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Fate, får, fall, fåt; mė, mit; pine or pine, pin; nd, not; öð as in good,
Bayou, bil-oo, or more usually bil-o, a term confined chiefly to the state of Louisiana, signifying properly any stream which is derived from some other stream, or from a lake; 'in other words, any stream which is not fed by fountains. The word is supposed to be a corruption of the French boyau-a derivation which is rendered more probable by the prevalent pronunciation, bil-o.
Béarn, bà -aR!, formerly a prov. of France, now forming a part of the dep. of Lower Pyrenees.
Beaufort, buľ-furt, a co. in the E. part of N. C., intersected by the Pamlico r. Pop. 12,225. Co. t. Washington.
BEAUFORT, a dist. forming the S. extremity of S. C. Pop. 35,794. Seat of justice, Coosa watchie.
Beaufort, a port of entry; cap. of Carteret co., N. C., on the Atlantic coast, with a good harbour. Lat. about 34° 50' N., Lon. 76° 50' W. Pop. 1,100.
Beaufort, a port of entry of S. C., in the dist. of Beaufort, on a small arm of the sea called Port Royal r.
BEAULEY, bol-le, a small r. of Scotland, in Inverness-shire, flowing into Murray Frith.—Also a village at the mouth of the above r.
BEAUMARIS, bó-md-ris, a small t. of Wales; cap. of the co. of Anglesea, on a bay to which it gives its name, 34 m. from Bangor. Pop. 2,299.
BEAUNE, bóne, a t. of France, in the dep. of Côte d'Or, famous for its wine. Lat. 47° 2' N., Lon. 4° 50' E. Pop. in 1832, 9,272. (P. C.)
BEAUVAIS, bo’-val, (Anc. Bellovlacum, and Cæsarom'agus) à t. of France; the cap. of the dep. of Oise, 41 m. N. by W. of Paris. Lat. 49° 26' N., Lon. 2° 5' E. Pop. above 13,000. (B.)
BEAVER, a co. in the W. of Pa., bordering on Ohio, and intersected by the Ohio r. Pop. 29,368. Co. t. Beaver.
Bec-cles, a t. of England, in the co. of Suffolk, 98 m. N. E. of London. Pop. of the parish, 4,086.
BED-FORD, a t. of England; cap. of Bedfordshire, on the r. Ouse, 48 m. N. N. W. of London. Pop. of the borough, with an area of above 3 sq. m., 9,178.
BEDFORD, a co. in the S. part of Pa., bordering on Md. Pop. 29,335. Co. t. Bedford.
BEDFORD, a co. in the 8. central part of Va., bordering on James r. Pop. 20,203. Co. t. Liberty.
BEDFORD, a co. in the S. central part of Tenn. Pop. 20,546. Co. t Shelbyville.
BEDI-FORD-SHỊRE, an inland co. of England, N. N. W. of London. Pop. 107,936.
Bedouin, båd/-õõ-in, or BED/-0-WEEN', (Arab. Bed/-8-wecl.) The Bedouins are tribes of wandering Arabs, dispersed over Arabia, Egypt, and Barbary.
BEE-DER, a t. of Hindostan; cap. of a prov. of the same name, now much decayed, and chiefly interesting for its magnificent ruins. Lat. 17° 55' N., Lon. 77° 34' E.
ou, as in our; th, as in thin; TH, as in this; n, nearly like ng. BB-HRING'S STRAIT, a strait which connects the Pacific with the Polar Ocean, situated between Asia and America. In the narrowest part it is about 50 m. wide. Lat. between 65° 30' and 66° 30' N., Lon. between 168o and 170° W.
BEIRA. See BEYRA. BEJA, bl-zhả, an ancient t. of Portugal, in Alentejo; cap. of a dist. of the same name. Lat. 38° 5' N., Lon. 7° 40 W. Pop. about 5,000. (B.)
Bel-JA-POOR!, formerly written VISIAPOUR, a considerable prov. of Hindostan, lying between 15° and 18° N. Lat., and 73° and 76° E. Lon.–Also, a t., the former cap. of the above prov., now in ruins.
Berth, beeth, a small t. of Ayrshire, Scotland, 8 m. N. of Irvine.
BEL-EDI-EL-JER-EED! (often written Beled-el-Jerid, or -Djeryd), usually pronounced bel-ed'-col-jer-eed', " the country of dates," a name given to a region of N. Africa, lying S. and E. of the Atlas Mountains.
BEL-FAST', a seaport, the principal t. of the N. of Ireland, on the bay of Carrickfergus, about 88 m. N. by E. of Dublin. It has a college and several other institutions for the promotion of learning. Belfast has increased very rapidly during the last half century. The census of 1831 gave a pop. greater than
that of 1821 by more than 16,000. Lat. 51° 36' N., Lon. 5° 56' W. Pop. 53,313. (P. C.)
BELFAST, a port of entry; cap. of Waldo co., Me., at the mouth of the Penobscot. Pop. of the township, 4,180.
BELFORT, BET-for', more usually Befort, bå-for!, a t. of France, in the dep. of Upper Rhine. Lat. 47° 39' N., Lon. 6° 50' E. Pop. in 1832, 4,537. (P. C.)
BELGIUM, bell-je-um, (Fr. La Belgique, lå bêl-zheek!,*) a kingdom of Europe, situated between 49° 32' and 51° 28' N. Lat., and between 2° 36' and 6° 6' E. Lon., bounded on the N. by the prov. of Limburg, North Brabant, and Zealand, E. by the grand-duchy of Luxemburg and that of the Lower Rhine, S. and S. W. by France, and N. W. by the North Sea. Its length is 170 m.; its greatest breadth 110 m. Area estimated at 11,000 sq. m. Pop. in 1830, 4,664,235. (P. C.) The territory which forms the present kingdom of Belgium, previously to 1830, belonged to the crown of Holland. In the month of August of that year, a revolution began at Brussels, which resulted in establishing the independence of Belgium as a limited monarchy. The choice of the national representatives fell upon prince Leopold, of Saxe Coburg, who ascended the throne in July, 1831.—Belgium is divided into 9 provinces; viz., Antwerp, Brabant (Sonth), East and West Flanders, Hainault, Liege, Limburg, Luxemburg, and Namur.--Adj. and inhab. Bel-GI-AN.
• It may be proper to observe, that French is spoken by the educated Belgians generally. The language of the lower classes is, for the most part, either Flemish, or a corrupt dialect of the French.
Fåte, får, fåll, fit; mé, mit; plue or pine, pin; no, ndt; öð, as in good ;
BEL-GRADE/* (Lat. Singidu'num, Turk. Bil-grååd), an ancient, fortified t. of European Turkey, cap. of the principality of Servia, at the junction of the Save and Danube, on the right bank of both of these rivers. It is one of the strongest places in Europe, and has long been renowned in the military annals of Turkey. Belgrade is the principal entrepôt between Constantinople and Salonica on the one side, and Vienna and Pesth on the other. Lat. 44° 50' N., Lon. 20° 32' E. Pop. estimated at about 30,000. (B.)
Bell-knap, a co. in the S. central part of N. H., on L. Winnipisseo gee. Pop. 17,988. Co. t. Guilford.
BEL-LIN-zol-na, a small t. of Switzerland, cap. of the Canton of Ticino, on the r. Ticino, 14 m. N. of Lugano. Pop. 13,000._(B.)
BELLUNO, běl-lod-no, a t. of Austrian Italy, 55 m. N. N. E. of Padua. Lat. 46° 10' N., Lon. 12° 20' E. Pop. about 8,000., (P. C.)
BEL-MONT', a co. in the E. part of Ohio, bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 30,901. Co. t. St. Clairsville.
BELOOCHISTAN, bel-oo-chis-tản', t a country in the S. of Asia, borderon the Indian Ocean, between 24° 50' and 30° 40' N. Lat., and 47° 50 and 69° 10' E. Lon. Area estimated at 150,000 sq. m. Pop. 2,000,000. (B.) A large portion of this country is mountainous or desert. It is estimated that less than one-tenth of the whole is fit for pasture, and that not one-hundredth part is actually under cultivation. Few portions of it can be said to be well watered, as nearly all the streams, none of which are very large, become dry during the heat of summer. The Beloochees are for the most part pastoral in their mode of life, though some of them are engaged in agriculture. In character, they are hospitable, and generally faithful to their promises, but avaricious, rapacious, and revengeful. The prevailing religion is Mahometanism. The government is a confederacy of several small territories, each 'having its own chief. All the others recognise the supremacy of him who resides at Kelat.—Adj. and inhab. Bel-00'-CHEE.
BENARES, ben-al-rez, a large city of Hindostan, cap. of a dist. of the same name, on the N. bank of the Ganges. It is celebrated as having been in ancient times the seat of Brahminical learning, and hence has been styled the Athens of India. It may also be regarded as the Hindoo Romne, or the ecclesiastical metropolis of this vast country. The fame for sanctity which it possesses, draws hither annually a nul. titude of pilgrims from different parts of India. Lat. 25° 18' N., Lon. 83° 1' E. Pop. estimated at above 630,000. (B.)
• “In that day of desolation,
Lady, I was captive made,
By the walls of high BELGRADE.”—CAMPBELL. + We are informed, on good authority, that the native pronunciation of this name is bel-oo'-k his-tan', but general usage appears to have affixed to the ch its soft sound: even the French pronounce the name in this manner. Balbi write it Re: loutchistan.
ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. BENEVENTO, ben-1-ven-to (Lat. Beneven/tum), an arcbiepiscopal t. of Italy, belonging to the Papal State, though situated within the limits of the kingdom of Naples. This town held an important rank in the middle ages, when it was the seat of a dukedom. ' After the time of Charlemagne, the duchy of Benevento maintained itself, for a considerable period, as an independent state, and its dukes assumed the title of princes. Lat. 41° 7' N., Lon. 14° 43' E. Pop. about 14,000. (B.)
BEN-GÅV, a large prov. of Hindostan, between 21° and 27° N. Lat. and 86° and 93° E. Lon.; bounded on the N. by Nepaul and Bootan, E. by the Burmese empire, S. by the Bay of Bengal and Orissa, and W. by Bahar. Its length, from É. to W., may be estimated at 350 m., its average breadth at near 300 m. Area estimated at 97,244 sq. m. The soil of Bengal is very fertile, and the country is intersected in every direction by navigable streams; among others, the Ganges and Brahmapootra. The annual inundations occasioned by the swelling of the rivers in the rainy season, leave a deposit of decayed vegetable matter, and thus renew the productiveness of the soil. This province is the seat of the supreme government in British India. Pop. in 1822, estimated at 23,358,750. (P.C.) Capital, Calcutta. --Adj. Ben'-GÅ-LESE/ and BEN-GAV/-EE. Inhab. BENGALES E.
BENGUELA, ben-g/-lå, a district on the W. coast of Africa, S. of Angola.
Benin, bin-een, a kingdom on the W. coast of Africa, in Nigritia. -A r. of this country, flowing into a gulf of the same name.--Also, a t.; the cap. of the kingdom of Benin. Pop. estimated at 15,900. (B.)
Ben'-NING-TON, à co. forming the S. W. extremity of Vt. Pop. 16,872. Co. towns, Bennington and Manchester.
BESSHEIM, bens/-hime, a small t. of Hesse Darmstadt, 8 m. S. of Darmstadt. Pop. 4,000. (B.)
BENTHEIM, bent/-bime, a small district of Germany, comprised within the limits of Hanover, with a t. of the same name.
Bex'-tçn, a co. in the N. E. part of Alabama, bordering on Ga. Pop. 14.260. to. t. Jacksonville.
Benton, a co. forming the N. W. extremity of Ark. Pop. 2,228. Co. t. Osage.
Benton, a co. in the N. W. part of Tenn., W. of, and bordering on the Tennessee r. Pop. 4,772.
Bexton, a co. in the W. N. W. part of Ind., bordering on Ill.
BENTON, a co. in the S. W. central part of Mo., intersected by the Osage r. Pop. 4,205. Seat of justice, Benton c. h.
BERAR, bå-rar', a prov, in the S. of Hindostan, between 17o and 23° N. Lat., and 75' and 81° E. Lon.
BERAT, ber-åt', an important t. of European Turkey, in Albania. Lat. 40° 48' N., Lon. 190 52 E. Pop. 9,000. (B.)
BERESINA or BEREZINA, bér-ez-eel-nạ, a r. of Russia, flowing into the Dnieper.
BER-E2-op! (Berezow), a small t. of Siberia; cap. of a circle of the same name. Lat. 63° 56'N., Lon. about 67° E. Pop. about 1,500. (P. C.)
Fåte, får, fall, fåt; me, mit; plne or pine, pin; no, nôt; õó as in good,
BERGAMO, b?rl-gå-mo, (Anc. Bergomum,) a t. of Austrian Italy, in a prov. of the same name, 27 m. N. E. of Milan. It possesses several scientific and literary institutions; among others, a public library of 45,000 vols. Lat. 45° 42' N., Lon. 9° 40° E. Pop. 32,000. (B.)
BERGEN, bérg'-en, an ancient and commercial t. of Norway, situated on a bay of the North Sea. Lat. 60° 24' N., Lon. 5° 21' E. Pop. 21,000. (B.)
Bưrg/-en, a co. in the N. E. part of N. J., bordering on the Hudson r. Pop. 13,223. Co. t. Hackensack.
BERG-OP-Zoom, birgl op zome, (Berg on the Zoom,) sometimes incorrectly written Bergen-op-Zoom, a fortified t. of Holland, in N. Brabant, on the little river Zoom, and near the E. branch of the Scheldt, 19 m. N. by W. of Antwerp. Pop. about 6,000. (B.)
BERGUES, bérg, a fortified t. of France, in the dep. of Nord, about 5 m. S. E. of Dunkerque. Lat. 50° 58' N., Lon. 2° 24' E. Pop. in 1932, 5,962. (P. C.)
Berk'-LEY, a co. in the N. E. part of Va., on the Potomac r. Pop. 10,972. Co. t. Martinsburg.
Berks, a co. in the S. E. part of Pa., intersected by the Schuylkill. Pop. 64,569. Co. t. Reading.
BERK-SHIRE, formerly written, and still often pronounced Barkshire, an inland co. of England, S. of, and bordering on the Thames. Pop. 161,147.
BERKSHIRE, a co. forming the western extremity of Mass. Pop. 41,745. Co. t. Lennox.
Ber'-lin (Ger. pron. bir-leen'), the cap. of the Prussian dominions, and, next to Vienna, the largest and finest city of Germany, situated on the banks of the Spree, in the prov. of Brandenburg. The part called New Town (Neu Stadt, noil stått), is built with great regularity. The streets are wide, and adorned with a multitude of magnifcent buildings, both public and private. The royal palace is one of the finest in Europe. Berlin is celebrated as a seat of literature, science, and the arts; among the multitude of institutions for the promotion of which, may be named—the University, founded in 1810, which is one of the first in Europe; it has 12 ) professors, and about 1,700 students : the Royal Library, containing more than 400,000 vols., besides manuscripts: and the new Museum, with a superb collection of paintings, coins, and other works of art. In trade, extent, and population, it surpasses every other city of the Prussian dominions. The old Observatory is in 52° 31' 13'' N. Lat., and 13° 23' 52" E. Lon. Pop. above 240,000. (B.)
Berlin, à t. of Conn., in Hartford co., 11 m. S. of Hartford, remarkable for its tin manufactures. Pop. of the township, 3,411.
BERMUDAS, ber-mool-də z,* or SOMMERS' Islands, are situated in the
* This name, in Shakspeare's time, appears to have been pronounced after the Spanish mode, BERMOOTHES, as we find it thus written in the Tempest, Act I. Scene 2. (See Int. XXVII., 7.)