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pounding, and the hammering, were “ No! by the power that made me ! performed without the noises usually -No! and'if, perchance, my vain and attendant upon such operations; and I romantic wishes should have placed me had not heard one sound by which I in the power of a fiend, my repentance could ascertain my own existence, till will carry me beyond him, and my reRudenfranck exclaimed:

sistance shall foil his temptations." “ How now ?- said I well, Raymond I can scarcely tell what followed, but Mortlake? Is not this the true Mine of I saw Rudenfranck wave his hand over Zellerfeld ? The idiots above ground his head and say, “Come, for it is done,” are toiling for they know not what: and immediately one of the Fire-damp let them dig deeper and be wiser." spirits rose in the air, a loud explosion

It was not without a feeling of dis- succeeded ; I again sank senseless on gust at my companion, and a shudder- the ground, and remember no more. ing as I addressed him, that I replied, Upon my recovery I found myself in a “ And what are these, whose labours miner's hut, but above ground, and are confined to such deeps as mortal several workmen belonging to the Mine never visits."

were standing round me, using various “ These," said Rudenfranck, “ are methods for my recovery. From these the Metal-makers and Mine-dwarfs, who humane labourers, I was informed that perform all the offices of your race in soon after my entrance into the mine, a nine years; never witnessing old age thick white vapour, which they term nor its attendant miseries; but live, ge- balloon, had exploded ; that it had nerate, and die in the treasure cham- blown up a part of the mine which had bers of the earth."

been supposed to be haunted, and had “ And those who flew upwards," I been long since disused ; and that I had answered, “what were they?"

been wounded and thrown down by not “The Ore-carriers, and the Fire-damp, having properly avoided the gaseous and the Balloon, and the Vapour-sprites: discharge. "All this was unintelligible but come, Raymond Mortlake, if you to me, for neither the time nor the cirwill be an immortal Miner, sign your cumstances agreed with what I had seen name in this register, and leave the up- and heard ; but my wonder was greatper world and its poverty for the bound- ly increased, when they told me, that less riches of the Mines."

no one was seen to enter the bucket As he spake he held towards me a with me when I first descended; and large volume, bound in massive silver, that the youngest miner in Westphalia with a pen, but at that moment the had heard of, and feared to encounter, whole force of my character returned Ruden franck, the Red Devil of Zellerto me, and dashing the book from me, feld. I cried,


CUPID once toying with his mother fair,
Entwining rose-wreaths in her sunny hair,
Let fall a thorn; which, e'er it reach'd the ground,
Pierc'd in her wanton cheek a grievous wound.
The echoing grove with loud laments she fills;
Her pearly tears increase the weeping rills.
“ Cease, mother, cease"—the young dissembler cries-
“ Lest grief should blind those bright immortal eyes.
“ To heal thy wound I'll add another grace,
“ The loveliest charm shall deck thy peerless face.”.
Theu Cupid, wiping with a silken tress
Her tearful eyes, receiv'd a soft caress;
Which he with coaxing fondling joy repaid,
Snatch'd a sly kiss, and then triumphant said,
“ View in the glass of this pellucid stream
“ Thy lovely cheeks—they now more beauteous seem."
He paus’d delighted; while, with mute surprise
And conscious pleasure dancing in her eyes,
The Goddess gaz'd, and smild_Love's dimple rose,
And for its throne the cheek of Beauty chose.



In nova fert animus mutatas dicere formas

Opes irritementa Malorum.



On! dear cousin Susan, such news I've to send,
(And I know, my dear cousin, you're always my friend)
Not one of those frumpish old maids, never glad
If their friends are pot driven right stark staring mad,
By the loss of their fortune-or what's sadder far,
Their sister gone off with some pennyless Tar,
Having previously made what they call a faux pas.
No, I've heard you declare, that your heart's warmest wish
Was to get yourself married, and see me grow rich :
And you know, my dear Susan, all lengths I wo'd go
By praising your beauty, to get you a beau,
But ogling and dancing and cutting a dash
Wont take with the beaus if you haven't the cash.
Though they love to despair, to this point they keep steady,
They'll not hear of marriage without you've the ready.
And I've heard dandies say—(they deserve to be shot)
She's a sweet pretty creature-how much has she got ?
So without more ado-or making a stop,
l'll tell you down right, love,– Pa's shut up his shop.
Not shut up his shop like our neighbour's, who get
In that vile nasty paper they call the Gazette.
He has sold off at prime, dear, lace flannels and socks,
Having made t'other day a great speck in the stocks;
Not stocks for our legs, love, but something like dice,
Where a man may get ruined or rich in a trice,
And a Jew, if he's lucky, a Lordship may be,
As quick as you'd cry “cockolorum and gee.
Yet I don't understand how they change one so quick,
But I know that they often send folks to old vick;
And I've heard people joke, with a quizzical hem,
That Downing-street Nic sends as many to them.
Thank my stars, from our business they kindly release us,
And have made my dear Pa, twice as rich as old Croesus.
And Rattle the Broker tells Ma, he'll be bound,
Her husband's made more than twice twelve thousand pounds ;
And having, dear Susan, no chicken but me,
Only think when he dies what a catch I shall be.
I'm full of delight at the thoughts—what a sight!
To see me the wife of some great Barrow-night.
A Barrow-night's wife-no, my Sue, never fear,
I'll have money enough to be wife to a Pair.
Should a Barrow-night offer, my lips how I'll curl
And tell him down right, I look out for an Earl ;
I'll turn up my nose, and his offers I'll spurn,
And look sour-like butter-milk out of a churn-
He fall on his knees, he may sigh and complain,
But a mere Barrow-night, I can treat with disdain.
What! give up my money and freedom ou his count,

I wouldn't, dear Susan, accept of a Viscount.
Eur. Mag. Vol. 81. April 1822.


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But a Duke, or an Earl, or a Marquiss, dear Sue,
Shall be husband to me, love, and cousin to you.
What's a great Barrow-night, dear,— 'twixt you and I,
The're as thick in the City, as fish in a fry.
But this I declare, with my money and wit,
I'll never consent to accept of a cit :
And I'm all on a tingle-my perves on a jar,
At whatever comes East of that vile Temple Bar.
We've cut all our friends in the Borough already,
The grocer, poor Frank—and the boot-maker, Neddy.
And Tom, whose poor heart at my name used to beat,
We don't even nod if we pass in the street.
It makes me quite titter to see their vexation,
Mere friends to feel vexed—why we've cut each relation,
The nearest and dearest-let them chafer and fret,
'Twas right to discard them-a low vulgar set.
And having got suddenly rich-my dear Sue,
We're resolved to behave as all other folks do,
Nor stand shilly shally and making a fuss,
At treating the rest as the rest would treat us.
For virtue and feeling and truth are all trash,
In the eyes of the world, if you're loaded with cash,
And the best man on earth, tho' praised and respected,
Soon finds, without money, he's lost and neglected;
Whilst dinners and dances, and all you can wish,
Tumble ín by the dozen as soon as you're rich.
But I can't write much more, tho' I've much more to say,
For we're going to niglit to the great Opera,
Where I shall behold a fine spark, Lord Trevallion,
And where singing and dancing are all in Italian,
For English gives delicate ears so much pain,
That people of fashion can't bear Drury Live.
Only think, for high fashion, how terribly coarse,
To hear Kean, roaring“ Richard,” 'till he makes himself hoarse;
And what person of style can endure that Charles Kemble,
Whose acting, dear Sue, sets you all on a tremble,
With sorrow or joy, like the vulgar and needy;
And your not a bit better with Young or Macready.
They both niade me cry’till I thought I should faint,
But it struck me my tears would discolour my paint,
Which was laid on so thick, that I sat on the rack,
Lest my laughing and cryivg should make it go crack.
So I soon dried my eyes, an expression of face
Amongst people of fashion's the greatest disgrace,
And to fashion and style your pretensions are vain,
If your countenance shews you feel pleasure or pain.
For nothing, my dear, is so very genteel
As a face which displays that the heart can not feel.
And the height of good breeding's to have no pretension
To probity, feeling, to wit, or iuvention-
As I aim at the highest, my greatest desire,
Is to look like a doll moved about by a wire.
Good bye, my dear Sue, in a month at the most
I'll write you a world of good news by the post.
And I'll send my address for we've quitted our Alley.
I remain, my dear Sue, your affectionate Sally,

D. E. W.



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(Continued from page 253.) IN the former part of this essay, we novelty and beauty of the experiment, took a short review of the subject of the minds of the literati were immediPope's “ Art of Criticism,” and of the ately turned towards the construction author's design in writing it; with a few and improvement of their native tongue; observations on the characters of the and, eight years after the publication of most celebrated critics of ancient and the Toxophilus, appeared for the first modern times. We now proceed to

time a work, which could with proprieremark the great improvement made ty be termed a book of Criticism. This since its first appearance, in literature valuable composition was Wilson's Arte in general, but more especially in the of Rhetorike, published in 1552." art of Criticism; to select from the It was shortly afterwards succeeded by poem such passages as deserve atten- his Arte of Logic, and translations of tion for their novelty or elegance; and some of Demosthenes' Orations. Of the lastly, to point out such as appear to Arte of Rhetorike, Mr. Warton, the have been taken from or suggested by historian of English poetry, has obthe works of other authors.

served that “it is liberal and discursive, We are first to observe the great im- illustrating the arts of eloquence by exprovement, made in the art of Criticism ample, and examining and ascertaining since the period, at which this poem was the beauties of composition, with the written. And here,” to use the words speculative skill and sagacity of a criof a learned and judicious writer, on tic. It may therefore,” he adds, “ be this subject, “in order to ascertain justly considered as the first book or with due precision the merits of Pope system of Criticism in our language.' as a critic, it will be necessary to consi- These productions, which we have just der,what previous steps had been taken mentioned, gave the spur to genius, and for the advancement of this branch of other critical works followed in rapid literature. Before we proceed there succession, which may be classed in the fore to estimate more particularly the following order; – Roger Ascham's

; value and utility of what he has left Schoolmaster, published in 1570, a work us in this department, it will be proper which, like his Toxophilus, exhibits a to dwell, for a short time, on the origin very improved model of style, and deand progress of English Criticism, and servedly holds a very high rank in the to trace its course to the nineteenth estimation of scholars; in 1575, Gascentury."

coigne's Instruction concerning the ma“Little attention had been paid to, king of English Rhyme ; in 1582, Muland few books of any worth published caster's Elementaire, or Rules concernin, English prose; before the middle of ing the right writing of the English the sixteenth century. Those, who as- Tongue : in 1586, Webb's Discourses pired to the character of learning, neg- of English Poetry, with the Author's lected the vernacular, for the Latin Judgment touching the Reformation of tongue, in which alone they could hope English Verse ; Puttenham's Arte for an extended circulation of their of English Poesie in 1589; Thynne's ideas. We may indeed date the first Notes on Chaucer in 1590; Harringattempt to raise a model of English ton's Apology of Poetrie in 1591; Sir style, from the Toxophilus of Roger As, Philip Sidney's admirable Defence of cham, which appeared in 1544. This Poesy in 1595; Mere's Palladis Tancia, treatise was composed professedly with or IVit's Treasurie in 1598; Campion's the view of shewing with what ele- Observations on the Arte of English gance, purity, and precision, the lan- Poesie in 1602; Daniel's Defence of guage might be written, and of giving Rhyme in 1603; Lord Bacon's Essay an example of diction more natural and on the Advancement of Learning in more truly English than was used by 1605; and in 1610, his celebrated treathe common writers of that age. The tise On the Wisdom of the Ancients ; consequence of this attempt was such as Bolton's Hypercritica, which was writits ingenious author had' in view. In ten in 1617, though not published till fact, English Criticism owes its birth 1722; and Ben Jonson's Discoveries, to this production; for, struck with the given to the world, after his death, in

* Drake's Biographical Essays, vol. 2.




This treatise and Sir Phillip Virgil, Remarks on Ovid's MetamorSidney's Defense of Poesy have been phoses, Critique on Paradise Lost, Esdeclared, by a judicious critic, to be the says on Tragedy and on True and False two best pieces which, previous to the Wit, and many others which adorn the .prefaces of Dryden, our ancient school pages of the Spectator; Walsh's Preof Criticism afforded. In 1636, Sir face to Dryden's Translation of Virgil's John Denham wrote his poem on the Eclogues ; Dr. Bentley's Remarks on Progress of Learning, and Preface to Collins, and Dissertation on the Epishis translation of the second Book of tles of Phalaris ; the Essays of Shefthe Eneid; in 1660, Cornwallis his field and Roscommon; and Pope's PreDiscourses upon Seneca; and in 1667, face to his Pastorals, the Preface to Dryden his Essay on Dramatic Poesy, the edition of his poems in 1717, the Preface to the Fables, and Discourse Preface to his Translation of the Iliad, on the Origin and Progress of Satire. and the Postcript to his version of the In 1672, appeared Sir William Temple's Odyssey. These are the principal Essays on Poetry and on Ancient and works, which appeared before or about ·Modern Learning; in 1675, Philips's the period, at which the Essay on CritiTheatrum Poetarum, in the compo- cism was published. In latter times, sition of which he is said to have re- we have had Hurd's Remarks on Ho. ceived the advice and assistance of his race ; Fenton's Observations on Waller; uncle Milton; in 1678, Rymer's Short Dr. Young's Observations on Original View of Tragedy, and in 1693, his Re. Composition, written in 1759; Farmer's flections on Shakspeare, and Preface to Essay on the Learning of Shakspeare ; Rapin; in 1690, Lord Lansdown's Es- Bishop Warburton's Commentaries on say on Unnatural Flights in Poetry ; Horace's Art of Poetry, and Pope's in 1694, Dr. Wotton's Reflections upon Essay on Man; Dr. Jortin's ObservaAncient and Modern Learning, written tions on Ancient and Modern Authors, to confute some of the principles con- and Life of Erasmus ; Blackwell's tained in Temple's Essay on the same Inquiry into the Life and Writings of subject; and in 1695, Hume's Commen- Homer ; Wood's Essay on the Original tary on Milton's Paradise Lost. “This Genius of Homer ; Godwin's Life, and last production may be considered as Tyrioliott's Essay on the Language and the first attempt to illustrate an English Versification of Chaucer; Hughes's Disclassic by copious and continued notes; course on Allegorical Poetry ; Spence's an example, which has been followed in Essay on Pope's Translation of the the last and present centuries, with re- Odyssey ; Brown's Essay on Satire; gard to Shakspeare, on a very extended Mallet's Essay on Verbal Criticism; scale." The notes of Hume, though Thomas Warton's History of English often pedantic and trifling, are not un- Poetry, and Observations on Spencer's frequently replete with entertainment Faery Queen; Dr. Knox's Moral and and instruction; and, says Warton, suc- Literary Essays, published in 1777 ; ceeding commentators have been often

Lord Orrery's Remarks on Swift ; amply indebted to them, without even Harris's Hermes ; Lord Kaimes's Elethe most distant hint of acknowledge. ments of Criticism ; Mrs. Montague's ment. In 1695 also, Sir Thomas Essay on the Genius and Writings of Blount wrote his Remarks on Poetry, Shakspeare ; the Treatises on Poetry, and Censura Celebrium Auctorum ; a Painting, and Music by Harris, Webb, work of a similar nature to Baillet's Browne, and Avison; the Dissertations Jugemens des Savans,' In 1696, of Beattie; Blair's Lectures on the Dennis published many critical per- Belles Lettres ; the critical papers in formances, which will be noticed in a the Guardian, Spectator, Tatler, Ramfuture part of this essay.—To these may bler, Adventurer, World, and Connoisbe added Milton's Tractate on Educa.

seur; and Dr. Johnson's Lives of the tion, Latin Thesaurus, and Artis Logi- Poets, with editions of their works, the cæ Institutio ; Hobbes's Letter to D' Preface to his Dictionary, and History Avenant ; the Preface to Gondibert; of the English Language. To these Locke's Observations on Reading and we may still further add Dr. Warton's Stady ; Lord Shaftesbury's Advice to learned Essay on the Genius and Writan Author ; Edwards's Canons of Cri- ings of Pope ; Lord Monboddo's Disticism ; Markland's Critical Epistles ; sertations on the Origin of Language, Addison's Essays on the Georgics of and on the Origin and Progress of


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