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MISCELLANEA.

THE FINE ARTS IN FRANCE.

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ENGRAVINGS FROM PAINTING. noisseurs, has been destroyed, by the M. Massard has executed an engrav dispersion of the specimens of which it ing of the Hippocrates of M. Girodet, was composed, and which have, for the in such a style of excellence, that it greatest part, been given up to religious ought naturally to inspire him with establishments. a desire of re-producing another pic Many artists have assisted in restorture of the same Master. The Funeral ing this collection, by new drawings, of A fala, in which this celebrated painter thus hoping to perpetuate the impreshas united a character of beauty and dig sion which they had already produced. nity of expression, which is highly exe. The first part of the work made its apcuted, to a wonderful simplicity of

action, pearance, under the title of Recollec: presents many difficulties which have tions of the Museum of French Monubeen surmounted by M. Massard. The ments.' The four numbers which have present engraving, which has excited already appeared, perfectly fulfilled this great expectations, seemsi not, however, end, and the enterprise, in every reto have given complete satisfaction to spect, proved itself worthy of encouthe connoisseurs. Some parts appear ragement. The views, in general, are somewhat dry, and the head, perhaps, well chosen, and the execution displays has not reached the entire beauty of the the great ability of the two Normands, original; but we have no difficulty in the father and son. asserting, that these defects are slight, that they can only be discerned ENGRAVINGS FROM LANDSCAPE. by judges long exercised in the criti The poet or painter, who traverses cism of the art, and that the work, con a country ornamented with whatever sidered as a whole, evinces the hand of nature produces marked with the chaa superior Master.

racters of greatness or of beauty, teeming with the recollections which asso

ciate with places and with monuments, The Collection which has been named though sometimes covered in the ruins the Museum of the Little Augustins, was, of time or of circumstances, exert theme in the ground-work, a mass of wrecks selves equally alike to communicate the and monuments of all sorts, collated hy impressions which they have themselves a man animated with an ardent zeal for received. The means, indeed, which those arts and remainsofantiquity, which they employ, are different, but the end were placed in the hands of vandalism which they obtain is identically the and destruction. These remains were

The poet représents in words, classed and augmented by degrees; and and the painter in colours, the places M. Lenoir, after the labour and solici- which they describe. tude of twenty years, succeeded at M. de Sennones is at once a poet and length in submitting to the inspection a painter. He has visited France, Italy, of the connoisseurs à collection of mo Spain, and Switzerland, as an artist, numents, extremely important and in- and has sketched the most remarkable teresting, and in which may be traced places in those countries. To these the progress and improvement of draw. drawings, which he has multiplied ing in France, from the earliest stage by engravings of his own, he has of the art in that country. This Museum added very interesting descriptions, in attracted the attention of a great num which the reader recognizes, at once, ber of strangers and of men curious in genius, instruction, and the ardent such works; for the only object which had glow of impassioned feeling. In order been aimed at throughout Europe, be to expedite his engravings, he has fore this period, was to collect Greek and chosen aqua fortis, which is best adapted Roman antiquities, so that France alone for that purpose. His first plates want, possessed a Museum, composed entirely perhaps, freedom of execution, and are of national monuments. This Museum, deficient in variety of tones ; but he soon to the great regret of artists and con surmounted this defect; and his last

ENGRAVINGS FROM SCULPTURE.

same.

LITHOGRAPHY,

numbers contain plates which display is still the most fertile in ancient ruins, wonderful vigour of effect, combined was submitted to the inspection of the with the spirit of application. All pro. Institute of France, previous to its pubceeding from the hand of a painter, lication. It will, therefore, be eagerly and engraved by himself, this collection, sought after by architects and every which is published under high patron- person who is fond of those beautiful age, will possess a character of unity remains of antiquity, from which we which can never be met with, or ex select all our models. pected from, collections engraved by different hands. Hence a judgment may be formed of what is to appear, It is well known, that Napoleon was from what has been already published. a great admirer of Ossian's poems. He

engaged two eminent painters, M. M. ENGRAVINGS FROM ARCHITECTURE. Gerard and Girodet, who were rivals in . Modern Rome is a heap of ruins, the field of fame, to execute each of under which are buried the monuments them a painting, the subject of which of different ages. While it was occu

should be chosen from the writings of pied by the French, the government, in the Scottish poet. M. Girodet painted order to render itself agreeable to the the Shades of the French Heroes who city on seven hills, and also with a ew were received into the aerial palaces of of promoting the interests of art, or Ossian. It was the apotheosis of French dered trenches to be made, in order to heroism. This painting, which was exerecover such monuments as were found cuted with vigour, and in which the still in existence. It was a species of painter united whatever the graces and homage rendered to architecture, which, the muses could inspire, produced a of all other arts, seemed to be that, great sensation. The lovers of the arts. on which the Romans were best able crowded to see it at the painter's house, to imprint that greatness of character and the effect exceeded every thing which presided over their destiny.- imagination could have previously anThese labours, which have been since ticipated. Nothing could equal the continued by the Papal government, display of art which appeared in the have furnished the means of becoming heads of the sages, warriors, and viracquainted with the nature and extent gins whose beauty was of the most eleof many edifices, of which only the vated character. A critical judge of the ruins were in existence. Thus, for ex art has said, that though he saw thie ample, it is clearly proved, from the painting frequently, he could never forremains which have been discovered, get the impressions which were made that the temple of Venus, at Rome, upon him, when he was first permitted which has been long considered a small to view this admirable production. Preedifice, was, in reality, a temple of con sented by Napoleon to one of his own siderable magnitude, surrounded with family, and afterwards carried to Geran enclosure. M. Caristie, an architect many, this painting is lost to the counand ancient pensioner in the Roman try which produced it. M. Girodet, school, has published the result of a however, before he delivered up the part of these discoveries, in a work work, fortunately caused several of his composed of seven plates of great di pupils, who are now masters in the art, mensions. Three of these plates con M. M. Coupin, Delorme, Dejuinne, tain a plan of all the ancient monuments Chattilon, &c. to make drawings of dug up in the space .contained between the principal figures. He permitted the coliseum and the capitol, and which M. Aubry Lecomte, who became afterstill exist, either in whole or in part. wards his pupil, to lithographise these Three others present sections of these designs. The collection, which is commonuments in their present state and posed of sixteen plates, and which have their elevation when restored according appeared in two parts, has met with to the experiments made in digging them unexampled success. The copies have up, the indications furnished by me been so eagerly bought up, that the dals, &c. This work, which in a man artist has reason to congratulate himner recovers from its ruins that part of self upon his enterprise. Lithography Rome, which was formerly most thickly has produced as yet nothing so perfect covered with public edifices, and which or so interesting in France ; and if

there be still any detractors of the litho Annotator) was silenced a few months graphic art, this collection alone would ago by the authority of the governsuffice to convict them either of igno ment. It was indeed a most violent rance or prejudice.

annotator, and passed in review, all

the agents of authority, from the miniSWEDISH JOURNALS.

ster to the country guard, and all their The journals published in Sweden proceedings were generally censured in are very numerous, compared to the the rudest manner. The minister, who population of the country. They would wished to rid himself of so troublesome perhaps be still more so, if here as else a censor, availed himself of an impruwhere the independent journalists had dent assertion which escaped the editor, not to maintain a perpetual contest with and suppressed the Journal. The edipower, which in that country is always tor was M. Cederborgh, author of many prompt in misinterpreting and arraign- romances. His Journal was supported ing the articles which attack public by 1500 subscribers, which placed it in abuses. The oldest Swedish Gazette is the third class of Swedish Journals. the Post-och-Inrikes Tidning, which The Argus was commenced in 1820 by has now been nearly a century in ex M. M. Johanson and Scheutz. It

posistence. It is the Courier of Stockholm, sessed considerable repute for some time, and is chiefly devoted to court news and in consequence of the variety and ex, the revenues of functionaries. It sel tent which it gave to all noted trials; dom enters into argument on any sub- but it owed its chief success to the asject, and the editor consequently is not sistance which it received from Count put to much trouble in compiling bis Schwerin, chief of the moderate oppomatter. He is perpetual secretary of sition in the Diet. But the moment the Swedish academy, and is properly the conductors were left to themselves, obliged to take this charge upon him- they lost their ground, though they had self as the profits of the Gazette con declared it was their intention to place stitute the principal revenue of the aca themselves above the liberals and the demy. It has about 2,500 subscribers, ultras, above the classics and the rowhich is a very considerable number, mantics. The Swedish Literary Gazette, when compared to the population of the printed at Upsal, appears only once a country. Another Gazette, the Stock week. The Phosphorus, another Literary holms Posten, established in 1778, by Journal, has been discontinued, though the poet Kellgren, and abandoned since it was enriched with the poems of Åtto less able hands, is so indifferent that terbom. The same has happened to the its existence is scarcely recognized. It Lyceum, published by Hammarskoeld is supported, however, by 7 or 800 sub- and Hoyer. The Jduna has been more sucscribers. This paper is eclipsed by the cessful, and deserves the encouragement Allmana Journalen, or universal Jour. it has met with. It was at first confined to nal, established by counsellor Wallmark criticism, the Belles Lettres, and poetry. in 1809. The liberty of the press, which M. Geyer, professor of history at Upwas a long time prohibited by the kings sal, and M. Tegner, professor of Greek of Sweden, was enacted this year to at Lund, have enriched it with some render the new government more popu- poems, abounding in imagination, the lar, and it therefore forms an epoch in greater part of which have been set to Swedish history. In literary subjects music, and are become popular. M. this Journal, which has about 2000'sub- Schroeder, director of the Cabinet of scribers, defends the classic taste adopt- Medals, at the university of Upsal, has ed by the Swedish academy against the also supplied it with a variety of pieces numerous partisans of the romantic on Swedish antiquity. A periodical school. It also publishes from time to work, published under the title of Sveüa, time such articles from the liberal papers would seem willing to embrace every of France as the Official Gazette passes branch of human knowledge. It conover in silence. It is thought, notwith- tains a great number of interesting mestanding, to be a ministerial paper. In moirs, among which may be cited, a the literary department it had a formi. Memoir relative to the Ancient Song of dable adversary at first in the Polyfem, the Northern People with the Musical conducted by Afklaef, but he gave up Shell of the Ancient Swedes ; another on the struggle at the end of two years. Thibet, by Palmblad; fragments of the Another Journal the Anmoerkaren, (the epic poem of Gustavus Adolphus, by

PERIODICAL WORKS AT STUTTGARD.

PUBLIC

IN

SWITZER

INSTITUTIONS

LAND.

GREEK THEATRE AT ODESSA.

Franren; Memoirs of Feudality and ner, nrar Eschwege. Their first line of Republicanism, by Geyer; on the Swedish operation passes through Amoenebourg, Soil, by Wahlenberg ; on the Ancient Knoell, Hersfeld, Hanau, &c. Voyages of Discovery made by the Scandinavians in North America, by Schroeder; on the Working of the Silver Mines The following is a list of the periodical of Sweden, by Schwerin, &c. A new works published in that city : -A Jourperiodical has lately appeared, callednal of the Society of Rural Economy, the Hermes, of which M. Almguist, edited by M. Andre, Secretary of the secretary

to the chancery is principal Society-Hesperus, by the same-The editor. He is assisted by M. M. Ham Official Journal of Stuttgard, edited merskoeld, Palmblad, and Schwerin, by Doctor Muhlberger - The Governthe latter of whom is a very able ora ment and Political Journal, by Professor tor. M. Palmblad chiefly confines him. Michaelis - The Universal Intelligenself to oriental literature.

cer of Cotta-The Mercury of Swabia, The Argus has been prohibited in conducted by Professor Elben- The consequence of an article entitled, Ma Journal of Necker, by M. Lade-The terials for a History of the System of Indicator of the Southern Germany, Indictment established in Sweden; in The Friend of the Poor, by M. Schoullwhich the author seeks to prove, that kraft – The Citizen, by M. Langsince the year 1810, there exists in the European Political Annals, by "M. country a species of espionnage. This Murhard— The Morgenblatt, or MornGazette is to be replaced by another. ing Journal, which is conducted at pre

sent by Madame Theresa Huber_The Litteraturblatt, or Literary Minute Book,

which is the production of M. MullnerExtract of a Letter from General La and the Kunstblatt, or Journal of Arts, Harpe.-According to the laws of the by M. Schorn. Canton of Vaud, all children without exception are obliged to frequent the schools, where they are taught reading,

The Philoctetes of Sophocles, transwriting, arithmetic, and the catechism. lated into Greek verse by M. Pícolo, a The number of children appears from young Grecian of distinguished merit, the catalogue to be 29,000, and those has been lately represented at the Greek who frequent the schools are 639, out Theatre of Odessa. The actors, who of a population of 160,000. The re are all Greeks by birth, have been highly formation of the schools has met with applauded. The audience set no bounds considerable difficulty in their origin, to their enthusiasm, except when it was but the example of many of the com- checked by the tragic powers of the acmon people has produced a very good tor who took the part of Philoctetes ; effect, particularly since some of the and who, like Timotheus, when he most enlightened among the ecclesias

Chose a mournful muse, tics, convinced of the advantages of mutual instruction, have joined the

Soft pity to infuse, friends of that excellent system. frequently melted his audience into tears,

The manner of this actor, whose name TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY OF CASSEL we have not been able to learn, is re

presented as highly noble and energetic. The elector has ordered a trigonome. At the end of the piece the audience trical lever to be made for next spring, cried out, “ May Greece flourish for by means of which a grand military and ever!” May its generous supporters topographical chart will be executed of flourish for ever!'* Patriotic hymns, all the Electoral States. Captains Vig- suited to the occasion, were afterwards rebe and Ochs, as well as professor Ger sung in full choir, and were received ling, all able engineers, are now on a with unbounded applause.--Prayers are circuit, making the previous necessary sung at all the Greek churches at Odessa, discoveries relative to the triangulation for the success of the great cause in and elevation of the highest parts of which the Greek nation is at present the country, which are Mount Inselberg engaged. near Sehmalkalden, and Mount Meiss.

IN GERMANY.

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THE

LONDON REVIEW,

AND

Literary Journal.

JUNE 1822.

QUID SIT PULCHRUM, QUID TURPE, QUID UTILE, QUID NON.

Illustrations, fc. of Roscoe's Life of Lorenzo de Medici.

(Continued from page 445.)

MR.

ROSCOE'S Life of Lorenzo de authorities, documents, and papers from Medici was translated into French by which the work was compiled, and who, M. François Thurot, and published perhaps, devoted years of application about the year 1799. To this transla- and research in comparing these orition, M. Thurot prefixed a letter ad- ginal materials with each other, before dressed to Jean Bartheme Lecouteulx, he ventured to decide which of different in which he charges Mr. Roscoe with authorities could be most firmly relied too manifest a partiality for his hero, upon. With regard to the charge which - He admits, that Lorenzo possessed he brings against Lorenzo, of " violat

great qualities,” but that he was, ating the precepts of that religion to which the same time, “devoured by an immo- he pretended to be so deeply devoted,” he derate ambition, which induced him, refutes it himself.—He says, that of all more than once, to abandon the in: accredited errors, the most dangerous terests of his country, and openly to is that, which teaches the necessity of violate the precepts of that religion to religion to the people. If religion, then, which he pretended to be so deeply de- be unnecessary, it can impose no oblivotrd.” Íf Lorenzo de Medici, be the gations, and, consequently, its precepts character

here described, it is certain, are null and void ; they have no virtual that Mr. Roscoe has sketched his por- existence, and what exists not, cannot trait with a very unfaithful hand; but be violated. It is absnrd, then, to before we admit the charge, we na- charge Lorenzo with a crime which, turally call on M. Thurot for the facts according to M. Thurot, no man can by which it is proved, and the authori- commit. If it should be replied, that ties by which these facts are substan- though the precepts of Lorenzo's relitiated: No such facts, however, are gion were not binding, yet as he himstated ; no such authorities brought self thought them binding, he acted forth. We have only M. Thurot's as criminally in transgressing them, we sertion, and we know not why we reply, that such an argument proves should prefer the ipse dixit of a trans- them binding and obligatory in the lator, whose letter to Citizen Lecouteulx strictest sense, for every precept is is in itself a proof, that the expanded binding which it is criminal to transmind of a republican, with all its aspi- gress. The writer, therefore, who asrations after intellectual and political serts, that the precepts of Catholicism perfection, cannot always rise above or Protestantism are not binding, and the prejudices, the littlenesses, and the yet accuses the Catholic and Protestant workings of its earthly nature ;-we of crime when they violate these preknow not, we say, why we should pre- cepts, only publishes his folly and his fer the ipse dixit of such a translator, prejudice at the same moment. With or of any translator, to that of the ori, regard to M. Thurot's system of moginal anthor, who consulted all the rality, we could prove its absurdity in Eur. Mag. Vol. 81. May 1822.

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