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Fate, får, fåll, fåt; me, mét; plne or pine, pin; no, not; öð as in good. a river of the same name, at its entrance into the Frith of Forth, 2 m. N. by E. of the centre of Edinburgh, with which it is connected by a small street called Leith Walk. It is irregularly built, and ill paved, but contains many handsome houses of recent erection. Leith is considered as the port of Edinburgh. Pop. 26,433.

LEITMERITZ, litel-mer-ils, a t. of Bohemia, cap. of a circle of the same name, on the Elbe, which is here crossed by a bridge, 843 ft. in length. The neighbouring country is so fertile and well cultivated, that it is called the Bohemian paradise. Lat. 50° 30' N., Lon. 14° 5° E. Pop. 3,900. (B.) Near Leitmeritz, at the junction of the Eger and Elbe, is Theresienstadt (ta-ral-ze-en-stått'), an important fortress.

Leitrim, lee-trim, a co. in the N. W. part of Ireland, in the prov. of Connaught, and bordering on Donegal Bay. Pop. in 1831,141,524. (P.C.)

LE-MẠN (Lat. Lema/nus, or Leman'nus), otherwise called the LAKE or Geneva, a L. in the W. part of Switzerland, situated 1,150 ft. above the sea.

Its form resembles a crescent. Length, about 50 m; greatest breadth, 9 m.; greatest depth, 906 ft. It is traversed by a steamboat. The Rhone flows through L. Leman.

LEM-BERG (Ger. pron. lem/-bera; Polish, Lwow lwof; Lat. Leop'. olis), a city of the Austrian empire, the cap. of Galicia, situated on the Peltew (pell-tef), a tributary of the Bug. Its streets, unlike those of most Polish towns, are wide, straight, well paved, and clean. Lemberg is the residence of a Roman Catholic, an Armenian, and a Greek archbishop: it contains a university, two gymnasia, and several other institutions for education. Lat. 49° 52' N., Lon. 24° 3' E. Pop. abore 60,000. (B.)

LEM-NOS or STAL-IM/-E-NE (called by the Turks Lim-no or Lim'-nee), an i. in the N. part of the Ægean Sea, intersected by the parallel of 39° 50' N. Lat., and the meridian of 25° 10' E. Lon. Jis greatest length is above 20 m. Its area is estimated at 147 sq. m. Pop. 8,000. (P. C.)

LEP-NA (Siberian pron. là-nå'), the principal r. of Eastern Siberia, rises in the mountains which skirt the N. W. shore of Lake Baïkal, in about 53° N. Lat. and 106' E. Lon. It first runs northerly, and then in a general E. N. E. direction, till it reaches Yakootsk; after which it flows N. to the Frozen Ocean, which it enters by several mouths, in about 73° N. Lat. and 127° 30 E. Lon. Near its terinination, the river is very broad, and several of its numerous arms (among which are extensive deltas or islands) present the appearance of wide estuaries. The whole length of the Lena is estimated at 2,500 m. It is said to be safely navigable for the greater part of its course.

LEN-A-WEE', a co. in the S. E. part of Mich., bordering on Ohio. Pop. 17,859. Co. t. Adrian.

LENOIR, le-nore', a co. in the S. E. central part of N. C., intersected by the Neuse r. Pop. 7,605. Co. t. Kingston.

LENTINI, lén-teel-ne (Anc. Leon'tium), a t. of Sicily, near a lake of the same name, 14 m. S. S. W. of Catania. Pop. in 1831, 7,276. (M.)

LEỌM/-IN-STÆR, a t. of England, in Herefordshire, 11 m. N. of Here ford. Pop. 3,892.

Lel-on (Sp. pron. ld-one'), a prov. of Spain, forming a part of the ar

ou, as in our ; th, as in thin ; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. cient kingdom of this name; bounded on the N. by Asturia, E. by Palencia, S. by Valladolid, Toro, and, Zamora, and W. by Galicia. It is about 140 m. from E. to W., and above 50 m. from N. to S.

LEON (Anc. Legio Sep/tima), an old and decayed city of Spain, the cap. of the above prov., and once the residence of the kings of Leon. Its cathedral is regarded as the finest in Spain. Lat. 42° 31' N., Lon. 5° 36' W. Pop. 5,500. (B.)

LEON, a regularly built and beautiful t. of Mexico, in the state of Guanaxuato, 36 m. W.N. W. of Guanakuato. Pop. estimated at about 6,500. (M.)

Leon, a city of Central America, the foriner cap. of the state of Nicaragua.* It contains a university, established in 1812. Lat. about 12° 25' N., Lon. 86° 50' W. The pop., a few years ago, amounted to 32,000; but the civil contentions within the town have reduced it to half that number. (P. C.)

LEON, a co. of Florida, extending from Ga. to the Gulf of Mexico. Pop. 10,713. Co. t. Tallahassee.

LEON, ISLE OF (Sp. Isla de Leon, ees'-lå då lå-one/), an i. close to the S. coast of Spain, about 11 m. in length. Cadiz stands on the N. W. extremity, and San Fernardo (sản fer-nån/-do), called also Isla de Leon, in the S. E. part of the island, in Lat. 36° 28' N., Lon. 6° 12' W. This town contains a fine observatory, and about 18,000 inhabitants. (B.) It appears to have greatly declined from what it was in the early part of the present century; its great naval school is said to be quite deserted.

LE-PANY-TO (Anc. Naupac'tus), a small sea port t. of Greece, on the gulf to which it has given its name. Lat. 38° 23' N., Lon. 21° 51' E.

LEPANTO, Gulf of (Anc. Sinus Corinthiacus or “ Bay of Corinth”), extends from near Patras, eastward, to within a few miles of the Gulf of Ægina. It is about 77 in. in length, and more than 20 m. in its greatest breadth. At its narrowest part, where it communicates with the Gulf of Patras, it is scarcely a mile and a half wide. Lepanto bas given its name to a celebrated naval battle between the Turks and Christians, fought on this gulf in 1571, in which the former were utterly defeated.

LERIDA, léR-e-då (Anc. Iler'da), a fortified t. of Spain, in Catalonia. Lat 41° 39' N., Lon. O° 30' E. Pop. 13,000. (B.)

LERWICK, lèr/-rik, the chief t. of the Shetland Islands, is situated on Mainland. Lat. 60° 11' N., Lon. 1° 10' W. Pop. 2,787.

Lesina, lesl-e-nå, (Anc. Pha/rus,) and Lis -8A (Is'sa), two islands in the Adriatic, belonging to Dalınatia, near

43° N. Lat. and 17° E. Lon. sq. m. Pop. about 14,000. (M.) LESKEARD. See LISKEARD.

United area, 260 s

· Balbi and the Penny Cyclopædia give Leon as the cap. of Nicaragua. McCul. loch, however, calls it the former capital, and states that the seat of government has been removed to Grenada. The works previously cited, probably refer to a

former date.

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LEUTSCHAU, loit-shou, (Hung. Löcee, lö-cha), a royal free t. of Hungary, cap. of the co. of Zips. Lat. 48° 57' N., Lon. 20° 33' E. Pop in 1837, 5,175. (M.)

LE-VANTI (i. e. literally the “rising," but, like the Latin Oriens, signifying the “ East"), a name of French derivation, usually applied to the eastern coasts of the Mediterranean, extending from the western part of Greece round to the western border of Egypt.-Adj. and inhab LEVANTINE, lev'-an-teen',* (It. Levantino, llv-ản-teel-no).

LEWES, lul-is, a t. of England, in the co. of Sussex, on the Oue, 43 m. S. of London. Pop. 9,199.

Lew/-is, the largest of the Hebrides, is situated about 27 m. W.fron the mainland of Ross-shire, Scotland, between 57° 42' and 59° 33 N. Lat., and 6° 10' and 7° 10' W. Lon. Length, 60 m.; greatest breadth, 30 m. Area, including the subsidiary islets, 748 sq. m. The S. part of the island, forming a peninsula, is called the Island of Harris. This portion belongs to Inverness-shire; the remainder, usually denominated the Island of Lewis, to Ross-shire. Entire pop. 21,466.

LEWIS, a co. in the N. part of N. Y., E. of L. Ontario, intersected by the Black r. Pop. 17,830. Co. t. Martinsburg.

LEWIS, a co. in the N. W. part of Va. Pop. 8,151. Co. t. Weston. LEWIS, a co. in the N. E. part of Ky., bordering on the Ohio. 6,306. Co. t. Clarkesburg.

Lewis, a co. in the N. E. part of Mo., bordering on the Missouri r. Pop. 6,040. Co. t. Monticello.

LEWI-ISH-ẠM, a village of England, in Kent, 5 m. S. E. of London. Pop. of the parish, 9,361.

LEW/-18-Ton, a port cf entry of N. Y., in Niagara co., on the Niagara r., 7 m. above its entrance into L. Ontario.

LEX/-ING-TỌN, the cap. of Rockbridge co., Va., and the seat of Washington College, founded in 1812, situated on a branch of James T., about 110 m. W. by N. from Richmond,

LEXINGTON, the cap. of Fayette co., and formerly the seat of the state government, is the oldest and perhaps the handsomest town in Kentucky, situated at the E. extremity of the Lexington and Ohio railroad. Here is the Transylvania University, a flourishing institution, founded in 1798. Lexington is also the seat of the State Lunatic Asylum. Lat. 38° 6' N., Lon. 84° 18' W. Pop. 6,997.

LEXINGTON, a village and township of Middlesex co. Mass., 11 m.
N. W. of Boston. Here the first blood was shed in the Revolutionary
contest, April 19th, 1775.
Leyden, lil-den, a celebrated city of the Netherlands, in the prov


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To which the LEVANTINES are very partial."-BYRON, Cowper, however, using a poet's license, places the accent on the penultimi. (See Task, Book III., line 583.)

ou, as in our; th, as in thin; Th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. S. Holland, 10 m. N. E. of the Hague. It is pleasantly situated on a branch of the Rhine, in a level part of the country, traversed by numerous canals bordered with trees. The town is well built, and the principal streets are broad and well paved. Leyden is chiefly remarkable as a seat of learning. Its university, founded in 1575, is justly renowned; it was attended, in 1835, by 647 students; and possesses a library of 60,000 vols., and 14,000 manuscripts; an observatory, a botanic garden, and other subsidiary institutions. The most remarkable event in the history of Leyden is the siege by the Spaniards, in 1573, which it successfully resisted, though 6,000 of its inhabitants perished by famine and pestilence. To reward the valour of the citizens, an offer was made them, either of an exemption from taxes for a certain number of years, or the foundation of a university. Their choice is already known. Lat. 52° 9' N., Lon. 4° 29' E. Pop. 36,000 (P.C:)

Li-Bel-RJ-4, a dist. on the W. coast of Africa, lying on both sides of the r. St. Paul, wbich falls into the Atlantic in about 6° 20' N. Lat., and 10° 46' W. Lon. A portion of this country was purchased by the American Colonization Society, in 1821, for the purpose of colonizing euch of the African race as had been, or thereafter should be, manumitted in different parts of the United States." —Adj. and inhab. LI-BE'RI-AN.

LIBERTY, a co. in the S. E. part of Ga., bordering on the sea. Pop. 7,241. Co. t. Riceboro.

LIBOURNE, le'-boorn', a t. of France, in the dep. of Gironde, on the Dordogne, 18 m. E. N. E. of Bordeaux. It was founded by Edward I., of England Vat that time duke of Guienne). Pop. in 1831, 8,046. (P. C.)

LICH'-FJELD, a city of England, in Staffordshire, 15 m. N. of Birmingham. The city forms a small co. of itself. It was the birth-place of Dr. Johnson. Pop., including an area of near 5 sq. in., 6,761.

LICHTENSTEIN, likl-ten-stine', or LIECHTENSTEIN, leek'-ten-stine', PRINCIPALITY OF, a small independent state of Germany, intersected by the parallel of 47° 10' N. Lat., and the meridian of 9° 32' E. Lon. It is separated by the Rhine from the Swiss canton of St. Gall. Area, 53 sq. m. Pop. 6,000. (B.)

Lick/-ING, a co. in the S. E. central part of Ohio, intersected by the Ohio and Erie Canal. Pop. 35,096. Co. t. Newark.

LÈGE, leej, (Fr. pron. le-aizh'; Dutch, Luyk or Luik, loik; Ger. Lüttich, lät/-tik’ ;) an important commercial and manufacturing city of

• The most contradictory accounts respecting the present condition and pros. pects of this colony, are to be found in works of a highly respectable character. McCulloch represents them in a very unfavourable light, while Balbi, who appears to base his statements on the testimony of impartial observers, says that they are tolerably prosperous (assez prospère), and that the noble object for which the colony was established—that of diffusing civilization and Christianity among the benighted Africans-has, to a considerable extent, already been attained. If we turn from these works to the publications of our own country, we shall find a still more striking discrepancy to prevail.

Fate, får, fåll, fåt; mé; mét; plne or pine, pin; nò, nôt; oo as in good; Belgium, the cap. of a prov. of the same name, is situated on the Meuse, 54 m. E. by S. of Brussels. In its vicinity are inexhaustible mines of coal, which have been worked since the year 1178. Liege contains a university, founded in 1817, a collège royal, a mining school, and numerous other institutions for the promotion of science, literature, and the arts. Lat. 50° 39' N., Lon. 5° 32 E. Pop. 58,000. (B.)

LIEGE, a prov. taking its name from the above city, in the E. part of Belgium, and bordering on the Prussian dominions. Pop. 371,000. (P. C.)

LIEGNITZ, leeg/-nits, a t. of Prussian Silesia, the cap. of a circle and gov. of the same name, on the Katzbach (kåts/-bảk), a branch of the Oder. It contains a gymnasium, a royal equestrian academy, and other institutions. Lat. 51° 12' N., Lon. 16° 12' E. Pop. 11,000. (B.)

Lier, leer, (Fr. Lierre, le-air',) a manufacturing i. of Belgium, 10 m. S. E. of Antwerp: Pop. 13,000. (B.)

LILLE or Lisle, leel, an important manufacturing and commercial city of France, the cap. of the dep. of Nord, situated on the canal of the Deule (which communicates with the Lys), in the midst of a fertile and highly cultivated country: The town is well laid out, with nearly thirty market-places or other open spaces, and most of the streets are wide. Its admirable citadel, and other fortifications, render Lille one of the strongest cities of Europe. Of literary institutions, there are a considerable number, including a public library of 20,000 vols, a high school, &c. Lat. 50° 38' N., Lon. 3° 4' E. Pop. 72,005. (B.)

Lima, leel-må, an archiepiscopal city of 8. America, formerly the cap. of the viceroyalty of Peru, and at present of the dep. of Lima and of the Peruvian republic. It is situated in a fertile and spacious valley, on a small r. called Rimac, which name has been corrupted by the Spaniards into Lima. The streets are regular and wide, but they are very badly paved. In the middle of the town is the Plaza Mayor (plá/-thå mi-ore/), or "great square," one of the finest in America, in which is a large fountain, with a bronze statue of Fame in the centre. Lima possesses a university, founded in 1571, a college of medicine and surgery, a national library, and several other institutions. Lat. 12° 2' 34" S., Lon. 77° 7' W. Pop. 70,000. (B.)

LIM-BURG (Fr. Limbourg, låm'-booR'), a prov. in the E. part of the Netherlands, bordering on the Prussian dominions, divided since the revolution of 1830 between Holland and Belgium. Area of the Belgian prov., 970 sq. m. Pop. 227,000. Area of the part belonging to Holland, 530 sq. m. Pop. 156,000. (P. C.)

LIM-ER-ICK, an inland co. in the S.W. part of Ireland, in the prov. of Munster, bordering on the estuary of the Shannon. Pop., exclusive of the co. of the town of Limerick, 248,801. (P. C.)

LIMERICK, an ancient city of Ireland, the cap. of the above co., on the S. side of the Shannon. This town is the centre of an extensive trade, but its manufactures are very limited. One of the most remarkable objects of this place are the hanging gardens, constructed in 1805 by Mr. Roche, which contain a surface of more than an English acre.

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