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Fate, får, fall, fåt; me, mét; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; oo as in good ; on the W. side of a small bay, to which it gives its name. Lat. 399 15' N., Lon. 15° 14' E. Pop. in 1831, 9.206. (M.)

MIL-FORD, a small t. of S. Wales, in Pembrokeshire, on the N. side of an extensive basin or inlet of the sea, calied MILFORD Haven. Lat. 51° 43' N., Lon. 5° W.

Milhau, me'-lo, a t. of France, in the dep. of Aveyron, on the Tarn. Lat. 44° 5' N., Lon. 3° 5' E. Pop. 9,437. (M.)

MILITARY FRONTIER, the name given to a tract of country extending along the S. and S. E. frontier of the Austrian empire, from the Adriatic to the E. extremity of Transylvania. It is distinguished from the rest of the empire by having a purely military government. The object of this establishment was originally to secure the frontier against the įnroads of the Turks. All the peasants are soldiers, and hold their lande from the state as fiefs, on tenure of military and civil service. In time of peace, 45,000 men are always under arms, who feed and clothe themselves, and perform their appointed services without any expense to the Austrian government. In time of war, they serve the state in the same manner as the rest of the army, and march out of the country, if required, and they receive the usual pay. It is said that, in any extremity, they can muster 200,000 men, and that, by means of alarm-fires and bells, this immense force can be summoned together, throughout the whole extent of the frontier, in the space four hours! (M.) · MIL-LEDGE-VILLE', the seat of justice of Baldwin co., Ga., and the cap. of the state, situated on the Oconee, at the head of steamboat navigation. Lat. 33° 7' N., Lon. 83° 20' W. Pop. 2,095.

MILLER, a co, in the S. central part of Mo., intersected by the Osage r. Pop. 2,282. Co. t. Tuscumbia.

Mico, mel-lo, (Anc. Mellos,) an i. in the Ægean Sea, about 70 m. E of the Morea. It is about 14 m, long, and 8 m. wide. The N. coast is indented by a deep bay, which forms one of the best and safest har. bours in the Levant. The Lat. of this port is 36° 42 N., Lon. 24° 14 E. Pop. of the island about 7,000. (B.)

MIL-WAU/-KJE, a co. in the S. E. part of Wisconsin, bordering on L. Michigan. Pop. 5,605. Co. t. Milwaukie.

Mincio, mind-cho, (Anc. Min/cius,) a r, in the N, of Italy, which has its source in the lake of Garda, and, flowing southerly, passes by Man tua, and joins the Po, 12 m. S. E. of that city.

MINDANAO, min-da-nå-o, or MAGINDANAO, (Sp. pron. må-Heen-d). nål-o,) the most southern, and, after Luzon, the largest of the Philips pine Islands, is situated between 5° and 10° N. Lal., and 121° 30' and 126° E. Lon. It appears like two islands, connected with each other by a narrow isthmus, 'The eastern portion is above 300 m. in length, from N. to S., with a mean breadth of 80 or 90 m.; the western is about 170 m. long, and, on an average, perhaps 50 m. broad. The area is estimated at about 34,000 sq. m. The inhabitants appear to be chiefly Malays. (See PAILIPPINE ÍSLANDS.)

MINI-DEN, an ancient t, and fortress of the Prussian dominions, in

ou, as in our ; th, as in thin ; th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. Westphalia, the cap. of a gov. of the same name, is situated on the Weser, which is here crossed by a fine bridge of stone. It contains a gymnasium and several other institutions. Lat. 52° 18' N., Lon. 8° 53' E. Pop. 8,000. (P. C.)

MIN-DO-RO, one of the Philippine Islands, intersected by the 13th parallel of N. Lat., and the 121st meridian of E. Lon., and situated S. of Luzon, from which it is separated by the Little Strait of Mindoro. It is above 100 m. in length, and about 50 m. in its greatest breadth.

Minuo in Portuguese, and Miño in Spanish, pronounced alike, meen/-yo (Anc. Min/ius), a r. in the N. W. part of the Spanish peninsula, which rises in the N. part of Galicia, and, flowing south-westerly, falls into the Atlantic in about 41° 53' N. Lat., and 8° 47' W. Lon. In the latter part of its course, it forms a portion of the boundary between Spain and Portugal.

MIN-ORl-cẠ, sometimes written MENORCA, (anciently one of the Gymnesiæ: see MAJORCA,) one of the Balearic Isles, intersected by the 40th parallel of N. Lat. and the 4th meridian of E. Lon. It is 32 m. in length, and about 13 m. in its greatest breadth. Area about 300 sq. m. Pop. 35,000. (P. C.)-Adj. and inhab. MINORQUINE, min-orkeen', or MINOR-CẠN.

Minsk, an archiepiscopal t. of Russian Poland, the cap. of a gov. of the same name. Lat. 53° 57' N., Lon. 27° 40' E. Pop. stated at 20,000. (P. C.)

Miramichi, mtr-a-me-sheel, a r. and bay in the E. part of New Brunswick, near 47° N. Lat. and 65° W. Lon.

MIRANDOLA, me-rånl-do-là, a fortified t. of N. Italy, in the duchy of Modena. Lat. 44° 50' N., Lon. 11° 7' E. Pop. about 6,000. (B.)

MIREPOIX, mir-ch-pwål, or meer-pwål, a small t. of France, in the dep. of Ariège. Lat. 43° 5' N., Lon. 1° 52' E. Pop. about 4,000. (M.)

MISKÓLCZ, mish-költs', a large t. of Hungary, with a Protestant and a Roman Catholic gymnasium. Lat. 48° 7' N., Lon. 20° 47' E. Pop. estimated at about 28,000. (B.)

Mis'-s[8-sip-PA (i. e. the “great water"), a large r. of N. America, which forms with the Missouri, its principal affluent, the longest river in the world. It rises from two small lakes, in about 47° 20' N. Lat., and 95° 30W. Lon., which are estimated to be about 1,500 ft. above the level of the sea. Its general course is nearly S.; it enters the Gulf of Mexico by several mouths, in about 29° Ñ. Lat., and 89° 20' W. Lon. The waters of the Mississippi, as it advances southward, are swollen by a number of important tributaries, viz., the Wisconsin, Illinois, and Ohio on the left, and the St. Peters, Desmoines, Missouri, Arkansas, and Red River on the right. Below the entrance of the Ohio, the breadth of the main river averages about 900 yards, and its mean depth varies from 90 to 120 ft. The velocity of the stream, below the mouth of the Missouri, is on average from 60 to 70 m. a day. In the latter part of its course, however, a number of bayous (see Bayou), leaving the principal stream, very materially diminish the body of

Fåte, får, fall, fåt; mé, m't; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; oo, as in good; water, and the rapidity of the current. The length of this mighty river is about 3,200 m., or, if we measure froin the head of the Mis souri, which may be regarded as its true source, it will amount to 4,400 m. It is navigable, at all seasons of the year, considerably above its junction with the Missouri, or more than 2,000 m. above its mouth.

M18SISSIPPI, one of the U.S., situated between the 30th and 35th degrees of N. Lit, and 88° 10' and 91° 50' W. Lon.; bounded on the N. by Tennessee, E. by Alabama, S. by the Gulf of Mexico and Louisiana, and W. by Louisiana and Arkansas, from which it is separated by the Mississippi r.; and divided into 56 counties.* Length, from N. to S., about 340 m.; greatest breadth, from E. to W., 184 m. The area is estimated at 48,000 sq. m. Pop. 375,651 ; consisting of 179,074 whites, 1,366 free coloured persons, and 195,211 slaves. Jackson is the capital. Mississippi was admitted into the Union in 1819.-Inhab. Mis'-sIs-sipl-PL-AN.

MISSISSIPPI, a co. in the N. E. part of Ark., bordering on the Mississippi r. Pop. 1,410.

Missolonghi, mis'-so-long.ge, a fortified t. of Greece, on a bay or lagoon on the N. side of the Gulf of Patras, which was taken and destroyed by the Turks in 1826, after a long siege. Lord Byron died here, April 19, 1824. Lat. 38° 23' N., Lon. 21° 28' E.

MISSOURI, mis-sool-re, a large r. of N. America, which rises in the Rocky Mountains, in about 45° N. Lat., and 110° 30' W. Lon., and, after a very tortuous course of about 3,000 m., fails into the Mississippi, in about 38° 50' N. Lat., and 90° 10' W. Lon. It is navigable to the Great Falls, or about 2,500 m. from its mouth. The waters of this river are remarkably turbid, from which circumstance, it is said, the name, signifying “mud river,” is derived.

Missouri, one of the U. S., situated between 36° and 40° 40' N. Lat., and 89° and 95° 30' W. Lon. ; bounded on the N. by lowa, E. by Illinois and Kentucky, from which it is separated by the Mississippi, S by Arkansas, and W. by the Indian territory; and divided into 79 counties.t Greatest extent, from E. to W., about 300 m. ; from N. to S.,

Adams, Amite, Attala, Bolivar, Carroll, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Claiborne, Clarke, Coahoma, Copia, Covington, De Soto, Franklin, Greene, Hancock. Hinds, Holmes, Itawamba, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jones, Kemper, Lafayette, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Leake, Lowndes. Madison, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Nashoba, Newton. Noxubee, Octibbeha, Panola, Perry, Pike. Pontotoc, Rankin, Scott, Simpson, Smith, Tallahatchie, Tippah. Tishamingo, Tuncia, Warreni, Washington, Wayne, Wilkinson, Winston, Yalabusha. Yazoo.

+ Adair, Andrew, Audrain, Barry, Bates, Benlon, Boone, Buchanan, Caldwell, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Carroll, Chariton, Charles St., Clair St., Clark, Clay, Clinton, Cole, Cooper, Crawford. Dade, Daviess, Francois St., Franklin, Gasconade, Genevieve St., Greene, Grundy. Henry. Holt, Howard, Jackson, Jag. per, Jefferson, Johnson. Kinderhook, Lafayette, Lewis. Lincoln, Linn, Livingston, Louis St., Macon, Madison, Marion. Miller, Monroe, Morgan, Montgomery. New Madrid, Newton, Niangua, Oregon, Osage, Ozark, Perry. Pettis, Platte, Pike, Polk, Pulaski, Ralls, Randolph, Ray, Ripley, Rives, Saline, Scott, Scotland, Shannon, Shelby, Stoddard, Taney, Van Buren, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Wrighi.

ou, as in our; th, as in thin; th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. about 290 m. Area estimated at 68,000 sq. m. The pop. in 1840 was 383,702, of whom 323,888 were whites, 1,574 free coloured, and 58,240 slaves. According to the last census (of 1844) it is stated to be 511,937. Jefferson City is the seat of government. Missouri was admitted into the Union in 1821.

MITTAU, mit/-tou, a t. of European Russia, the cap. of the prov. of Koorland, remarkable for its literary institutions, among which its gymnasium, with an observatory and a library of 24,000 vols., may be mentioned. Lat. 56° 39' N., Lon. 23° 44 E. Pop. 16,500. (P. Č.)

Mobile, mo-beel', a r. of Ala., formed by the union of the Tombigbee and Alabama rivers ; after a course of 4 or 5 miles it divides into several branches; the western or main channel is called the Mobile, the eastern the Tensaw r. They flow S., and terminato in Mobile Bay, which communicates with the Gulf of Mexico.

MOBILE, a co. forming the S. W. extremity of Ala. Total pop. 18,741.

MOBILE, a city and port of entry of Ala., cap. of the above co., situated on the W. side of the Mobile r., near its mouth. It is by far the most considerable town in the state, both as regards population and commerce, and, next to New Orleans and Charleston, is the greatest market for cotton in the whole country. The situation of this town was formerly very unhealthy, but it has of late been much improved by drainage. Lat. 30° 40' N., Lon. 88° 11' W. Pop. 12,672.

Mol-CuA (Arab. pron. mol-kå'), a decayed, though still important seaport t. of Arabia, in Yemen, on the Red Sea. Lat. 13° 16' N., Lon. 43° 10' E. Pop. estimated at from 5,000 to 7,000. (B. and M.)

Mod'-EN-^ or modi-ěn-\* (Anc. Multina), a well-built city of Italy, cap. of a duchy of the same name, situated near the ght bank of the Secchia (sek/-ke-å), a tributary of the Po, 24 m. W. N. W. of Bologna. The ducal palace is vast, splendid, and richly furnished. It contains a gallery of paintings, executed by some of the most distinguished Italian masters, and a library of 90,000 printed vols., besides 3,000 manuscripts. There is also a university, a college of nobles, of distinguished reputation, with 28 professors and teachers, and various other institutions. The Observatory is in Lat. 44° 38' 53" N., Lon. 10° 55' 48" E. Pop. about 27,000. (B.)

The duchy of Modena has an area of about 2,000 sq. m. Pop. estimated at 403,000. (M.)-Adj. and inhab. Mod'-EN-EŞE?.

MODICA, modl-e-kå, (Anc. Motyca,) a t. of Sicily, the cap. of a dist. of the same name, near the S. E. extremity of the island. Lat. 36° 53' N., Lon. 14° 45' E. Pop. estimated at 20,000. (B.)

Mog'-A-DORE' (called by the Moors Sweel-ra), a fortified t. of Morocco, the principal place for maritime commerce in the empire, is situ

* "If ever you should come to MODENA,
Stop at a palace near the Reggio gate."

ROGERS' Italy, Part First, XVIII.

Fåte, får, fall, fit; mė, mit; pine or pipe, płn; n', not; oo as in good; ated on the Atlantic coast. Lat. 31° 30' N., Lon. 9° 40' W. Pop. estimated at 10,000. (M.)

MOGUL. See MONGOLIA.

MOHA'cs, mo'-hảách', a t. of Hungary, on the Danube. Lat. 45° 58 N., Lon. 18° 44' E. Pop. 8,30. (M.)

Mol-hawk, a r. of N. Y., which rises in Lewis co., and, flowing south-easterly, falls into the Hudson, about 3 m. above Troy. Its whole length is estimated at near 140 m.

Mo-heel-LEF (often written Mohilew or Moghilev), a commercial i. of European Russia, cap. of a gov. of the same name, on the Dnieper. It is the residence of a Greek and a Roinan Catholic archbishop. Lat. 53° 54' N., Lon. 30° 25' E. Pop. stated at 21,800. (P. C.)

Moissac, mwå-såk', a t. of France, in the dep. of Tarn and Garonne, on the Tarn (which is here navigable), 97 m. S. E. of Bordeaux. Pop. 6,190. (M.)

MOLDAV, moll-dou, a r. of Bohemia, which rises in the Böhmer-wald Mountains, on the south-western frontier, and, flowing northerly, joins the Elbe, at Melnik, about 2: m. N. of Prague. Its length is estimated at above 200 m. It is navigable for boats to Budweis.

MOL-DA-V1-4 (Turk. Bogh-dån), a principality nominally included in European Turkey, of which it forms the inost northern part, but in reality under the protection of Russia. (See WallachiA.)-Adj. and inhab. MOL-DAI-VI-AN.

MOL-FET/-TĄ (Anc. Res' pa), a manufacturing and commercial t. and sea port of Naples, on the Adriatic. Lat. 41° 13' N., Lon. 16° 37 E. Pop. 11,000. (B.)

Molokai, mo'-lo-ki', or Morokař, one of the Sandwich Islands, near 21° 10' N. Lat., and intersected by the 157th meridian of W. Lon. Length near 40 m. ; greatest breadih, about 8 m. Pop. 3,000.

Mo-Luc-cẠs or Molucca Isles, a group belonging to the Malay archipelago, between 5° N. and 9S. Lat. and 1252 and 131° E. Lon. In a more limited sense, the Moluccas include only the Spice Islands; namely, Amboyna, Banda, Ceram, Ternate, Tidore, and Batchian. Balbi distributes the Moluccas into three groups, as follows : 1st, the GROUP OF AMBOYNA, comprising the island of this name, Ceram, Booroo, and the adjacent islets; 2dly, the Group of Banda, consisting of ten small islands, near 4° 30' N. Lat., and 130° E. Lon.; and 3dly, the GROUP OF THE MOLuccas, properly so called, comprehending the large island of Gilolo, with the smaller ones of Batchian, Morty or Mortav, Mysol, Tidore, Ternate, and numerous others lying immediately around Gilolo. Almost all the islands of these different groups are dependent on the Dutch, who carry on an important commerce in the various natural productions, among which cloves and nutmegs are alınost the only articles that are sent to Europe or this country.

MOM-POX' (Sp. pron. morn-poh'), a t. of S. America, in New Granada, on the Magdalena. Lat. 9° 14' N., Lon. 74° 27' W. Pop. estimated at 10,000. (B.)

Monaco, mon-8-ko, PRINCIPALITY OF, a small state of N. Italy, under

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