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ou, as in our; th, as in thin; th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. Gloucestershire, 17 m. S. E. of Gloucester. Pop. of the parish, with an area of above 9 sq. m., 6,014.

CITTADELLA, chit-tå-dell-là, a t. of Austrian Italy. Lat. 45° 37' N., Lon. 11° 50' E. Pop. above 6,000. (B.)

CIUDAD REAL, the-00-Dåp' ra-all, a t. of Spain, in New Castile, the cap. of La Mancha. Lat. 38° 57' N., Lon. 3° 49' W. Pop. about 8,000. (B.)

CIUDAD RODRIGO, the-oo-DXD! rod-rec-go, a fortified t. of Spain, in the prov. of Salamanca. Lat. 40° 31' N., Lon. 6° 26' W. Pop. 4,300. (B.)

Civita Vecchia, cheel-ve-tå vek!-ke-å, a fortified t. and sea port of Italy, in the Papal State, 36 m. N. W. of Rome. Lat. 42° 5' N., Lon. 11° 45' E. Pop. about 7,000. (B.)

CLACK-MANI-NẠN-SHỊRE, a small co. in the E. part of Scotland, bordering on the r. Forth. Pop. 19,155.

CLAGENFURTH or KLAGENFURTH, klál-gen-foort', a t. of the Austrian empire, in Carinthia, the cap. of a circle of the same naine, with several important institutions for education. Lat. 46° 36' N., Lon. 14° 20 E. Pop. 10,000. (B.)

CLAI-BORNE, a co. in the S. W. part of Miss., bordering on the Big Black and the Mississippi rivers. Pop. 13,078. Co. seat, Port Gibson.

CLAIBORNE, a parish in the N. part of La., bordering on the Red r. Pop. 6,185. Seat of justice, Russelville.

CLAIBORNE, a co. in the N. E. part of Tenn., bordering on Va. and Ky. Pop. 9,474. Co. t. Tazewell.

CLAIR, ST., a lake between Mich. and Upper Canada, about 27 m. long, with a mean breadth of perhaps 15 m. It receives the waters of L. Huron by the r. St. Clair, and discharges itself into L. Erie by the

The r. St. Clair is about 40 m. long, 4 m. wide, and is navigable for large vessels.

CLAIR, Sr., a co. in the N. E. central part of Ala., W. of and bordering on the Coosa r. Pop. 5,638. Co. t. Ashville.

CLAIR, ST., a co. in the S. E. part of Mich., bordering on the r. and L. St. Clair. Pop. 4,606. Co. . Palmer.

CLAIR, ST., a co. in the S. W. part of III., on the Kaskaskia and Mississippi rivers. Pop. 13,631. Co. t. Belleville. Clair, Sr., a co. in the W. S. W. part of Mo., intersected by the CLAMECY, klåm'-sel, a t. of France, in the dep. of Nièvre. Lat. 47° 27' N., Lon. 3° 30' E. Pop. about 5,000. (P. C.)

a co. of Ireland, in the prov. of Munster, bordering on the Atlantic. Pop. in 1831, 258,322. (P. C.) CLARKĘ,

a co. in the N. E. part of Va., intersected by the Shenandoah. Pop. 6,353. CLARKE,

a co. in the N. central part of Ga., on the Oconee r. Pop. 10,522. Co. t. Watkinsville.

& co. in the S. W. part of Ala., bordering on the Alabama and Tombigbee rivers. Pop. 8,640. Co. t. Clarkesville.

Detroit r.

Osage r.

CLARE,

CLARKE,

men,

Fåte, får, fåll, fåt; mè, mét; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; óó, as in good;

CLARKE, a co. in the E. part of Miss., bordering on Ala. Pop. 2,936. Co. seat, Quitman.

Clarke, a co. in the S. part of Ark., intersected by the Washita r. Pop. 2,309. Co. t. Greenville.

CLARKE, a co. in the N. E. central part of Ky., bordering on the Kentucky r. Pop. 10,802. Co. t. Winchester.

CLARKE, a co. in the S. W. central part of Ohio, a little E. of the Great Miami r. Pop. 16,882. Co. t. Springfield.

CLARKE, a co. in the S. E. part of Ind., bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 15,595. Co. t. Charlestown.

CLARKE, a co. in the E. part of Ill., bordering on the Wabash. Pop. 7,453. .Co. t. Marshall.

CLARKE, a co. forming the N. E. extremity of Mo. Pop. 2,846. Co. t. Waterloo.

CLARKE's River, in Oregon, rises in the Rocky Mountains, and flows into the Columbia r. Its length is about 460 m.

CLAUSTHAL or KLAUSTHAL, klous/-tail, a t. of Germany, in Hanover, remarkable for the silver and lead mines in its vicinity. It is the seat of administration for the mining districts of Hanover. Lat. 51° 48' N., Lon. 10° 20° E. Pop. about 8,000. (B.) The mines of Clausthal yield annually about 160,000 ounces of silver, 2,400 tons of lead and litharge, and 4 tons of copper. They employ upwards of 2,000 work

CLAY, a co. in the S. E. part of Ky., on the S. E. fork of the Kentucky r. Pop. 4,607. Co. i. Manchester.

CLAY, a co. in the W. part of Ind., intersected by the Eel r., and a little E. of the Wabash. Pop. 5,567. Co. t. Bowling Green.

CLAY, a co. in the S. E. part of Ill., intersected by the Little Wabash. Pop. 3,228. Co. t. Maysville.

Clay, a co. in the W.N. W. part of Mo., bordering on the Missouri r. Pop. 8,282. Co. t. Liberty.

CLAY-TON, a co. in the E. part of lowa, bordering on the Mississippi r. Pop. 1,101.

Clearl-FIELD, a co. in the W. central part of Pa. Pop. 7,834. Co. t. Clearfield.

CLER-MONT', a co. in the S.W. part of Ohio, bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 23,106. Co. t. Batavia.

CLERMONT-FERRAND, klair'-mon' fèr'-rån', (Anc. Augustonemetum, afterwards Clarus Mons,) the cap. of the French dep. of Puy-de-dôme, and formerly, of the prov. of Auvergne. It contains a number of literary and scientific institutions; among which we may mention the Académie Universitaire and the Royal College. Lat. 45° 46' N., Lon. 3° 5' E. Pop. 28,000. (B.)

CLEVE-LAND, a port of entry of Ohio, the cap. of Cuyahoga co., situated on L. Erie, at the termination of the Ohio canal. Pop. 6,071.

Cleves, (Ger. Kleve, klal-veh; Fr. Clèves, klave,) a walled i of the Prussian dominions, the cap. of a circle of the same name. Lat. 51° 47' N., Lon. 6° 7' E. Pop. 7,400. (B.)

ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; Th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng.
CLIFTON. See BRISTOL.
CLINCH, a 1. of Tenn., which unites with the Holston to form the
Tennessee.

Clin'ton, a co. occupying the N. E. extremity of N. Y. Pop. 28,157.
Co. t. Plattsburg.

CLINTON, a co. in the N. central part of Pa., on the W. branch of the Susquehanna. Pop. 8,323.

CLINTON, a co. in the S. S. E. part of Ky., bordering on Tenn. Pop. 3663.

CLINTON, a co. in the S. W. part of Ohio, N. E. of Cincinnati. Pop. 15,719. Co. t. Wilmington.

CLINTON, a co. in the S. central part of Mich. Pop. 1,614.
CLINTOx, a co. in the N. W. central part of Ind., a little S. E. of the
Wabash and Erie Canal. Pop. 7,508. Co. t. Frankfort.

Clinton, a co. in the S. W. part of I., intersected by the Kaskas-
kia r. Pop. 3,718. Co. t. Carlyle.

CLINTON, a co. in the N. W. part of Mo., a little E. of the Missouri r
Pop. 2,724. Co. t. Plattsburgh.

Clintox, a co. in the E. part of Iowa, bordering on the Mississippi r.
Pop. 821.

CLINTON, a village of N. Y., in Oneida co., about 9 m. W. S. W. of
Utica. It is the seat of Hamilton College.

CLITHEROE, klith'-er-o', a small t. of England, in Lancashire, 21 m
S. E. of Lancaster. Pop. of the township, 6,765.

CLOGHER, kldh'-uçr, a small t. of Ireland, in the co. of Tyrone, 22 m.
W. by N. of Armagh.

CLOGHNAKILTY, klour-na-kill-te, or Clon'-A-KIL-TY, a t. of Ireland, in the co. of Cork, situated on a bay of the same name. Lat. 51° 38' N., Lon. 8° 51' W. Pop. in 1831, 3,807. (P. C.)

CLON-MELL/, the chief t. of the co. of Tipperary, Ireland, situated on the r. Suir. Lat. 52° 19' N., Lon. 7° 43' W. Pop. in 1831, 15,134. (P.C.)

Clyde, a r. of Scotland, which rises in the S. part of Lanarkshire, and, flowing in a north-westerly direction, enters the Frith of Clyde. Its whole course is upwards of 70 m. Though the third in magnitude, it is, as respects navigation, the most important river of Scotland.

Co-^-HO-MẠ, a co. in the N. W. part of Miss., bordering on the Mississippi r. Pop. 1,290.

CoBB, a co. in the N. W. part of Ga., bordering on the Chattahoochee. Pop. 7,539. Co. t. Marietta.

COB'-LENTZ,* (Ger. Coblenz, köl-blênts; Fr. Coblence, ko'-blåncel,) a

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* We often hear Coblentz accentuated on the last syllable, but this is contrary to the tendency of our language, (see Int. XII., Obs. 2,) as well as to the native pronunciation. Byron is right, as usual

" By Coblentz, on a rise of gentle ground,
There is a small and simple pyramid.”

Childe Harold, Canto III.

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Fate, får, fall, fåt; me, mét; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; oo as in good : t. of the Prussian states, cap. of a circle of the same name, and of the whole prov. of the Lower Rhine; situated at the confluence of the Mo selle and Rhine, whence the city obtained its ancient name, Confluens or Confluentes, of which Coblenz is probably a corruption. This place is strongly fortified, and is an important military post. (See EHRENBREITSTEIN.) Lat. 50° 21' N., Lon. 7° 30' E. Pop., exclusive of the military, above 12,000. (B.)

Col-BURG (Ger. pron. köl-bóÕRG) or Saxe-Coburg, the most southern of the independent principalities of Saxony, forming a part of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, and situated between 50° 0' and 50° 24' N. Lat. and 10° 40' and 11° 15' E. Lon. Its area is about 200 sq. m. Pop. 38,000. (P. C.)

COBURG, the cap. of the above, is a walled t., and has about 8,000 inbabitants. (B.) Lat. 50° 15' N., Lon. 10° 58' E.

CoCHABAMBA, ko'-chi-bim-bả, t of Bolivia, the cap. of a dep. of the same name. Lat. 17° 25' S., Lon. 65° 50' W. Pop. estimated at 30,000 (B.); by others, at 20,000.

Cochin, ko-cheen', a prov. on the S. W.coast of Hindostan, between 10° 10' and 10° 50' N. Lat.

Co-Chin China, or the empire of An-nam, is situated in Chin-India, of which it forms the eastern portion. It extends from 8° 40' to about 23° N. Lat., and from 102° to 109° 20' E. Lon. Its length, from N. to S., is about 980 m.; its breadth varies from 100 m. to 300 m. Area estimated at 147,000 sq. m. The name Cochin China is unknown to the inhabitants, having been bestowed by the Portuguese. The natives call it Drang-Trong, i. e. "the central country." This appellation, how. ever, is restricted to Cochin China Proper; Tonkin is called the “ external country.” These two countries are named by the inhabitants An-nam or Anam. Tonkin occupies the northern, and Cochin China Proper the southern region; the boundary line between them is in about 19° N. Lat. The most southern portion of Cochin China Proper once formed a separate country, under the name of Tsiampa, tse-åm'-pl or Chiampa. The empire of An-nam comprehends a part of Cambodja and several other territories. Little, however, is known respecting them. The pop. is estimated, by Balbi, at 12,00,000. The inbabit. ants of Cochin China belong to the same race as the Chinese and Mongols. They have made some progress in most of the arts of civilized life, and, in their mode of living and general character, appear to resemble the Chinese. They are said to excel in naval architecture, and the lacker-ware made at Tonkin is considered by some as preferable to that of Japan. Hué is the cap. of Cochin China and of the whole empire. Adj. and inhab. Cochin CHINESE, which, however, should be restricted to Cochin China Proper. AN-NAM-E$E' or ANAMESE is the more general appellative.

COCKE, a co. in the E. part of Tenn., bordering on N.C. Pop. 6,992. Co. t. Newport.

CODOGNO, ko-done-yo, a t. of Austrian Italy, in the prov. of Lodi,

The average

ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; TH, as in this; n, nearly like ng. 35 m. S. E. of Milan, noted as a market for the Parmesan cheese. Pop. above 8,000. (B.)

Cop'-FEE, a co. in the S. central part of Tenn., on the head waters of Duck r.

Pop. 8,184. COGNAC, kone-yåk', a t. of France, in the dep. of Charente, on the r. Charente, famous for its manufacture of brandy. Lat. 45° 42' N., Lon. 0° 19 w.

Comm'-BẠ-TOOR' or COIMBATORE, a prov, in the S. of India, about the Ilth degree of N. Lat., S. of, and bordering on Mysore.— Also the cap. of the above, containing about 2,000 houses. Lat. 10° 52' N., Lon. 77° 5' E.

Co-IM-BR$ or ko-eem/-bră, a t. of Portugal, in Beira, of which it is considered the cap., situated on the right side of the r. Mondego, about 120 r. N. N. E. of Lisbon. It has a richly endowed university, with the faculties of theology, law, and medicine, besides the academical department. The lectures are generally gratuitous. number of academical students is said to be about 1,200. The palace of the university, once the residence of the kings, is one of the finest buildings in the place.-Conim'brica, the ancient Coimbra, was situated at some distance from the site of the present town. Lat. 40° 12' 30" N., Lon. 8° 24' W. Permanent pop. about 15,000. (B.)

COIRE, kwår, (Ger. Chur, KOOR,) a t. of Switzerland, cap. of the canton of Grisons, near the right bank of the Rhine. Lat. 46° 51' N., Lon. 9° 31' E. Pop. 4,750. (P. C.)

COLBERG, koll-b&RG, a seaport and fortress of Prussia, in Pomerania, situated on the Persante (pěn-sản-teh), about a mile from its entrance into the Baltic. Lat. 54° 9 N., Lon. 15° 34' E. Pop. nearly 6,000. (B.)

COL-CHES-TER, a t. of England, in the N. E. part of the co. of Essex, 51 m. N. E. by E. from London. Pop. of the borough and liberties, 17,790 ; that of the town may be estimated at about 14,000.

COLE, a co. in the central part of Mo., bordering on the Missouri r. Pop. 9,286. Co. t. Jefferson city.

Coles, a co. in the E. part of Ill., intersected by the Kaskaskia r. Pop. 9,616. Co. t. Charleston.

COLLETON, a dist. in the S. E. part of S. C., intersected by the Edisto r. Pop. 25,548. Seat of justice, Walterborough.

COL-LUMP-ton, a small t. of England, in Devonshire, 11 m. N. N. E. of Exeter.

COLNĘ, a r. of England, in Hertfordshire, which flows into the Thames.

COLOGNE, ko-lonel, (Fr. pron. ko'-lon', Ger. Köln,) an archbishopric of Rhenish Prussia, the cap. of a government of the same name, and of the prov. of the Rhine, situated on the left bank of the Rhine. It is enclosed by a lofty wall, about 6 m. in circuit, defended by 83 towers, and surrounded with ramparts and deep ditches, and has 24 gates. Cologne was a Roman station, and afterwards a colony named Colonia Claudia Agrippinensis. From Colonia the modern name is derived. Cologne was formerly one of the most wealthy and powerful cities of the

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