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REMARKS ON MR. STAMP'S HISTORICAL MEMORANDA
RELATING TO THE “ PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.”
(To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) I THINK Bunyan has fully vindi- the “Pilgrim's Progress," which 13 bar cated his claim to the “ Pilgrim's came to the fifth edition in 1680. Progress” as an original work; yet, A copy of the edition was in Mr. from his own words, it was not Heber's collection. (Part vi., p. 32, generally admitted :
lot 479.) There was also in Mr.
Heber's Catalogue, (part iv., p. 181, “Some say the ‘Pilgrim's Progress' is not
lot 1397,) • The heavenly Pasmine."
senger, or the Pilgrim's Progress I was of the same opinion once, and from this world to that which is to transcribe the memoranda I then come, newly done in Verse. 1687." made.
Malthus's spurious production of a Probably Bunyan took_ his first second part of the “ Pilgrim's Proidea of the “ Pilgrim's Progress gress,” which you notice in your from the production of a contempo- Magazine, page 59, (one of which rary author, the Rev. John Dunton, was in Mr. Heber's collection,-part Rector of Aston-Clinton, in the county V., p. 19, lot 413,) met with little of Bucks, who died Nov. 24th, 1676. encouragement. Dunton thus speaks The work to which I allude was en of him in the latter end of the same titled, “The Pilgrim's Guide from year it was published (1683): “At his Cradle to his Death-Bed, with Gravesend I met my old neighbour, his glorious Passage from thence to Mr. Thomas Malthus, who lived at the New Jerusalem, represented to the Sun, in the Poultry; but his the Life in a delightful new Alles circumstances being somewhat pergory, wherein the Christian Travel- plexed, he was making his way for ler is more fully and plainly directed, Holland.” (Life and Errors, p. 76.) than yet ever he hath been by any, “He midwifed several books into in the right and nearest Way to the the world : ay, and that of his own celestial Paradise. Written by John conceiving, as sure as ever young Dunton, late Rector of Aston Perkin was his who owned him! Clinton.” This work must have He made a show of a great trade, by appeared about the same period as continually sending out large parBunyan's “ Pilgrim's Progress.” It cels; but all I can say of his induswent through "several impressions try is, he took a great deal of pains in a few months,” and was again to ruin himself.” (Ibid., p. 220.) advertised to be sold by his son, John Bunyan having published the “ John Dunton, at the Black Ra- Second Part, and appointed ven, at the corner of Prince's-street, Nathaniel Ponder, but no other pernear the Royal Exchange. 1685.” son, to print this book,” (see p. 59
The rage for allegorical works of your Magazine,) we find him thus was exceedingly rife prior to the characterized by Dunton : “ NathaRevolution. Of Keach’s “ Travels niel (alias Bunyan) Ponder: he has of true Godliness," first published sweetness and enterprise in his air, in 1681, or 1682, Dunton says he which plead and anticipate in his printed “ ten thousand;" (see his favour.” (Life and Errors, p. 356.), Life and Errors, 2d edit., p. 177 ;) In 1685 the tenth edition made “and which will sell to the end of its appearance. It stands No. 14 in time.” In 1689, Dunton advertised Dunton's Catalogue, price 1s. ;
and a seventh edition In 1685, Dun as Wesley's “ Maggots” were also ton published “The Progress of published this year, they court poSin, or the Travels of Ungodliness,” pularity by the following sentence in by the same author ; which came to the Epistle to the Reader :-"I am a third edition in 1689. But none sure my verses ‘dribble down dainof these works were so popular as tily,' as brother Bunyan has't, (has
it,) as well as the best sing-song in of the Welsh ; into which language ere a Pilgrim's Progress' of 'em it was thought, by the greatest men, all.” I have the fifteenth edition, worth translating.” (Palmer's Vin“printed for W. P. 1702.” The dication, p. 111. 1705.) fifty-fourth edition was printed in The Founder of Methodism held 1767.
Bunyan's work in due estimation ; Your correspondent, (page 56) but conceiving it would be most quoting the words of Mr. Ivimey, useful abridged, he accordingly pubsays, “The Presbyterian Ministers lished several editions of it in this could not bear with the preaching form. The third, now before me, of an illiterate tinker and an unor bears date 1770. dained Minister." But Samuel Dr. Clarke has expressed a wish Wesley, in his controversy with that the “Pilgrim's Progress” was Palmer, asks, “ But do the Presby- “ turned into decent verse” by a terians and Independents hear none poet experimentally acquainted with but such as have been ordained ? I the work of God on his own soul; am well assured of the contrary; believing it would be more generally for I remember several of us, if not read, and more abundantly useful. all our pupils, went to hear friend (See his Works, vol. xi., p. 434.) Bunyan when he preached at New- Permit me to mention a wish of the ington-green." This was in 1681, late Poet Laureate. Dr. Southey, or 1682. He adds, his tutor, Mr. in one of his letters to me, speaking Morton, commended him ; for it is of a bookseller in Bristol, says: notorious that nothing is more com “ Isaac James procured for me a mon among Presbyterians and Inde. set of Mr. Wesley's Journals, in pendents, than to hear persons, and 1802. I used to have great pleasure ibat daily, who have no form of in talking with him upon subjects ordination. (Defence of a Letter, connected with his pursuits or p. 48. 1704.) Palmer observes, that works. He married Robert Hall's hearing was no proof of admiration sister. He was then making his or commendation ; but adds, “Mr. book about Alexander Selkirk; and Wesley ought not to have spoken was planning what he never exeso contemptibly of so holy a man, cuted,-a nautical Pilgrim's Prothough he was neither of his or my gress. I wish he had; for he was opinion, nor ordained. The Church a man of Bunyan's stamp." (MS. of England has done him honour by letter, Dec. 22d, 1835.) licensing his Pilgrim's Progress,
Thomas MARRIOTT. with commendation of it, for the use City. Road, Jan. 8th, 1844.
THE “RECORD” AND THE WESLEYAN METHODISTS.
(To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) In the “Record” newspaper, portant a part of valour is discrepublished on Monday evening, Ja- tion; and endeavours to “kill two nuary 1st, there is a “ leader” birds with one stone,” by sneering devoted (as has lately, in particular, at Dr. Candlish, and striking at Mebeen frequently the case) to some thodism. Dr. Candlish had spoken, animadversions on the Scottish Free substantially, of the possibility of a Church,-Dr. Candlish being, as co-operating Christian union, withusual, especially singled out fur out any sacrifice, or even comprocensure and sarcasm. The editor, mise, of principle. He would rehowever, is not contented with at- cognise, and affectionately regard, tacking the Scotch seceders. Warm as Christian brethren, those who ing with his subject, and his anger held the essential doctrines - in increasing in vehemence as it rolls effect, the saving truths of our holy along, he at length forgets how im religion. Dr. Candlish evidently
takes the ground, that it is not for entire severance from all others, one him to refuse to receive those whom class only excepted : yes, one class Christ refuses not to receive ; that only excepted. No matter how carewhere there is saving faith, and fully admission to the ministry has adoption into the divine family, been granted; no matter how sothere is incorporation into the lemnly the ecclesiastical call to Christian brotherhood; and that all “ teach in the congregation” has who profess to belong to that bro been conferred ; all is absolutely therhood are bound, by all the laws pull and void, -the pretended Mis as of sacred consistency, to love one nister only an unauthorized intruder 2 another,-and to love, not in mere into the sacred office,-if the stamp is word, but in deed and in truth. of the external, successional episcoAt the same time, the Doctor states pacy has been wanting. But let his persuasion, that it is his duty, that have been accorded, even by as a Minister of one particular those who have along with it the branch of the visible church, and as mark of the beast, and all is valid. conscientiously holding certain par. The former, should they wish to ticular opinions,-believing them to enter the Church, must be rebe part and parcel of the entire sys- ordained, — thus confessing their tem of revealed truth, with due re former intrusion : the latter, regard to time, and place, and circum- nouncing, of course, their Popish stances,-to declare “every jot and doctrines, are recognised as being, tittle of God's will, as it is found and as having been, regular Christian revealed in his word.”
Ministers,-the Church so recognis. And is not this as it should be? ing them thus fraternizing with Is not this the ground which each Rome. No wonder that it is from specific branch of the visible church Popery and Papists that the Church ought to take ? In reference to experiences so much trouble. others, holding the common truth Dr. Candlish, a Minister of high relating to“ the common salvation," principle, and of Christian feeling, should there not be this affection- declares,--at a Meeting when such ate, manifested recognition? In re a declaration was called for,-that ference to the particular convictions he shall endeavour not only to cheof the individual Minister, and the rish Christian affection, or to mainposition he occupies, should there tain Christian truth, but to do both; not be this open, honest declaration to act as a Minister of one particuof what, by Ministers and congrega- lar Church, and, at the same time, tions, is held to be truth? Let the not to forget that he belongs to the feelings of true charity be che church universal. rished ; let individual convictions as This seems to have excited the to truth be maintained : the first especial displeasure of the “Rewithout latitudinarian indifference, cord.” Why, it is not for me to the second without asperity. The say. I care not even to conjecture. two are not inconsistent. Would But, under the influence of the feelthat there were a more general en- ing, as Dr. Candlish had spoken of deavour to unite them! In wish. his determination to testify to the ing that that body of Christians to entire truth of God, as revealed in which the “Record” gives its sup- his word, it is said, port, were more willing to recognise “He will act, of course, under as Christian brethren those who the weight of the obligation he now hold the same grand truths which feels laid upon him, . without partheir own Church receives, there is tiality and without hypocrisy ;' and no wish that the Clergy should will, therefore, probably commence cease to teach what, as Ministers of with the Wesleyans, whose Arminian the English Episcopal Church, they heresy, and dogma of the perfectibelieve it to be their duty to teach. bility of human nature, he believes Unhappily
they choose to take other to be alike unscriptural and dangerground. They seem to believe that He may also instruct that truth can only be maintained by an body in relation to the vast evils of
the endless divisions' reprobated of the Church wish her to be other. by the Apostle ; for we can tell Dr. wise than she now is? “Arminian Candlish of one provincial town in heresy !" Yes, indeed! Dr. CandEngland, in which there are seven lish and his brethren know the difdistinct bodies of Wesleyan Method- ference between the Arminianism of ists, each congregation apart from, John Wesley, and that of Archand opposed to, the other."
bishop Laud. At all events, no Wben, nearly three years ago, Dr. Church-writer, whose temper had Candlish advocated, from Wesleyan not been allowed for the time to pulpits, in London, the claims of take the place of bis judgment, the Wesleyan-Methodist Missionary would have spoken either about the Society; and when, about the same Arminian or any other heresy. time, the Wesleyan Magazine brought Most erringly unsocial,- I use the the great principles of the Scotch mildest term that truth will allow, Church question prominently be —and to themselves inost unhappily fore the public, then scarcely alive 80, as are the lovers of sound Proto its importance,-it might almost testant doctrine in the Church ; be said, scarcely cognizant of its willing as they seem to be to hazard existence; when thus there was, on its very existence in her pale, sooner either side, friendly recognition and than give the right hand of minismutual co-operation ; were the par- terial fellowship to any whose ordities respectively ignorant of each nation, however solemn, is nonother's doctrinal position. The episcopal ; let them take care. "Record” calls the attention of Dr. Their circumstances are becoming Candlish to the Arminian heresy of exceedingly difficult, painfully crithe Wesleyans. Is it that he be. tical. Are there no political aplieves Arminianism to be heresy, proximations towards the Popery, and is vexed at any display of whose ministerial functions Statesfriendship towards it on the part of men have been taught by “good a Calvinist? Or is it that, being Churchmen” to recognise as perhimself an Arminian, he thus sneers fectly valid ? May they not even at both parties, as though peace yet be glad to receive aid from the between them were unmanly, and * self-called,” “intruding” Methodtheir only consistent conduct that of ist and Dissenting Ministers, against a continued quinquarticular pugil- the Government-recognised, Governism? One really cannot tell; for ment-supported vassals of the ecclethough the “Record” writer is a siastical feudality of Rome? GoChurchman, and though the docu- vernment-recognised ! There has mentary teaching of the Church is long been Tractarian recognition. tolerably plain, yet, from the mere And that recognising party is neifact of Churchmanship, it would be ther small nor weak. A quarter of utterly impossible, even in these a century ago there appeared to be days of schismatic separation from a band, a spreading band, of zealous, other Churches for the preservation Protestant, evangelical men,-men of uniformity, to infer the doctrinal like Legh Richmond. From their sentiments of a particular individual. activity, they seemed as the repreHe may be a Churchman; and yet sentatives of the Church of their -taking no other testimony than day; and that Church was visibly the columns of the “ Record,” ask- strengthened by their influence. ing no enemy to bear witness on the But they did not faithfully protest subject-he may be alas ! what against what I again call the princimay he not be? Let him but be an ple of schismatic withdrawment episcopal successionist, and refuse to from other branches of Christ's recognise as valid the acts and church: perhaps, knowing that ministrations of any but episcopal many suspected their Churchman. successionists, he has a wide field to ship because they were evangelical, range in, and examples of almost they went beyond the negation of a every pattern. I grieve to write testimony against Dissent, and threw this; but could the bitterest enemy their weight into the opposite scale.
And they who thus “offend against ration, I will not yield to the “Re. the generation of God's children,” cord.” I love Christian liberty, and sin against the law of Gospel love, I love Christian unity. Properly and the principle of true unity. understood, they are consistent with And now where are their success. each other, and may both be mainors? I rejoice to believe that they tained. 2. But what is the fact have many; but they occupy not which is alleged, in crimination of the same position, they exert not the Wesleyan Methodists? If the the same influence : amidst the bold fact, as alleged, mean any thing, it assertions of the Tractarian-with must mean that Methodist teaching the leave of the “ Record,” far goes to make men regardless of worse than the Arminian-heresy, unity. It proves exactly the contheir voice is scarcely heard, or trary. I pass by what yet is the chiefly heard in its lamentations very censurable negligence of exover the progress of error, and the pression,-“ seven congregations of advancement of Popery. “And Wesleyan Methodists." No such what will ye do in the end there. thing. The societies in question of ?” In such times, with such call themselves by different names. prospects, it is as unwise as it is But what is the fact? The Wesleyunchristian, for those whom the ans have a certain system of doc“Record” is supposed to represent, trine. But the seceding bodies have to seem as though even wishful to not left them on that ground. But convert separation into a hostility they have also a system of discirendered necessary by self-defence. pline; and at different times, within The days may be coming when both the last fifty years, various attempts Arminian heretics and Calvinist have been made to alter it. The heretics may have to struggle with attempts have not succeeded ; and those in whose lips“ heresy" is a the parties making the attempt, not word of fearful significance ; and being permitted to disturb the peace who would except the Episcopalian of the body by continual agitation, neither from its application nor have chosen to leave rather than depunishment, if he refused submis- sist. Such is the discipline of Wession to that “mother and mistress leyanism, and such the attachment of churches," the perfect validity of of Wesleyans to their discipline, whose orders he acknowledges while that what may be termed the Execurenouncing her authority. Are these tive,--though so only of a voluntary the days for the exasperation of dif- society, possessing no secular means ferences ?
of enforcing their decisions, and There are some subjects on which carrying into effect their sentences, it really is very difficult to write. —this Executive has been enabled With one of the observations of the to repress agitation, to maintain “ Record” I scarcely know how to order, and to remove the unquiet, deal. Was the writer serious when who have, on some occasions, been he made the reference which I find followed by numbers who were to what he is pleased to term, the either like-minded with them, or endless divisions of the Methodists; attached to them. Such persons, and which, (in their general princi- 80 removed and removing, have ples, of course, he says, the Apos- chosen to form themselves into socitle reprobates ? He calls on Dr. eties, for the purpose of carrying Candlish to notice these ; and, to out their own views. Generally excite him to diligence in the task speaking, being dissatisfied with of rebuke, he informs him that, “in Methodism, they left it. But what one provincial town, there are seven then? In a country where national congregations of Wesleyan Method- law interposes no check on such ists," all separate and opposed. movements, they do not prove that Allow me to request the attention of the body so left is a body of divisive your readers to a few separate re- principles, of divisive tendencies. marks on this. 1. In condemning In reference to a body situated as is the real spirit of division and sepas that of the Wesleyan Methodists,