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ou, as in our ; th, as in thin ; TH, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. Old and New Town. The latter, named also Frederikstad, is truly superb, and may be compared to the most magnificent portions of the fracst capitals of Europe. Among the multitude of remarkable buildings which Copenhagen contains, we may cite the royal palace of Christiansborg, equally extraordinary for its architecture and its vast dimensions. It contains a magnificent palace-church, the royal galleries of paintings, natural history, &c., and a library of 400,000 vols. Among the great number of literary and scientific institutions, for which the Danish capital is distinguished, may be mentioned its celebrated university, one of the most richly endowed and most flourishing in Europe. It is attended on an average by 700 students. Copenhagen is well fortified, being surrounded by ramparts and ditches, and defended by 24 bastions, besides outworks, and on the side towards the sea by a very strong citadel. It has an admirable harbour which is the great naval station of Denmark, and is capable of containing above 500 ships. Kjöbenhavn signifies " buying or trading port;" this place,

bowever, no longer possesses that commercial distinction which forPie merly rendered its name so appropriate. Its general trade has much

declined of late, principally in consequence of Altona being a free port, which Copenhagen is not. The observatory of the university is in Lat. 55° 40 53" N., Lon. 12° 34' 57" E. Pop. above 115,000. (B.)

Co-pil-AH, a co. in the S. W. part of Miss., bordering on Pearl r. Elena Pop. 8,945. Co. seat, Gallatin.

Co-PJ-A-Pol, a t. in the N. part of Chili, with rich copper-mines.
Lat. 27° 20'S., Lon. 70° 30 W.

COPPER MINE RIVER, a r. of N. America, which flows into the Arctic
Ocean, in Lat. 65° 50' N., Lon. near 116° W.

Coquet, kok'-et, a sınall r. of England, in Northumberland, which rises on the Scottish border, and flows into the German Ocean, opposite a little island of the same name.

COQUIMBO, ko-keeml-bo, a commercial t. of Chili, cap. of a prov. of the same name. It is sometimes called LA SERENA (lå sd-ral-nå). Lat. 29° 55' S., Lon. 71° 19' W. Pop. estimated from 7,000 to 12,000. (B.)

COR-DIL/-LER-A8 or kor-deel-yel-rås, the name given to the Mexican portion of the great mountain chain which traverses the American continent from N. to S. The highest summits are POPOCATEPETL and the peak of ORIZABA, which see.

Corl-DO-VA* (Sp. Cordova or Cordoba, kor/-do-vá; Anc. Corlduba

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" the regal seat
Of Abdalazis, ancient CORDOBA."

“ till they saw
The temples and the towers of CORDOBA
Shining majestic in the light of eve."

SOUTHEY's Roderick. Book V.
"And strangers were received by thee
of CORDOVA the chivalry." BYRON.

Fate, får, fall, fåt; me, mét; plne or pine, pin; nó, nðt; oo as in good : and Colo'nia Patricia, or simply Patricia); an ancient and celebrated city of Spain, in Andalusia, on the N. bank of the Guadalquivier, 180 m. s. S. W. of Madrid. While in the possession of the Moors, from 755 to 1234, it was a distinguished seat of learning, and the terror and admiration of Europe. It then contained 300,000 inhabitants. It was also the centre of an extensive trade, and noted for the preparation of the goat skins called cordoban.* Since the expulsion of the Moors, Cordova has fallen into decay, though it still ranks among the important places of Spain. Corduba was the birth-place of the two Senecas, and of the poet Lucan. Lat. 37° 52' N., Lon. 4° 45' W. Pop. 57,000. (B.)- Adj. and inhab. Cor'-DO-VEŞE'; and Cor`-DU-BEȘE', when the ancient town is referred to.

Cordova, an important t. of S. America, nearly in the centre of the republic of La Plata ; cap. of a prov. of its own name, on the r. Primero (pre-mål-ro). It is the centre of an extensive trade. Lat. about 31° 20 N., Lon. 61o W. Pop. estimated at 15,000. (B.)

Co-RE'-», a large peninsula on the E. coast of Asia, whose sovereign is tributary to the emperors of China and Japan, but otherwise independent. The country subject to the sovereign of Corea extends from about 34° to 43' N. Lat., and from 124° to 134° E. Lon. Its length, from N. to S., is near 630 m.; the average breadth may be about 150 m. Kingkitao (king-ke-tål-o), the cap., is said to be a large city. Lat. about 37° 15' N., Lon. 127° 25' E.-Adj. and inhab. Co-rg-AN.

Corfu, kor'-fool or kor/-fu, (Mod. Gr. Koppor, korphoi, pronounced kor-feel; Anc. Gr. Kopxvpa; Lat. Corcy'ra ;) an i. which lies off the coast of Albania, extending from 39° 51' to 39° 21' N. Lat., and 19° 36' to 20° 8' E. Lon. The length is about 38 m.; greatest breadth nearly 20 m. The area is about 227 sq. m.

Corfu, the cap. of the above, as well as of the whole Ionian republic, is situated on a promontory, on the E. side of the island. It is surrounded with walls, and strongly fortified. This town is the residence of an archbishop, and the seat of a university, first opened in 1824, with the four faculties of theology, law, medicine, and philosophy, and fourteen professors. The lectures are given in modern Greek. The harbour of Corfu is one of the best in the Levant. Lat. 39° 38 N., Lon. 19° 56' E. Pop. of the town and suburbs, 15,800. (P. C.)

CORS-INTH, (Anc. Corinthos,) a small t. of Greece, near the isthmus which connects the Morea with the main continent. In the early part of the present century, its population and commerce were considerable, but it was almost destroyed during the war. A few scattered ruins are the only relics of that magnificence which was once the admiration of the civilized world. Lat. 37° 56' N., Lon. 22° 53' E.-Adj. and inbab. COR-IN-THI-AN.

Cork, a co. occupying the S. extremity of Ireland, in the prov. of Munster. Pop. in 1831, 703,716. (P. C.)

* This word has been corrupted into our cordwain, whence shoemakers in Eng. land derived their old name of cordwainers, and in France that of cordonniers.

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00, as in our ; th, as in thin ; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. Cork, one of the most commercial cities of Ireland, cap. of the above Co., on both sides of the Lee, 4 m. from its entrance into Cork harbour, and 139 m. S. W. of Dublin. Lat. 51° 54' N., Lon. 8° 30' W. Pop. in 1831, including the liberties, 107,016. (P. C.)

CORN-WALL,* a co. occupying the S. W. extremity of England. Pop. 341 279.–Adj. CORI-NISH; inhab. COR'-NISH-MAN.

CORO-MAN-DỆl, a name applied to the E. coast of Southern Hindostan, extending from Point Calimere, in 10° 18' N. Lat., to the mouth of the r. Krishna, in 15° 45' N. Lat.

CORRÈZE, kor'-razel, a dep. in the S. central part of France, which derives its name from the r. Corrèze, a branch of the Vezère, which is a tributary of the Dordogne. Pop. 302,433. (B.) Tulle is the capital.

CORl-rib, a L. of Ireland, in the co. of Galway, 22 in. in length, containing numerous islands.

COR-SL-CẠ, (Fr. CORSE,) an i. in the Mediterranean, between Sardinia and the Genoese coast, extending from about 41° 21' 10 43° 1' N. Lat., and from 8° 32' to 9° 34' E. Lon. Its length is 116 m.; its greatest breadth about 51. Area about 3,380 sq. m. Pop. 207,889. (B.) The i. of Corsica forms one of the departments of France. Ajaccio is the capital.—Adj. and inhab. Cor!-91-CẠN.

CORTE, kor!-ta, a t. of Corsica, nearly in the centre of the i., which, during the short period of Corsican independence, about the middle of the last century, was the seat of government. Lat. 42° 18' N., Lon. 9° 9 E. Pop. in 1832, 3,282. (P.C.).

CORTI-LẠND, a co. in the central part of N. Y., S. W. of Utica. Pop. 24,607. Co. t. Cortlandville.

CORTONA, kor-to-nả, (Anc. Corlytum,) a t. of Italy, in Tuscany, remarkable for its public and private collections of Etruscan antiquities. Corytum was one of the principal cities of ancient Etruria. Lat. 43° 17' N., Lon. 11° 59' E. Pop. 3,500. (B.)

Co-RUN!-NA (Sp. Coruña, ko-roon-yå; Anc: Adro/bicum and Corolnium), a fortified commercial and manufacturing t. of Spain, in Galicia, at the entrance of the Bay of Betanzos, near the N. W. extremity of the Spanish peninsula. The name is said to be derived from the ancient columna, or tower of Hercules, which still exists, having been, in 1791, converted into a light-house. The harbour of Corunna is spacious, and one of the best in Spain. Lat. 43° 23' N., Lon. 8° 20' W. Pop. about 23,000. (B.)

Cor-yo, the smallest i. of the Azores, situated near 40° N. Lat., and intersected by the 31st meridian of W. Lon. Length only about 5 m.

COSENZA, ko-sen/-ză, an archiepiscopal t. of Naples, the cap. of Calabria Citra. Lat. 39° 20' N., Lon. 16° 16' E. Pop. 8,000. (B.).

Cosu-od-tỌN, a co. in the E. central part of Ohio, intersected by the Ohio and Erie Canal. Pop. 21,590. Co. t. Coshocton.

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Corrupted from Cornu Galliæ, i.e. the "the horn or extremity of Ganl." In like manner, WALES (called Galles by the French) is derived from Gallia; the Welsh nation being a remnant of the ancient Gauls. See page 232: note.

Fate, får, fall, fåt; mė, mėt; pine or pine, pin; no, nðt; öö as in gool;

Cöslin, COESLIN or Köslin, kös-leen', a walled t. of Prussia, in Pomerania, the cap. of a circle of the same name, and of the principality of Camin (kå-meen'). Lat. 54° 13' N., Lan. 16° 12' E. Pop. near 6,000. (B.)

Cosne, kóne, (Anc. Conda/te,) a t. of France, in the dep. of Nièvres, remarkable for its manufactures in iron. Lat. 47° 24' N., Lon. 2° 56 E. Pop. in 1832, 5,123. (P. C.)

Cosl-sẠCKS, a people inhabiting the southern parts of the Russian empire, particularly those bordering on Poland, Turkey and Tartary. The name is supposed to be derived from the Tartar word Kasak, or Kaisak, signifying light-armed mercenary horsemen. They are very warlike, and are extensively employed in the Russian military service. They are said to be, in general, very honest and hospitable.

Cosseir, kos-sare', a small t. of Egypt, on the Red Sea, with extensive storehouses, where the caravans which trade with Arabia deposite their goods. Lat. 26° 7' N., Lon. 34° 13' E.

COSTARICA, kos/-ti-reel-kả, or "rich coast,” the most southerly of the united states of Central America. Its territory borders on New Granada. S. José is the capital.

CÔTE D'OR, kôte dor, a dep. in the E. part of France, intersected by the r. Saône. Pop. 385,624. (B.) Capital, Dijon.

CÔTES DU NORD, kôte dü nor, (i. e. literally “coasts of the north,") a dep. in the N. W. of France, bordering on the English Channel. Pop. 605,563. (B.) Capital, St. Brieux.

COTOPAXI, ko-to-paxl-e or ko-to-p3l-He, a celebrated volcanic mountain of S. America, in the territory of Ecuador, nearly 40 m. S. by E. from Quito. In 1738, the flames rose 900 metres (nearly 3,000 English ft.) above the sides of its crater; and, in 1748, its roaring was heard at Honda, in New Granada, at the distance of near 500 m. Height, 2,950 toises, or 18,868 English ft. (B.) Lat. 0° 44' S., Lon. 70° 40' W.

COTTBUS or KOTTBUS, kott/-boos, a walled t. of Prussia, on the Spree, cap. of a circle of the same name. Lat. 51° 45' N., Lon. 14° 22' E. Pop. 6,600. (B.)

COURLAND. See KOORLAND.

COURTRAY or CourtRAI, koor'-trål, (Flem. Kortryk, kort/-rike,) a fortified manufacturing t. of W. Flanders, cap. of a dist. of the same name, situated on the Lys, 25 m. S. of Bruges. This town existed in the time of the Romans, under the name of Cortoriacum. Lat. 50° 50' N., Lon. 3° 16' E. Pop. nearly 19,000. (B.)

COUTANCE, koo'-tåncel, (Lat. Constan/tia,) a city of France, in the dep. of Manche. This town is said to have been built by the emperor Constantius, (father of Constantine the Great,) and called after his own name, Constantia, of which Coutance is a corruption. Lat. 49° 3 N. Lon. 1° 26' W. Pop. in 1832, 8,957. (P. C.).

COVENTRY, kuvl-en-tre, a city of England, situated within the limits of Warwickshire, but constituting, with several adjacent vil, lages, a separate county, called the County of the City of Coventry; the

ou, as in our ; th, as in thin; TH, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. area of which is above 23 sq. m. The town is situated nearly in the centre of the kingdom, 10 m. N. N. E. of Warwick. Coventry has been the seat of two parliaments, one held during the reign of Henry IV., in 1104, the other in the time of Henry VI., in 1459. Pop. of the city, with an area of 8 sq. m., 30,743; that of the co., exclusive of the city, 10,664.

Covington, kovl-ing-ton, a co. in the S. part of Ala., bordering on Florida. Pop. 2,435. Co. t. Montezuma.

Covington, a co. in the S. part of Miss., a little E. of Pearl r. Pop. 2,717. Co. seat, Williamsburg.

Cowes, kouz, a seaport t. of England, in the Isle of Wight, on the W. side of the r. Medina, at its mouth, with a safe and commodious harbour. It is sometimes called West Cowes, to distinguish it from a bamlet on the opposite side of the Medina. Lat. 50° 46' N., Lon. 1° 18' W. Pop. 4,107.

Cow-el-tẠ, a co. in the W. part of Ga., bordering on the Chattahoochee r. Pop. 10,364. Co. t. Newman.

Cracow, kral-co, a republic of Europe, formerly constituting a part of the kingdom of Poland. Its existence, as an independent state, dates from the congress of Vienna, in 1815, when the three great powers, Austria, Russia, and Prussia, not being able to agree to which of them it should be assigned, determined to form it into an independent republic, under their joint protection, guaranteeing to it perpetual neutrality and inviolability of its territory, except in the case of its affording an asylum to deserters, or offending against any of the three protecting powers. It lies on the northern bank of the Vistula, and contains an area of about 490 sq. m. Pop. 114,000. (B.)

Cracow (Polish, Kraków, krål-koof; Lat. Craco'via); the chief t. of the above, is situated on the Vistula, at its confluence with the Radeva (rå-dil-vå). This ancient capital of Poland received its name from Kracus, duke of the Poles and Bohemians, who is said to bave founded it, about the year 700. Formerly the limits of the city were much more extensive than now, and the pop. amounted to thrice the present number. The most striking of its ancient monuments is the cathedral, the finest in Poland. Here the kings of Poland were crowned, and here are the tombs of most of the Polish monarchs and beroes; among others, we may mention those of Sobieski and Kosciusko. Lat. of the Observatory, 50° 3' 49" N., Lon. 19° 58' 6" E. Pop. above 25,000. (B.)- Adj. and inhab. CRA-co-v1-an.

Cral-ves, a co. in the E. part of N. C., intersected by the Neuse. Pop. 13,438. Co. t. Newbern.

CRAWI-FORD, a co. in the N. W. part of Pa., bordering on Ohio. Pop. 31,724. Co. t. Meadville. CRAWFORD, a co. in the S. W. central part of Ga., intersected by the

Pop. 7,901. Co. t. Knoxville, CRAWFORD, a co. on the western border of Ark., intersected by the Arkansas r. Pop. 4.266. Seat of justice, Crawford c. h.

Flint r.

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