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doctrines allied to them, with fixed places of holy worship, with earnest and earnest interest; to blend them prayer that that truth might be with all our habits of thought, and applied by the Spirit to the heart principles of conduct; and to sub and conscience of every careless ject our hearts, without reserve, to man, and that it might lead every their influence. The Apostle Paul, penitent to the cross of Christ; speaking of the ancient Israelites, how should we have to rejoice over observes : “The word preached did the success of the ministry, and the not profit them, not being mixed enlargement of the church! with faith in them that heard it.” Nor is it improper to advert, in (Heb. iv. 2.) Instructive and ad conclusion, to the effect which this monitory is this statement ! It principle should have on the minds teaches us that the truth can then of those who are engaged in the only be profitable when it is em Christian ministry. Studying the braced with a realizing faith, and truth of Christ ourselves, in relation when the heart simply and fully rests to our own sanctification,-anxious on its declarations and promises. to experience the full power of the

The great principle on which we truth, in moulding our own hearts have dwelt in this paper will show to the purity and benevolence of the vast iinportance which belongs our Lord, -we should be anxious to the personal study of the word of also to present it to our people in its God. It is at once our privilege simplicity, its integrity, and its ful. and our duty to "search the Scrip: We should enter upon our tures,” that our minds may be filled work under a deep impression that with heavenly wisdom, and estab are charged with that truth lished in every spiritual habit. But which the Spirit will use as his in. this is not the only practical infer- strument in leading men to Christ, ence which this subject suggests. and in nourishing, and sanctifying, It shows us, in a very clear and and comforting the church. Surely striking light, the value of the pub- this consideration should incite us lic preaching of the truth of Christ, to sacred diligence and fidelity, in and the feelings with which it the discharge of the trust reposed in should be regarded. Who can estic us! If rightly apprehended and mate the important benefits that embraced, it will lead us, through would result to the professing the whole of our ministerial course, church, if the principle before us to cultivate those mental habits were distinctly apprehended and which will qualify us “rightly to firmly held ? if those who profess divide the word of truth,” and enato be Christ's came up to the public ble us to “ feed,” as we ought to services of the house of God under do, “the church of God, which he a deep conviction that the truth is hath purchased with his own blood.” the grand instrument of the Spirit Causing us to abhor the very idea iu the sanctification of man,-if they of personal display, it will give to listened to the public teaching of our ministry a character of sim. the servants of Christ simply that plicity, and earnestness, and affecthey might be fed with heavenly tion; it will render it rich and knowledge, seeking at the same ample in the developement of truth ; time that life-giving energy of the while it will make us at all times inSpirit which only can render the tent on the actual accomplishment truth effectual,- how blessed an in- of those great and benevolent refluence would descend on our wor sults which our heavenly Master has shipping assemblies, and how en in view. “Who then is a faithful lightened and holy would the church and wise servant, whom his Lord become! If, too, under a deep con- hath made ruler over his household, viction that the truth of God is the to give them meat in due season? grand instrument of the Spirit in Blessed is that servant whom his awakening and converting men, Lord, when he cometh, shall find 80 those who have themselves received doing.” (Matt. xxiv. 45, 46.) the grace of Christ came up to our

HENRY W. WILLIAMS.

288

Vous

LETTER OF THE REV. JOHN WESLEY TO HIS NIECE,

MISS SARAH WESLEY. The following instructive and im- upwards of fifty years, I am fully portant epistle will not fail to be persuaded that men, in general, read with interest. The attention need between six and seven hours' of the public has recently been di- sleep in twenty-four; and women, rected to the evils attendant on the in general, a little more,-namely, late-hour system, by which the between seven and eight. health and morals of thousands are But what ill consequences are severely injured. Contrasted with there in lying longer in bed, -supthese, are the advantages to be de- pose nine hours in four-and. rived from early rising, - the subject twenty? of this letter,—which Mr. Wesley 1. It hurts the body. Whether exhibits in a very sprightly manner, you sleep or no, (and, indeed, it aud in his wonted strength and commonly prevents sound sleep,) it terseness of style. Our friends, on as it were soddens and parboils the perusing this document, will re Aesh, and sows the seeds of nume. meinber Mr. Wesley's sermons, en rous disorders; of all nervous distitled, “ Redeeming the Time," and, eases in particular, as weakness, “On the more excellent Way;" faintness, lowness of spirits, ner. (Works, vol. vii., pp. 67—75, 26– headachs, and

consequent 37 ;) in which many of the observa. weakness of sight. tions contained in this communica 2. It hurts the mind; it weakens tion are found. The original is in the understanding. It blunts the the possession of Thomas Marriott, imagination. It weakens the me. Esq., who has kindly favoured us mory. 1: dulls all the nobler affecwith the copy which we here pre tions. It takes off the edge of the sent to our readers.-EDIT.

soul, impairs its vigour and firm. ness, and infuses a wrong softness, quite inconsistent with the charac

ter of a good soldier of Jesus Christ. TO MISS WESLEY, IN CHESTERFIELD

It grieves the Holy Spirit of God, STREET, MARYLEBONE.

and prevents, or at least lessens, Near Leeds, July 17th, 1781. those blessed influences which tend MY DEAR SALLY,- Without an to make you, not almost, but altoendeavour to please God, and to give gether, a Christian. up our own will, we never shall I advise you, therefore, from this aitain his favour. But till we have day forward, not trusting in yourattained it, till we have the Spirit of self, but in Him that raiseth the adoption, we cannot actually give up dead, to take exactly so much sleep our own wills to him. Shall I tel]

as nature requires, and no more. you freely what I judge to be the If you need between seven and eight grand hinderance to your attaining hours, then, in the name of God, it? Yea, to your attaining more begin this very night, in spite of all health both of body and mind than temptation to the contrary:

Lie you have ever had, or at least for a down at ten o'clock, and rise belong season? I believe it is (what tween five and six, whether you very few people are aware of) in sleep or no. If your head aches in temperance in sleep. All are intem. the day, bear it. In a week you perate in sleep, who sleep more than will sleep sound. If you can take nature requires; and how much it this advice, you may receive more does require is easily known. There from, is, indeed, no universal rule,-none

My dear Sally, that will suit all constitutions. But, Yours most affectionately, after all the observations and expe

JOHN WESLEY. rience I have been able to make for

289

ITALIAN MARTYRS OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.

PART I.

on

(To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) DURING the sixteenth century, and desirous of ecclesiastical re. opinions favourable to the Reforma. form. tion, wbich had so happily com A Monk preaching one day, in menced in Germany, were exten the year 1544, at Imola, near Bosively spread throngh Italy: they logna, told the people that it bewere promoted by the accomplished hoved them to purchase heaven by Renée, daughter of Louis XII. of the merit of their good works. Á France, and wife of Hercules II., boy who was present exclaimed, Duke of Ferrara. This lady had “That is blasphemy; for the Bible become acquainted with the doc- tells us that Christ purchased heatrines of the Reformers by means of ven by his sufferings and death, and some of those learned persons who bestows it us freely by his frequented the court of the cele. mercy.” A dispute of considerable brated Margaret, Queen of Navarre ; length ensued between the youth and, on leaving France, she was and the Preacher. Provoked at the anxious to facilitate their introduc pertinent replies of his opponent, tion into the country in which she and at the favourable reception was about to reside. Several per which the audience gave them, the sons, who had discovered the errors Monk exclaimed, “Get you gone, and corruptions of the Church of you young rascal! You are but Rome, obtained a place in the Uni- just come from the cradle; and will versity of Ferrara ; and others were you take it upon you to judge of retained by the Duchess in her sacred things, which the most learned family, for the education of her chil. cannot explain ?

“Did you never dren. Many distinguished persons read these words,” rejoined the either imbibed the Protestant doc- youth : “Out of the mouth of babes trine, or were confirmed in their at- and sucklings God perfects praise?' tachment to it, at Ferrara. The On this the Monk quitted the pulmost emin nt Italians who embraced pit in confusion, breathing out the Reformed faith, or who by their threatenings against the poor boy, opinions exposed themselves to the who was instantly thrown into prisuspicions of the Romish Clergy, resided for some time at the court Of all the states of Italy, Venice of Ferrara, or were patronized by afforded the greatest facilities for the Duchess Renée.

the propagation of Protestant opiAt Modena the Reformed doc. nions, and the safest asylum to trines were propagated by Paolo those who suffered for embracing Ricci, whose discourses made many them. Venice bad risen to power converts, and produced a great sen and opulence by commerce ; and sation in the city ; so that the Scrip- hence a more than ordinary freedom tures were eagerly consulted, and of thinking and speaking was enthe subjects in dispute between the couraged. This city abounded in Church of Rome and her opponents printing-presses: here it was that were freely and generally can versions of the Bible, and other relivassed.

gious books, in the vulgar tongue, At Bologna, evangelical" senti were chiefly printed ; and the books ments relative to justification by of the German and Swiss Protest. faith, and other points then agitated, arts were consigned to merchants were propagated by John Mollio, in at Venice, by whom they were sent his public lectures; and, for several to different parts of Italy. years, there were in that city many The Reformation was also greatly persons favourable to Protestantism, promoted, in several Italian countries,

son.

by the labours and journeys of Celio families, insinuated themselves into Secundo Curio, by the popular elo- the confidence of individuals, and quence of Bernardino Ochino, and conveyed to the Inquisitors the by the judgment and learning of secret information thus obtained. Peter Martyr. So great, indeed, Assuming a variety of characters, was the number of those who de. they haunted the company both of sired a reformation, and who would the learned and of the illiterate; have been ready to concur in any and were to be found equally in well-devised attempt to introduce it, courts and cloisters. Thus the that had any Prince of considerable court of Rome, by its perseverance power placed himself at their head, and its intrigues, eventually trior had the court of Rome been umphed over all opposition; and guilty of any such aggression on every thing which it branded the political rights of its neighbours with the name of “heresy,” disapas it subsequently committed, Italy peared throughout Italy. might have followed the example of For some time, notwithstanding Germany, and Protestant cities and the keen search made for them, states might have risen on the many Protestants still remained at south, as well as on the north, of Venice. In 1560 they sent for a the Alps.

Minister to form them into a church, But the establishment of the In- and had the Lord's supper adminisquisition in Italy decided the issue tered to them in a private house. of these movements in favour of re But, soon after this, information ligious reform. This iniquitous and of their meetings having been given cruel tribunal could never obtain a by one of those spies whom the footing either in France or in Ger court of Rome kept in its pay, all many. The attempt to introduce it who failed to make their escape into the Netherlands was resisted ; were committed to prison. Num. and it kindled a civil war, which, bers fled to the province of Istria; after a bloody and protracted strug- and, after concealing themselves gle, rent seven flourishing provinces there for some time, a party of from the Spanish crown, and estab- them, amounting to twenty-three, lished in them civil and religious purchased a vessel, to convey them liberty. The ease with which it was some foreign country. When introduced into Italy shows that, they were about to set sail, an avawhatever illumination there ricious man, knowing their design, among the Italians, and however brought a claim for a pretended desirous they were to share in those debt against three of them, before blessings which other nations had the Magistrates of the place; and, secured, they were destitute of that not succeeding in extorting the mopublic spirit, and energy of princi- ney, he accused them as heretics, ple, which might have enabled them who fled from justice. In conseto shake off the degrading yoke of quence of this, they were arrested, Rome. No sooner was the Inquisi- conveyed to Venice, and lodged in tion erected, than those who, by the prison. Hitherto the Senate bad avowal of their sentiments, had ren. not inflicted capital punishment on dered themselves obnoxious to it, the Protestants; but now, unhapfed in great numbers from the pily, they yielded to the counsels of country. The prisons were filled the Romish Church, and acts of with those who remained behind, cruelty commenced, which contiwho were kept for years in silent nued for years to disgrace the reand dark confinement, with the view public. Drowning was the mode of of inspiring their friends with dread, death to which they doomed the and of subduing their own minds to heretics ; either because it was less a recantation of their sentiments. cruel and odious than committing Commissioned spies were dispersed them to the flames, or because it over Italy; who, by means of the accorded with the customs of recommendations with which they Venice. But if these exbibitions 'were furnished, got admission into were less barbarous than those of

to

was

more

ren,

On a

Spain, the solitude and silence with Milan, being a Priest, was which they were accompanied were severely questioned than his brethcalculated to excite the deepest hor He was thrice brought before ror. At midnight the prisoner was the Judges; and on one occasion taken from his cell, and put into a the Papal Legate, and many of the gondola, or Venetian boat, attended chief Clergy, attended. In their only, beside the sailors, by a single presence, and when threatened with Priest, to act as Confessor. He a fiery death, he openly professed was rowed out into the sea, beyond the various articles of the Protestthe two castles, where another boat ant faith, and bore testimony against was in waiting: a plank was then the usurpations of the Pope, the laid across the two gondolas, upon doctrine of purgatory, and the inwhich the prisoner was placed, hav- vocation of saints. During a fit of ing his body chained, and a heavy sickness, brought on by the length stone affixed to his feet.

and rigour of his confinement, some given signal, the gondolas retired concessions were extorted from him ; from one another, and he was preci. but, on his recovery, he instantly pitated into the deep.

retracted them; and, being formally The first person that suffered degraded from the priesthood, he martyrdom at Venice was Julio obtained the same watery grave as Guirlauda, a native of Treviso. his brethren, January 31st, 1567. When set on the plank, he cheer The most distinguished of those fully bade the Captain farewell, and who suffered death at Venice was sank, calling on the Lord Jesus, Baldo Lupetino, a native of Albona, October 19th, 1562, in the fortieth -a man of noble extraction, and year of his age.

highly esteemed for his learning and Antonio Ricetto, of Vicenza, was integrity. Being the Provincial of 80 much respected, that, after his the Franciscans within the Venetian conviction, the Senators offered to territories, he had excellent opporrestore him not only to his liberty, tunities of propagating the Reformed but to the whole of his property, opinions, and of protecting those provided he would conform to the who received his instructions. The Church of Rome. His firmness following account of him was writwas put to a still severer test : his ten by his nephew, Matteo Flacio :son, a boy twelve years of age, hav. “This learned Monk, after having ing been admitted into the prison, long preached the word of God in fell at his feet, and supplicated him, many cities, and defended it by in the most affecting way, to accept public disputation, with great apof the offers made him, and not to plause, was at last thrown into prileave his child an orphan. The son, at Venice, by the Inquisitor keeper of the prison having told and Papal Legate. In this condihim one day, with the view of in- tion he continued, for nearly twenty ducing him to recant, that one of years, to bear an undaunted testihis companions bad yielded, he mony to the Gospel of Christ ; so merely replied, “What is that to that his bonds and doctrine were me?” In the gondola, and on the made known, not only to that city, plank, he retained his firinness; but almost to the whole of Italy, praying for those who ignorantly and by it to Europe at large ; and put him to death, and commending thus evangelical truth was his soul to his Saviour. He died widely spread. Two things, among February 15th, 1566.

others, may be mentioned, as marks Francesco Sega, a native of Ro- of the singular providence of God vigo, who was drowned ten days towards this person during his imafter Antonio Ricetto, during his prisonment : 'first, the Princes of confinement composed several pious Germany often interceded for his works, for the comfort of his fellow- liberation ; but without prisoners; some of which were pre- On the other hand, the Papal Leserved after his death.

gate, the Inquisitor, and even the • Francesco Spinula, a native of Pope himself, laboured with all their

more

success.

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