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by facilitating the exchange of milk products from surplus-producing countries to deficit countries,

The Third Inter-American Conference on Agriculture Resolves:

1. To recommend that through education and other appropriate means, increased production and consumption of milk and milk products be encouraged throughout the American countries;

2. That emphasis be placed on combating and eradicating dairy cattle diseases;

3. That modern dairy equipment and utensils be introduced extensively on the farm and in milk plants and factories, and that the installation of such plants be facilitated for the collection, processing, storage and distribution of milk products;

4. That the governments develop policies of construction and maintenance of transportation routes to facilitate access to market for milk and milk products from zones in which dairying is characteristically important but which lack adequate transportation facilities;

5. That research, educational and extension organizations be formed to promote more efficient feeding and management of dairy herds;

6. That careful attention be given to sanitary regulations and to the inspection and supervision of public supplies of milk and milk products;

7. That there be put into practice in the various countries plans for improving dairy herds through:

(a) The use of superior dairy breeds of cattle; (6) The control of dairy herds; (c) The use of genealogical registers, if practicable, according to the

agreement of 1936, subscribed at The Hague; (d) The employment, where feasible, of artificial insemination to

extend the influence of superior sires, in accordance with numbers 2 and 3 of the resolution on “Genealogical Registers for

Animals,” in this Conference; 8. That the several countries interchange all information regarding methods for quality improvement of milk and milk products;

9. That the governments adopt adequate measures to facilitate exchange of milk and milk products among the American nations;

10. That, to protect public health and promote consumer acceptance, the governments attempt to establish, wherever possible, uniform regulations among the various countries for the production, distribution and consumption of milk and milk products, especially those regulations pertaining to sanitation, quality and standardization. LXIX. SPECIFICATIONS ON ENRICHED WHEAT FLOURS

WHEREAS: As a result of the war, certain countries have increased the preparation of flours enriched with vitamins or mineral substances as a means of reinforcing the daily diet of their armed forces and civilian populations,

The Third Inter-American Conference on Agriculture

Resolves: To recommend to the countries of America that they require nations exporting enriched wheat flours to specify the substances added, indicating expressly on the containers, in addition to their type of quality classification, the proportion in which the said substances have been added, attaching an official or authenticated certificate showing the corresponding quantitative chemical analysis.

LXX. INCREASED CONSUMPTION OF FISHERY PRODUCTS

WHEREAS:

1. Every measure which tends to improve the diet of a country should be encouraged and supported;

2. The diet of a great part of the population of a great number of American countries could be improved by consuming more fish,

The Third Inter-American Conference on Agriculture Resolves:

1. To recommend that national diets be improved by increasing the consumption of fish;

2. That the fishery industry be supported through the most desirable measures in view of the individual conditions of each country.

LXXI. EXPANSION OF TRADE AND CONSUMPTION

WHEREAS:

1. Approximately two thirds of the peoples of the world are engaged in agriculture, and on their production rests the nutrition and basic living standards of all peoples ;

2. The health and prosperity of the rural population are of paramount concern to this Conference and to all the world, and are basically dependent on:

(a) World peace and security; (6) The general welfare and high living standards obtained for the

human groups that constitute the national economies; (c) International cooperation to deal jointly with common problems

concerned with food and other agricultural problems; 3. There will exist after the war, on the one hand, a great opportunity to improve the welfare of the rural dwellers of all nations, and,

on the other, a threat of great economic dislocation in the distribution and consumption of agricultural products;

4. The advisability of following, when trading in agricultural products (including agricultural products proper, as well as those of livestock, forestry, hunting and fishing) systems and practices that will assure the placing thereof on the consumer markets of the continent in a system of fair competition,

The Third Inter-American Conference on Agriculture Resolves:

To recommend to the American countries and, in general, the inter-American agencies dealing with the problems of food or problems of an agricultural nature:

1. That they take steps to improve the marketing and distribution of those products, including studies to determine the most efficient systems of production.

2. That the other countries and other international agencies be informed, through the Pan American Union, of the desire of the nations of this continent that such countries and agencies adopt the same policy.

3. That adequate facilities be established for the preservation, storage, handling, packing and marking of food and other agricultural products in order to broaden their distribution and consumption.

4. That encouragement and support be given to the creation of systems of general warehouses to be established and operated by private, official or semi-official credit institutions, so that they may render services of warehousing and the granting of credit with stored merchandise as collateral; an effort to be made in all cases to place such services within the reach of the farmer, and adequate measures to be taken in order to prevent their use for hoarding agricultural products.

5. That means be provided for the collection and prompt dissemination of market news on the prices and movements of commodities of primary necessity, on both a national and an international basis, taking special care that this information reach the producers.

6. That international trade in agricultural commodities of primary necessity based on the relative actual or potential efficiency of each country as a producer should be fostered by positive steps and by institutions such as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Monetary Stabilization Fund and other continental, regional and national agencies designed to encourage production and consumption and thereby promote a higher standard of living for all peoples.

7. That the American countries exert even greater efforts, both individually and collectively, to adopt a sound commercial policy which shall include the reduction of trade barriers and prevent "dumping” of surplus national products on world markets, as indicated in paragraphs 3 and 5 of Resolution LI of the Economic Charter of the Americas, approved at the Inter-American Conference on Problems of War and Peace.

8. That all measures adopted to increase commerce and consumption be definitely oriented toward maintaining a standard of living for the rural population equivalent to that enjoyed by workers engaged in industry, trade and other non-agricultural pursuits, taking into account the variation in skills and investments involved.

9. That a study be made of the possibility of establishing rules of uniform application to international commercial transactions.

LXXII. IMPROVEMENT AND INTERCHANGE OF SEEDS

WHEREAS:

1. To the farmer, good seed is the fundamental element in the success of his crops;

2. Experience has shown that the poor quality of seed has been the cause of great disappointments from the viewpoint of the farmer and that of supply;

3. Without prejudice to the measures which each country may take in the field of genetics for the production of its own improved seed, it would be advisable for the American countries to establish adequate laws and control with respect to seed production and trade, in order thus to contribute toward reducing the difficulties in question;

4. The free interchange, among the American nations, of plants and seed intended for planting would facilitate the furtherance of the common interests of the agricultural and industrial economy of America, and bearing in mind Recommendation LVIII, approved by the Second Inter-American Conference on Agriculture, on the supply of materials for the production of tropical crops, with respect to the furnishing of seeds and plants for the purposes of experimentation,

The Third Inter-American Conference on Agriculture Resolves:

1. To recommend to the countries represented at this Conference that they establish measures for regulating the aspects of production and importation of and trade in seeds intended for agriculture, in order that the producer may have the best seed available and be protected against the negligence of fraudulent practices by dealers.

2. To recommend especially that measures be adopted, among other things, to establish offices assigned to competent agencies for the purpose of facilitating the interchange of seeds and plants to be

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used in research experimentation or general cultivation among the American countries without any customs hindrance or prohibitive regulations other than those laws and regulations on plant sanitation which have as their object the safeguarding of agriculture against pests and diseases. LXXIII. QUINUA AS AN AMERICAN FOOD PRODUCT FREE

FROM RESTRICTIONS WHEREAS:

1. Quinua (Chenopodium quinoa), according to studies conducted in various countries, contains appreciable amounts of calcium, vitamins (especially Complex B vitamins) and proteins;

2. In America there are certain zones—at present unproductivesuitable for the intensive cultivation of this grain;

3. Owing to its low cost of production and the above-mentioned qualities, it can be an economical and nutritive food product for the poor classes of Latin America,

The Third Inter-American Conference on Agriculture Resolves:

1. To recommend to the countries possessing favorable conditions for the cultivation of quinua, that they take joint action toward intensifying the investigation and, if advisable, the exploitation of this plant, from the standpoint of both its production and its processing and manufacture.

2. To recommend that the governments of the countries in the Continent appraise the nutritive properties possessed by this grain and that they prevent the enforcement of artificial measures intended to interfere with its dissemination and consumption.

LXXIV. SPECIFICATION OF Raw MATERIALS USED IN THE

MANUFACTURE OF TEXTILES WHEREAS: It would be of great advantage to producers and consumers if there were a clear distinction between the various raw materials, both natural and artificial, used in the manufacture of textiles and, in general, in the production of manufactured articles (wholly or partly) containing raw materials of animal or plant origin,

The Third Inter-American Conference on Agriculture

Resolves: To recommend that the manufacturers and importers of textiles and articles manufactured from raw materials of animal and vegetable origin, mark indelibly the nature and percentages of the materials which are used in the manufacture of their products,

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