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Fåte, får, fall, fåt; mė, mët; plne, or pine, pin; nb, nðt; oo as in good; sides of the Joliba, near 13° N. Lat. and 5° W. Lon. Pop. estimated by Park at about 30,000. (P. C.)

SEGORBE, s.-gor/-ba, (Anc. Segob'riga), a t. of Spain, in Valencia, remarkable for its Roman antiquities. Lat. 39° 54' N., Lon. 0° 30' W. Pop. about 6,000. (B.)

SE-GO-VI-A (Sp. pron. si-go-ve-å), an ancient city of Spain, cap. of a prov. of the same name, situated 48 m. N. N. W. of Madrid. It is surrounded by thick walls, built by the Moors, and strengthened at intervals with turrets. Among its public buildings may be mentioned the vast and handsome Cathedral, and the Mint, said to be the oldest place of coinage in the kingdom. Among other antiquities, there is an aqueduct, above 2,100 ft. in length, supposed to have been built by Trajan. Lat. 41° N., Lon. 4° 7' W. Pop. 13,000. (B.)

SEINE, sane, (Anc. Seq'uana,) an important r. of France, which rises in the dep. of Côte d'Or, and, flowing in a general north-westerly course, falls into the English Channel (La Manche), in about 49° 27' N. Lat., and 0° 4' E. Lon. The whole length is estimated by Malte Brun at 470 m. Vessels of 250 and 300 tons can ascend to Rouen; the shifting sands at the mouth of the river impede the ascent of larger vessels

. The Seine is navigable for boats drawing 6 ft. water, to Paris, and for smaller ones as far as Mery (mêr'-re'), in the dep. of Aube. The course of the river below Paris is extremely tortuous, so that the distance to Rouen by water is probably 3 or 4 times as great as it is in a direct line. Steamboats take two days for the descent, and four for the ascent: those passing between Paris and Havre require nearly double the time. (P. C.)

SEINE, a dep. in the N. or N. central part of France, intersected by the above river. Though the smallest, it is the most populous depariment in the kingdom. Pop. 1,106,891. (B.) Capital, Paris.

Seine, LOWER (Fr. Seine Inférieure, sane ån-fa'-re-ur'), a dep. in the N. W. part of France, bordering on the Seine and the English Channel. Pop. 720,525. (B.) Capital, Rouen.

Seine AND MARNE (Fr. Seine-et-Marne, sane à marn), a dep. in the N. central part of France, intersected by the rivers Seine and Marne. Pop. 325,881. (B.) Capital, Melun.

SEINE AND O18E (Fr. Seine-et-Oise, sane d wảz-almost wize), a dep in the N. or N. central part of France, on the rivers Scine and Oise. Pop. 449,582. Capital, Versailles.

SEL'-KỊRK, an inland co. in the S. E. part of Scotland, about 30 m. S. of Edinburgh. Pop. 7,990. Also, a small t., cap. of the above, on the Ettrick, an affluent of the Tweed, 31 m. S. S. E. of Edinburgh.

SEM-lin, a commercial t. of the Austrian empire, in Slavonia, on the Danube, 3 m. N. W. of Belgrade. Pop. above 9,000. (B.)

SEMPACH, sem'-pák, a little t. of Switzerland, in the canton of Lucerne, on the E. side of a lake to which it gives its name, inemorable for a victory gained in its vicinity in 1386, by a Swiss band of about 1,400 mnen, over an Austrian force of nearly three times that number.

SEN'-E-CẠ, a co. in the W. central part of N. Y., lying chiefly be

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W SEN-E-GAM-BI-A, a name given by geographers to a region on the W. la Trabic, and ab or aub in Persian.

ou, as in our; th, as in thin; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. tween the Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Pop. 24,874. Co. towns, Ovid i and Waterloo.

SENECA Lake, a lake in the W. central part of N. Y., 6 or 7 m. W. case of the Cayuga Lake, about 35 m. long, and from 2 to 4 m. wide.

Steamboats pass up and down it daily in the summer season.

SENECA, a co. in the N. part of Ohio, intersected by the Sandusky r.

Pop. 18,128. Co. t. Tiffin. HS Sen'-E-GÅ1/, a large r. of W. Africa, the sources of which have not

been explored. It is formed by the union of the Ba (bå)* Fing and the

Ba Woolima (or Oolema), which takes place near 14° 10' N. Lat., and my: 10° 30' W. Lon. About 15 m. below, there is a cataract called the

Feeloo Falls, said to be 80 ft. in height. The general course of the river is at first N. W., and afterwards W.; it enters the Atlantic by two channels, between 16° and 16° 40N. Lat., and near 16° 30' W. Lon. It is navigable for vessels drawing 10 or 12 ft. water, as far as Podor,

near 150 W. Lon., and for boats several hundred miles further. The weetide is perceptible in the Senegal, for upwards of 60 lea es inland.

coast of Africa. Originally, it was applied to the countries settled by Europeans, between the Senegal and Gambia ; but it is now used to designate the whole of that part of Africa which is W. of Soodan, and between the Great Desert and Guinea, lying between the 10th and 17th parallels of N. Lat., and the 6th and 18th meridians of W. Lon. --Adj. SEN-G-GAMI-BL-AN.

Senlis, sån -lees, (Anc. Augustom'agus, afterwards Silvanec'tes,) a .. of France, in tbe dep. of Oise, on the Nonette, an affluent of the Marne, 27 m. N. N. E. of Paris. Lat. 49° 12' N., Lon. 2° 35' E. Pop. 3,016. (P. C.)

SENNAAR, sen-nåår, a country in the N. E. part of Africa, belonging v Egypt, situated at the junction of the two great branches of the Nile, $. of 16° N. Lat. Its boundaries are imperfectly known. It was

ormerly an independent state, and one of the most powerful in that part of Africa.

Seng, sån, (Anc. Agen'dicum or Agedin'cum, afterwards Sen'ones,) 1. commercial and manufacturing t. of France, and the seat of an archvishopric, situated in the dep. of Yonne, on the river Yonne. Lat. 48° 12 N., Lon. 3° 17' E. Pop. 9,029. (M.).

SER-AM-PORE or SERAMPOOR, a t. of Hindostan, belonging to the English, on the river Hoogly, about 12 m. above Calcutta. Here is a Protestant missionary station, with a press, in which numerous translaions of the Bible have been printed; and a college for instructing the Jatives in the European and Asiatic languages. Lat. 22° 45' N., Lon. 38° 26' E. Pop. 13,000. (B.) Till lately, this t. belonged to the Danes. SERES, sér/-es, an archiepiscopal t. of European Turkey, 47 m. S. E. Ba, signifies "water" or "river:" it is probably from the same root as bulir in

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Fate, får, fall, fåt; mé, mit; pine or pine, pin; nd, not; óð, as in good; of Salonics, remarkable as the centre of the cotton culture in this part of the Ottoman empire. It has manufactures in cotton and linen, and carries on an active trade. Lat. 41° 4' N., Lon. 23° 36' E. Pop. estimated at 30,000 (B.), which number, however, is reduced to 15,000 in summer, on account of the insalubrity of the situation.

SERING APATAM, ser-ing'-ga-pa-tam', a decayed t. and fortress of Hindostan, formerly the cap. of Mysore, on a small i. in the Cauvery. Lat. 12° 25' N., Lon. 76° 42' E. In its immediate vicinity is a nag. nificent mausoleum, built by Hyder Ali, under which are interred his remains and those of his son 'T'ippoo Saib. The pop., which, under Hyder Ali and Tippoo, was estimated at 150,000, was reduced, in 1820, to less than 10,000. (B.)


Servan, Saint, sin s'r-vån', a well-built seaport t. of France, in the dep. of Ille and Vilaine, on the Rance, at its month, in the English Channel, a little S. of St. Malo. Lat. 48° 38' N., Lon. 2° W. Pop, including the commune, 9,948. (M.)

SÆR!-v!-^ (Turk. Seerb Vil-å-yet-ee), a principality in the central parl of Turkey in Europe; bounded on the N. and N. E. by the Austrian dominions and Wallachia, from which it is divided by the Save and the Danube, E. by Bulgaria, S. by Roomelia, and W. by Bosnia. Length, from E. to W., about 170 m. ; greatest breadth, from N. to S, near 160 mn. The pop. is vaguely estimated at between half a million and a million of inhabitants, who are mostly of the Greek church. The Servians enjoy at present a considerable degree of liberty, and possess the exclusive right of taxing themselves. In return they pay a fixed amount of tribute yearly to the Ottoman emperor. Belgrade is the capital.—Adj. and inhab. Sựrl-vl-ẠN.

SETUBAL, sa-tool-bål, or Sr. Ubes, übz, a seaport and commercial t. of Portugal, in the prov. of Estremadura, on a bay of its own name. Lat 38° 29' N., Lon. 8° 53' W. Pop. about 15,000. (B.)

Sev'-AS-TO-POL, a fortified seaport t. of European Russia, and the principal station of the Russian fleet in the Black Sea, situated on the W. coast of the Crimea. Lat. 44° 36' N., Lon. 33° 30' E. Pop. 10,000, exclusive of about 30,000 troops, who are employed on the fortifications, or encamped about the town. (P. C.)

Sevl•ERN, originally called HaFREN, the second r. of England in magnitude and importance. It rises on the E. side of Mount Plinlim'mon, in Montgomeryshire, Wales, and, flowing at first north-easterly, then E., afterwards south-easterly, and at last south-westerly, term nates in a wide estuary or bay called the Bristol Channel, after a course of about 200 m. It is navigable to Welshpool, in the E. part of Montgomeryshire, a distance of above 170 m. The Bristol Channel is near 80 m. in length, and 50 m. in its greatest breadth.

Sevier, sev-eer', a co. in the W. part of Ark., bordering on Red r. and the Indian Territory. Pop. 2,810. Co. t. Paraclifta.

Sevier, a co. in the E. part of Tenn., bordering on N. C. Pop. 6,442 Co. t. Sevierville.

ou, as in our; th, as in thin; th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. Sev/-ILLE* or SE-vill! (Sp. Sevilla, sl-veel-yả; Anc. Ispalis or Hispalis; Arab. Ishbeelia); an archiepiscopal city of Spain, cap. of a prov, of the same name, on the Guadalquivir, 66 in. N. N. E. of Cadiz, and about 230 m. S. S. W. of Madrid. Among many remarkable edifices which adorn this city, may be mentioned the Cathedral, a magnificent and imposing structure, said to be the largest church in Spain; the belfry of the cathedral is a lofty square tower, having on its top a colossal bronze statue of Faith, 14 it. high, and bearing a flag and palm branch, which, though of the enormous weight of 3,600 pounds, turns on a pivot, and is so delicately poised as to indicate the slightest variation of the wind, whence the tower has received the name of Giralda (He-råll-då) or - Weathercock;" the height of the top of the statue from the ground is about 330 English feet: and the Alcazar (ål-kål-thar-in Arabic Al Kåsr), the ancient palace of the Moorish kings. The most remarkable of the monuments of antiquity is the Caños de Carmona (kảnl-yoce då kar-inol-nå), a superb aqueduct, with 410 arches, built by the Romans, and restored by the Moors; it still supplies the city with water. Seville possesses a university, founded in 1502; a celebrated school of navigation, called San-Telmo; and many other establishments for education. Lat. 37° 24' N., Lon. 5° 48' W. Pop. about 91,000. (B.) - Adj. and inhab. Sevilian, se-vill-yun; (Sp. Sevillano, sa-veel-yål-no..

) SÈVRE, saivr, the name of two sinall rivers in the W. of France, one of which, the Sèvre Nanlaise (nản'-laze'), flows into the Loire, near Nantes; the other, called the Sèvre Niortaise (ne-or-taze') passes by Niort, and falls into the sea, 33 m. W. of that town.

SÈVRES, The Two (Fr. Deux-Sèvres, duh sa ivr), a dep. in the W. of France, which derives its name from the above rivers. Pop. 304,105. (B.) Capital, Niort.

Shan'-xen, the largest and most important r. in Ireland; it rises in the N. W. part of the co. of Cavan, and, flowing at first southerly, and afterwards south-westerly, falls into the Atlantic, near 52° 30' N. Lat., and 10 W. Lon. In its course it traverses several lakes, the principal of which are Lough Allen, Lough Ree, and Lough Derg. Towards its termination, the river widens into an estuary from 1 or 2 to 10 m. broad. The whole length of the Shannon is about 220 m., and it is navigable for 214 m., or to within 6 or 7 m. of its source! (M.)

Shannon, a large co. in the south-eastern part of Mo.
Shattt-El-Arab, shit-el-*l-råb, a r. of Persia, formed by the union of

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* “Fair is proud SEVILLE; let her country boast
Her strength, her wealth, her site of ancient days."

Childe Harold, Canto I.
By what reasoning my poor mind
Was from the old idolatry reclaimed,
None better knows than SEVILLE's mitred chief.

SOUTHEY's Roderick, Book XX.
+ Shatt or Shat signifies the bank of a river subject to inundation.

Fåte, får, fäll, fät; m', mit; p'ne or pine, pin; nd, not; óð as in good; the Tigris and Euphrates: it discharges ilself into the Persian Gulf by numerous inouths. Length about 130 in.

SHE-BOY-GIN, a co. in the E. part of Wisconsin, bordering on L Michigan. Pop. 133.

SHEER-Nuss', a small scaport to, fortress, and royal dockyard of Eng. land, in Kent, at the confluence of the Medway and Thames, 37 m. E. by S. of London

Sherl-Field, an important manufacturing t. of England, in the W. Riding of Yorkshire, 29 in. S. of Leeds, and 140 m. N. N. W. of Loudon. It has communication, by railroads and canals, with all the principal towns of England. The Don, which is navigable to within 3 m. of the lown, is connected with it by a side canal. Rich mines of coal and iron exist in the vicinity, and have given direction to the manufacturing industry of the place. Cutlery forms the principal branch of business; and, in this manufacture, Sheffield stands before every other town in the British einpire. Pop. 68,186.

Shell-by, a co. in the N. central part of Ala., W. of, and bordering on the Coosa r. Pop. 6,112. Co. t. Columbiana.

Shelby, a co. forming the S. W. extremity of Tenn.. Pop. 14,721. Co. t. Raleigh.

Shelby, a co. in the N. part of Ky., E. of Louisville. Pop. 17,768. Co. t. Shelby ville.

Shelby, a co. in the W. part of Ohio, intersected by the Miami r. Pop. 12,154. Co. t. Sidney.

Shelby, a co. in the S. &. central part of Ind., a little S. E. of Indiana polis. Pop. 12,005. Co. t. Shelby ville.

Shelby, a co. in the S. E. central part of III., intersected by the Kaskaskia r. Pop. 6,659. Co. t. Shelbyville.

Shelby, a co. in the N. E. part of Mo., a little W. of the Missis. sippi r. Pop. 3,056. Co. t. Shelbyville.

Shen'-AN-DO-^H, a r. in the N. E. part of Va., which flows into the Potomac, at Harper's Ferry.

SHENANDOAH, a co. in the N. E. part of Va., W. of, and bordering on the above r. Pop. 11,618. Co. t. Woodstock.

SHET!-LẠND, a group of islands, about 120 m. N. E. of the N. extremity of Scotland, which, excluding the two detached islands, called Foula and Fair Isle, lie between 59° 52' and 60° 50' N. Lat., and 0° 45' and 1° 45' W. Lon. Total area estimated at 880 sq. m. Pop. 30,558.

Shi-4-w Ås!-SEE, a co. in the S. E. central part of Mich., on a r. of the same name, which flows into the Saginaw r. Pop. 2,103. Co. t. Corunna.

SHIELDS, SOUTH, a sea port t. of England, on the Tyne, near its mouth, about 8 m. below Newcastle. Pop., including the chapelry of Westoe, 23,072.

Shiraz, she'-råzł or sheel-raz, a celebrated but decayed city of Persia, formerly the cap. of the empire, situated in a beautiful and fertile

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