Page images

was apprehended in consequence of mentioned auto, a son of the Empea confession extorted by the rack ror of Morocco, who had been bapfrom her sister, Maria de Bohorques, tized in his youth, was brought on who owned that she had conversed the scaffold for relapsing into Mawith her on the Lutheran tenets hometanism, and was condemned to without exciting any marks of dis- be confined for three years, and approbation. Donna Juana, being then banished from the country. in a state of pregnancy, was permit- In February, 1560, the Inquisition ted to occupy one of the public pri- of Toledo prepared a grand auto for sons till the time of her delivery; the entertainment of their young but eight days after that event, the Queen, Elizabeth de Valois, daughchild was taken from her, and she ter of Henry II. of France. Several was thrust into a secret cell. A Lutherans then appeared among young female, who was afterwards those who were condemned to the brought to the stake as a Lutheran, flames, or to other punishments : was confined along with her, and and the Duke of Brunswick, to tesdid all in ber power to promote her tify his hatred of the Reformed recovery. Donna Juana soon had cause, delivered up one of his reti. an opportunity of repaying the kind nue to the flames. At the same attention of her fellow-prisoner; place, in the subsequent year, four who, having been called before the Priests, Spanish and French, were Inquisitors, was brought back into burnt alive for Lutheranism, and her dungeon faint and mangled. nineteen persons of the same perSoon after, Donna Juana was con suasion were reconciled. In 1565, ducted in her turn to the place of the same Inquisition celebrated ano. torture; where, as she refused to ther auto, at which a number of confess, one of the engines was Protestants were condemned to the applied with so much violence, that fire and to various penances; and at the cords penetrated to the bone of an auto in 1571, two persons were her arms and legs; and some of the burnt alive, and one in effigy, while internal vessels having burst, the thirty-one were sentenced to difblood flowed in streams from her ferent punishments, as Luthermouth and nostrils. She was conveyed to her cell in a state of insen The year 1570 may be regarded sibility, and expired in a few days. as the period of the suppression of The Inquisitors would have con the Reformation in Spain. After cealed the cause of her death; but that date Protestants were still occathis was impossible. Hence they sionally discovered and brought to attempted, on the day of the auto, to punishment; but they were as “ the expiate the crime of this horrid mur gleaning grapes, when the vintage is der, by pronouncing Juana de Bo- done." Several of these horques innocent, vindicating her foreigners, and especially Englishreputation, and restoring her pro

Their treatment frequently perty to her heirs.

produced remonstrances from fo. Valladolid and Seville were not reign powers, which, for a long time, the only cities whose prisons were were disregarded by the Spanish crowded with friends of the Reform. Government. At length, the injury ed doctrine. From 1560 to 1570, done to commerce by persecution, one public auto, at least, was cele- obliged them to issue orders, that brated annually in each of the twelve strangers visiting Spain for the purcities, in which provincial tribunals pose of trade, should not be moof the Inquisition were established. lested on account of their religion. In September, 1560, the Inquisition The Inquisitors, however, made no of Murcia solemnized an auto, at scruple of transgressing the ordiwhich five persons were sentenced nances of the court on this point, to different punishments for embrac- by proceeding, from time to time, ing Lutheranism; and in 1563, against foreigners, under the preeleven appeared there as penitents, text that they propagated heresy by on the same charge. In the last. books or conversation.







We conclude this paper by giving avowed his conviction, that all say. an account of

ing truth is contained in the holy Scriptures; that whatever the Church of Rome has decreed to the contrary, by departing from the pro

per and literal sense of the sacred The Reformed faith can number text, is false; that purgatory is a among its Confessors a Spaniard mere human invention; that it is a who suffered in the nineteenth cen sin to receive money for saying tury,-Don Miguel Juan Antonio mass; with other similar sentiments. Solano, Vicar of Esco, in the diocess The tribunal, after going through of Jaca. He was educated accord- the ordinary forms, decided that ing to the usual system of philoso. Solano should be delivered over to phy and divinity; but, throwing off the secular arm. The Archbishop his early prejudices, he made great of Saragossa, who was at that time proficiency in mathematics and me Inquisitor-General, being averse to chanics. His benevolence led him an execution by fire, prevailed on to employ his inventive powers for the Supreme Council to order a the benefit of his parishioners, by fresh examination of the witnesses. improving their implements of hus This was carried into effect, and the bandry, and fertilizing their soil. A Inquisitors renewed their former long and severe illness, which made sentence. The Archbishop next him a cripple for life, withdrew him ordered an inquiry into the mental from active pursuits, and induced sanity of the prisoner. A Physician hiin to apply himself more closely was found, who gave an opinion, to theological studies. His small that he was not of sound mind; but library happened to contain a Bible; the sole ground on which it rested and by perusing this with impartial- was, that the prisoner had vented ity and attention, he was led to form opinions different from those of his for himself a system of doctrines, brethren. The only expedient that agreeing, in the main, with the doc. remained was, to persuade Solano to trines of the Protestant Churches. retract opinions which had been Solano had too much candour and condemned by so many Popes and integrity either to conceal his senti. General Councils. But the attempt ments, or to disseminate them clan

was altogether fruitless. To all the destinely. Having drawn up a arguments drawn from such topics statement of his new views, he laid he replied, that money was the god it before the Bishop of his diocess; worshipped at Rome, and that, in all and receiving no answer from him, the Councils held of late, the Papal he submitted it to the Theological influence had decided theological Faculty in the University of Sara- questions, and had counteracted the gossa. In consequence of this, he good intentions of some respectable was seized and thrown into the pri Meanwhile, his confinement son of the Inquisition at Saragossa. brought on a fever, during which By the assistance of some kind the Inquisitors redoubled their friends, he made his escape, and efforts to convince him. He exreached Oleron, the nearest French pressed himself thankful for their town; but, after serious delibera- attention, but told them, that he tion, he resolved to assert the truth could not retract his sentiments in the very face of death, and actu- without offending God and betrayally returned of his own accord to ing the truth. On the twentieth the prison. On appearing before day of his sickness, the Physician the tribunal, he acknowledged the informed him of his danger, and opinions laid to bis charge; but exhorted him to improve the few pleaded in his defence, that after moments which remained. “I am long meditation, with a sincere de- in the hands of God,” said Solano, sire to discover the truth, and with “and have nothing more to do.” no other help than the Bible, he Thus died the Vicar of Esco, in had come to these conclusions. He 1805. He was refused the usual


funeral rites, and his body was proceedings, in order to avoid the interred within the enclosure of the necessity of burning him in effigy.* Inquisition, towards the river Ebro.

W. P. B. His death was reported to the Su * M‘Crie's Ilistory of the Progress and Suppreme Council, who stopped further pression of the Reformation in Spain.


(To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) The design of the present re- tianity existing among them? Judgmarks is to call the attention of the ing from reports respecting the Christian public to the deficiency manufacturing and other classes, of means calculated to afford reli- lately published, we are compelled gious instruction to the inmates to come to the melancholy concluof various charitable institutions. sion, that a great number, if not a Hospitals and infirmaries are more vast majority, would be found in a especially referred to, though no state of deplorable ignorance redoubt there are other institutions, specting the most important truths of a similar character to which ' of religion, or of wilful neglect of these observations may apply. their requirements. If such be

From remarks made in a large allowed, as the most probable spi. provincial infirmary, and also in ritual condition of patients in one of the principal London hos- hospitals, we ask further, What pitals, the writer has been led to provision is made for its ameliora. think, that these establishments iion ? might and ought to be used as in The provision commonly met with struments for diffusing the benefits is, no doubt, the appointment of a of religious instruction and conso Chaplain, who holds the office perlation to a much greater extent than manently, or fills it occasionally in is the case at present; for, although rotation with others. His duties the particular object of these insti. may be considered to be the followtutions is the relief of bodily disease, ing :-Reading the prayers at cerstill, in a Protestant country, the tain hours, preaching, and visiting far more momentous spiritual in the sick. Now, if these offices are terests of the occupants should not performed to that extent which is be neglected.

demanded in large hospitals, noThe condition of the patients, as thing more need be said. But is it such, may be classed as follows : so? In the laws of one institution

1. Those who are the subjects of which we could name, it is stated, severe injuries which may soon that the Chaplain is expected to

visit those who request such a visit. 2. Those who are dangerously ill, Is provision made for the imme. though not in such imminent peril diate attendance of the Chaplain as the former.

when a man is so severely injured 3. Those who are the victims of that his death is hourly anticipated ? lingering disease.

Reference is made to two important We may readily imagine that the omissions, which, we fear, are too spiritual states of the sufferers are as commonly found in the list of the varied as their maladies and their tem Chaplain's duties ; namely, personal, poral circumstances. Taking into ac and, in urgent cases, immediate, count the aggregate number of per visitation. If personal visitation sons admitted into the various cba. be omitted, there is too much rearitable institutions throughout the son to believe that the other means kingdom, we may ask, What is the of religious instruction employed average amount of acquaintance will, if not entirely useless, prove, with the vital doctrines of Chris in most cases, less advantageous

proye fatal.

than might be expected from an Many, if not all, of our provin. opposite course. There are many cial infirmaries are dependent upon who pay little or no attention to voluntary contributions for their prayers or preaching ; so that we support, and consequently will enu. need not be surprised at their not merate amongst their supporters requesting the Chaplain to visit members of various Christian dethem. It is far from the writer's nominations. The object proposed intention to advocate sectarianism is too noble to be sacrificed to bior proselytism in the case of these gotry; and it is earnestly hoped institutions ; for here religious tole- that the readers of these lines will, ration should flourish unrestrained, according to their opportunities, and the spiritual instructor, cleric act for its promotion by the use of or lay, should aim simply at pro. such means as local peculiarities moting the spiritual good of the may render most suitable. Pious patients. The duties of the Chap- lay-members might co-operate lain have been spoken of, merely with the Ministers of various Probecause the office is a common one, testant denominations in regularly and not from any wish to confine visiting the sick and dying who religious instruction to that func- throng our public charities. Motionary.

tives cannot be wanting to induce It would be an unprofitable task, those who feel the obligation of to attempt to frame a plan for sup.' doing good, to enter at once upon plying the want complained of this work of faith, and labour of which would be adapted to all cases. love. Reflection will show the Where a chaplaincy already exists, wide field for usefulness which such the duties referred to would, from institutions afford; nor is success the number of patients which large likely to fail of being obtained by hospitals contain, be amply suffi. those who cast bread upon these cient to command the full energies waters. and time of the individual who may Before concluding, I must menhold it; while the responsibility tion that religious books and tracts which attaches to those who elect are often seen in hospitals; but such an officer, is but too plainly while they are means of much good, exhibited in the following extract still they should aid, and not supfrom Dr. Hope's Life. "He,” Dr. plant, the duty of personal visitaHope, "had, at the request of tion. friends, assisted a Clergyman, with May both writer and reader at the whose character he was not person- last day receive the welcome which ally acquainted, to obtain a similar will then be given by the great office, Meeting this gentleman Judge of all to his faithful followers, some time after, Dr. Hope inquired “I was sick, and ye visited me. how he liked his new situation. Enter ye into the joy of your * Very well,' said the other : ‘I like Lord.” everything very much, except read

PHILANTHROPUS. ing and praying with the sick!""




COMMUNICATED BY THOMAS MARRIOTT, E89.) St. Ives, July 29th, 1746. to her (or, which is the same, to MY

FRIEND,- In vain Mrs. D.) at Bristol. My heart's does your silence forbid my writing strongest desire is, that ye may again to one whom I love so well : both experience and adorn the Gosbesides, it is but charity, now you pel of Jesus Christ. Till then you have lost your wife. I have wrote cannot be happy : you know and



feel that you cannot. Those pas- My principal patient, Mr. Perronet, sions of anger, pride, &c., now in bas been ill, and well, of the smallyour heart, will lead you a weary pox within the space of a fortnight; life, till the love of Christ cast them and the Lord has wrought as great

() that he might come sud. a work in his soul. He has found denly to his temple, and make your what you seek; has not a moment's heart an house of prayer and praise ! doubt of his acceptance ; for his

You must let me know how the believing heart overflows with love travellers fare ; and direct to me at to his Saviour. He joins with me Mr. Kinsman's, near Martin's-gate, in the best respects to your dear Plymouth. It would do you good wife and you, and desires your to see how mightily the word grows prayers for his perseverance. and prevails in these parts. Pray O, my friends, how do I long to for us always. Farewell, in the rejoice over you, as now I rejoice love of our great Master.

over him! A soul triumphing in C. W. its first love, is a spectacle for men

and angels. It makes me forget P.S. Last week I narrowly es

my own sorrows, and carry the caped transportation.*

cross of life without feeling it. The

Lord come quickly to my, poor, The following lines accompanied weak friend "Blackwell ! Indeed, the foregoing letter :

you are weak; and He knows it,

and loves you, and will soon visit " Jesus, thou all-redeeming Lord, Who preachest still the Gospel word

you with his salvation. In these thy Spirit's days,

Yours affectionately, My helpless soul with pity see,

C. WESLEY. And set me now at liberty,

By justifying grace. ** Where two or three thy presence claim,

Newcastle, Dec. 11th, 1746. Assembled in thy saving name, Thy saving power is near :

"This is the victory that overSure as thou art in heaven above,

cometh the world, even our faith ; Thou, in the Spirit of thy love,

and I shall hear my dear friend And God in thee, is here !

Blackwell say,

“ Thanks be to God, ** See, then, with eyes of pity, see,

who giveth me the victory through My desperate grief and misery,

my Lord Jesus Christ.” My sore distress and pain:

God has undoubtedly begun his In all the impotence of sin

gracious work in your soul, and is My fallen soul for years hath been,

ready (but waits your hearty conAnd bound with Satan's chain."

currence) to carry it on, and perform it. Cannot you hear him say, this moment, " Zaccheus, make

haste and come down, for to-day Newcastle, Nov. 10th, 1746. My very dear Friend, I have receive him gladly, while he comes

I must abide at thy house?” 0 been hindered hitherto from thus

“to be guest with a man that is a saluting you in the love of Christ

sinner!” You are not, indeed, Jesus ; but my heart is with you worthy that he should come under always; and I trust to see you one

your roof; neither can you ever day at bis right hand. Travelling, examining societies, him. All you can do is, not to hin

prepare your own heart to admit and nursing sick friends, has quite der, not to keep him out, by willswallowed up this past month. God has prospered me in all things mies, such as worldly, proud, and

ingly harbouring any of his enehitherto : bodily weakness and pain I reckon prosperity to my soul.

angry, thoughts or desires. My

dear brother, whenever any such * Alluding to a person of the name of Eustick,

arise, do not justify yourself, or say, who had a warrant to apprehend him. (See Jack

“I do well to be angry, peevish, son's Life of Charles Wesley, vol. i., p. 441.) stubborn," &c. Judge yourself, and

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »