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to the West Indies, in which he continually flocked around the pripays a testimony of gratitude to son, orders were given that he Captain Sundius, who in 1803 was should be closely confined. The appointed one of the ten members white people were suffered to visit of the Committee for guarding our him; but the guards would allow privileges. “Our accommodations no coloured person to speak to him, in every respect were excellent; and even through the grates. The poor he left nothing unprovided which Negroes often stood silently glanche thought might be necessary.” ing at him in the prison, while the (Page 76.)
tears trickled down their cheeks." On leaving. Kingston he adverts (Journal, p. 170.) again to the kindness of Mr. Stuart. On Dr. Coke's return to London, “Many,” says he, were the proofs he, with the late Thomas Thompson, of affection shown at our departure, Esq., and the Preachers in the metroespecially by one, whose delicacy polis laid the matter before His Mawill not admit my mentioning his jesty's Privy Council; and on the name. There were nearly a thou- 31st of October, 1793, the Right sand in society when we were driven Hon. Henry Dundas, one of His Maout by a persecuting law.” (Page jesty's Principal Secretaries of State, 179.) of this law Mr. Myles gives informed them “ that His Majesty in the following account, in his “Chro- Council had been graciously pleased nological History," page 343 :-“In to disannul the Act of the Assembly the year 1792 a law passed the of St. Vincent's; and that His Ma. island of St. Vincent, which made it jesty's pleasure should be notified criminal for any Minister, not of the by the first packet that sailed.” established Church, to preach in (Myles's “ Chronological History,” that island, unless he had been a
P. 344.) resident there twelve months, and Ten years afterwards, the Doctor, was licensed by the State. This the writing on this subject, says, “ Mr. Legislature saw would strike at the Lumb bore his imprisonment with root of itinerancy. The penalty, for the cheerfulness of a martyr. The the first offence, was ten Johannas, very Justices who committed him (£18 sterling,) or imprisonment for would have paid seven Johannas not more than ninety days, nor less out of the ten, (which was the fine,) than thirty; for the second, such if he would have suffered them ; corporal punishment as the Court and our worthy friend, Mr. Stuart, should think proper to inflict, and a merchant of that island, but now banishment; and, Jastly, in return resident in London, would have from banishment, death. In conse- paid the whole; but Mr. Lumb quence of this law, Mr. Matthew would not consent, determined to Lumb was apprehended, and cast do nothing, and consent to nothing, into prison, because he bad preached which might in the least degree be the Gospel in our own chapel, built construed as a voluntary submission with our own money, on our own to the law.” (Report, 1804, p. ground, to the poor Negroes. The 10.) only crime against him was, 'he No Missionary that had ever broke the law." Dr. Coke says : visited that island was more “ Jan. 6th, 1793, we landed at St. spected than Mr. Lumb. In proof Vincent's i and 1 hastened imme- of which I need only remark, that diately to visit my imprisoned bro Mr. Stuart, having retired on his ther. I found him in the common fortune, and settled in London, apjail, and a malefactor with him; pointed him one of the Executors of and afterwards another was added. his “last Will and Testament ;” Our kind friends supplied him with which, as it is a memorial to that provisions sufficient for himself and ministry to wbich he had so long his fellow-prisoners. Soldiers guard. been faithfully attached, and marks ed him; and because he spoke of his sympathetic feeling for his twelve the things of God through the Negroes who formerly served him, grates, to the poor Negroes, who I shall here transcribe.
“In the name of God, Amen. jesty's High Court of Chancery;
“I, David Stuart, of the City. the interest of which to be annually road, in the parish of St. Luke, and applied to the support of the aforecounty of Middlesex, being weak in said Superannuated Preachers, acbody, but of sound mind, memory, cording to the Rules of a Benefit and understanding, (praised be Al Society established by them, and mighty God for the same !) do make known by the name of “Itinerant and declare this my last Will and Methodist Preachers' Annuity.' Testament in manner and form fol. And I hereby empower my Exelowing :
cutors to secure the above sum of “First, I humbly resign my soul thousand pounds in the to God my Maker, beseeching his strongest possible manner, so that gracious acceptance of the same, the principal shall remain as a Fund through the all-sufficient merits and for the above purpose ; the interest mediation of my most compassion- alone be annually applied as before ate Redeemer Jesus Christ. My mentioned. body I give to the earth, from “And I give and bequeath to whence it was taken, in full assur. Mrs. Mary Ann Claxton, of Kingance of its resurrection from thence ston, in the island of St. Vincent, in at the last day. As to my burial, I the West Indies, the sum of six desire that it may be decent, with hundred pounds. Also to William out pomp, at the discretion of my Marriott, the younger, of Hoxton, dear and well-beloved wife, Sarah in the parish of St. Leonard, Shore. Stuart. And as to all my worldly ditch, stock-broker, the suin of one estate and effects, I give and he hundred pounds. Also to Matthew queath the same in manner and Lumb, now resident at Douglass, in form following ; that is to say,-! the Isle of Man, Methodist Preacher, give and bequeath unto my said the sum of one hundred pounds. wife, Sarah Stuart, during the term Also to my late Negro servants, of her natural life, the interest of now residing in the island of St. ten thousand two hundred pounds, Vincent aforesaid, the following pe. three per cent. Consolidated Annui. cuniary legacies :—to Frank, the sum ties; three thousand two hundred of one hundred pounds ; to Clinker, pounds of which I have transferred the sum of fifty pounds; and lo in the books of the Bank of Eng- Frederick, Harry, Rodney, Joe, land to the Trustees of the new Jenny, Nancy, Frances, Mary Ann, chapel in the City-road aforesaid, Sunderland, and Diana, the sum of for the purpose of paying the rent twenty pounds each. All which of the said chapel and chapel. my said legacies, my will is, shall ground, after the demise of me and be paid within one year after my my said wife : the interest of the death. And my will is, that the said three thousand two hundred money for paying the said pecuniary pounds being secured payable to legacies to my said Negro servants me and my said wife, during our shall be remitted by my Executors natural lives, by the bond of the to the said Mary Ann Claxton, and aforesaid Trustees. And the other by her paid to such of my said seven thousand pounds, three per Negro servants as shall survive me. cent. Consolidated Annuities, part But if any or either of them shall of my property now standing in my happen to die before me, I give and name in the books of the Bank of bequeath what is so given to him, England, I give and bequeath (after her, or them, that shall die before the death of my said wife, should me, unto the said Mary Ann Clarshe outlive me) as a Fund for the ton. All the rest, residue, and rebenefit of the Superannuated Preach. mainder of my money, securities for ers in connexion with the Confer- money, goods, chattels, estate, and ence of the people called Methodists, effects, of what nature as declared and established by a soever, and wheresoever the same Deed-Poll of the Rev. John
Wesley shall be at the time of my death, I deceased, and enrolled in His Mas give, devise, and bequeath to my
said dear and beloved wise, Sarah “Signed, sealed, published, and Stuart, subject to the payment of declared, by the above-named David my debts, the above-mentioned lega. Stuart, as and for his last Will and cies, my funeral expenses, and the Testament, in the presence of us, expense of proving this my Will. who at his request, and in his preAnd I do nominate, constitute, and sence, have hereunto subscribed our appoint my said wife Executrix, and names as witnesses, the said William Marriott and Mat “Signed, thew Lumb Executors, of this my ** Charles B. Leathan, last Will and Testament ; hereby
Samuel Pratt, revoking and making void all other
ADAM CLARKE." Will and Wills, Testament and Tes. taments, at any time heretofore by No tablet has yet been erected to me made ; and do declare this to be the memory of this excellent man, my last Will and Testament. In whose remains lie in the most obwitness whereof I have hereunto set scure corner of the City-road burialmy hand and seal, this thirty-first ground. day of October, in the year of our
Thomas MARRIOTT. Lord one thousand eight hundred and six.
April, 1844. “ David STUART.
THE BRITISH IN INDIA, AND CHRISTIAN MISSIONS THERE.
We give the following extract thirty years ago, by the intelligence from the last Number of a periodical sent from Ceylon by Dr. Coke's publication conducted with great noble band of Missionaries; and, ability, (the “ Foreign Quarterly Re soon after, by the display of yellow view,") not only because of the im- robes, and small images of yet smaller portance of the subject to which it deities, as trophies which proved at refers, but because it affords an op- least incipient success, and afforded portunity for appending a few ob- hopes of more extended triumphs. servations on another subject not Mr. Leigh's appeals on behalf of less important, and to which, we cannibal New Zealand produced, think, the attention of our readers subsequently, a similar effect. Then should be directed. Gradually, the great slavery question arose, intiChristian Missions have arrived at mately connected, during its prowhat is, in some respects, a new longed discussion, with Missions to position. They have always been the West Indies ; and causing feeladvocated, and by a great number ings so deep and strong, that conof persons been supported, on the tributions were often obtained from great principle of religious obligation. persons who would not have subBut, besides this, there have been, scribed to Christian Missions in at different times, and in respect to their ordinary character, and larger different parts of the world, sub- amounts from those who would. ordinate reasons, taken from the ex Southern Africa, whose claims were istence of temporary circumstances, so powerfully advocated by BARNAwhich have possessed a very excil BAS Shaw, furnished its touching ing power; and, under the influence anecdotes from Namacqualand, and of the feelings awakened by allusion other parts of the country. And, to them, a larger degree of support more recently, Western Africa and has been obtained than that which Ashanti contributed to move the statements liunited to what may be public mind. But all the power termed the Missionary principle exerted by novelty, or by these acci. would have procured. Great inter- dental and secondary circumstances, est was thus occasioned, nearly is passing away; and everywhere
Missionary stations, divested of what try. In the same causes originated was only temporary, are appearing the mean and forbidding exterior as Missionary stations, whose claims aspect of their houses, which, in are to be supported, first, by the Shikarpûr and other Mussulinan general obligation resting on all cities, still distinguishes them. They Christians to seek the extension of run up dull brick walls in front of Christ's kingdom; and, secondly, their dwellings, in order to suggest by the clear statement-and when the idea of gloom and wretchedness. can such a statement be otherwise The first exterior court corresponds than deeply affecting ?-of the par in appearance with this wall; but as ticular and various circumstances of you penetrate farther and fartber each class of stations. And of India into the dwelling, additional indica. it may especially be said, that it re tions of luxury and splendour meet quires neither novelty nor accidental your eye; until, in the sacred apartcircumstances to give interest to its ments of the zenana, you witness claims on Missionary zeal and libe the utmost magnificence at the com. rality. Only let the character and mand of the owner. The English influence of the errors which have had not been long masters of India, dominion there be duly considered before this taste began gradually to in connexion with the relation to the disappear. At first, as being yet millions of the people in which Bri uncertain of the future, the Hindus tish Christians stand, and the con put forward, timidly and sparingly, clusion will be irresistible, that we the tokens of their riches. They are bound to do all that is in our could not immediately persuade power to render the operations of themselves that the old order of Christian Missions in India as ex. things had really passed away. But tensive and as efficient as possible. when they made the discovery that We may just add, that the following men were taxed by the British Goextract is from a review of a work vernment according to just and setrecently published in France, with tled principles, and not pillaged bethe title, -L'Inde Anglaise en 1843. cause they might happen to be rich, Par le Compte Edouard de Warren. they gave free vent to their natural This M. de Warren has been in predilections, and surrounded them. India, and seems to be most com selves openly with a blaze of magni. pletely under the influence of that ficence. From the erection of su. hatred to “perfidious Albion” which perb and spacious houses, the Hinis, unhappily, too common among dus proceeded to the formation of certain classes of Frenchmen. We gardens, and the laying out of mention this to explain the allusions grounds. They cultivated a taste which occur to him in the course of for flowers, they delighted in beauthe remarks which we have copied. tiful exotic shrubs, they created
And, first, for the governinent. parks and plantations, and indulged One of the most unequivocal signs their Brahminical feet with the soft of oppression and misrule which so. turf of lawns. At present, accordciety ever puts forward in any coun. ingly, there are thousands of lovely try is, the affectation of poverty to gardens in Bengal, to the adorning which wealthy men are driven, in of which the Company has supplied, order to conceal their opulence. gratis, innumerable specimens of Now, during every period of the costly plants and flowering shrubs Mogul empire, as must be well from its horticultural establishments known even to the most superficial at Calcutta. Besides, if M. de Warstudent of Indian history, the rich ren had inquired, he would have men among the Hindus were always found that, all over India, the breeds in the habit of secreting their trea of domestic animals have been wonsures, or converting them into jew- derfully improved, and that the ellery, for the convenience of more natives now apply themselves with easy transport, in case circum. extraordinary ardour and success to stances should render it necessary the higher and more expensive profor them to fly to some other coun cesses of agriculture,-a state of
things wholly incompatible with who bow before the same idols. that universal wretchedness and This is one of the most inveterate misery to which he fancies all India failings of human nature, if a failing has been reduced. Again, on the it be. But time and opportunities subject of famines, be is either ex being granted for experience, the tremely ignorant, or, knowing the professors of Islamism and Brahfacts, thinks proper to misrepresent minism come at last, however rethem. Under the governments of luctantly, to the conclusion, that the Mogul Emperors and native justice and good government are Rajas, dearths were notoriously fre- better from a Christian than their quent; the crops failed; the peo- contraries from Pagans and true ple, discouraged by poverty and believers. In obedience to this condespotism, had not, and could not viction, the inhabitants of the fronhave, made provision for the evil tiers of all native states, gradually, day; and thousands, consequently, one after another, migrate into our were swept to a premature grave. territories in search of ill-usage, Such calamities happen but seldom according to M. de Warren, but in now. First, because the country is their own opinion to escape from it. better and more extensively culti. Sometimes the turbulence and anarvated; secondly, because the authori- chy prevailing in their own country ties watch more assiduously over send them over the borders in the welfare of the people; and, droves, and urge them to appeal as thirdly, because commerce, better supplicants to the British, to deliver understood and more judiciously the unhappy land of their birth from encouraged than formerly, is now the tyranny that scourges and desoable to relieve the distresses of one lates it. All this happens, of course, province by the superfluities of ano. in the case of the honest and industher. Had M. de Warren properly trious. The hordes of military adused his eyes when travelling, he venturers that infest India tell a difwould here and there have disco- ferent story. Leading a life of idlevered the vast granaries of the Com ness, and subsisting by plunder, pany, erected expressly to prevent they prefer that scheme of society the recurrence of those awful sacri. which most favours them, and troop fices of population which, under the towards those unhappy sections of Emperors whose munificence he Hindûstan in which, by the culpalauds and magnifies, happened so ble moderation of the Company, unfrequently
sightly fragments of the old despotic "Our limits absolutely forbid us institutions are still suffered to exist. to enumerate all the great benefits We may instance the state of Gwa. which the Company's government lior. That, of course, as enjoying has conferred upon India; nor, in the blessings of native rule, M. de fact, is this the place to enter into Warren and the Revue des deux minute details. We may, neverthe Mondes would consent to reckon less, point out to our persevering among happy and fortunate com. detractors some few circumstances munities. The Prince in a state of which, if properly weighed, may degrading pupilage; a female Reenable them, if they be so disposed, gent swayed entirely by an insolent to acquire a more correct idea of and rapacious Minister ; troops unwhat we have done for the Hindus, paid, and subsisting on the plunder and in what light we are conse. of the peasantry; incessant altercaquently regarded by them. The tions among the Chiefs; mutiny in native governments, whether Hindù the ranks ; discontent and poverty or Mussulman, neither provide now, among the people ; dread of external nor ever did provide, for the security invasion ; conscious incapacity to of life and property. To a certain resist it; such, to the inhabitants of extent, the prejudices of the popu- Gwalior, were the recommendations lace induce them, notwithstandingof native government. Similar, in to pay respect to rulers who own former times, was the condition of the same creed with themselves, or Cutch, when the English undertook