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Fate, får, fåll, fåt; mė, mit; plne or pine, pln; nd, not; õõ, as in good: of a r. of its own name. Lat. 43° 10' N., Lon. 70° 40' W.

Pop. of the township, 3,111.

York, a co. in the S. S. E. part of Pa., bordering on Md. and the Susquehanna r. Pop. 47,010.

YORK, a t. of Pa., cap. of the above co., on the Baltimore and Sas. quchanna railroad, 24 m., in a straight line, S. S. E. of Harrisburg. Lat. 39° 58' N., Lon. 76° 40' W. Pop. 4,779.

York, a r. of Va., formed by the union of the Pamunkey and Matta pony, and flowing into the Chesu peake.

YORK, a co. of Va., on the right side of the above r., at its mouth. Pop. 4,720. Co. t. Yorktown.

YORK, a dist. in the N. part of S. C., on the Catawba r. Pop. J8,383. Seat of justice, Yorkville.

Yorki-shỊRE, the largest and most populous co. of England, lying in the N. E. part of the kingdom, and bordering on the North Sea st is divided into four portions, called Ridings, which, for extent, may be compared to ordinary counties. Pop. 1,591,480.

YORKTOWN, a port of entry of Va., and cap. of York co., situated on the S. side of the York r., near its mouth. Lat. 37° 13' N., Lon. 769 34' W.

YOUGHALL, pronounced yaul, a small but ancient t. and seaport of Ireland, near the mouth of Black Water r., 25 m. E. by N. from Cork.

YPRES, eepr, (Flem. Ypern, il-pern), a fortified manufacturing t. of Belgium, in W. Flanders, 30 m. S. W. of Bruges. It was, in the 14th century, far more flourishing than at present, and was formerly famous for its manufacture of woollen and linen cloths. The fabric called diaper (originally d'Ypres) derives its name from this town. (M.) Lat. 50° 51' N., Lon. 2° 53' E. Pop. 15,000. (P. C.)

YSSEL, il-cel, a r. in the N. E. part of Holland, flowing into the Zayder Zee.

Yu'-CA-TAN or yoo-kå-tån', a peninsula forming the most eastern part of Mexico, between 16° and 21° 40' N. Lat., and 86° 45' and 91° W. Lon. It is principally included in the Mexican state of Yucatan. The southern portion, lying on the Bay of Honduras, is occupied by an English colony, and is denominated English Yucatan, or British Honduras,

YVERDUN, e'-ver'-dun', a t. of Switzerland, in the canton of Vavd, at the W. extremity of the lake of Neufchâtel, 17 m. N. by W. of Lausanne. Pop. 3,460. (P. C.)

Yvetot, eer'-tol, à t. of France, in the dep. of Lower Seine, 20 m. N. W. of Rouen. Pop. 7,923. (M.)

ZAANDAM, zảin-dảm', often written SAARDAM, a t. and former celebrated naval arsenal of Holland, on the Zaan, an affluent of the Y. It is remarkable for the great number of windmills in its vicinity. Lal 52° 26' N., Lon. 4° 50' E. Pop. near 12,000. (P. C.)

ZACATECAS, såk-å-tal-kås, a city of Mexico, cap. of a state of the same

name.

!

ou, as in our; th, as in thin; th, as in this; n, nearly like ng.

Lat. about 22° 50' N., Lon. 102° 30' W. Pop. estimated at 25,000. (B.)

ZAHARA. See SAHARA.

ZAM-o'-RẠ or thå-mol-rả, an ancient city of Spain, cap. of a prov. of the same name, on the Douro, 34 m. N. W. of Salamanca. Pop.

. 10,000. (B.)

ZANES-VILLE, a t. of Ohio, cap. of Muskingum co., on the r. Muskingum, 48 m. E. of Columbus. Pop. 4,766.

ZANGUIBAR, zang-ge-barl, the naine of a region on the E. coast of Africa, of which very little is known. It appears to extend from about 4° N. to 17° or 18° S. Lat.

ZAN-TE (Anc. Zacyn/thus), one of the Ionian Islands, about 10 m. from the W. coast of the Morea. It is about 20 m. long and 10 broad. Pop. 35,348. (M.)

ŽANTE, the cap. of an archiepiscopal town, is on the E. side of the island. Lat. 37° 47' N., Lon. 20° 54' 32" E. Pop. about 19,000. (B.)

Zan'-ZJ-BAR', an i. on the E. coast of Africa, belonging to the Imâm of Muscat. Lat. about 6° S., Lon. 39o E.

ZANZIBAR, the cap. of the above, is said to be a flourishing commercial town, and has a pop. estimated at above 10,000. (B.)

Zara, zå'-rå, (Anc. Ja'dera.) an archiepiscopal t., cap. of Dalmatia, on the Adriatic, 150 m. S. E. of Venice. It is fortified, is the centre of an active commerce, and has some important manufactures. Lat. 44° 6' N., Lon. 15° 10' E. Pop. about 5,000. (B.)

ZARAGOZA. See SARAGOSSA.

ZEALAND, zeel-land, (Dan. Sjæland, sell-lånd, i. e. “sen-land,") the largest and most important of the Danish Islands, situated between 54° 59' and 56° 10' N. Lat., and 10° 50' and 12° 35' E. Lon. Length 80 m.; greatest breadth about 65 m. Area estimated at 2,800 sq. m. Pop. 400,000. (P. C.)

ZEALAND (Dutch, Zeeland', z1-land, i. e. “sea-land"), a prov. in the W. part of Voiland, situated partly between the two great branches of the Scheldt, and bordering on the sea. Area 580 sq. m. Pop. 155,593. (P. C.)

ZEBU or Cebu, re-bro', (Sp. pron. thá-boo',) one of the Philippine Jslands, intersected by the 10th parallel of N. Lat., and the meridian of 12:3° 30' E. Lon. It is above 120 m. long, and from 10 to 30 m. wide.

Zerroun, (Zeirovv,) zë-toon', a small fortified t. of Greece, near a gulf of the same name. Lat. 38° 58' N., Lon. about 22° 40' E.

Zertz, tsites, a t. of Prussian Saxony, on the Elster, 22 m. W. S. W. of Leipsic. Pop. above 7,000. (B.)

ZELLE. See CELLE.

ZERBST, tsirbst, a manufacturing t. of Anhalt-Dessau, formerly the residence of the duke of Anhalt-Zerbst, 22 m. S. E. of Magdeburg. Pop. about 8,000. (B.)

Zuit'-O-MEER' (Jitoinir or Schitomir-in Polish, Žitomirz, zhit-o. meerzh), a t. of European Russia, cap. of Volhynia, 75 m. S. W. of Kief. Pop. 17,434. (M.)

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Fate, får, fåll, fåt; mė, mét; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; öð as in good.

ZITTAU, tsit/-tou, a manufacturing and commercial t. of Saxony, 50 m. E. S. E. of Dresden. Pop. 9,000. (B.)

ZOLLVEREIN, tsolll-fer-ine', or “CUSTOMS-Union," a commercial league recently formed in Germany for the purpose of establishing a unform rate of customa. It includes Prussia, Bavaria, Baden, Würtemberg, Saxony, and several smaller states.

Zom-BOR', a royal free t. of Hungary, cap. of the county of Bacs (båảch), 118 m. S. by E. of Pesth. Pop. estimated at above 18,000. (B.)

Zua, zoog or tsoog, a canton in the N. central part of Switzerland, on a lake of its own name. It is the smallest state in the confederation. Area 85 sq. m. Pop. 15,300. (P. C.) Also the cap. of the above, on the N. E. side of the L. of Zug: Pop. about 2,500. (M.) The L. of Zug is about 9 m. long and 3 wide.

ZÜLLICHAU, tsül!-le-kou, a manufacturing t. of Prussia, near the right bank of the Oder. Lat. 52° 10' N., Lon. 15° 37' E. Pop. 4,700. (B.)

ZULPICH, tsüll-pik, (Anc. Tolbiacum,) a sinall t. of the Prussian States, 20 m. S. W. of Cologne, remarkable for its historical associations. Here Clovis, the king of the Franks, gained a great victory over the Alemanni, A. D. 496.

Zürich, zu-rik, (Ger. pron. tsü'-rik,) a canton in the N. E. pat of Switzerland, bordering on the Rhine. Area 690 sq. in. Pop. 231,576. (P.)

ZÜRICH (Anc. Tu’ricum), the cap. of the above, is beautifully situ. ated on the Liinmat, at its egress from the L. of Zürich, 60 m. N. E. of Bern. It is a distinguished seat of literature and science. Among its various institutions, we may name the Academy, which, with the admirable Institute of Medicine and Surgery, forms a complete universily (B.); and the Town Library, with 45,000 vuls. Here, also, is a topographical model in relief, representing the whole of Switzerland ; it was executed by Müller, and is regarded as one of the most admirable works of its kind. Lat. 47° 23' N., Lon. 8° 31' E. Pop. 14,500. (PP. C.)

Zürich, LAKE OF, situated principally in the N. part of the canton of Zürich, is about 24 m. in length, and from 1 to 24 m. in breadth.

Zurl-PhỆN, a fortified t. of Holland, on the Yssel. Lal. 52° 8 N., Lon. 6° 12' E. Pop. 11,000. (P.C.)

ZUYDER (or Zuider) ZEE, zil-der zee, (Dutch pron. zoil-dęr zay, i. e. “South Sea,") a bay of the North Sea, in the N. W. part of Holland. Length about 90 m.; greatest breadth 50 m.

ZWEIBRI'CKEN or ZWEYBRÜCKEN. See Deux-PONTS.

Zwickau, tswikl-kou, a t. of the kingdoin of Saxony, on the Mulde, 58 m. S. W. of Dresden. Pop. 7,400. (B.)

Zwoll, a fortified t. of Holland, cap. of the prov. of Overyssel, about 60 m. E. N. E. of Amsterdam. Pop. 13,000. (B.)

Zworl-nik (Turk. Iz'-vor'-neek',) a t. of European Turkey, in Bosnia, cap. of an inferior pashalik (sa njak) of its own name. Lat. 44° 30' N., Lon. 19° 10' E. Pop. estimated at 14,000. (B.)

ZYTOMIR. Ses ZHITOMEER.

1819

COLLEGES IN THE UNITED STATES.
(Extracted from the American Almanac, for 1845.]

Foun-i Stu. Volumes ID
Name.

Place.

ded. dents. Libraries. 1 Bon doin

Brunswick, Me.

17:14 182 24,860 Waterville

Waterville, do.

18:20 70 7.000 3 Dartmouth

Hanover,

N. I 176: 331 16,500 1 University of Vermont.

Burlington, Vt.

1791 109 9,200 5 Middlebury:

Middlebury, do. IADO 56 7,054 6 Norwich University,

Norwich,

do. 1-34 104 7 Harvard University

Cambridge, Mass. 1639 250 61,000 SWilliams..

Williamstown, do. 1793 144 7,500 9 Amherst

Amherst,

do. IR21 142 15,000 10 Holy Cross.

Worcester, do. 1843 11 Brown University".

Providence, R. I. 1764 169 17,700 12 Yale

New Haven, Conn. 1700 383 34,000 13 Washingtont

Hartford,

do.

72 7,900 14 Wesleyan Universityi.

Middletown, do. 1831 110 11,000 15 Columbiat.....

New York, N. Y. 1754 95 14,000 16 Union....

Schenectady, do. 1795 222 13,000 17 Hamilton

Clinton,

do. 1012 113 7,000 18 Hamilton Literary and Theological". Hamilton, do.

4,000 19 Genevat.

Geneva,

do.

1823 60 5,400 20 University of New York..

New York, do.

1831 151 21 St. John'so..

Rose Hill,

do.

1843 22 College of New Jersey

Princeton,

N. J. 1746 190 12,500 23 Rutgers

N. Brunswick, do. 1770 21 12,000 24 University of Pennsylvania.

Philadelphia, Penn. 1755 111 5,000 25 Dickinsont.

Carlisle,

do.

1783 92 11.200 Jefferson ..

Canonsburg,

do.

1802 164 4,500 97 Washington..

Washington, do.

18061 76 3,300 - Alleglianyi

Meadville, do.

115! 100 8,000 Pennsylvania.

Gettysburg,

do.

18:32 76 2,270 30 Lafayette

Easton,

do.

10321 130 5,000 31 Marshall

Mercersburg, do. 1836 49 32 Western University of Pennsylvania. Pittsburg,

do. 1:19 64 33 Newark

Newark,

Del. 1833 100 3,500 34 St. John's.

Annapolis,

Md. 1784

27 4,000 35 St. Mary'sg.

Baltimore,

do, 1759 160 12,000 36 Mount śt. Mary'sg.

Emmetsburg,

do. 1830' 130 3,500 37 Georgetowng

Georgetown,

D. C. 1789 140 25,000 3 Columbian

Washington, do.

1821 25 4,200 39 William and Maryt

Williamsburg, Va. 1693 98 5,000 40 Hampden-Sidney..

Prince Ed. Co.

1783 65 8,000 41 Washington

Lexington, do. 1812 136 2,700 42 University of Virginja..

Charlottesville, do. 1819 170 16,000 43 Randolph Maconi.

Boydton. do. 18:32 73 41 Emory and Henryt.

Glade Spring, do. 183) 46 2,800 45 Rectore

Harrison Co., do.

50 46 University of North Carolina

Chapel Hill, N. C. 1789 160

10,000 47 Davidson

Mecklenburg, do.

1,150 4- Wake Forest.

Wake Forest, do, 1838

4.700 42 Charleston

Charleston,

S. C. 117.95

50 3,000 50 South Carolina.

Columbia, do. 1-01 131 13.000 51 Frankiill..

Athens,

Ga. 1725 116 11,000 52 Ozlethorpe.

Midway, do. 1 30 15 2,000 5Emory!

Oxford,

do. 1837

70 54 Mercer University.

Penfield,

do. 55 Christ Collezcani Episcopal Institutiont. Montpelier, do.

35 56 University of Alabama.

Tuscaloosa, Ala. 1-28

80 6,000 57 La Granget.

l.a Grange. do. 1831 106

2,200 5- Spring Hills

Spring Hill, do.

1830 70 4,000 59 Centenary i

Brandon Sp'ngs, Miss. 1841: 170 600akland

Oakland, do. 1831 160 61 Lusiana

Jackson,

1125 100 1.850 02 Jefferson

Bringiers. do. 1831 122 5,500 63'51. Charles

Grand Coteau, do.

05 64 Baton Rouge.

Baton Rouge. do.

1838

300 65 Franklin.

Opelousas, do. 1239 70 66 Greenville

Greenville, Tenn. 1794 41 3,000 67 Washington

Washington Co. do. 1794 43

1,000

do.

La.

46

(5-15)

do.

COLLEGES IN THE UNITED STATES. CONTINUED.

Foun-1
Name.

Place.

God. dents Litrris GP University of Nashville.

Nashville,

Tenn. 1-06 104 6) Cast Tennessee

Kuoxville, do. 1807 56 70 Jackson

Near Columbia, do. 1630 100 1.250 21 Transylvania.

Lexington,

Ky. 1798 215 4.500 72 St. Josephi'sg.

Bardstown, do. 1813 73 Centre

Danville, do, 1822 185 74 Augustat.

Augusta,

do.
1825 75

2,500 75 Cumberland

Princetown,

do. 1-25 49 1,030 76 Georgetown

Georgetown, do. 1830 132 3.100 77 Bacon...

Harrodsburg,

1836 203 1.900 78 St. Mary's

Marion Co.,
do. 1837 150

5,000 79 University of Ohio.

Athens,

Ohio, 1821 166 2.500 80 Miami University.

Oxforil,

do. 1809 105 4.352 81 Franklin

New Athens, do.

1825 51 1.9900 82 Western Reserve

Hudson,

do. 126 57 6,247 83 Kenyont

Gainbier, do. 1926 57 8,750 84 Granville

Granville, do.

1832 12 3,000 85 Marietta..

Marietta, do. 18:32 50 3,500 80 Oberlin Institute

Oberlin,

do. 1834 70 87 Cincinnati

Cincinnati, do , 819 84 8 St. Xavier

Cincinnati, do. 1840 50 89 Woodwari.

Cincinnati,

do.

20 90 Indiana State University.

Bloomington, Ind. 18271 59 1,765 91 South Hanover.

South Hanover, do.

829 120 92 Wabash

Crawfordsville, do. 1833 23 2,000 93 Indiana Asbury Universityi.

Greencasile, do. 1831 94 St. Gabriel'ss.

Vincennes, do. 143 50 95 Ulinois

Jacksonville, ni. 1429 54 2,000 90 Shirtleff

l'oper Alton, do. 1835

1,000 97 McKendrect.

Lebanon,

do. 1834 98 Knox Manual Labour..

Galesburg, do. 1837| 24 9y University of St. Louisg..

St. Louis, Mo. 18:22 146 7.900 100 Kemper Colleget.

St. Louis, do. 1840 19 6,400 10] St. Mary'sg.

Cape Girardean, do. 1830

2,500 103 Marion

Marion Co.,

do. 1831 45 103 Missouri University.

Columbia, do. 1840 104 St. Charlesi.

St. Charles, do. 189 85 105 Favette..

Fayette,

75 106 Michigan University

Ann Arbor, Mich. 1837| 174? 107 Marshall..

Marshall, do.

62 3.700 108 St. Philip's&.

Nrar Detroit, do.

1839 30 3,000

do.

REMARKS. The Colleges marked (*) are under the direction of the Baptists ; thus (t) Episcopalians ; thus (1) Methodists; thus (0) Catholics. With respect to the Colleges which are unmarked, the prevailing religious influence of those that are in New England is Congregationalism ; of most of the others, Presbyterianism.

By students in the above table, except a few of the Colleges in the Southern and Western states, is meant undergraduates, or members of the four collegiate classes; not including such as are pursuing professional education, or such as are members of a preparatory department.

Some of the Colleges above enumerated, are not in full operation; and scarcely descrve a place in the Table. According to the Census of 1810, there are in the United States 173 universities or colleges, containing 16,2:33 students. There are 3,242 academies and grammar schools, containing 161,159 students. It is evident, that the difference between a college and an academy is not very clearly defined, except that the former has the exclusive richt of granting degrees.

The column of Libraries includes the number of volumes in the College Libraries and in the Students' Libraries.

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