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CONSERVATION AND CONTROL OF SUBMERGED COASTAL
LANDS AND OF LANDS BENEATH INLAND WATERS AND OF

CERTAIN RESOURCES OF SAID LANDS

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SUBCOMMITTEE No. 1 OF THE
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 5991 and H. R. 5992
BILLS TO PROMOTE THE EXPLORATION, DEVELOPMENT,
AND CONSERVATION OF CERTAIN RESOURCES IN THE
SUBMERGED COASTAL LANDS AND TO PROVIDE FOR THE
USE, CONTROL, AND DISPOSITION OF SAID LANDS AND
RESOURCES AND OF LANDS BENEATH

INLAND WATERS

AUGUST 24, 25, AND 29, 1949

Serial No. 15

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

EMANUEL CELLER, New York, Chairman
FRANCIS E. WALTER, Pennsylvania EARL C. MICHENER, Michigan
SAM HOBBS, Alabama

CHAUNCEY W. REED, Illinois
WILLIAM T. BYRNE, New York

LOUIS E. GRAHAM, Pennsylvania JOSEPH R. BRYSON, South Carolina FRANK FELLOWS, Maine THOMAS J. LANE, Massachusetts

JOHN JENNINGS, JR., Tennessee MARTIN GORSKI, Illinois

CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey MICHAEL A. FEIGHAN, Ohio

KENNETH B. KEATING, New York FRANK L. CHELF, Kentucky

WILLIAM M. MCCULLOCH, Ohio ED GOSSETT, Texas

J. CALEB BOGGS, Delaware J. FRANK WILSON, Texas

ANGIER L. GOODWIN, Massachusetts
ROBERT L. RAMSAY, West Virginia
DIXIE GILMER, Oklahoma
BOYD TACKETT, Arkansas
EDWIN E. WILLIS, Louisiana
WINFIELD K. DENTON, Indiana
JAMES B. FRAZIER, JR., Tennessee

BESS EFFRAT Dick, Chief Clerk
VELMA SMEDLEY, Assistant Chief Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 1

FRANCIS E. WALTER, Pennsylvania, Chairman MICHAEL A. FEIGHAN, Ohio

LOUIS E. GRAHAM, Pennsylvania FRANK L. CHELF, Kentucky

FRANK FELLOWS, Maine
ED GOSSETT, Texas

CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey
WALTER M. BESTERMAN, Legislative Assistant

II

CONTENTS

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Text of H. R. 5991.

Text of H. R. 5992_

Statements of-

Hall Hammond, attorney general, State of Maryland.

E. W. Mattoon, assistant attorney general, State of California..

Fred N. Howser, attorney general, State of California.
J. Stuart Watson, assistant executive officer, California State Lands

Commission (submitted by Mr. Howser)----
Bascom Giles, commissioner of general land office, State of Texas.
Harold R. Fatzer, attorney general, State of Kansas..
Ralph Odum, assistant attorney general, State of Florida-
T. C. Callister, assistant attorney general, State of South Carolina.
Bolivar E. Kemp, Jr., attorney general, State of Louisiana -
John Madden, assistant attorney general, State of Louisiana.
L. H. Perez, district attorney, Plaquemines Parish, La..
Price Daniel, attorney general, State of Texas.
Walter R. Johnson, special counsel, National Association of Attorneys

General.com

A. M. Gee, general counsel, Ohio Oil Co., Findlay, Ohio..

Walter S. Hallanan, president, Plymouth Oil Co., Pittsburgh, Pa..

Ernie Pyles, assistant to executive vice president and general manager,

Jergins Oil Co., Long Beach, Calif.--

William W. Clary, attorney at law, Los Angeles, Calif-

E. F Bullard, geologist, president, Stanolind Oil & Gas Co., Tulsa,

Okla.

H. H. Kaveler, assistant to vice president, crude oil production de-

partment, Phillips Petroleum Co., Bartlesville, Okla-

Hines H. Baker, president, Humble Oil & Refining Co., Houston, Tex.

Hon. J. A. Krug, Secretary of the Interior.

Letter to President of the Senate from Secretaries Forrestal and

Krug and Attorney General Clark re S. 923.

Letter to chairman, Committee on Public Lands, re H. R. 354,

from Secretary Krug---

Letter to Congressman Walter from Secretary Johnson..
Hon. Philip B. Perlman, Solicitor General of the United States.

Letter to the Speaker, June 3, 1949, re S. 923 and S. 2153, from

Secretaries Johnson and Krug and Attorney General Clark..
Hon. Sam Hobbs, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Alabama...
Proposed amendments to H. R. 5991, offshore operators..
Letter, August 8, 1949, to Senator Connally from Hon. Edward Clark,

Austin, Tex., suggesting amendment of H. R. 5991 and H. R. 5992.-

Resolution of National Association of Attorneys General -

Resolution passed by the Legislature of Maryland.

Resolution passed by the Florida Legislature.

Statistics reflecting drilling and production activities off the Louisiana

coast.

Articles by B. L. Krebs appearing in the Times-Picayune of New Orleans -

Letter from the Solicitor, Department of the Interior

authority

of the executive branch of the Government with razy

opment of

oil and gas deposits in submerged coastal lands.

Resolution of the Texas School Land Board..
Excerpt from Department of Commerce report showing land grants to States

for educational and other purposes.
Resolution passed by State Legislature of Maine.
Resolution passed hy State Legislature of Oregon.
Resolution passed by State Legislature of North Carolina -

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137
165

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CONSERVATION AND CONTROL OF SUBMERGED COASTAL

LANDS AND OF LANDS BENEATH INLAND WATERS AND OF CERTAIN RESOURCES OF SAID LANDS

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 24, 1949

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 1 OF THE
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10:15 a. m., room 346, House Office Building, Hon. Francis E. Walter (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Mr. WALTER. The subcommittee will come to order.

I am sure all of you will appreciate it if order can be maintained throughout the hearing. There is a large number of people here.

These hearings will be on H. R. 5991 and H. R. 5992, bills to promote the exploration, development, and conservation of certain resources in the submerged coastal lands and to provide for the use, control, and disposition of said lands and resources and of lands beneath inland waters.

Without objection, H. R. 5991 and H. R. 5992 will appear in the record at this point.

(H. R. 5991 and H. R. 5992 are as follows:)

[H. R. 5991, 81st Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL To promote the exploration, development, and conservation of certain resources

in the submerged coastal lands and to provide for the use, control, and disposition of said lands and resources and of lands beneath inland waters

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Submerged Coastal Lands Act.”

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.-When used in this Act-
(a) The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Interior.

(b) The term "submerged coastal lands” means (i) all submerged lands of the continental shelf which lie seaward of the marginal belt as hereinafter defined and within which all the natural resources appertain to the United States and are subject to its jurisdiction and control, such lands being hereinafter referred to as the “continental shelf,” and (ii) all submerged lands outside of inland waters, as herein defined, which are under the dominion of, and subject to the paramount rights of, the United States, and which extend three geographical miles seaward from the coast line of the United States and of Alaska, or to the boundary line of any State where in any case such boundary, as it existed at the time such State became a member of the Union, extends beyond three geographical miles from said coast line, such lands being hereinafter referred to as the "marginal belt."

(c) The term "coast line," until more specifically defined by Congress, shall be deemed to mean the line of ordinary low water along the open sea, and the line marking the seaward boundary of any body of water which joins the open sea.

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