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But I won't, like some authors, make all things a riddle,
He's powdered and curled, and he's scented so sweet,
D. E, W MISCELLANEA.
vented from approaching by the ice. The two yachts, Bocmokb and Muph- To this coast they gave the name of the biu, under the command of Captain Coast of Alexander the First. They Bellingshausen, remained at Port Jack- next directed their course to New Shet. son from the 30th of March to the 8th land ; and after visiting this coast, which of May, 1820, whence they sailed to is covered with eternal snow, they conNew Zealand. After watering in Queen tinued their voyage to Brazil, where Charlotte's Strait, they sailed on the they arrived at Rio Janeiro on the 28th 9th of June from the canal which di- of February, after being 120 days at sea. vides Cook's Island. Op the 29th, they On the 23d. of April they weighed came within sight of Oparro, discovered anchor from Rio Janeiro, and arrived by Captain Vancouvre, from which they at Lisbon on the 18th of June, from steered to the East of the Society Islands. which they departed on the 28th, and From the 5th to the 19th of July, they reached Cronstadt on the 24th of July, discovered sixteen islands of different having completed in two years, and magnitudes, all of which appeared to twenty-one days a voyage of considerabe inhabited, though the inhabitants, ble interest in many respects. who, apparently, had never beheld a European before, would not venture to From 1800 to 1810, the white inapproach the yachts, notwithstanding habitants in the Independent States, all the inducements which were helå namely, New England, New York, New out to them. These islands have lesser Jersey, Pensylvania, and Ohio, increased islands in the interior, which are lined from 2,442,200 to 3,383,498, which is with wood and shrubbery. On the 20th about 39 per hundred. The blacks inof July, the yachts approached St. creased within the same period about Matthew's Island, and on the 22d, they 11 in the hundred. The population of arrived at Cape Venus, in the island of freemen among the whites in the InOtakrite.
dependent States, namely, Delaware, On their arrival here, they received Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, North a letter from the King, written in Eng- and South Carolina, Georgia, and Colish, by which his Majesty invited them lumbia, increased, during these ten to enter Port Matawan. On the 27th, years, from 1,601,148 to 1,908,362. The they weighed anchor, and steeredNorth- increase of blacks was from 904,439 to wards. On the 30th, they discovered 1,164,739. a little island of coral, and on the 7th A Journal of South Carolina supof Angust one still greater, about six poses, that the present census will give miles in circumference, where they be- a population in the Independent States held several spots inhabited. The in- of 2,270,000, and 1,500,000 blacks, behabitants approached the yachts, in tween freemen and slaves; and that, accanoes constructed with great art, and cording to this augmentation, the blacks acepted the presents which were offered will exceed the whites in less than fifty them; but when they perceived the years; and that, during the life-time of yachts approaching the coast, they the grandchildren of the present gefung stones at them in all directions. neration, they will probably double their On the 11th Captain Bellingshausen number. prepared to return to New Holland, Bird CALLED THE Honey-EATER. and on the 9th of September, after pass- Captain Kotzebue, in his voyage of ing Lord Howe's Island, he cast anchor discovery, mentions the remarkable inat Port Jackson.
stinct of a bird, called the honey-eater. On the 31st of October, the two yachts The Hottentots, who, he says, possess andertook a second voyage to the South an excellent sight, perceiving a bee reFrozen Ocean, and after remaining up- treating with what honey he has collectwards of two months between the ices, ed, pursue it; but they would be frequentthey discovered, on the
10th of January, ly unable to discover his retreat without 1821, a large island, 24 miles in cir: the assistance of this bird, whose incumference, which they baptised Peter stinct makes him acquainted with their the First; and on the 17th of the same intention. He pursues the bee, and month, they came within sight of an gives the Hottentots, who pursue them elevated coast, which they were pre- both, a signal by chirping from the Eur. Mag. Vol.81. May 1822.
place where the honey is deposited.' West Indies. The Roman empire
By a decree of the emperor of Russia, Professor Thiersch has published at
dated the 15th of October last, all the Munich, in modern Greek and German,
Freemason Societies have been prohia project for establishing a German le- bited, and their lodges shut up. By gion in Greece. He has fixed upon another, dated the 6th of December, all Volo, or the ancient Chalcas on the secret associations have been forbidden coast of Thessaly, as the place of ren
in Poland. Professors of schools and dezvous.
universities who are found to associate UNIVERSITIES of Moscow AND Ber
with them will be discarded.
FINE ARTS ON THE CONTINENT. The university of Moscow, restored Two copper plates have been found after the conflagration of the city, con- in the imperial library of St. Peterssists at present of four faculties: mo- burg, representing the geographic plan rality and politics ; physics and mathe- of the taking of Smolensko by the matics; medicine and the belles lettres. Poles, in 1636. There are thirty-one professors, twelve Three new observatories have been adjuncts, two professors of languages, established in countries the most retwo of gymnastics, and one of natural motely situated from each other: at Nihistory, but scarcely 200 students. There kolajew, on the borders of the Black is a library, a museum of natural his- Sea, at the Cape of Good Hope, and in tory, a cabinet of medals, a botanic New Holland. garden, an anatomical theatre, and an The statue of Washington, by Caobservatory. The printing office at- nova, represents that great man in the tached to the university, contains twelve act of writing his farewell letter. He presses. The pension granted for its is seated on a curule chair, the right maintenance is 150,000 roubles. foot elevated, and the left negligently
The university of Berlin has fifty- stretched out, holding a quill in one three professors and 110 students. hand, and in the other a roll of paper. SIERRA LEONE.
A field marshall's staff is placed at his Public instruction continues to make
feet, and an ancient Roman sword. The
costume is equally Roman. The bead great progress in Sierra Leone. The
and neck are uncovered; the head of masters are, for the greater part, ecclesiastics sent by the African Society of
Medusa is represented on the girdle Missionaries, who are assisted by a few other classic emblems. The statue and
which encompasses his body, and some men of colour. In 1820 there were 674 pupils at Freetown, the capital, 499 pedestal are of the most beautiful white
marble. Each side of the pedestal is at Regent's Town, 211 at Leicester
ornamented with bas reliefs commemoMountain, 237 at Lissey, 242 at Glocester Town, 103 at Leopold, 55 at Wil
rating the most important circumstances
of his life. berforce, 96 at Bathurst, and 88 at Charlotte.
Martini, the sculptor at Venice, has
been engaged to mould six of the prinPOPULATION OF GREAT BRITAIN AND cipal sculptural works of Canova, as THE COLONIES,
well as the bust of this celebrated arThe population of Great Britain in tist. The statues of Hebe and Venus 1811 was 11,800,000 souls, besides are completed, of which models are to 500,000 soldiers. From the census be had in plaster. made last year, we find it has increased Part of a series of medals, representto 14 millions. The present population ing the head of celebrated men, has apof Ireland is 6,500,000. The English
peared at Munich. The collection will colonies is estimated at upwards of be composed of 200 medals, and the 75,000,000, of which there are 70 mil- most distinguished artists in the counlions in the East Indies, 2,040,000 in try are invited to assist in promoting Asia, 130,000 in Africa, 150,000 in the the undertaking, The subscription Mediterranean islands, 1,500,000 in price of each medal in bronze is one North America, and 900,000 in the Aorin, 30 kr. Three medals will be
UTILITY OF SOLDIERS IN PEACE.
completed each month. A similar un. tailed accounts which have been given dertaking is announced at Berlin, by of it, could not convey so clear an idea Professor Levezow.
of the orignal, 'as may be given by a Ştrixner, the Lithographer at Mu- drawing; M. Denon has given excelnich, announces a collection of litho- lent and faithful engravings of it, in graphic plates, from the picture gal- two of his, but they are in few hands. lery of the Ancient German School, be- This inconvenience is lately remedied longing to M. M. Boisserée and Ber- by the lithographic press, which has tand, at Stoucard. The collection will published a drawing of it nearly of the be published in 48 parts, each contain- same dimension with that of "M. De. ing three plates. The subscription non, in his work upon Egypt. price is 24 florins.
A collection of 286 plates, representing, plans of houses, harbours, colo- Since the late peace, the Swedish nades, balustrades, &c. has been lately military are employed in such services published in Russia by order of the as are most useful to their country. Emperor, who seems desirous of encou- More like the Roman legions than the raging every plan which may contribute standing armies of European sovereigns, to the embelishment of his empire..
their time is employed in the completion M. Bystram, a most distinguished of public roads, which will be the adsculptor at Stockholm, has lately com- miration of posterity. They have, bepleted a most delightful group in mar
sides, cut new canals, rendered rivers ble, representing Harmony. On the navigable, and erected fortifications knees of the principal figure, which round many places. The number of holds a lyre in his hand, repose Love days they have been employed upon and Hymen fast asleep. The first has these important works, during the last his arm thrown over the neck of his seven years, amounted to 3,510,314. It brother, and the goddess views them is observable, that the soldiers were with a look expressive of joy, solicitude, never in such perfect health as they and maternal tenderness. She fears have been since the commencement of they may awaken, and to render their these labours. situation more easy, one of her legs, ANTIQUITIES FOUND NEAR TURBINGER. more elevated than the other, supports them with care. The composition is Many tumuli, or eminences have been exquisite, and manifests at a glance the opened in the neighbourhood of Turbinhand of a master. The work will not ger, at the expense of a society. The remain in Sweden, having been pur- largest are about sixty feet in circumchased, according to report, by a stran. ference; others about thirty, and some ger, before it was completed.
about twenty. In almost all of them is The celebrated Botanist, Mutes, who found a layer of ashes and charcoal, was sent by the Spanish government mingled with the remains of human into the most delightful regions of bones. In the centre of these tumuli South America, has lately sent to Ma- are found urns, vases, bronze rings, iron drid the fruit of his researches and la- lances, and other articles of a similar bours during forty years. There are nature, the urns, in general, contain 400 drawings, most elegantly executed, earth, ashes, and bones. They are not representing the plants and indigenous of the same mould with the Roman flowers of those countries in all the pottery, which is sometimes met with in splendour of their native colouring, for the same country. Neither medals norin, he has taken care to copy them the mo- scriptions are ever found in these tumuli. ment they were collected. In this col- The same society has discovered the lection are many hundred plants un- traces of Roman fortifications, which known in Europe. They have been de- the inhabitants of the country called posited in the botanic gardens of Ma- Teufelsmauer, or the Devil's Wall. drid, and given in charge to Professor Other lines of defence have been dis. Gasco.
covered, both north and south. Among The Zodiac of Denderah has been the medals have been found that of Vathe object of many discussions and lentinian the First, which leads to a scientific researches; and all the foreign supposition that the Romans remained journals have spoken of this monument in these entrenchments longer than is more or less at large. But the most de generally imagined.