of Switzerland, bordering on the Rhine. Area 185 sq. m. Pop. in 1826, 54,000. (B.)
BASEL or BÂLE, the largest t. of Switzerland, cap. of a division of the above Canton, on the Rhine, by which it is divided into two parts. It has a university, which is by far the oldest in Switzerland, having been founded in 1460, and several other important literary institutions. Lat. 47° 34' N., Lon. 7° 35' E. Pop. including the suburbs, 22,204. (B.)
Bassano, bảs-sål-no, a manufacturing and trading t. of Austrian Italy, in the prov. of Vicenza, on the E. bank of the Brenta, 24 m. N. by W. of Padua. Pop. 10,000. (B.)
BASSETERRE, bảss'-tair', the cap. of St. Christopher's, in the West Indies, situated on the S. side of the island. Lat. 17° 19' N., Lon. 62° 49' W.-Also, a t. on the W. side of Guadaloupe. Lat. 15° 59' N., Lon. 61° 45' W.
Bassora, bås/-so-rå, or Basra, a fortified city of Asiatic Turkey, situated on the right bank of the Shatt-el-Arab. Lat. 30° 25' N., Lon. 47° 35' E. Pop. estimated at about 60,000. (B.)
BASTIA, bås-teel-Å, the largest and most commercial t. of the island of Corsica, of which it was formerly the cap.; on the E. coast. Lat. 42° 41' N., Lon. 9° 26' E. Pop. about 10,000. (P. C.)
BA-TAP-V1-9. (See Int. XI.) A city and seaport of Java, on the N. coast. It is the cap. of all the Dutch possessions in the East Indies, and the first commercial t. of all Oceanica. (B.) Lat. 6° 12 S., Lon. 106° 53' E. Pop. in 1824, 53,861. (P. C.)
Batavia, the cap. of Genesee co., N. Y., on the Albany and Buffalo railroad, 30 m. W. S. W. of Rochester. Pop. of the township, 4,219.
Bates, a co. in the W. part of Mo., bordering on the Indian Ter. ritory.
Båth, the chief city of Somersetshire, and one of the most beautiful
ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; TH, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. towns in England, on the Avon, about 108 m. from London. It has long been celebrated for its hot mineral springs, which attract hither multitudes of strangers. This place appears to have been known to the Romans under the name of Aquæ Calidæ. An interesting collection of Roman remains, found in this town and its vicinity, is deposited in the Bath Literary and Scientific Institution. Lat. 51° 22' 32" N., Lon. 2° 21' 30' W. Pop. 38,304.
BATH, a port of entry, in Lincoln co., Me., on the Kennebec, 16 m. from the sea. Pop. of the township, 5,141. Lat. 43° 54' N., Lon. 69° 47' W.
BATH, a co. in the central part of Va. Pop. 4,300. Co. t. Bath.
Bath, a co. in the N. E. part of Ky., bordering on the Licking r. Pop. 9,763. Co. t. Owingsville.
Baton Rouge (bat-on roozh), East, a parish of La., on the left side of the Miss. Pop. 8,138. Seat of justice, Baton Rouge.
BATON ROUGE, WEST, a parish of La., on the right side of the Miss. Pop. 4,638.
BATTAGLIA or LA BATTAGLIA, lå båt-tål/-yå, a t. of Austrian Italy, 10 m. S. by W. of Padua, celebrated for its sulphurous baths. Permanent pop., 2,700. (B.)
BAUTZEN, bout-sen, a t. of Saxony, situated on the Spree; cap of the circle of Upper Lusatia. Lat. 51° 12' N., Lon. 14° 25' E. Pop. about 12,000. (B.)
BA-VA-RI-4 (Ger. Baiern, bil-ern), a kingdom of Germany, consisting of two distinct portions. The one situated to the E. of the Rhine, constituting above seven-eighths of the whole kingdom, and commonly called the territory of the Danube and the Main, extends from 47° 18' to 50° 41' N. Lat., and from about go to 13° 46' E. Lon., and is bounded on the N. and N. W. by the principalities of Reuss and the states of Ducal Saxony, N. E. by the kingdom of Saxony, E. by Bohemia and Austria, S. by Tyrol and Vorarlberg, W. by Würtemberg, Baden, Hesse Darmstadt, and Hesse Cassel. The other portion of the Bavarian dominions, the lerritory of the Rhine, is situated on the W. bank of that river, and is completely disjoined from the preceding by the territories of Baden and Hesse Darmstadt. It extends from 48° 57' to 49° 50' N. Lat., and from 7° 6' to 8° 31' E. Lon. The total area of Bavaria is 29,493 sq. m. Pop. in 1833, 4,187,390. (P. C.) Munich is the capital.ỮAdj. and inhab. BẠ-VA-RI-ẠN.
BAYAZID, bil-a-zeed', a t. of Armenia, at the base of Mount Ararat. Lat. 39° 28' N., Lon. 44° 13' E. Pop. estimated at above 15,000. (B.)
Bayeux, bå-yuh, a t. of France, in the dep. of Calvados, 17 m. W. by N. of Caen. Lat. 49° 17' N., Lon. 0° 42 W. Pop. in 1832, 9,954. (P. C.)
BAYONNE, bå'-yonn', a fortified and commercial t. of France, in the dep. of Lower Pyrenees and Landes, at the junction of the Adour and Nive, 2 or 3 m. above their entrance into the Bay of Biscay. The weapon callod bayonet derived its name from this town, where it was first made. Lat. 43° 29' N., Lon. 1° 28' W. Pop. 14,000. (B.)