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to this, that we can scarcely bear, once as a soldier, I ought to rejoice in it. in a year, to sit for an hour or two to Now, Sir, the application is this. If we hear a Report read, the only apology have only a slight acquaintance with we can make to our friends, who have the
of other Christian the managment of such Societies, is the churches, we shall be exposed to two assurance that we will read their Re- dangers. One will be an undue comports very carefully at home, and study placency with regard to our own movethem there. I am quite certain that ments, and a wrong view as to some our addresses to promiscuous assemblies ultimate triumph, because we have been like the present would be more influ- moving on uninterruptedly for a series of ential, if a larger amount of knowledge years; or, on the other hand, we shall was previously deposited in their minds feel some surprise, or hang our harps to which we could appeal. I have upon the willows, and become faint in deeply regretted the absence of this; our spirits, as though nothing more was and I would urge on our young friends to be accomplished. What took place the importance of connecting themselves on the plains of Waterloo ?
One regiwith some association for the specific ment was almost cut to pieces by the purpose of reading all the valuable French ; but just then our noble cavalry works that come from the press upon were driving the main force in another upon the Missionary question. We direction, and we obtained the victory. ought to have Missionary libraries in all It is in this way that we ought to look at our Circuits. Mr. Waugh has referred the subject ; and when we understand to the want of more Christian charity. I what each other are doing, we shall be believe the limited reading of many of saved from some things which are objecus, on Missionary questions, is one great tionable, and at all events we shall have cause of the want of that charity. We more charity towards one another's moveprofess, on occasions like the present, to be connected with others for the accom The Resolution was then agreed to; plishment of the subjecting the world after which Sir GEORGE Rose was to its rightful owner,—the Lord Jesus under the necessity of vacating the chair, Christ; and yet how little do some of which was then taken by Thomas us know of the movements of other FARMER, Esq., amidst loud applause. sections of the church of Christ ! To The Rev. ROBERT Young (recentdo justice to the question, we ought to ly returned from a special mission to read up to the times on each subject. Jamaica) next addressed the Meeting. Gentlemen in the army are familiar with He said, -In appearing before you, and the movements of other regiments than this large assembly, as the humble advothose with which they are immediately cate of the Missionary cause, I shall not connected. They are able to say which be expected to refer to any other portion regiments are on foreign service, how of the Mission-field than that from long they have been there, and when which I have recently come. Twentythey are to return. Give them a few three years ago, I entered upon the work moments for recollection, and they will of a Missionary in Jamaica ; and, after tell you the most heroic achievements labouring there for several years, the of such and such regiments, and when state of my family's health required my such and such records were placed on removal to a more congenial climate in their flags. They identify themselves America, where I continued for some with the movements of other regiments. time, and then returned to this country. What would have been thought of any At the commencement of the last winter, officer in Her Majesty's service throwing I was deputed by our Missionary Comdown the despaiches from China, in mittee, to visit the scene of my early ladisgust, and saying, “ These victories bours; and, as their representative, I arwere obtained by the 54th or the 98th rived on the 31st of December, in the city regiments; but as none of my regiment of Kingston, after an absence of more than were there, the brave 72d, I will have seventeen years. It was the holy Sabbath, nothing to do with it ? ” Why such a and I went straightway from the vessel man would deserve to have his coat to one of our large chapels, where I turned, and be drummed out of the found the people had just assembled for service. He has everything to do with worship. I had not been many minutes it, if the British arms have triumphed. in the place before I was recognised ; and If the regiment with which I am con one person, with peculiar emotion, exnected may not have proved victorious, claimed, “O my spiritual father ! " In what has that to do with the matter ? a moment I was surrounded. Some The British power has triumphed, and, grasped my hands, others embraced my
feet, some stroked my head, others pat planters who were formerly opposed to ted my back, some stood upon their the measure. If the Negroes do not seats, others fell upon their knees, some perform the same amount of labour as wept, and others literally shouted for when they were goaded to it by the cruel joy. As the excitement increased, and lash, it is only what might be expected. the whole congregation caught the con Besides, many of them now wish to save tagion, I found it necessary, in self. their wives from the severe and wasting defence, to get into the pulpit. I toils of the field; and what Christian accordingly entered, and commenced the husband, who is bound to “ love his public service; and a more interesting wife even as Christ also loved the occasion I do not expect to witness church," can blame them for so doing? whilst in this probationary state. To The boon of emancipation is unques. see what I then saw, and to hear what I tionably a great one, and they are not then heard, was an ample compensation insensible of the blessings which they for the risk of health, and the sacrifice of have received from the bestowment of domestic comfort, which my mission to that boon. Whilst I was passing that country necessarily involved. The through the country, I met a Negro, next day my lodgings were beset, from who told me he had now no owner at morning till night. Many of my old the “great house," but that God, the friends, with whom I had formerly taken Missionary, and the Queen had made sweet counsel, came to see me. Time him free ; that he had thanked God and had altered their appearance, but not the Missionary for what they had done their principles. I had not long been in for him ; and he wished me to be so the country before I was much impressed good as to inform Her gracious Majesty with the delightful change which had the Queen, that his heart was “grateful been effected in the circumstances of the too much ;" that is to say, it was grate. Negro population. The holidays of ful in the superlative degree. I very Christmas and the New Year, which much rejoice that Queen Victoria is were formerly spent in noisy 'revelry, loudly and deservedly cheered at home drumming, dancing, drunkenness, and wherever she presents herself; but such debauchery of almost every kind, now a loud acclaim as our popular Sovereign passed off with the utmost quiet and never heard before, would burst from good order. Scarcely was a drum heard a grateful population, were she to visit in any part of the city, and not a solitary that beautiful isle of the West. She dancer was seen parading the streets. is so great a favourite with the Negro It is true that, at the termination of the peasantry, that though they are not old year, many songs were heard in dif- generally obtrusive, yet their joy would ferent parts of the city, but they were the be so unbounded, had they the oppor. sweet songs of Zion; and crowds were tunity of seeing her, that they would seen moving along the streets, but they break through every form of courtly were not turbulent Negroes in midnight etiquette, and I verily believe endanger revels, but servants of the Lord with her precious life by their very caresses. grateful hearts, returning from their Nor are the names of individuals who respective places of worship. According have distinguished themselves by their to the testimony of the “ Morning Jour. advocacy of Negro claims allowed to be nal," a most respectable newspaper in forgotten. In a mountain district, where Kingston, not a solitary individual was I had engaged to preach, I was also reseen drunk in that city during the quested to publish the banns of marriage Christmas holidays. Other changes between “ Joseph Gurney” and Ellen equally delighted me. The holy Sabe Gordon, between “ Joseph Sturge" and bath, formerly so much desecrated there, Jane Gordon, between Fowel Bus. is now observed with as much Christian ton" and Emma Burton. Thus are decorum as it is in any city or town of these illustrious names gratefully transEurope. The tone of moral feeling mitted to posterity, in connexion with among the Negro population, too, is the noble scheme of Negro emancipation. greatly elevated; as their conversation, Another happy change has taken place style of dress, and general deportment, in the state of society in that country: abundantly testify. The great experi. I was greatly delighted to find the ment of Negro emancipation has, as a prejudice arising from colour almost whole, worked well, and much better entirely removed. A few days after than its most ardent advocates dared to my arrival, I was invited to dine with anticipate ; and I assert this, not merely the Admiral, the Receiver-General, and as the conviction of my own mind, but other distinguished individuals, at the as the opinion of the most respectable house of a coloured gentleman; and,
before I left, I had the honour of being whilst many a lovely shrub, just emblem invited by Lord Elgin, the Governor, of human life, had survived its beauty, to meet, at the Government House, a or entirely disappeared.
At the apdinner party, composed partly of gen- pointed time, the bell was rung, and tlemen of colour; and frequently did the tribes came up to worship; amongst I meet, in the social circle, the deep whom I at once recognised several as shaded African, and the light European, the first-fruits of that Mission. The as well as all the intermediate shades of chapel was crowded to excess, and many colour. During the period of my former could not get admittance. After I had residence in that country, persons of finished the service, many of the people different hues never met in the social rushed forward to shake hands with me, circle, and in many places of worship assigning several reasons for so doing : they never mingled at the table of the -some, because I had baptized them; Lord. The change which I now wit. others, because I had married them; nessed was therefore no less pleasing some, because I had settled differences than it was astonishing, and must be between them as husbands and wives; regarded as one of the many triumphs and others, because I had saved them of our ameliorating Christianity. In from severe floggings when they were in Jamaica Christianity has indeed accom. a state of slavery ; some because I had plished great things, and each Mis- visited them in sickness, and given them sionary Society whose agents are there, medicines; and others, because I had has already reaped a rich reward. Con- committed some dear relative of theirs to nected with our own society, we have the tomb; some, because I had counabout 27,000 church-members, all more selled them in seasons of perplexity; or less under the influence of divine and many, because, as they said, I had grace ; and if some of them be as yet made them see. I am certainly not comparative novices, with respect to soon excited ; but I should have sussacred things, there are thousands of pected the genuineness of my Christi. them whose proficiency in Christian anity if I could have passed through att ainments is highly satisfactory, and that scene without emotion, I did whose conduct would be ornamental to indeed feel with the Apostle, that there any section of the Christian church. I
was no greater joy than to find my was much pleased with the spirit of children, black as some of them were, our beloved people, not only in Kings still walking in the truth. Our Misston and Spanish-Town, but also in the sion in the West Indies is very impormountain-districts; and in my visit to tant, under whatever aspect it may be the Port-Royal mountains, I met with viewed. It is not only the oldest, but several Negroes who expressed their the most successful of our Missions, obligations to the Missionary Committee It has instructed the ignorant in the for having furnished them with the knowledge of the true God; and by vapreaching of the Gospel. One person, rious means communicated light to them in describing the happy results of the that sat in darkness and in the region of the labours of our Missionary in that locality, shadow of death. It has dealt its bread bent forward, closed her eyes, and put to the hungry, opened rivers in high her fingers upon them, saying, “When places, and fountains in the midst of Massa Harding came to these moun the valleys, for those “whose tongues tains, we stood so; but now," said she, failed for thirst.” It has given peace to presenting herself erect, and opening her the wretched, joy to the sorrowful, proeyes marvellously wide, “ we stand so." claimed liberty to the captives, and the If Mr. Harding has not been an Apostle opening of the prison-doors to them that to others, he has doubtless been an were bound. It has saved from the Apostle to these mountaineers, in having flame, by leading to the fountain, tens of “opened their eyes, and turned them thousands of the outcasts of society, from darkness to light.” In my visit to who are now, we trust, before the eternal St. Andrew's Mountain, I was greatly throne; and it has conducted tens of impressed with the change which had thousands more to the mercy-seat, where been effected since I commenced that they have obtained salvation, and now, Mission twenty years before. It is true, in different spheres of labour, are they the hills and dales about this Jerusalem serving their generation according to the were still the same; but their silence will of God. Nor should it be forgotwas no longer broken by the shrieks of ten, that it hastened the abolition of slathe tortured Negro. The seeds depo- very, and is so controlling its civil resited by the hand of my wife had vege sults, as to make it eventually a benefic tated into large and beautiful trees, to all the parties concerned. In all these Vol. XXIII. Third Series. JUNE, 1844.
respects, our West-India Mission is are wesend us.” Perhaps the chief, most important; but, when viewed in if not the only, difficulty, in the way reference to the conversion of Africa, its of accomplishing this object, resolves importance must be still more evident, itself into a question of finance. But Africa, we conceive, will nerer be wholly have we not some excellent men amongst converted by European Missionaries. us, who will kindly consider this case, That great work must, to a considerable and, in addition to all their former giv. extent, devolve upon her own sons; and ings, give something for the establishwhere can we find them better fitted for ment of an institution which is so desis. this holy enterprise, than in connexion able? I believe we have. Besides, with our old and successful Mission in the it ought not to be overlooked, that, in Western Archipelago ? I would, there my visit to the West Indies, our honour. fore, Sir, recommend to this Society, able-minded Missionaries in Jamaica, that, as soon as possible, a Theological on hearing the financial difficulties of the Institution be established on the island Parent Society stated, at once gave up of Jamaica, for the training of Native £1,000 which had been granted to them Missionaries. This measure would be by the Missionary Committee, for the a great benefit to that country, as well present year, and that they readily en
to Africa. Perhaps religion in tered upon the prosecution of those plans Jamaica has most to fear, at the pre of increasing and saving funds, which, sent period, from ignorant teachers. it is hoped, in a very short time, will Many individuals, who cannot even read, render them financially independent, and and who are notoriously ignorant of the thus afford a great relief to this instiscriptural way of salvation, are begin. tution. The Resolution that has been ning to assume the pastoral office, and put into my hand is to the following are ensnaring many people ; and as this is a growing evil, it is thought that no “ That this Meeting dwells with great thing would so effectually arrest its pro- satisfaction on the efforts which are mak. gress, as the establishment of a Theo ing in the West Indies, and elsewhere, logical Institution for the training of to render the Missions there less burdenNative Missionaries; as that would be some upon the General Funds of the a practical announcement, which the Society; and would indulge the hope Negroes would soon understand, that that the commendable erample thus prowe deem some theological training essen posed will be followed in other Colonies, tial to full ministerial efficiency. The so that a larger portion of the Society's prospect of such an establishment there income will be left available, every sucgreatly delights our people, who would, ceeding year, for the support of Missions I have no doubt, contribute most hand in Heathen and uncivilized countries, somely to its support. Having men which, owing to the destitute condition tioned the subject, on my recent visit, to of the people, must necessarily, at presome of the Members of the Honourable sent, remain chiefly dependent for supHouse of Assembly, they expressed them port upon British aid.” selves much delighted, and begged to be I had intended saying much more, but informed as soon as our plans were com my time is gone. I will, therefore, conpleted, in order that they might bring clude by merely stating, that, in the the subject before the House, as they course of fourteen weeks, I visited Ma. had no doubt of obtaining for such deira, Barbadoes, Grenada, Bermuda, St. an undertaking some legislative aid. Thomas's, Porto-Rico, St. Domingo, and It is true, as yet, we have not many Jamaica ; that I travelled upwards of candidates for the ministry among the ten thousand miles; that I saw much, natives of Jamaica. We had two last suffered much, enjoyed much ; and, by year, and we have not a larger number “strength made perfect in weakness," this year ; but I am sure the Meeting was enabled not only to accomplish every will be delighted to learn, that there object for which I was sent out, but is a prospect of several excellent young many others, also tending to the saving men being speedily raised up in that of our funds, and the spread of our glodistrict for this important service ; and rious Christianity. as some of the other West-India dis The Rev. JONATHAN CROWTHER, tricts would doubtless supply candidates, recently from Madras, was received a beginning might at once be made on with loud applause. He said,—Under a humble scale. At all events, it is ordinary circumstances, I should not worth serious consideration. There are have been solicited, or, if solicited, should men in the West Indies burning with not have been easily induced, to under. zeal for Africa, and exclaiming, “ Here take the task of speaking on this occt
sion ; but this being the first Meeting without hope in the world ;” and if I of the Society that has occurred since am correct in stating these to be the my return from India, the Committee circumstances which render Christian have, in the exercise of their discretion, Missions necessary, where, I should be deemed it to be fitting that I should say glad to know, do these things exist something on the subject of Missions to more palpably, or with more terrible that country. And as, in deference to effect, than in those provinces which their call some years ago, I was found pass under the general name of India ? willing to do what lay in my power to I may be told of the spiritual stupidity serve the cause of God abroad, I cannot, and ignorance of the Negro, the Hota without being inconsistent with myself, tentot, the Caffre, the New.Zealander, and without being wanting at the same the Otaheitan, and the Feejeean,—and time in the respect which is due to them, I am not at all disposed to suspect the do otherwise than, in submission to the very darkest representation that has been same authority, do what in me lies to given of their case, as being a whit more advocate the cause at home. I trust, gloomy than the facts of it will justify. however, that the circumstance of my But in their case, generally speaking, limiting my observations, on the present the darkness which exists is for the most occasion, to that particular station with part a mere absence of light; and you which I have of late years been officially have only to present the light, and the connected, will not be construed as im darkness almost immediately disappears. plying, that I disregard at all the claims But, in respect to the Hindoo, besides and interests of other sections of the the absence of spiritual light, there is general enterprise. My residence in also an opaque and pitchy cloud, like India has not, I hope, rendered me that which once rested upon the land indifferent to what is doing, and what of Egypt in the day-time ;—there is a is still required to be done, in any of darkness such, that even when the light those places that are now included with is brought to shine around it, the people in the range of this Society's extensive do not immediately perceive it, nor do operations ; but the fact is, that with they rejoice in it with the same readirespect to the observations I am ness as other people do, around whom pected to make on this occasion, I am has been cast a less intense and a more limited to India ; and I shall therefore easily penetrable darkness. If it be true endeavour, within the compass of the that darkness hath covered the earth in time allotted to me, to restrict myself general, it is emphatically true that it wholly to that particular department is a gross darkness which has covered of the Society's operations. I have, the hearts of this people ; and hence, as happily for myself, and happily also for Dr. Wilson has very properly observed, the Meeting, been saved from what I there it is that Satan, as the Prince of might, under other circumstances, have darkness, pre-eminently has his seat; considered necessary, the task of enter there his temples are the most numerous ing into certain topics connected with and prominent, his sacrifices the most that particular section of Missionary costly, his votaries the most devoted, enterprise, in consequence of the very his dominion the most triumphant, and appropriate and striking observations his defiance of the right and claim of the which have already been made by our great Lord of the whole earth the most excellent friend, Dr. Wilson, of Bom- daring and the most secure. And then, bay ; and I shall therefore select, out let it be remembered, that in connexion of the topics which were in my mind, with all this spiritual ignorance and two or three only, and on these I shall blindness, there is a proportionate amount remark with as much brevity as pos of wretchedness and suffering in a variety sible. My first point is, that there is of forms. I may be told of various a necessity in India for Christian Mis forms of cruelty which, in other parts of sions, as urgent, to say the least of it, the world, give demonstration to the As in any other quarter of the world. solemn truth, that “their sorrows shall I suppose I am right in taking it for be multiplied that hasten after other granted, that the circumstances which gods ;” but I have never yet read or render Christian Missions necessary to heard anything of the cruelties and a people are, the spiritual blindness and enormities that are practised in any other ignorance of the people, the temporal portion of the heathen world, to which miseries and wretchedness thence en I cannot find a parallel, and more than a suing, in a variety of ways, and, above parallel, in the pilgrim-penances, the all, the spiritual guilt and danger of swinging-feasts, the infanticides, and the people as “ living without God and the funeral-pile of the Hindoo. And