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Serm. mote the practice of substantial virtue; and 1.

least of all, is that edifying which leads to faith in men, or an iinplicit submission to their authority in matters of religion, instead of faith in Jesus Christ, and an inviolable adherence to him as the only Lord of conscience; to confirm the prejudices of men against the plain and simple doctrines of the gospel, to inflame their passions and encrease their uncharitableness.

Secondly, It is not every compliance with men and pleasing them, ev’n in things for the substance lawful, which the christian law requires or allows; but only that which is for good to edification. Some please others from low and selfish motives, from an affectation of popularity, to gain applause, or it to serve their worldly interest, which instead of edifying their neighbours so complied with, and doing them good in a religious sense, tends to confirm them in their mistakes, and to gratify their unreasonable humours, their pride and their passions ; and instead of promoting peace on a just foundation, tends to strengthen an imposing spirit, the certain cause of divisions. It is noble and generous to bear the infirmities of the weak, but it is mean and unbecoming a servant of Christ, by

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a tame submission to imperious demands and Serm. arbitrary encroachments, to betray the liberty I. wherewith be bas made us free, and to suffer ourselves to be entangled in a yoke of bondage.


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Not every one that faith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but be that doththe will of my Father which is in keaven. Many will say unto me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils.? and in thy name done many wonderful works? And tben will I profess unto them, I never knew you; depart from me ye that work iniquitya

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O question can be of greater imII.

portance to men than this, upon

what foundation they may hope for the favour of God; and what is to be done on their part that they may be intitled to it ? And none more important to christians, than what are the terms of salvation fix'd in the gospel ; fince our Lord Jesus Christ came


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into the world on purpose to reveal the Fa- SERM. ther to men, and the way to 'eternal life

II. that is, to give them just sentiments concerning God, and the homage he requires ; and to declare by an express law, what are the dispositions of mind, and the course of action which will be acceptable to him; we,who have embraced christianity are not left to be directed by the dictates of men in this great inquiry, nor merely to our own reason, and what the light of nature will suggest : (though that is still fo far a rule, that we cannot receive any pretended revelation which contradicts it, and hereby the Gospel is recommended to our acceptance, that its terms are perfectly agreeable to it :) but we must have our recourse to our Saviour's express declaration. The rule of life which he has prescribed, will be the rule of judgment; and we cannot reasonably have any hope of happiness in the other world, but upon our conforming in this world to the precepts he has given us.

he has given us. The verses I have read, being near the conclusion of his excellent sermon upon the mount, which contains the sum of his doctrine, decide the grand question already mentioned with the greatest clearness. It is the point which of all others he takes care to declare the most plainly, as


SERM. indeed it may reasonably be expected he
II. should, since consequences of the great-

est moment to men whom he came to
fave, depend upon it. And indeed his words
are so very plain, that one would think it
hardly possible for any of his followers to mil-
take his meaning. On the one hand, he shews'
the insufficiency of some pretences, such as
a great outward profession of respect to him,
calling himn, Lord, Lord, and the gift of
prophecy of casting out devils, and working
miracles. Those pretences he expressly fays,
he will reject, and if the persons, who claim
or expect acceptance by them, are workers
of iniquity, his fentence against them will
be, depart from me, I know you not. On the
other hand, he establishes obedience, as the
only folid ground of hope towards God, and
declares that they, and they only, who do
the will of his heavenly Father ; that is, fin.
cerely keep his commandments, shall be ac-
quitted in the day of Judgment, and enter
into the kingdom of heaven. These, there-
fore, are the heads of discourse I shall infift
upon from the text. First, I will endeavour to
explain the false pretences to the favour of
God, and the kingdom of heaven, menti-
oned by our Saviour, with others parallel to


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