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us get a plan organized without delay. the learned editor found in manuscripts Let us have something that we can lay, preserved in the British Museum, and matured, before the Conference. God is also in the Royal Library at Paris. In in the proposal.” We are thankful that 1775 Dr. Griesbach published the Apossuch institutions have been commenced, tolical Epistles, and the Apocalypse, in and are conducted under auspices so a similar manner, synoptically, that is gratifying and favourable, and that they to say, by uniting together the three cannot fail to be an increasing blessing narrations of the same event; but as both to the church and to the world. many had expressed themselves dissatis. In the exercise of our deliberate opinion, fied with this arrangement, he printed we do not think that sufficient justice another edition in 1777, in the usual has been done to Mr. Moore's character order. This volume forms the first part as a Divine in this volume. In deep of his first edition, of which the Epis. and extensive acquaintance with Wes tles and the Revelations, printed in 1975, leyan theology, Mr. Moore ranked in are recognised as the second part. The the first class ; whilst as a Preacher he first volume of the second edition ap.

“protound, luminous, and senten peared in 1796, in large octavo, with the tious.” Another opportunity may pro- imprint of Londini et Halæ Saronum bably be afforded, in which may be in the title-page, and the second with noticed a few points which our time and that of Halæ Saronum et Londini, on space at present forbid. In his “ Life account of the expense of the paper of Mr. Wesley,” Mr. Moore designates the fine copies having been munificatiy himself, “the only surviving Trustee of defrayed by His Grace the late Duke of Mr. Wesley's manuscripts.” According Gration, at that time Chancellor of the to the letter of Mr. Wesley's Will, we University of Cambridge. They are find, “I give all my manuscripts to splendidly executed, and are now only Thomas Coke, Doctor Whitehead, and to be procured at a very high price. Henry Moore, to be burned or published The whole of these two volumes was as they see good.” No one could speak printed at Jena, under the constant suin stronger terms than Mr. Moore re

perintendence of Griesbach. The first specting the sacredness of trusts. Now contains the four Gospels, to which con we feel anxious to know, whether Mr. pious prolegomena are prefixed, exhibitMoore literally an truly fulfilled the ing a critical history of the printed test, trust reposed in him ? Have the manu. a catalogue of all the manuscripts from scripts been "published,” or “burned ?" which various readings are quoted, and Were those papers which Mr. Moore him an account of the method pursued by self did not consider desirable to be "pub- Griesbach in executing the edition. The lished,” destroyed? If not, and he have second volume contains the remaining delegated their publication to another and books of the New Testament, which is a foreign party, a party unimplicated in preceded by an introduction or preface, the Will, then our judgment is, that the accounting for the delay of its appear. trust has been violated ; and if so, Mr. ance, and also describing the manuMoore's professions of regard for the in- scripts consulted for that volume. A! violability of such a confidence reposed the end are forty pages separately note in him, are mere moonshine!

bered, consisting of a Diatribe on the The New Testament, translated from disputed clause relative to the three witGriesbach's Text, by Samuel Sharpe. nesses in 1 John v. 7, 8; and of addi. The second Edition, 12mo. Pp. iv, tional various readings to the Acts of the 468. London, Moron. Of all modern Apostles, and St. Paul's Epistles, with two critical editions of the Greek Testament, pages of corrigenda. The second edition that of Griesbach is almost universally was reprinted in London, 1809, in (50 acknowledged to be the most valuable vols., 8vo. A second London edition and complete, notwithstanding a variety was also printed in 1818, which pas. of opinion has been entertained by some sesses advantages even over Griesbach's relative to the correctness of his system own second edition. In the first place, of recensions, or editions of manuscripts. the addenda of various lections above Dr. Griesbach commenced his critical noticed, were newly collated, and inlabours by publishing at Halle, in 1774, serted in their various places with great the historical books of the New Testa

accuracy ; and, secondly, the reading of ment. The various readings taken from Acts xx. 28, in the Vatican manuscript, the editions of Mill, Bengel, and Wet- (which Griesbach could not give, in constein, were not adopted until they had sequence of Professor Birch, who collared undergone a very severe revision; but it, having lost or mislaid his memoran. this edition also contained others which duin of that particular text,) is here

printed from a transcript obtained from ginal readings so as to embrace all mathe Keeper of the Vatican library. The terial improvements of the authorized Leipsic edition, of which the volume version, is the object which the work at before us is a translation, is nearly first proposes. The second object of this printed, forms a valuable manual for con volume is to render more useful the stant reference, and is the edition gene- marginal references, of the value of rally used in the Universities of Ger. which nothing needs be said, as they many. As far as we have been enabled rank first among comments on the sato compare the translation with the ori- cred volume, making the Scriptures ginal work, we are bound to say that emphatically their own interpreter, and Mr. Sharpe has executed his task with facilitating, more than anything else, importiality and with care.

that divinely-commended means of atNew marginal Readings and Refer. taining to heavenly wisdom, “comparing ences, adapted to the authorized Version spiritual things with spiritual.” To of the holy Scriptures, with occasional this topic Bishop Horsley alluded in Notes. By the Rev. William Burgh. strong, but eloquent, language. (Nine The Four Gospels, with a Harmony. Sermons, pp. 224–238.) To these, a A new and improved Edition, 12mo. third department is added, including pp. viii, 307. Curry.This unpre notes, for the most part critical, showing tending, but useful, manual is divided the exact meaning of particular terms; into three parts.

The object of the from the conviction that an accurate first department is to give, in a small definition of the terms of Scripture is compass, to the readers of the Scriptures, not only indispensably necessary to its the advantage now confined to Minis sound exposition, but often affords a ters, and the limited number of others ready solution of difficulties otherwise who have the time and means for exten in vain sought for. We think the sive theological studies, of the light volume is adapted for general usefulness, thrown on many passages by the labours and strongly recommend it as a vade of the various critical annotators on the mecum to the Bible class, as well as to originals and Scripture Lexicographers, all who sustain the important offices of and especially those who have availed instructers of youth. themselves of the collation of ancient The Morning Erercises at Cripplemanuscripts and versions made since our gate, St. Giles-in-the-Fields, and in translation. To some the improvement Southwark : being divers Sermons, required in the authorized version has preached A.D. 1659_1689, by several appeared to call for a new translation ; Ministers of the Gospel, in or near Lon. but they have not considered, that even don. Fifth Edition, carefully collated were it possible to supersede the present and corrected, with Notes and Translaby a better, there would still be coun tions, by James Nichols. In sir Voterbalancing disadvantages which render lumes. Vol. II. A Supplement to the it far from desirable. It would be im. Morning Exercise at Cripplegate : or, possible to effect the substitution on several more Cases of Conscience practiaccount of the general familiarity with cally resolved, by sundry Ministers. 8vo. the present version, and the quotations pp. xi, 692.-Vol. III. A Continua. which, in the long period that it has tion of Morning-Exercise Questions, and been in use, have been made from it in Cases of Conscience, practically resolved, innumerable religious publications, which by sundry Ministers, in October, 1682. would continue to make it necessary 8vo. pp. xii, 624. Tegg.-We confor the purpose of reference ; and were gratulate the religious public on the it possible, it would not be desired, (if steady appearance of these inestimable for no other reason,) from its rendering volumes ; of which none who can afford utterly useless those most valuable works, to purchase them, and especially no bib. second only to the Scriptures them. lical student, ought to be destitute. selves, the Concordances to the English The erudition of the Editor, and the zeal Bible, which it were vain to hope to see of the publisher, have conspired to place replaced by others accommodated to the in our possession a work handsomely new version. Our translators have left got up; and, what to us is infinitely us a precedent for improving the exist, better, classically correct, all the quo. ing version, which only requires to be tations having undergone the ordeal of carried out more fully in order to give an examination with the best copies of to it increased utility: we allude to those works extant from whence they the marginal readings, by which apo have been made. ther translation of the received text is Memoirs of David Nasmith, his La. given ; and to extend the present mar bours and Travels in Great Britain,

VOL. XXIII. Third Series. OCTOBER, 1844. 3 O

France, the United States, and Canada. melancholy, sometimes a very indignatit, By John Campbell, D.D. 8vo. pp. xx, feeling. Such feelings we have expe. 476. Snow. -An elaborate and by far rienced in reading the present volume ; too greatly extended memoir of one who, but we again say, the fault is in the in the formation and establishment of materials. The author had to use them the London City Mission, was indefa as he found them; and while we speak tigable and extensively useful. To those thus concerning them, we willingly bear who were favoured with Mr. Nasmith's testimony to the fidelity which is maniacquaintance, the volume will be perused fested by him. His Lordship writes with interest'; but to others who knew calmly, and with an elegant plainness him not, we fear, the extent to which Dr. which is very pleasing. He seems to Campbell has elongated the work, will have felt that, in writing on the subjects prevent its being read. The memoir is before him, any attempts at a more amworthy an attentive examination, which bitious style would have been endeavoure it will fully repay.

ing to invest meanness with grandeur, History of England from the Peace and would have issued in a turgid and of Utrecht. By Lord Mahon. Vol. ridiculous inflation. The two chapters IV. From the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, with which the volume concludes, conto the Peace of Paris. 8vo. pp. 527, taining more than a hundred pagesliv. John Murray.As we noticed the fifth part of the whole,—are, however, to former volumes of this History when be exempted from the observations we they appeared, we think it right to say have made on the materials of the Hissomething also of this. It includes the tory. They are devoted to India, and public—perhaps we should rather say, describe our empire there, briefly in its political_events of English history from commencement, and more fully in those 1749 to 1762. The volume is best de proceedings which belong to the period scribed by being said to be the history of concerning which his Lordship writes, the proceedings of the British Govern and which were, in reality, though no ment, as professing to represent the Bri one could then have foreseen such an tish nation, during the years which it issue, opening the way for the extension includes. Into the state of the country, which we now behold. Whether Lord its manners and customs, its literature, Mahon intends to continue his History, into what may be termed its moral and or not, we, of course, cannot say. Anosocial history, his Lordship does not ther volume would bring him amongst enter. And the history of its political those stirring events concerning which proceedings is anything rather than a such extreme-might we say, such pase pleasing one. This, indeed, is not his sionate ?-opinions have been formed. Lordship's fault. We think he has These opinions are still the subjects of worked well with the materials to which party contest; and it will be no easy he has restricted himself. He appears task to write on the facts to which they to be influenced by no other motive than refer. They do certainly possess a real a desire to state things as they really character; and there is a standard of were. He has evidently endeavoured, truth, by the employment of which that and not unsuccessfully, to be impartial. character may be ascertained and deBut his materials are not good. We scribed. The historian whose mind can have a history of the contests of party, of clearly apprehend this standard, and struggles for power.

Lord Mahon con apply to it the events of such a stormy cludes this volume just before the series period, were he likewise in all other of events commenced which has con respects equal to his task, would produce tinued to our own times, and possesses a work which, for grandeur and instrucsuch a deep and engrossing interest. tion, would not be surpassed by any But before the American war broke out, hitherto composed.

Have we such a and the French Revolution,-occurrences historian in England ? which bring the nation into the field of Memoirs of the seventy-five eminent political history, and which, in their evo Divines, whose Discourses forms the lutions, occasioned such exciting scenes, Morning Exercises " at Cripplegate, -the history of public proceedings pro St. Giles in the fields, and in Southduces by no means a favourable impres wark : with an Outline of a Sermon sion. The intrigues of placemen can from each Author. By Samuel Dunne never be presented in a pleasing point of 8vo. Pp. vi, 231. Snow.This volume view, even when connected with circum will not fail to form an interesting and stances of great public interest ; but valuable associate, on the same shelf, when they stand alone, so as to be seen with the “Morning Exercises," now in just as they are, they awaken a very a course of publication. We have care

fully examined each Memoir, and think who are here portrayed were “giants in that Mr. Dunn, in this compilation, has those days ” of rebuke and blasphemy. accomplished his task as he intended, Seventy of them were ejected from their without offence, even to the most fasti benefices by the oppressive and unrighdious; and throughout the whole series teous Act of Uniformity, and many of has furnished a pleasing and edifying them were called to endure the confismanual, highly illustrative of the piety cation of property, cruel mockings, and zeal of former times. The Divines bonds, and imprisonment.

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN ENGLAND. The Synod of the Presbyterian avail themselves of the classes of UniChurch in England bas recently deter versity College for instruction in Mental mined to institute a Theological College and Physical Science ; and the course of for the training of young men for the study will extend to four years. ministry. The College will be in Lon The Synod of England is a body don; and the classes will be opened in holding the same principles as the Free the beginning of November next. The Church of Scotland, and maintaining following appointments have been already intimate communion with it; but it is made :- The Rev. Peter Lorimer, of not a part of the Free Church : it is not London, Professor of Biblical Criticism under its jurisdiction ; but is in every and Interpretation; the Rev. Hugh respect a distinct and self-regulating Campbell, of Manchester, Professor of body. It has hitherto been dependent Ecclesiastical History and Jurispru on Scotland and Ireland for its supply of dence; and the Rev. James Hamilton, Ministers; and its object, in instituting of Regent-square church, London, Pro the College about to be commenced, is, fessor of Pastoral Theology. The Rev. to remedy this defect, by training up J. P. Menge, from Germany, will act as Ministers for itself, who may give to Hebrew and Classical Tutor. The ap- evangelical Presbyterianism in England pointment of a Professor of Systematic a more English aspect, and so extend its Divinity and Christian Ethics is for the usefulness and efficiency. present postponed. The Students will

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VARIETIES.

CAPTAIN WARNER'S EXPERI. towards the destined spot of operations, MENT.-July 20th, an extraordinary in towed by the Sir William Wallace, vention was put to the test off Brighton. Steam-tug, in which was Captain Warner Captain Warner, R. N., undertook to with his implements of destruction, and show that no ship could chase another, attended by a small Shoreham steam-tug, furnished with his implements of war. the Tees, to take off the crew of the John fare, without being herself destroyed. o' Gaunt previous to her destruction. Multitudes went down from London to When the John o' Gaunt came abreast see the experiment, and it is supposed the battery, about a mile and a half that thirty thousand were assembled on from shore, a Union-jack, the signal the shores, including a number of official agreed upon, was hoisted, to intimate personages, and naval and military offi. to Captain Warner that he was now to

The ship to be operated upon was destroy the ship. In a few minutes the John o' Gaunt, a stout bark of 300 the instrument of destruction seemed tons measurement, a perfectly seaworthy to strike the vessel amid-ships, for ship, presented to Captain 'Warner by from that point a huge column of Mr. Soames, ship-owner, for the purpose water, in which was intermingled some of testing the invention. About a quarter of the shingle of her ballast, shot up to five the John o' Gaunt began to move perpendicularly into the air, higher than

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her topmast; her mizen went by the England, wheat rose from 8s. to 536. 2 board, her mainmast, a new one, was quarter. The years 1615 and 1616 were shot clean out of her like a rocket; she Very dry over Europe. In 1646, it was heeled over to port to an angle of 43 de extremely hot. In 1632, the warmth grees, and her main hatchway being open, was very great, the summer being the day-light was visible through her bottom driest ever known in Scotland; yet s

mbers, and she seemed to part asunder total eclipse of the sun had happened as she went down, leaving nothing per that year, on Monday, the 24th of ceptible but the top of her foremast! March, which hence received the appelThe decks were not blown up, but re lation of “ Mirk Monday." In 1718, mained entire when the ship sunk-a the weather was extremely hot and dry clear proof that the force, whatever it was, all over Europe : the air felt so oppress. and from whatever quarter it proceeded, ive, that all the theatres were shut in was external, and not from within the Paris : scarcely any rain fell for the cavity of the ship. The time which space of nine months, and the springs passed from her being struck and her and rivers were dried up. The following sinking could not have exceeded two year was equally hot: the thermometer minutes and a half. The invention has at Paris rose to 98° by Fahrenheit's been since discussed in both Houses of scale: the grass and corn were quite Parliament, and the best naval judges are parched : in some places the fruit-trees not favourable to its practical value. blossomed two or three times. Both the Gentleman's Magazine.

years 1723 and 1724 were dry and hot. HOT SEASONS.—Years which were The year 1745 was remarkably waru extremely hot and dry.-In 763, the sum and dry: but the following year was still mer was so hot, that the springs dried hotter, insomuch that the grass withered, up. In 870, the heat was so intense, and the leaves dropped from the trees: that, near Worms, the reapers dropped neither rain nor dew fell for many months; dead in the fields. In 993, and again in and, on the Continent, prayers were 994, it was so hot, that the corn and offered up in the churches, to implore fruit were burnt up. The year 1000 the bounty of refreshing showers. In was so hot and dry, that in Germany the 1754, it was likewise extremely warm. pools of water disappeared ; and the fish The years 1760 and 1761 were both of being left to stink in the mud, bred a them remarkably hot; and so was the pestilence. In 1122, the heat was so

year 1703. 1774 was excessively hot excessive, that both men and cattle were and dry. Both the years 1778 and 1779 struck dead. In 1130, the earth yawned were warm and very dry. The year with drought : springs and rivers dis 1788 was also very hot and dry; and of appeared, and even the Rhine was dried the same character was 1811, famous for up in Alsace. In 1159, not a drop of its excellent vintage, and distinguished rain fell in Italy after May. The year by the appearance of a brilliant comel1171 was extremely hot in Germany. Merlin. In 1232, the heat was so great, espe POOR-LAW RETURNS, &c.—A return cially in Germany, that it is said that of the number of orphan and deserted eggs were roasted in the sands. In children in the poor-law union worse 1260, many of the Hungarian soldiers houses of England and Wales, has been died of excessive heat at the famous bat laid before the House of Compions. The tle fought near Bela. The consecutive number of unions in the English years 1276 and 1277 were so hot and ties, is stated to be 508. dry, as to occasion a great scarcity of number of orphan children (that is, fodder. The years 1293 and 1294 were having lost one or both parents) under extremely hot; and so were likewise fourteen years of age, in the various 1303 and 1304, both the Rhine and the union work houses on the 8th of March Danube having dried up. In 1333, the last, ainounted to 15,803 ; of whom corn-fields and vineyards were burnt up. 8,846 were males, and 6,959 females. The years 1393 and 1394 were excess The total number of children under foar. ively hot and dry. In 1447, the sum teen years of age, who have been deserted mer was extremely hot. In the success.

by their parents, amounted, at the same ive years 1473 and 1474, the whole period, to 6,408 ; of whom 3,109 were earth seemed on fire: in Hungary one males, and 2,999 females. The total might wade across the Danube. "The number of widows receiving out-door four consecutive years, 1538, 1539, 1540, relief, on the 18th of March last

, amount; and 1541, were excessively hot, and the ed to 71,250; and the total number of rivers dried up. In 1556, the drought children under fourteen years of age, Was so great, that the springs failed: in dependent on them for support and sub

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