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ou, as in our; th, as in thin; ty, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. and was for a considerable period the capital of the empire. Arnong the remarkable edifices of Kief we may mention the cathedral of St. Sophia, which is interesting on account of its antiquity, and is besides one of the finest churches in Russia. This place has an university called St. Vladimir's, founded in 1834. Kief is also the seat of the oldest Greek ecclesiastical academy in Russia, founded in 1588, and attended at present by about 1,500 students. (B.) Lat. 50° 27' N., Lon. 30° 27' E. Pop. about 40,000. (P. C.)

Kiel, keel, a t. of Denmark, in the duchy of Holstein,* on a bay of the Baltic, called Kielerfiord (keel-ler-fe-ord'), which forms an excellent harbour. It is surrounded by walls, with five gates. The university of Kiel, founded in 1665, has a library of 70,000 vols, and is attended by about 300 students. Lat. 54° 20' N., Lon. 10° 8' E. Pop. above 8,000. (B.)

KIL-DARE', an inland co. in the E. part of Ireland, in the prov. of Leinster. Pop. in 1831, 108,424. (P. C.)

Kulia, keel-le-å, a small t. of European Russia, situated on one of the arms of the Danube (called also Kilia), about 8 m. from its mouth.Adj. Kilian, keel-le-an.

KIL-KEN'-ny, an inland co. in the S. E. part of Ireland, in the prov. of Leinster. Pop. in 1831, exclusive of the city and its liberties, 169,945. (P. C.)

Kilkenny, a city of Ireland, the cap. of the above co., situated on the Nore, a branch of the Barrow, 62 m. S. W. of Dublin. The t. and its liberties, occupying an area of above 37 sq. m., forın what is called the county of the city of Kilkenny. Total pop. in 1831, 23,741. (P. C.)

KIL-LAR'-ney, a t. in the S. W. part of Ireland, in the co. of Kerry, celebrated for the beauty of the scenery in its vicinity, is situated near a small lake of the same name, 44 m. W. by N. of Cork. Pop. in 1831, 7,910. (P. C.)

KIL-MAR'-NCCK, an important manufacturing t. of Scotland, in Ayrshire, situated on the r. Irvine, about 7 m., in a straight line, from its entrance into the sea, and 56 m. W. S. W. of Edinburgh. Pop. of the parish, 19,956.

KINCARDINE, king-kar'-din, a sea port t. of Scotland, situated in a delached portion of Perthshire, 21 m. W. N. W. of Edinburgh. Pop. of the parish in 1841, 2,232, a considerable diminution in the number of inhabitants having occurred since 1831, owing to the depression of trade.

KINCARDINESHIRE, king-karl-din-shịr, or the MEARNS, a co. in the W. of Scotland, situated between Forlarshire and Aberdeenshire, and bordering on the German Ocean. Pop. 33,075.

* Both McCulloch and the Penny Cyclopædia state that Kiel is the capital of Holstein, while both also agree in asserting in another place that GLUCKSTADT is the capital of the duchy! Balbi says nothing of Kiel being the seat of government, but tells us that Gluckstadt is important as being le siège du collège administratif et ju. diciaire (the seat of the administrative and judiciary college) of Holstein.

Fate, får, fall, fåt; mé, mét; plne or pine, pin; no, nðt; öð as in good :

King and Queen, a co. in the E. part of Va., on the Malta pony r. Pop. 10,862. Seat of justice, King and Queen c. h.

King GEORGE, a co. in the N. E. part of Va., bordering on the Poto mac. Pop. 5,927. Seat of justice, King George c. h.

King William, a co. in the E. part of Va., bordering on the Mattapony. Pop: 9,258. Seat of justice, King William c. h.

King's County, a co. in the S. E. central part of Ireland, in the prov. of Leinster. Pop. in 1831, 144,225. (P. C.) King's

County, a co. of N. Y., occupying the W. extremity of Long Island. Pop. 47,613. Co. t. Brooklyn.


KINGS'-TON-ON-THAMES, a t. of England in the co. of Surrey, situated on the Thames, 12 m. S. W. of London. It received its name, King's town, from its having been the residence of the Saxon monarchs, eight of whom were crowned here. Pop. of parish, 8,147.

Kingston,-formerly the cap. of Upper Canada, and more recently of Canada, is situated at the N. E. extremity of L. Ontario. It has a good harbour, and the principal naval dock-yard in the colony. Lat. 14° 8' N., Lon. 76° 40' W. Pop. in 1838, 3,877. (M.)

Kingston, the largest and most commercial t., though not the cap., of Jamaica, is situated on the coast, in the S. E. part of the island, with a fine harbour. The pop. is stated to be above 33,000 (P. C.), but no accurate census has ever been taken. Lat. 17° 56' N., Lon. 76° 53' W.

KIN-ross', a t. of Scotland, the cap. of Kinross-shire, situated on the W. bank of the Loch Levin, 20 m. N. N. W. of Edinburgh. Pop. of the parish, 2,822.

Kin-ross/-SHỊRE, a small inland co. in the E. of Scotland. Pop. 8,763.

KỊR-KÅL-DY or kịr-kaul-de, a seaport and manufacturing t. of Scot. land, in Fifeshire, situated on the N. side of the Frith of Forth, 12 m. N. of Edinburgh. Pop. of the parish, 5,275.

KIRKCUDERIGHT, kir-kool-bre, a co. in the S. part of Scotland, bordering on Solway Frith. Pop. 41,119.

KIRKCUDBRIGHT, a scaport t. of Scotland, cap. of the above co., on the Dee, about 6 m. above its entrance into Solway Frith, and 85 m. S. S. W. of Edinburgh. Its harbour is esteemed the best in the S. of Scotland. Pop. 2,692.

KļRK-w ẢLL', a sea port t. of Scotland, cap. of the Orkney Islands, situated on the N. E. coast of Mainland or Pomona. Lat. 590 N., Lon. 2° 57' W. Pop. 2,205.

Kirman, kéěr-mảnl, or KERMAN (Anc. Carama' nia), a prov. in the S. E. part of Persia, bordering on Beloochistan and the Persian Gulf.

Kirman or Sirjan, seěr-jản', a manufacturing city of Persia, cap. of the above. Lat. about 30° N., Lon. 56° E. Pop. estimated at 30,000. (B.).

KIRMANSHẬh or Kir'-MAN-shawl, a large manufacturing city, cap. of Persian Koordistan, on the r. Kerah, which flows into the Shat-elArab. It is surrounded by strong brick walls, with a citadel. Lat. 34° 26' N., Lon. about 47° 30' E. Pop. estimated at about 40,000. (B.)

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ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; TH, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. KIRRIEMUIR, ker'-re-murel, a manufacturing t. of Scotland, in Forfarshire, 16 m. N. of Dundee. Pop. 3,067.

Kishu or KISH-MA (Anc. Oarac/ta), the largest i, in the Persian Gulf, intersected by the 27th parallel of N. La and the 56th meridian of E. Lon. Length about 60 m.; breadth 12 m. Pop. estimated at 5,000. (M.)

Kızl-il IR-MAK, i. e. the “ red river,” (Turk. pron. kiz-eel' čer'måkl; Anc. Ha'lys) the largest and finest r. in Asia Minor, rises N. E. of Kaisarieh, near the 39th degree of N. Lat., and the 37th of E. Lon., and flowing at first westerly, and afterwards in a general N. E. direction, falls into the Black Sea, in about 41° 45' N. Lat., and 36° E. Lon. Its whole length is estimated at 450 m.


KLATTAU, klẢt/-tou, a t. of Bohemia, cap. of a circle of the same name, 70 m. S. W. of Prague. Pop. 5,700. (M.)

KLAU!-SEN-BURG”, i.e. the "castle of the defile,” (Ger. pron. kloul. zen-bÕÕRG; Hung. Kolozsvár, ko-lozh-våår; A-nc. Claudia, afterwards Claudiop/olis;) the cap. of Transylvania, situated on the r. Számos (såå-mosh), near a mountain defile, whence its name. It is surrounded by lofty walls, with towers, which divide the city proper, called Ovár, or - Old Town,” from the Ujvár (00-e-våår), or “ New Town." The latter, though of small extent, has some handsome streets, and a very pleasing appearance. Klausenburg possesses a lyceum and several other important literary institutions. Lat. 46° 45' N., Lon. 23° 32 E. Pop. above 20,000. (B.)

Knox, a co. in the E. part of Tenn., on the Holston r. Pop. 15,485. Co. t. Knoxville.

Knox, a co. in the S. E. part of Ky., bordering on Tenn. Pop. 5,722. Co. t. Barbourville,

Knox, a co. in the E. central part of Ohio, N. E. of Columbus. Pop. 29,579. Co. t. Mount Vernon.

Knox, a co. in the S. W. part of Ind., between the Wabash and White r.

Pop. 10,657. Co. t. Vincennes.
Knox, a co. in the N. W. part of I., a little W. of the Illinois r.
Pop. 7,060. Co. t. Knoxville.


Kolin, ko-leen', a t. of Bohemia, on the Elbe, 34 m. E. of Prague. Here Frederick II., of Prussia, was defeated with great loss by the Adstrians, in 1755.

Komorn. See COMORN. KONGSBERG, kongsl-berg, a small t. of Norway, about 44 m. W.S.W. of Christiania, important on account of its silver mines and its mint Pop. 4,000. (B.)

Ko-NI-EM or KONIA (Anc. Iconium), a t. of Asiatic Turkey, the cap. of a pashalic of the same name, formerly the residence of the Seljook (Seljuk) sultans of Room, is situated in the midst of a fertile and well

Fåte, får, fall, fåt; m', mit; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; õõ, as in good; watered plain, about 140 m. S. of Angora. Though at present much decayed, this town is still important on account of its manufactures, and its numerous madressas or colleges; it contains, also, some highly in. teresting remains of antiquity. Lal. 37° 50' N., Lon. 32° 45' E. Pop. estimated at about 30,000. (B.)

KÖNIGINGRÅTZ, köl-nig-in-grets, or Köl-NG-GRÄTZ, (Bohemian, Kralowy Hradecs, krå-lo'-ve hrå-dets',) a fortified t. of Bohemia, the cap. of a circle of the same name, situated on the Elbe, 63 m. E. by N. of Prague. Pop., exclusive of the military, 6,000. (B.)

KÖNIGSBERG, ken/-igs-berg, (Ger. pron. köl-nigs-bérg,) a large city of Germany, cap. of Prussia Proper, on the Pregel, near its entrance into the Frische Haff. A bar at the mouth of the river prevents vessels drawing more than 5 or 6 ft. water from ascending to the city, so that the port of Königsberg is properly at Pillau (pill-lou), situated at the junction of the Frische Haff with the Baltic. The impression which the interior of the town makes on a stranger is not favourable. The streets, though straight, are, for the most part, narrow, dirty, and badly paved, while the few handsome public or private edifices are scattered over the whole city. Among the literary and scientific insti. tutions of this town, we may mention the University, founded in 1544, and attended at present by about 450 students.--The celebrated Kant. who was born at Königsberg, in 1724, and died here in 1804, was one of its professors ;-and the Observatory, which has of late years attained great celebrity from the astronomical observations of Professor Bessel. There are besides, three gymnasia, with numerous other schools. The Observatory is in 54° 42' 50“ N. Lat., and 20° 30' 7" E. Lon. Pop. above 68,00. (B.)

Koor, written also Kur, (Gr. Kupos, Kuros; Lat. Cy'rus,) a r. of W. Asia, which rises in the Turkish dominions, near 40° 40' N. Lat, and 42° 40' E. Lon., and, flowing north-easterly, passes into the Russian prov. of Georgia, then changes its course, and runs south-easterly to the Caspian Sea, which it enters by several mouths, near 39° 15' N. Lat., and 49° E. Lon. Its entire length is about 569 m.

KOORDISTAN or Kurdistan, koor-dis-tản', i. e. the “country of the Koords," an extensive country in the western part of Asia, situated partly in the Turkish dominions and partly in Persia ; being bounded on the N. by Armenia, E. by Azerbaijan and Irak Adjemi, S. by Khoozistan and the pashalic of Bagdad, w. by Algezira or Aljezeereh (Mesopotamia) and Diarbekir. Length about 300 m.; breadth perhaps 150 m. The inhabitants are mostly shepherds, though some are employed in agriculture and the mechanic arts. The Persian Koords are said to be for the most part wandering tribes, while those of Turkey have generally fixed habitations. Like their ancestors, the ancient Kardu'chi, the Koords are active, brave, and impatient of control. Though nominally subject to the Ottoman or Persian government, they appear to pay but little respect to the orders of their sovereign. The Koordish women, unlike those of most other Asiatic nations, are said to be

ou, as in our; th, as in thin; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. treated with much respect, while marriage is regarded as a sacred and indissoluble tie.-Adj. Koor-DISH ; inhab. Koord.

KOORILE or KURILE (kool-ril) Islands,* a chain of small islands connecting the peninsula of Karntchatka with he large islands which form the ernpire of Japan. They extend in length more than 700 m. The inhabitants are partly Kamtchadales and partly Aïnos (il-noce), a tribe which appears to belong to the same race as the Japanese.Inhab. Koo-RIL-LL-AN.

Koor'-LAND (Courland or Kurland), a prov. in the W. part of Russia, bordering on the Gulf of Riga. Capital, Mittau.

KOORSK (Koursk or Kursk), a t. in the S. part of European Russia, the cap. of a gov. of the same name, with one of the first ecclesiastical seininaries in the empire. The prov. of Koorsk is remarkable for its fertility, and celebrated for its fine fruits; among which are melons, 'apples, cherries, and various sorts of plums. Watermelons are grown in the open

fields. Lat. of the town, 51° 43' N., Lon. 36° 28' E. Pop. 24,000. (P. C.)

KOR-DO-FAN', a country S. of Nubia, W. of, and bordering on the Nile.

Kosciusko, kos-se-us/-ko, a co. in the N. part of Ind., on the head waters of the Tippecanoe r. Pop. 4,170. Co. t. Warsaw.

Kos-TRO-MẠ, a manufacturing t. in the central part of European Russia, the cap. of a gov. of the same name, situated at the confluence of the r. Kostroma with the Volga. Lat 57° 46' N., Lon. 41° 13' E. Pop. about 10,000. (P. C.)

KRASNOYARSK, wriiten also KRASNOYARSK and KRASNOJARSK, krås'. no-yarsk), a small but handsome t. of Asiatic Russia, cap. of the gov. of Yeniseïsk, containing several excellent literary institutions. It is also a place of considerable trade. Lat. 56° 1' N., Lon. 92° 21' E. Pop. about 4,000. (M.)

KREM-NITZ (Hung. Körmecz Bánya, kör-měts båån-yoh), a t. of Hungary, important on account of its rich mines of gold and silver, and its mint. Lat. 48° 39' N., Lon. 18° 50' E. Pop. 10,000. (B.)

KREUZNACH, kroitsl-nåk, a t. of the Prussian states, 18 m. S. W. of Mentz. Pop. about 8,000. (B.)

Krish'-NẠ or Kist-na, an important r. of Hindostan, which rises in the W. Ghauts, near 18° N. Lat., and 74° E. Lon., and flowing in a very tortuous course, falls into the ocean on the Coromandel Coast, by several mouths, near 16° N. Lat., 81° E. Lon. Its whole length is estimated at 700 m.

KUR. See Koor.

KURISCHE HAFF, kool-rish-eh håff, a bay or lagoon in the N. E. part of Prussia, about 56 m. in length, and 20 m. in its greatest breadth.

• KOORILE is supposed to be derived from Kooroo Mitsi, i. e. the “road of seaWeeds” (kooroo signifying a “sea-weed"), which is the name bestowed by the inhabitants of Yesso upon this insular chain. (M. B.)

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