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terial sin, coming necessarily out death, are God's, to accomplish from that centre. I refer to very them: but O, they are ours, to faint impressions of the character, long, and strive, and pray, and

pant and great objects and ends, of our after them. And, in truth, we never ministry. Take these, for brevity's can do our duty, till we are in that sake, in that one word, “Come with spirit ; till we feel, in some mea. me, and I will make you fishe of sure, about the souls of unconverted men,”_" from henceforth thou men, as we should about persons shalt catch men.” Now, there is intoxicated and lying half asleep in one simple way in which, I think, it a house in flames.“ I became all may coine out this day, by the things to all men,” says Paul,“ that Lord's blessir:g, to our painful and I might by all means save some.” It sorrowful apprehension, how faint was the intense desire of saving have been our impressions of this some, pulling them out of the fire, the great character and end of our that impelled him to the using of all work. I allude to the little concern possible means,-now this one, and we have felt, comparatively, (and now that: “To the Jews I became here I cannot speak without trem. as a Jew, that I might gain the bling and dismay,) the little real Jews ; to the weak became 1 as hearty concern we have felt, pro- weak, that I might gain the weak; vided we were carried in some com I am made all things to all men, fortable manner through our work, that I might by all means save about the spiritual fruits and results some.” And, elsewhere, in his of it, --- whether souls were verily writings, ! Thess. ii. 8: Being saved by it or no. Ah! the truth affectionately desirous of you, we h=re comes out too undeniably in were willing to have imparted unto such a contrast as that, “I say the you, not the Gospel of God only, truth in Christ, I lie not, my con but also our own souls, because ye science also bearing me witness in were dear unto us ;” any thing to the Holy Ghost, that I have great save your souls ; "for ye rememheaviness and continual sorrow in ber,” he adds, “our labour and tramy heart ; for I could wish that vail; for labouring night and day, myself were accursed from Christ, because we would not be chargeable for my brethren, my kinsmen ac unto any of you, we preached unto cording to the flesh.” “God is my you the Gospel of God.” A few record, how greatly I long after you verses before he had said, “We were all in the bowels of Jesus Christ.” bold in our God to speak unto you “My little children, of whom I tra- the Gospel of God with much contenvail in birth until Christ be formed tion;" again, immediately,“We were in you.” “Now we live if ye stand gentle among you, even as a nurse fast in the Lord.” I would ven cherisheth her children." But wheture to ask Ministers who know ther it were the boldness of the lion, what prayer about their work is, or the gentleness of the mother and whether they are accustomed to nurse, the secret of each lay there, pray much for the success of their so being affectionately desirous of sermons after they have been you,” &c. “ I am made all things preached, when the work of the day to all men, that I might by all is over, as we say. I fear the fact

means save some.” Look how it is on this head will be found to dis- in any other matter. If a man goes close some painful things, evincing to negotiate some affair at a market

, that, even when we have prayed, or with a mercantile house, it is litthe object of concern with us has tle comfort to him that he has gone more been, at bottom, the assisting to the place, and made his propos and carrying through of the mes sals, if the bargain is not closed, if senger, than the saving success of the gain is not secured, the affair the message.

brought to a successful issue. Ab! Some one perhaps will say that souls are our gain, fathers and breissues are God's, and duty only thren, our hire and wages." He

No doubt, issues, issues from that reapeth receiveth wages, and


gathereth fruit unto life eternal.” 80 far as to doubt, that in many, Why are we so indifferent about our

many cases it actually has ? "0 profits and gain? “My dear. Lord, have mercy upon me.” ly beloved and longed for, my “Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, joy and crown.”—“What is our and my tongue shall sing aloud of hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? thy righteousness !” How lightly are not even ye in the presence of have we often spoken in the public our Lord Jesus Christ at his com prayers of the word not returning to ing?

“Compel them to come God void ! Doubtless it shall not. in,” says the Lord. The counter. But what, if it have found its issue part of that is not, "doing our and fruit, through our neglect, in duty,” in the ordinary sense of that the aggravated destruction of our word; but it is the giving men no hearers? I find Dr. Kalley of Marest, and “giving the Lord no rest,” deira, in a letter addressed a few pleading with men for God, and weeks ago to a Society in this counwith God for men, longing, agoniz- try, speaking of the word of God, ing to pluck souls as brands from under the figure of “a conductor the burning, labouring in the spirit for the galvanism of heaven.” “It of these words, “Whom we preach, stretches forth,” says he, “from warning every man, and teaching God into our world, and when its every man in all wisdom, that we point is directed to the soul of man, may present every man perfect in there is a transmission of power, Christ Jesus." “I acknowledge compared with which that of all the my transgressions, Lord, and my batteries on earth is nothing. It sin is ever before me.' “God be may consume, it may become the merciful to me a sinner.”

savour of death unto the soul, add. 3. Let me mark a third line of ing the most agonizing torments to ministerial guilt, inseparably con. the eternal misery of an immortal nected with these, in our little, little spirit. With what feelings, with realizing of the exceeding weight and what care and prayer, should we responsibility of the ministry. One employ 80 tremendous an engine, verse here is a volume: “We are lest through our fault it destroy!” unto God a sweet savour of Christ, That is in the spirit of the Apostle, in them that are saved, and in them “ Who is sufficient for these that perish; to the one we are the things ?” savour of life unto life, and to the 4. This leads me to mark a fourth other the savour of death unto death.great line of ministerial guilt, in No wonder if Paul adds, “ And who our very faint impressions of where is sufficient for these things ?" No the strength and sufficiency of the wonder if he speaks elsewhere of Minister alone reside. Ah! we are being with the Corinthians “ in too little with thee, Lord, too little weakness, and in fear, and in much in thy secret place, too little convertrembling." Alas, that there is so sant with the great end of our mi. little of this trembling among us, nistry,—the quickening of the dead, that we can enter our pulpits with raising souls from the grave of so light a heart, especially when we trespasses and sins, bringing sinbave got our preparations pretty

ners into vital union and commuwell completed! Ah! surely that nion with Jesus Christ, -to enter were just the time, if we felt aright, much into that word, “The weato be most of all weighed down in pons of our warfare are mighty spirit by the recollection, "To the through God.” “Our sufficiency is other the savour of death unto of God.” When I am weak, then death." No doubt we cannot make am I strong." For the ends we are the word to be the savour of life practically very much satisfied with, unto life to any soul. But what, if our own strength may well enough it fail of this through our fault? suffice. It may be enough for prewhat, if, through our fault, it become paring a suitable

and "the savour or death unto death ?” preaching it; but it will not suffice Can we, indeed, deceive ourselves to save lost souls: and what we

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need is to go to our sermon, and to heavens had suddenly opened, and our pulpit, feeling, Lord, I go, a voice from the Holy One had under thee, to pluck men as brands sounded with resistless emphasis in from the burning, to open their his ears, saying, ' Fool that you are, eyes, and turn them from darkness to have centred so unduly your to light, to espouse sinners, in an cares and anxieties and affections everlasting betrothment, to Jesus on books and papers ! So intense Christ, to present every man perfect and devoted was the homage of in Christ Jesus. Who is sufficient your heart towards these in the eyes for these things ?” In such a work of the heart-searching God, that, as weakness is strength. Strength is there seemed no other method of but deep-felt weakness linking itself weaning you from them, your beato the arm and word and love of venly Father, to save you from the Jehovah. Here, the little child is doom of an idolater, has in mercy truly the "greatest in the kingdom to your soul removed the idols, of heaven.” “My strength is made sinking them all to the bottom of perfect in weakness.”

the deep, or scattering them in useHow little have we known of that less fragments on this desolate baptism of suffering and hunnilia- shore ; all, all save one, and that is, tion, which Moses underwent, and the ever-blessed book of life. Here Joseph, and David, and Paul, Lu- is the Bible for you: grasp it as the ther, also, and Zwingle, and all that richest treasure of infinite wisdom have been greatly blessed of God in and infinite love,-a treasure which, any age ! We have known little of in the balance of heaven, would outthe mystery of combining the care- weigh all the books and papers in ful use of all appointed preparations the universe. Go, and prayerfully and means, with the renunciation of consult that unerring chart, tbat all, -of using them, and yet, in the infallible directory; humbly trust to very act, paradox though it may seem, it, and to your God; and never, renouncing them,-ay, and the never will you have reason to regret more complete they are, the more that

you have been violently severed renouncing them, and the more sim- from your idols, as thereby you ply and singly looking to the Lord become more firmly linked by the alone. “ What was felt most, golden chain of grace to the throne writes Dr. Duff in the account of of the Eternal.'"* How little, thus his memorable shipwreck, as be- also, through ignorance of our own ing to him irreparable, was the utter insufficiency, have we known of entire loss of all his journals, notes, prayer! As for Luther's three memorandums, essays, &c., &c., the hours of prayer daily, it is now fruits, such as they were, of the rather an anecdote we tell, than a reflection and research of many thing at all approached to. And years, when he possessed special yet we fail less seriously in the time, opportunities which he could never than in the spirit, of this exercise,-. expect again to realize. “But they the spirit which would come out of are gone,' was his own written declaration at the time, they are

* Duff on India and India Missions, pp. 493– gone; and blessed be God I can say

4. I would add, that the importance of anxious

and careful preparations, both for the ministry gone, without a murmur.

So perish

in general, and for the pulpit, every Lord's day, all earthly things: the treasure that

in particular, is not to be over-estimated. Now is laid up in heaven alone is unas thing can be more mistaken, however, than the sailable.'.... The only article which sort of antagonism which we are apt to conceive was recovered, in a wholly unda

of, and in our folly and carnality often to create, maged state, was a quarto copy of dependence upon God. Never, perhaps, en

between such preparations, and a spirit of simple Bagster's Comprehensive Bible and various accounts, has a Minister more cause to Psalm-Book.... Ah! the lesson and hang, with child-like simplicity, on the arm and the schooling of a mysterious Pro. promise of the living God.—in a sense, renoudevidence seemed now complete ; and ing his whole preparations, in the very act of its designs and intentions perfectly they are the most complete and satisfactory, ia

making the fullest use of them, than just wbeu developed.... It seemed as if the their own place, and for their oron ends.

may know

the soul's being intensely set on the slight and perfunctory manner after end of the ministry, in the excel- all. Look at Paul's command to lency of it, the exceeding difficulty Timothy, “ Preach the word; be of it, and the divine promise of it, - instant in season, out of season," the spirit of Jacob's wrestling with connecting it with the distinction the angel of the covenant, and of already so often drawn, between the Moses's strange, unearthly pleading heart of a Minister bent on the winupon the Mount,-of Jacob's, “I will ning of souls, as the end of his not let thee go, except thou bless work, and his seeking, substan. me,” and Moses's answer to the tially, the discharge of his duty, the Lord's, “Let me alone,”“ Remember, satisfying of his conscience, by Lord, Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, some due measure of laboriousness thy servants, to whoin thou swarest in his work. A man in this last by thine own self,” &c. (Exod. state of mind will not be even able xxxii. 9-14.) How little do we to understand that word, “Instant know of such pleading as that in in season, out of season.” It eviExodus xxxiii. 12—15, divinely ap- dently supposes a Minister bent on plicable to the ministry, throughout: saving souls, any how, if it be at all “And Moses said unto the Lord, possible. Such a man will take all See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up sorts of times, and ways, and places, this people ; and thou hast not let not forbidden by Scripture, or by me know whom thou wilt send with sound spiritual good sense, to attain me : yet thou hast said, I know his object. If, for example, he canthee by name, and thou hast also not get hearers to come to him, he found grace in my sight. Now, will go to them, though it be to the therefore, I pray thee, if I have streets and highways. Why not? found grace in thy sight, show ine If he can reach them “in season,” now thy way, that I

well. But if not, yet “out of seathee, that I may find grace in thy son ” he must come at them. “I sight; and consider that this nation became all things to all men, that I is thy people. And he said, My might by all means save some.presence shall go with thee, and I They watch for your souls,” says will give thee rest. And he said Paul, " as they that must give acunto him, If thy presence go not count.” They watch for them. with me, carry us not up hence.” Look how it is with a man of this How wanting have we been, alike, world, set on mercantile gains. He in pleading with God for our peo watches his opportunity. He is not ple, and with our people for God! content with going through a rou"Hide thy face, Lord, from my tine. Bent on realizing profits, he sins, and blot out all mine iniquities. observes the prices. He watches Create in me a clean heart, O God, their rise and fall, and eagerly steps and renew a right spirit within me. in at what he deems the most

5. But this runs into a fifth great favourable time. It is otherwise, line of ministerial guilt. The four alas ! with us. We have exonerated preceding, it will have been ob our conscience; we have done our served, belong rather to the habit, duty. Have we? In reality we the frame, and temper of the soul. have done nothing like it, since we From this state of soul, however, have lost unnumbered opportunities, there springs a fifth iniquity, that just from not lying on the watch, might be branched out without end. not being bent intently on the great I refer to great and criminal perfunc- gain, the gaining of imperishable toriness in every department of our souls. Ah! “the children of this work. I believe that the more the world are wiser in their generation matter is considered, it will be the than the children of light.' more evident how a man may be This perfunctoriness appears, to diligent, comparatively, pains-taking, take an example or two, in the and conscientious in the ministry, preacbing of the word. In our preand yet may discharge it, if its pro- parations it comes out, in our not per nature be regarded, in a very seeking, laboriously and prayerfully,

for those things which might be the of Paul, without seeing, in the conmost fitted, under God, to save and trast of them, and seeing in every edify souls, but rather being satis- thing, a great and lamentable pere fied with things which will give our functoriness, “Therefore watch, selves less trouble, or may be pleas and remember that, by the space of ing, simply, and satisfying to the three years, I ceased not to warn better part of our hearers. And every one night and day with tears psy then in the preaching itself it ap 6. I mark only one other line pears in the absence, to a fearful of our guilt, in the briefest man. extent, of that winning tenderness ner; namely, our very imperfectly and affection, that simplicity, that living, holding forth in our lives, chastened and loving zeal, for which the ministry we have received of noise and vehement gesticulation the Lord Jesus. I speak not, of are but miserable substitutes. The course, of any outward immoralities; same perfunctoriness appears in our -the Lord be praised, we are kept dealing with young communicants, from these. I speak of nothing that where we are too much satisfied could indicate that we had entered with being just able conscientiously the Priests' office for a bit of bread. to admit or reject them, without But what I point to is that high longing after their souls, looking up standard of living, which the Apos. to the Lord for them, seizing the tle marks in the words, “ Giving golden opportunity, the most pre none offence in anything, that the cious we can ever possess, of getting ministry be not blamed,”-the eleinto close and earnest and personal vated ministerial character marked dealing with them. In our disci- in the following divine words of pline it appears, in that we are Bunyan, in bis Pilgrim. Among generally content, I fear, when we other pictures which the Interpreter have given some due compliance showed Christian, furnishing him with the letter of the Church's laws, with certain great cardinal lessons in place of sincerely “travailing for his journey, one is thus spoken with offenders,” (to use the lan- of: “So he had him into a private guage of our ancient statutes,) to room, and bid his man open a door; bring them, if the Lord will, to a the which when he had done, Chrisrepentance not to be repented of. tian saw the picture of a very grave In family visitation there is a miser- person hang up against the wall

, able perfunctoriness. If we have and this was the fashion of it:-) got through the work of the day had eyes lifted up to heaven, the comfortably and pleasantly, we are best of books in his hand, the law content, though we have neither of truth was written upon its lips, wrestled beforehand,

nor much the world was behind his back, it looked up in the course of the stood as if it pleaded with men, and work, for the Lord's special pre a crown of gold did hang over his sence and blessing in it. In the head.” Ah, “ the picture of a very public prayers the same spirit comes grave person !” Austerity and out, in our not “stirring up our gloom, assuredly, are not good. selves to take hold of God” not But alas ! for the levity, the poor throwing our whole souls into “ fel- unsavoury talk, the frivolity, the lowship with the Father and with foibles, as they are called, of us his Son Jesus Christ.” As to the men, set, for a few short years, amgovernment of the Church, our bassadors of heaven, to stand be presbyteries, and other ecclesiastical tween the living and the dead, till courts, we have but to look, I think, the plague be stayed! Are we such, at this present Assembly, to see indeed? Are we going to heaven, how miserably we have, in a great and longing to take our people thi measure, thrown these away, deem- ther along with us? I remember 'ing their work very much over, just that once a meal was eaten on the where the chief spiritual efficacy of banks of the Sea of Galilee

, where it might have begun. Altogether, Ministers were present,

-where was who can read the following words present the chief Shepherd himself


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