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consecration of the bread and wine, to say to the people, “Salute ye one another with a holy kiss," and then the Clergy salute the Bishop; laymen, laymen; women, women; while the Deacons walk about to see that there be no tumult. The giving of the kiss of peace is alluded to by Chrysostom, (Hom. iii. in Coloss.,) by Cyril of Jerusalem, (Cyril, Catech. Mystag. N. ii.,) by Justin Martyr, (Apolog., p. 97,) frequently by Augustine, (Hom. lxxxiii., De diversis, tom. x., col. 556,) and also by Tertullian. (Ad Uxor., lib. ii., cap. iv.) Tertullian tells us, that the kiss was given promiscuously, and without distinction by men and women, though some scrupled to give the kiss on the fast-day. (Bingham, book xv., cap. iii., sect. iii., and his references.) Now we tell our unfortunate Curate, that this custom combines in its favour, Scripture, tradition, antiquity, and universality. It was observed by all the ancient Christians, everywhere, and at all times, in what the Tractarians term the purer and pattern ages of the Church. We ask this juvenile Cleric, is he prepared to act up to his own principles, and those of his party ? Nous verrons.
The Rustic Bower ; or, Sketches from Nature. By William Mackenzie. 12mo. pp. 254. Simpkin.—These Sketches are
written in a pleasing style, and well adapted to lead the mind of youth, from a contemplation of the works to the God of nature.
Essays on some of the Prophecies in Holy Scripture, which remain to be fulfilled. By Edward Garrard Marsh, M. A., Canon of Southwell, fc. ge. Essay the Third.
On the Reign of Christ. 8vo. pp. 32. Seeley.—Argumentatively impressive, and deserving of extensive circulation; but which we fear will not be accomplished until the “Essays” be published in a cheaper form.
The Itinerant or Sailors' Journal : containing interesting Facts, fc., &c. Nos. V.to X. 18mo. pp. 68. Southampton.-Written on the plan of Campbell's “Walks of Usefulness," and full of interest,
The Pictorial Sunday-Book. Folio. Part IV. Knight & Co.—The engravings, all of which are illustrative of biblical subjects, are executed in a very spirited manner, which cannot fail to insure to the publisher due compensation.
The Illustrated Bible History. Edited by Charles Edwards Esq., Part I. Brain and Payne.- Promises fair to be a useful and popular addition to our drawingroom literature.
RESOLUTIONS OF THE
RELIGIOUS TRUSTS BILL.
Chancellor, intituled, “An Act for the WESLEYAN
Regulation of Suits relating to Meeting.
houses and other property held for ReliBILL ENTITLED, “AN ACT
gious Purposes by Persons dissenting FOR THE REGULATION OF SUITS
from the Church of England," cannot RELATING MEETING-HOUSES
but view it with the deepest regret, disAND OTHER PROPERTY HELD
satisfaction, and alarm; and express FOR RELIGIOUS PURPOSES BY
their most decided opposition to such an PERSONS DISSENTING FROM THE
enactment for the following reasons: CHURCH OF ENGLAND.”
Because the law of trusts, as interpreted AT a Meeting of the Committee ap and acted upon by the courts in this pointed for the Protection of the Civil kingdon, is most obviously equitable and Religious Privileges of the Wes and safe ; as it righteously seeks the fulfil. leyan Methodists, held at the Centenary ment of the intentions of the founders Hall
, Bishopsgate-street-Within, Lon of such trusts, and the appropriation of don, on Tuesday, April 2d, 1844, the the property so intrusted to the purposes Rev. Joan Scott, President of the which they, in the trusts affected by this Conference in the chair,—the following Bill, religiously contemplated. No inResolutions were unanimously adopt- convenience has arisen, nor is likely to
arise, from its continuance, to parties in I. That this Committee, after a care- rightful possession ; and it cannot be ful consideration of a Bill introduced departed from, as proposed, but by a into the House of Lords, by the Lord violation of justice, and by a sacrifice as
uncalled for, as it is alarming, of the some future Act or Acts of Parliament; principles of equity which have been re the principle of legislative interference peatedly affirmed by the Courts of Chan with the solemnly-declared objects of cery and the House of Lords; and which trusts, like those with which the Bill have been depended and acted on, by proposes to interfere, being such as may parties to such trusts, as invaluable and with ease be made applicable in future indispensable guarantees of security. to other cases of trust, in which parties Any interference of the nature proposed may be interested in perverting property the Committee cannot, therefore, too to objects dissimilar or opposed to those strongly deprecate.
for which it was originally intrusted. Because the Wesleyan Methodists, Because the alteration contemplated in whose name the Committee act, hold has not been preceded, as such an improperty to a very large amount, by portant change, affecting such large invarious forms of Trusts, consisting of terests, imperatively demands, by any Chapels, Schools, and Ministers' Houses, Parliamentary inquiry, but has been proas well as numerous charitable founda- posed without having been desired or tions, which might be in various ways sought by any considerable number of dangerously interfered with by any de persons dissenting from the Church of parture, like the one proposed, from the England; and is calculated to benefit usual course of long-established and satis exclusively those who hold anti-Trinitafactory law. These trusts have been rian opinions, and that in a way which formed with the belief, and under the cannot but be eventually injurious to firm impression, which has been con those religious bodies which constitute firmed by the decisions of the Courts, 80 large a portion of the whole populathat the before-mentioned principle of tion. In addition to the injustice of the interpretation with reference to trust measure, on which this Committee found property would continue to guide the their chief objection, it would be neither administration of justice, and be undis wise nor safe so to alter the law, in turbed by Parliamentary interference. favour of one party only, as to destroy With the law, as it stands, this Com. even endanger the acknowledged mittee, and the religious community in legal and equitable claims of the orthowhose name they act, are satisfied: they dox religious bodies in the kingdom. are content to abide by its operation, and Because in Ireland, to which the Bill are decidedly opposed to any alteration, is, by the decision of the Select Comand much more to its being, as proposed mittee of the House of Lords, recomby the Bill now before the House of mended to be extended, property, conLords, practically superseded.
sisting of chapels, parsonages, schoolBecause the Bill proposes, in reality, buildings, and other charitable foundaby an arrest of the course of justice, to tions, to a much larger amount than in quiet Arians, Socinians, and Unitarians England, has been diverted from its in the possession of property to which right use ; the alienation of which would the Courts have declared they have no be perpetuated by the proposed Bill, and right, and which the Founders of the that under circumstances of peculiar ag. trusts relating to such property never gravation, inasmuch as it would sanction intended persons of their peculiar theo and confirm the usurpations of parties logical opinions to possess and enjoy. holding doctrines, and teaching religious No length of time during which posses peculiarities, considered, not only by the sion has been had of the property in Churches of England, Ireland, and question can create a right which did not Scotland, but by all other branches of originally exist, but is a powerful argu the catholic church, in all ages, to be ment why injustice, aggravated by length opposed to “the faith once delivered to ened continuance, should cease, and the saints," and therefore endangering, justice be now done, in the legitimate in the most fearful and fatal manner, execution of the trusts, and in the the best present and everlasting interests appropriation of the property so in of the community. trusted.
The Committee, therefore, in the dis. Because such alteration of the law charge of their imperative duty, object would operate as a powerful discourage to the enactment of the proposed Bill, ment to the formation of religious trusts and respectfully but firmly protest against for the future, as, with a precedent sanc its further progress. tioning the infringement of trusts of this II. That while this Committee think nature, no person could have security, that Arians, Socinians, and Unitarians that his most cherished and conscien are protected in the enjoyment of Trusts tious intentions might not be defeated by which they founded prior to the repeal
of the penal clause in the Toleration and presented, on behalf of this ComAct, it having been ruled in the Courts, mittee, to the House of Lords. that such repeal was retrospective as well Signed, on behalf of the Committee, as prospective; they would offer no ob
John Scott, jection to a specific legislative declara President of the Conference, tion of such protection.
CHARLES PREST, III. That a Petition, founded upon Secretary of the Committee of Privileges. the foregoing Resolutions, be prepared
THE ROSE.-The Guebers believe, uncharitably nor unjustly on the characthat when Abraham was thrown into the ter of the Romish Church, contained in a fire by Nimrod, the flame turned into a “Visitation Report” of the Bishop to bed of roses. The Turks have an idea the Propagation Society, extracts from that a rose sprang from the perspiration of which were printed in the “ Trinidad Mahomet; and they cause this flower to Standard.” The Vicar-Apostolic, wroth be sculptured on the monuments of all at the intimation that the instruction of young women who die unmarried. The the Romish Clergy might be “ mythological writers say that Apollo scriptural,” exclaims : “What is 'scripcaused Rhodanthe, Queen of Corinth, in tural ?' It is, and has long been, a consequence of her extreme beauty, to be nose of wax, fitting every face, from the changed into a rose. The first rose is turbulent enthusiast of Munster, to the said to have been given by the god of fanatical rioter at Canterbury; and from love to Harpocrates, the god of silence, Oliver Cromwell to Joanna Southcott ; to engage him to conceal the conduct of and from the Commonwealth to Tea and his mother Venus; and hence it was Tract Societies; and from the murderers made the symbol of silence. A rose was of Mary and Charles to the peace-loving always placed above the heads of the followers of William Penn." Of the guests in the banqueting-hall, to banish Church of England he thus speaks : restraint, and to denote that nothing said “ That body, for which the Catholics of there should be repeated elsewhere; and England (though long sitting by the hence originated the saying, sub rosa, waters of bitterness, and the desolation when a secret was to be kept. Rhodes of their ancient altars) must ever feel is thought to owe its name to the im- regard ; for it has not allowed all to be mense quantity of roses which it pro- utterly destroyed; but has conserved duces. At Salreay, in France, a curious some of the best monuments of ancient festival is kept up, called the festival of faith ;-that high-born, and learned, and toses. A young girl is selected from affluent body, the Church of England, among three of the most distinguished what has it become? I say it in deepfor female virtues ; her name is an felt sadness, and not in heartless exultanounced from the pulpit: she is after tion : what is it, but a 'form of Chris. wards conducted to the church to attend tianity,' wasted by scriptural' atrophy, the vesper service. She was formerly and fast vanishing from among men ? accustomed to open the ball at night The Bishop of Barbadoes has replied, in Fith the Seigneur: now a present is be the “ Trinidad Standard,” in temperate stowed upon her, and she is called La and courteous language, vindicating the Rosiere, because she is always adorned right of a Catholic Bishop of the English with roses, Public Paper.
Church to speak of Popery as of “a THE BISHOP OF BARBADOES AND form of Christianity, deeply imbued with THE TITULAR BISHOP OF OLYM. foreign predilections, and sadly debased PUS.
The Vicar-Apostolic of the with numerous superstitions ; " that beRomish Missions in the West Indies, ing the sentence which had most parDaniel Macdonald, Bishop of Olympus ticularly provoked the ire of the titular in partibus, has published a tirade upon of Olympus.-English Review, April, the Anglican Church, in the shape of a 1844. letter to Dr. Parry, the newly-appointed INDULGENCES.-A Papal letter of Bishop of Barbadoes. It was occasioned indulgence, published in Bavaria, with by some passages reflecting neither the permission of the ecclesiastical auto Vol. XXIII. Third Series. May, 1814,
thorities, and with the approbation of whose intercession the Roman Church the Rector Magnificus and the Dean of invokes.--Ibid. the Theological Faculty at Munich, which TRUE MERITS OF THE DIssey. is to be found in the Prayer-Books of TERS' CHAPELS BILL. - Whereas the Roman Catholics of Bavaria, con nearly three hundred chapels, &c., erected, tains, among others, the following: and in some cases endowed, by Trinitarian “Whoever shall reverently say, ' Praise Presbyterians, for the maintenance and be to Jesus Christ !'obtains an indul. spread of Trinitarian doctrines, have, by gence of five hundred days, and on his the lapse of time, and the unfaithfulness death-bed perfect absolution ; whoever of Trustees and Ministers, been perverted bows at the name of Jesus or Mary, an to the maintenance and spread of docindulgence of twenty days; whoever de trines commonly called Unitarian, envoutly says an Ave Maria, sixty days; tirely opposed to and subversive of those whoever devoutly hears a mass, or causes entertained by the pious founders, and it to be read, three thousand eight hun for the maintenance of which doctrines dred years; whoever says five Pater the said chapels, &c., were erected and nosters and five Ave Marias in honour endowed, under the sanction of the law; of Christ's passion, and as many in
and whereas the intentions of the founders honour of Mary the sorrowful mother,
of the said chapels are clearly ascertainten thousand years." To make this able by those rules of interpretation which arithmetic of absolution intelligible, it is the Courts of Equity adopt in the inter. added, that “all the indulgences ob- pretation of all deeds of trust, whether tained in this life benefit the soul in the for religious purposes, or for purposes next life," and that “in purgatory souls purely civil; and whereas some of the suffer in one instant as much pain as a chapels, &c., so erected have been reman might suffer in one thousand years ; stored to the purposes for which they yea, as much as all the martyrs together were originally intended and used, under did suffer ; ” but that “the faithful are the decisions of the Court of Chancery enabled, during their lifetime, to quench and the House of Lords; and whereas these horrible pains by indulgences.' it is expedient that the parties who have Ibid.
violated their trust, and have perverted BEATIFICATION OF A PROVINCIAL property from its lawful use, as aforesaid, OF
THE JESUITS.—The increasing shall not be called to account for their influence of the Order of Jesuits is malversations, as heretofore, but shall be strongly attested by a Papal decree confirmed and secured in the possession of January 28tii, 1844, which declares, of the property which they now do or shall that Peter Canisius, deceased at Frei hereafter unlawfully possess ; BE IT burg in 1595, was so certainly possessed ENACTED, by, &c., &c., that in all cases of the theological and cardinal virtues, in which the doctrines to be taught in and the virtues connected with them, in such chapels are not laid down in the an heroical degree, that further proceede deeds declaring the trusts in “express ings, with a view to his canonization, terms,” although otherwise clearly ascer. that is, the examination of the four miras tainable, according to the principles of cles necessary to establish his claim to a law, “ founded on common sense and place in the calendar, may with safety be common justice,” the usage of the conadopted. Peter Canisius was the first gregation for iwenty years in violation Provincial of the Order of Jesuits in of the original trusts shall be a perpetual Germany, where he took an active part bar to all suits for the recovery of such in the discussions respecting the Reform property to its rightful use; and BE IT ation. From the decree it appears, that, FURTHER ENACTED, that the usage of as early as 1625 and 1630, the Jesuits the congregation for the last twenty took the first steps necessary to obtain years frequenting such chapel shall be his canonization. Various delays, how “conclusive evidence” that the Trinitaever, intervened; the affair was repeat rian founders intended the said chapels, edly brought forward, in 1693, 1729, &c., to be used for the propagation of and 1735; but nothing definitive was Unitarian, and not Trinitarian, doctrines
, done ; and the subsequent suppression of for the subversion of their own faith, and the Order put an end to the further pur not for its perpetuation, any presumption suit of it. In 1833 the cause was re of law, or principle of “common sense vived before the Congregation of Rites, or common justice," notwithstanding! and is now, it appears, to be proceeded -Evans's Letter to the Lord Chanwith till Peter Canisius shall have ob cellor. tained his place, along with his master, THE ROMAN CATHOLIC LEXTSt. Ignatius of Loyola, among the saints Every religion has its Lent and days of
abstinence. The motive of this insti. and most of the convents having refused to tution rests in the moral necessity of submit to it, their opposition gave rise to atoning for the sins of the soul by the suits, which lasted for ages. According mortification of the body. In the early to that Council,sea-ducks, northern ducks, times of the Christian church there ex and otters could be eaten on fast-days; isted communities of fasters, who prac and in 1790 the Carthusian Friars, and tised abstinence to an incredible degree other Orders, who abstained entirely from of austerity. The fasts of the vigils re the use of meat, continued to eat the placed the night's watchings at the tombs flesh of those animals. In the fifteenth of the saints. At that period there were century milk and butter were still profour Lents in Christendom. A Bishop bibited on fast-days; for Anna of of Paris, consulted respecting the obser. Brittany obtained permission from the vance of those Lents, replied that Chris Pope for her province of Brittany to use tian abstinence varied according to climes them on those days, as the province did and countries. Thus, in Italy, the peo- not produce olives. It is to be supposed ple abstained during three days of the that the Church never regarded as an week from using cooked aliments in con- invariable point of discipline abstinence sequence of the quantity and quality of from flesh meat. History informs us the fruits of the country. The very that a Pope threatened the Dutch to nature of the forbidden or permitted ali- suppress fasting throughout Christendom, ments varied according to the different pe if they did not pay him the tribute they riods. Formerly the church allowed the owed to the Holy See. The Dutch consumption, during Lent, and on days continued to pay the tribute, and the of abstinence, of fowl, partridges, phea- Pope refrained from carrying his threat sants, and other animals of the feathered into execution. It was only in 1708 kind, because God had created them that birds were definitively struck off the together with the fishes ; (Gen. i. 20;) bill of fare of Lent. The medical bot, on the other hand, butter, milk, and faculty decided that northern ducks, cheese were prohibited, as well as the vernages and blairiers, should no longer flesh of the quadrupeds which produced be considered as fasting fare ; but the them. In the eighth century, Angesibe, sea-duck still maintained its privilege. Abbot of Fontenelles, imposed as No reason, however, was assigned for obligation on the farmers of his abbey, that preference ; for the blairier is a to supply him with thirty-eight goose sort of duck, and the vernages are now pies and ninety-five well-fattened fowl, no longer extant. In Paris only six at the beginning of Lent. This Abbot oxen were killed during the Lent in was, nevertheless, very orthodox; for he 1629; in 1665 their number rose to 200, was canonized in 779. In 817 a Council, in 1708 to 500, and in 1750 to 1,500. held at Aix-la-Chapelle, authorized the In our days, in 1843, the consumption of faithful of the provinces in which olives butchers' meat in Paris during the months did not grow to use pork's lard in lieu of of February and March was 12,400 oxen, oil, through opposition to the Jews. It 3,500 cows, 11,500 calves, 77,700 sheep, was only in 1212, that a Council de- 10,400 pigs, and 781,000 kilogrammes cided that poultry should no longer be of meat brought to market by country considered fasting fare ; but that decision butchers, pork, &c.—Courrier Français. was the occasion of much controversy,
1. DIED, at Millington, in the Al. from his care,, and forming ungodly trincham Circuit, December 10th, 1840, associations, he became very profane. aged eighty-five, Mr. John Harrison. He married when quite a young man, He was born of respectable parents ; but and began life for himself on a small they became greatly reduced in circum farm in the neighbouring parish of stances, so that, while very young, he Lymm, and had no thought beyond this had to go out to farmers' service. Con- world. He laboured hard during the siderable pains had been taken by his week, and generally spent his Sabbaths grandfather to impress his mind with in visiting his friends, or receiving visits the fear of God; but, being removed from them. Some time after he was