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ou, as in our; th, as in thin; TH, as in this; n, nearly like ng. Noxl-U-BEE, a co. in the E. part of Miss., bordering on Ala. Pop. 9,975. Co. seat, Macon.

Noyon, nôh -yON', (Anc. Noviom'agus Veromanduo'rum,) a small t. of France, in the dep. of Oise, on a branch of the r. Oise, once the residence of the court of Charlemagne, and remarkable, in later times, as the birth-place of John Calvin. Lat. 49° 35' N., Lon. 3° 1' E. Pop. 3,473. (M.)

Nul-BI-A (Anc. Æthio' pia ?),an extensive country in the N. E. part of Africa, between Egypt and Abyssinia, and included between the 24th and 10th parallels of N. Lat., and the 30th and 39th meridians of E. Lon. The term Nubia appears to be of very vague application. The natives apply the name Nooba (Nouba) or Wady el Nooba to a comparatively small tract between Derr and Dongola, while in Egypt, it is loosely employed to denote the region of Sennaar and the countries S. of it. This portion of the African continent, since the conquests made by his son Ismael Pasha, in 1821, may be regarded as forming a part of the extensive dominions of Mehemet Ali, the vice-roy of Egypt. It is divided into Lower Nubia or Nubia Proper, extending N. to the mouth of the r. Tacazzé, and Upper Nubia, which includes Shendy, Halfay (Anc. Merloë) and Sennaar. Area and pop. unknown. In the northern portion of this country, as far S. as 17° 30' N. Lat., heavy rains occasionally fall throughout the year; but, further S., the rains are periodical, beginning in the early part of spring, and continuing about three months, thus producing the annual swelling of the Nile.Adj. and inhab. Nul-Bl-AN.

NUECES, noo-1-sesz, or nwal-cés, a r. of Texas, flowing into a bay of the same name, near 27° 30' N. Lat., and 980 W. Lon.

Nul-REM-BERG (Ger. Nürnberg, nürn'- 'RG), a city of Bavaria, on a branch of the Regnitz, 93 m. N. N. W. of Munich. In the middle ages, this town, in wealth, commerce, and manufactures, ranked among the first cities of Europe. Its pop. was then about 90,000. (B.) Though many circumstances have contributed to diminish its ancient prosperity, its trade and manufacturing industry assign it still a distinguished rank among the towns of Germany. It is also remarkable for its numerous and well conducted public institutions of every kind, among which, its celebrated gymnasium and its polytechnic school may be particularly mentioned. The world is indebted to Nuremberg for the invention of watches, of brass, and of the lock for fire-arms, and of some other articles of less importance. Albert Dürer, the distinguished painter, was a native of this town. Lat. 49° 27' N., Lon. 11° 4' E. Pop. 41,000. (P. C.)

Oahu, wohl-hoo, one of the most important of the Sandwich Islands, lying about 130 m. N. W. of Hawaii, and intersected by the parallel of 21° 30' N. Lat., and the 158th meridian of W. Lon. Length, 43 m.; greatest breadth, 24 m. Pop. estimated at 20,000. Honolulu (hol-nolool-loo), situated on a bay of the same name, on the S. side of the island, is the chief town of Oahu, the cap. of the whole group (see SANDWICH ISLANDS), and the great centre of civilization in the Ha

Fate, får, fall, fåt; mé, mét; pine or pine, pin; n), nét; oo as in good; waiian Archipelago. Two newspapers are now printed in this town. Pop. 8,000.

OAK'-LAND, a co. in the S. E. part of Mich., a little N. W. of Detroit r. Pop. 23,646. Co. t. Pontiac.

OAXACA, wå-hå-kå, written also GUAXACA, a beautiful city of Mexico, cap. of a state of the same name, on the Rio Verde (reel-o vêr'-da), 165 m. S. W. of Vera Cruz. Lat. 17° 3' N., Lon. 97° 15' W. Pop, including the immediate environs, estimated at 40,000. (B.)

01-B), or, more properly, OB, a large r. of Asiatic Russia, rises near the 50th parallel of N. Lat. and the 89th meridian of E. Lon. Its course is south-westerly, till its junction with the Irtish, in about 61° N. Lat. and 69° E. Lon., when it changes to the N., and continues in this direction to its termination in the Gulf of Obi. Lat. 66° 40' N., Lon. about 67° E. The whole length, measuring from the source of the Irtish, is estimated at near 3,000 m.

0-Bl-on, a co. forming the N. W. extremity of Tenn. Pop. 4,814. Co. t. Troy.

Ocaña, o-kånl-yå, an ancient t. of New Castile, Spain, 34 m. S. by E. of Madrid. Lat. 39° 56' N., Lon. 3° 31' W. Pop. stated at about 5,000. (M.)

OCEANA, 0-she-and-a, a co. in the W. part of Mich., bordering on L. Michigan. Pop. 208.

OCEANICA, 0-she-an-e-ka, (Fr. Oceanie, o'-sd-a-ne!,) the name of the fifth division of the globe, which includes the continent of Australia, and all the islands in the Eastern and Pacific Ocean, between 95° E. and 100° W. Lon., which are not considered, from their proximity, to belong to the continents of Asia or America. Its limits are somewhat indefinite, but it may be said to be bounded on the N. W. and N. by a line running through the Strait of Malacca and the China Sea northeastward (excluding the island of Formosa and the Japan islands), to the 35th parallel of N. Lat., thence eastward to about the 160th meridian of W. Lon., on the N. E, and E. by a line drawn from this meri. dian due S. E, to the 100th meridian of W. Lon., and thence S. to the 56th parallel of S. Lat. This parallel may be taken for the southern, and the 95th meridian of E. Lon. for the western boundary of Oceanica. This grand division of the world is subdivided into three parts, viz. MALAISIA or Western Oceanica, POLYNESIA or Eastern Oceanica, and AUSTRALIA,

which see. OC-MULGI-EE, a r. of Ga., which rises in the N. part of the state, and, flowing in a general south-easterly course, unites with the Oconee to form the Altamaha. It is navigable for steamboats to Macon.

O-col-Nee, a r. which rises in the N. E. part of Ga., and, flowing S. S. E., unites with the above. It is navigable for steamboals to Milledgeville.

ODENSE, d-den-sch, one of the prettiest towns in the kingdom of Denmark, on the island of Fünen, of which it is the capital. It has several literary institutions. Its cathedral is one of the finest in Denmark. Lat. 55° 24' N., Lon. 10° 24' E. Pop. about 7,000. (B.)

ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. O'-Dşr, a large r. of Germany, which rises in the E. part of Moravia, and, flowing in a general porth-westerly course through the Prussian dominions, empties itself into the Stettiner Haff

, near Stettin, by several mouths. Length 460 m. It is navigable for barges of 40 or 50 tons as high as Breslau, near 51° N. Lat., and 17° E. Lon.

O-DES-sẠ, a sea port and important commercial t. of Southern Russia, in the gov. of Kherson, on the N. W. coast of the Black Sea. This town was a miserable village in 1791, when the empress Catharine obtained possession of Otchakof (Oczakow). The new town was begun in 1794, in 1817 it was declared a free port for 30 years, and Odessa has now become the first commercial place on the Black Sea. Much of the prosperity of this city is owing to the enlightened administration of the Duke of Richelieu, a French emigrant nobleman, who was appointed governor by the emperor Alexander. The town is.well built; the streets are broad and straight, but not paved. The principal institution for education, among many, is the Lyceum, founded by the Duke of Richelieu, and called by his name. Lat. 46° 30' N., Lon. 30° 45' E. Pop., including the suburbs, in 1837, 63,000. (P.C.)

OB'-DEN-Burg' or Öl-den-bõõrg', (Hung. Soprony, sho-proñ; Anc. Sopro'nium), a royal free t. of Hungary, cap. of a palatinate of the same name, 37 m. S. S. E. of Vienna, long noted for its excellent wines. Lat. 47° 41' N., Lon. 16° 34' E. Pop. 12,000. (B.)

Oel-LẠND or öl-lånd, a long and narrow i. in the Baltic, belonging to Sweden, between 56° 11' and 57° 2' N. Lat., and 16°20' and 17° °12 E. Lon. Length about 85 m.; breadth, varying from 3 to 11 m. Area estiinated at 400 sq. m.

Pop. at 31,000. (M.) OELS, els, a t. of Prussian Silesia, cap. of a principality of the same name. Lat. 51° 25' N., Lon. 17° 22 E. Pop. 5,300. (B.)

QER'-E-BRO or öl-re-bro, a handsome commercial t. of Sweden, cap. of a dist, of the same name. Lat. 59° 17' N., Lon. 15° 13' E. Pop. 4.1:35. (M.)

OE'-sel or ö-sel, an i. in the Baltic, belonging to Russia, intersected by the parallel of 58° 30' N. Lat., and by the 220 and 23d meridian of E. Lon. Length about 60 m.; greatest breadth near 30 m. Area estimated at 1,150 sq. m. Pop., including the adjacent islands, about 35,000. (M.)

OETTINGEN, et-ting-cn, (Ger. pron. öt/-ting-en), a manufacturing t. of Bavaria, on the Wernitz, an affluent of the Danube. Lat. 48° 57' N., Lon. 10° 36' E. Pop. 3,200. (B.)


OFFENBACH, of-fen-båk', an important manufacturing and coomercial t of Ger., in the grand-duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, 5 m. E. by S. of Frankfort. Pop. 8,000. (B.)

OG'-DENŞ-BURG', a port of entry of N. Y., in St. Lawrence co., on the r St. Lawrence, at the mouth of the Oswegatchie. Pop. 2,526.

O-GEL-CHEE (G hard), a r. in the S. E. part of Ga., which flows into

Fate, får, fall, fit; m'; mit; p'ne or pine, pin; nd, not; oo as in good; the Atlantic, near 31° 50' N. Lat., and 81° 10 W. Lon. It is navigable for sloops 30 or 40 m. from its mouth.

0/-GLĘ, & co. in the N. part of Ill., intersected by Rock 1. Pop. 3,479.

0'-GLE-THORP, a co. in the N. E. part of Ga., bordering on the Oconee Pop. 10,863. Co. t. Lexington.

O-hil-o, one of the largest rivers in the U. S., formed by the union of the Alleghany and Monongahela rivers, at Pittsburg, in the W. part of Pa. It flows in a general south-westerly direction, separating Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois on the right, from Virginia and Kentucky on the left, and enters the Mississippi in 37° N. Lat., and about 890* 10 W. Lon. Its whole length is about 950 m. Its breadth varies from 400 to 1,400 yards. At Cincinnati it is about 800 yards wide, which may be regarded as the mean breadth. The current is very gentle, and is no where broken by any considerable falls, except at Louisville, where the river descends 224 it

. in 2 m., producing a very rapid current, which, however, boats have frequently ascended. (Morse.) A canal for steamboats has been constructed round these rapids. (See LOUISVILLE.) The difference between high and low water on the Ohio, is usually about 50 ft. and is sometimes 60 ft. When lowest, it may be forded in several places above Louisville.

Ohio, one of the U.S., situated between 38° 30' and 42° N. Lat., and 80° 30' and 84' 40' W. Lon.; bounded on the N. by Michigan and L. Erie, E. and S. E. by Pennsylvania and Virginia, s. by Kentucky, and W. by Indiana ; and divided into 79 counties. * Greatest length, from E. to W., about 220 m.; greatest breadth, from N. to S., near 210 m. Area estimated at 44,000 sq. m. Pop. 1,519,467. Columbus is the seat of government. Ohio was admitted into the Union in 1802.

Ohio, a co. near the N. N. W. extremity of Va., bordering on the Ohio r. and Pa. Pop. 13,357. Co. t. Wheeling.

Ohio, a co. in the western part of Ky., N. of, and bordering on Green r. Pop. 6,592. Co. t. Hartford.

OISE (Fr. pron. wảz, almost wize), a r. in the N. of France, which flows into the Seine.

Oise, a dep. in the N. of France, intersected by the above r. Pop. 398,641. (B.) Capital, Beauvais.

0-ka, à considerable r. in the central part of European Russia, which flows into the Volga.

Adams, Allen, Ashtabula. Athens, Belmont, Brown, Butler, Carroll, Champaign, Clark, Clermont, Clinton, Columbiana, Coshocton, Crawford, Cuya hoga, Darke, Delaware, Erie, Fairfield, Fayette, Franklin, Gallia. Geauga, Greene, Guernsey, Hamilton, Hancock. Hardin, Harrison, Henry, Highland, Hocking. Holmes, Huron, Jackson, Jefferson, Knox, Lake, Lawrence, Licking. Logan, Lorain, Lucas, Madison, Marion, Medina, Meigs, Mercer, Miami, Monroe, Mont. gomery, Morgan, Muskingum, Oltawa, Paulding. Perry, Pickaway. Pike, Portage, Preble, Putnam, Richland, Ross, Sandusky, Sciolo, Seneca, Shelby, Stark, Sum mit, Trumbull, Tuscarawas, Union, Van Wert, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Williams Wood.

ou, as in our ; th, as in thin; th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. O-KHOTSK' (Russ. pron. O-Hotsk'), a small t. of Asiatic Russia, cap. of a dist. of the same name, on the N. side of the Sea of Okhotsk, important as the only place by which intercourse is carried on between Siberia and the Russian dominions in N. America, or between Siberia and Kamtchatka. Lat. 59° 20' N., Lon. 143° 14' E.

OKHOTSK, Sea of, a large gulf in the N. E. of Asia, between the peninsula of Kamtchatka on the E. and the eastern part of Siberia and the island of Saghalien on the W. It is separated from the Pacific Ocean on the S. E. by the chain of Koorile islands. Extreme length, above 1,200 m.; greatest breadth, from E. to W., rather more than 700 m.

OKTIBBEHA, ok-tib-be-haw', a co. in the E. N. E. part of Miss., a little W. of the Tombigbee r. Pop. 4,276. Co. seat, Starksville.

OL/-DEN-BURG (Ger. pron. ol’-den-bõõrg'), Grand-Duchy of, a state in the N. W. of Germany, consisting (exclusive of some detached portions enclosed by the duchy of Holstein) of an oblong territory, between 52° 29' and 53° 43' N. Lat., and 7° 35' and 8° 46' E. Lon. ; bounded on the N. by the German Ocean, E., S., and W. by the territories of Hanover. Area, 2,512 sq. m. Pop. 265,570. (M.)

OLDENBURG, a flourishing t. of Germany, cap. of the above grandduchy, on the navigable r. Hunte (hoon/-teh), an affluent of the Weser. It contains, among other institutions for the promotion of knowledge, a library of 45,000 vols., and a rich collection of German antiquities, consisting chiefly of those found in the grand-duchy. Lat. 53° 9' N., Lon. 8° 15° E. Pop. 8,000. (B.)

Old-uẠm, à manufacturing t. of England, in Lancashire, 7 m. N. E. of Manchester. The township, with an area of near 7 sq. m., has a pop. of 42,595.

OLDHAM, a co. in the N. part of Ky., on the Ohio. Pop. 7,380. Co. t. La Grange.

OLERON, 0'--rón', or OLORON (Anc. Juro), a t. of France, in the dep. of Lower Pyrenees. Lat. 43° 11' N., Lon. 0° 36' E. Pop. 6,620. (P. C.)

O-LIN'-DẠ or o-leen'-då, a decayed t. on the E. coast of Brazil, in the immediate vicinity of Pernambuco. Lat. 8° 13' S., Lon. 35° 5' W. Pop. about 7,000. (B.)

OL-L-VEN'-Za or OLIVENÇA (Sp. pron. ol-e-ven/-thả), a fortified t. of Spain, in Estremadura, about 6 m. from the left bank of the Guadiana. Lat. 38° 42' N., Lon. 6° 55' W. Pop. about 10,000. (B.)

01/-MÜTZ or OLLMütz, an archiepiscopal t. of Moravia (of which it was formerly the cap.), and one of the strongest fortresses in the Austrian dominions, situated between two arms of the r. March. It contains a university, with a library of above 50,000 vols., and several noble public edifices. Lat. 49° 36' N., Lon. 17° 16' E. Pop., including the military, 19,000. (B.)

O-LO-NETS' or OlOneTz, a gov. in the N. part of European Russia, bordering on L. Ladoga-Also a small town, the former capital of the

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