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tribe, terrible to travellers, inhabit The old name Atropatene, as well the foot of the mountain; they wor: as the modern one, Aderbidjan, ship the evil spirit, and consider signifies land of fire; and the robbery and murder lawful. In a author thinks that the mountains dcfile near the lake of Van, the ca already mentioned, Ararat, Seïban ravan met a troop, who, in conside- and Kusseh-Dag have formerly ration of a present, suffered it to emitted fire. The whole country pass without molestation. The lake is full of sulphuric mineral waters, of Van is ninety leagues round; its and sulphur is plentiful: naphtha or trade is very brisk, and the fishing petroleum is found there, and the considerable: eminences covered with inhabitants make use of it for lights. trees surround it on all sides; the According to our author, Tauris is climate is mild, and the land fer not the ancient Ecbatana, but the tile, and the town is surrounded by Gaza of the Medes; it is now the delicious gardens. The Pacha receiv- second city of Persia, and is sured the author with great distinction; rounded by towers; with a population gave him an escort; and byone of those amounting to fifty thousand. Aderrevolutions so very frequent among bidjan was governed by the Prince the Turks, hè perished three days Abbas-Mirza, son of the Chah : after, being assassinated by a rival. when the author arrived in this proFrom Van, M. Jaubert directed his vince, Feth-Aly-Kan, a well-informcourse towards Cotourah, the last ed and agreeable man, who had acvillage in Turkey: he soon came in companied Mr. Malcolm in his first sight of Khor, where the aspect of the voyage to Persia, was then lieutecountry suddenly changes :--polite- nant of the Begler-beg: he lodged ness of manner, health of the inha M.Jaubert in his magniticent palace, bitants, richness and variety of cul a delicious residence, breathing votivation, elegance of language, every luptuousness and effiminacy: his conthing announces the Persian ter versation constantly turned either on ritory.
the discoveries of the Europeans in Khoi is a fortified town containing the sciences, the great success at that twenty-five thousand inhabitants. time of the French nation, or upon The governor endeavoured by innu- the wisdom and glory of the reignmerable civilities, to make our tra- ing King, Feth-Åly-Chah. veller forget the horrid treatment he From Tauris our traveller, instead had met with from the Kourdes. At of going on towards Teheran, travelhis first stage from Khoi, the author led eastward, through Seidabad, Sewas not a little surprised to find rab and Ardebil, in order to visit the lodgings and food prepared for him; camp of Abbas Mirza, not far from but his astonishment was still greater the Caspian Sea : in this country the to find himself received, at the en houses are built below the soil, like trance of a little village, with com several parts of Armenia and Georgia, pliments in verse, rather tlattering where the inhabitants lodge anderand high-flown it is true, but couched
Ardebil is the mart for all in great purity of language. the caravans travelling from Tiflis
After crossing a short desert, he to Teheran and Ispahan: at this arrived at Merend, the ancient Mo place, M. Jaubert, who had resumed runda, where opinm and cochineal his European dress, became the obare found. The distance from this ject of general and disagreeable cuplace to Tauris is reckoned eighteen riosity. On his arrival at the camp leagues. The rivers he crossed in of the young Persian Prince, he was his route emptied themselves into the treated with the greatest distinction. Jake of Ormiah, another inland sea Abbas-Mirza had recently gained that derives its name from a town, some advantage over the Russians ; celebrated as the birth-place of Zoro
but the renown of the victories of Tauris has been shaken by the French armies excited his adearthquakes; and if Chardin were to miration, and he wished to have a revisit it, he would no longer know it. faithful account of them: he also The waters of the lake are bitumi wished to inform himself of every nous, so that no fish can live in it. thing remarkable that had talsen From time immemorial, the country place amongst the ancients as well lias been torn by volcanic eruptions.
as moderns; the events of the French
expedition to Egypt, the bravery of lace-gardens are not like those of the Mamelukes, the life of the fero- the Turks, planted without either cious Djezzar, &c. On this occasion order or taste, nor are they like our traveller related his mission in those of Egypt, entirely deprived of 1804, to the Pacha of Acre, in the turf; there are serpentine walks, suite of General Sebastiani, and the wiih basins of marble jets d'eau, singular conversations of this san. &c. carpets of rich verdure, and a guinary man. Abbas Mirza depart- great variety of flowers. ed in order to take field, and our Amongst the trees are the planauthor left for Khalkhal, and after tain, willow, poplar, &c., which wards for Zinghian and Sultânieh, surround the mysterious pavillion, in Persian Irac: this last town, lately where the Chah goes every day. The flourishing and full of inhabitants, account of this voluptuous place, is now an immense mass of ruins, where the most beautiful women in the effect of civil wars: beyond it Asia aspire to the favor of their so. is the fertile valley of Abher, which vereign, must be read in the ori. follows the desert of Cazbin: this ginal: the miniatures of all those, country produces excellent wine and who have succeeded in pleasing him, pistachios. Our author witnessed ornament one of the rooms, and at Cazbin a brilliant fete, in honor their number is very considerable. of the birth of three princes of the The library contains some precious blood-royal: music, poetry, illumi. manuscripts, among which our aunations, flowers, dancing, and the thor saw a poem of Feth-Aly-Chah's most delicious perfumes embellished own composition. Teheran has been a splendid repast, where the wine of the capital of the empire since the Schiraz was profusely drank, in de year 1794, which was in the reign of fiance of the law of Mahomet. Mahomet Kan. The fortifications
From Cazbin he travelled in three are inferior-the population incon. days to Teheran, the capital of Persia, siderable—and the air unhealthy. escorted by a numerous and magni This was the time of the annual ficent cavalry that Feth-Aly-Chah the military review, and the King was king had sent him. The Adjutant- desirous of taking M. Jaubert with General Romieux, although he left him; but a violent fever, caused by France on the same mission after the unbealthiness of Teheran, deM. Jaubert, arrived before him at tained him with Aly-Chah-Abbas. Teheran, by the way of Bagdad, but The King's chief physician, Mirzahe died no one knew how, before the Chefi, received orders to take every arrival of M. Jaubert. After the care of him; and his own life would accustomed visits to the Vizier and be endangered if he did not restore the ministers, our traveller obtained his patient to health : this doctor orhis first audience of the Sovereign. dered him, amongst other medicines, We must refer our readers to the stewed rice, raw cucumbers, and original for the curious account of green fruit: another physician of the his reception: when he made his royal harem advised him to pray to first obeisance, he was kept so far the prophet Ali. Happily he esoff, that he could scarcely see the caped both these orders, and got throne of Feth-Aly-Chah. The mas well in spite of cucumbers and rice. ter of the ceremonies having an The King's physician was afraid at nounced him to the king, he replied first thať M. Jaubert would share " You are welcome;" after which the fate of M. Romieux, who, after a Visier conducted him to the ball of having escaped assassination from audience, the magnificence of which the Arabs in the desert of Orfa, and is beyond expression; millions of received an excellent reception from diamonds, rubies, emeralds and sap the King, suddenly died, with his pbires glittered on all sides : the travelling companion; or that of King, covered with the finest dia M. Outrey, vice-consul of Bagdad, monds, had three of his sons with and brother-in-law to the author, him. After reading the credentials, who had also been attacked with the audience lasted an hour: Feth violent and dangerous illness: the Aly-Chal felt pleasure in conversing complaints of our traveller, howewith an European without the as ver, had a different origin, and soon sistance of an interpreter. The pa yielded to the care of his friends.
At last arrived at the camp of Sul- but was prevented by a bloody battaniéh, he assisted for forty days at tle being fought on the same day the hunting parties of Beth-Aly. between the Turks and the inhabitChah, and at the reviews of troops, ants of Djanik, a country of the employing himself during the time Mosinceques and chalybes. The with the purport of his mission : he bridge was broken, and the streets at length obtained his audience of of Bafrar were full of the dead and leave, and received magnificent pre- wounded. He returned to the coast, sents: the King assured him that he whence the ship had sailed, but for. much wished to be in amity with the tunately a Greek vessel took him French nation; and promised to re on board, and landed him at Sinope. ceive with politeness all Frenchmen, This ancient capital of the kingdom who should be induced to visit Persia of Pontus, the country of Diogenes through curiosity or business. On the Cynic, and Mithridates, is so the 14th of July, M. Jaubert set out well known, that we shall pass with a numerous escort, accompanied slightly over the traveller's descripby M. Dupré, son of the French con tion of it. He found there M. Foursul at Trebizond, who came to Te cade, the French consul, a man disheran, to bring the news of the peace tinguished for various acquirements, of Presbourg ; Mirza-Chefi still at- and whose premature death is still tending him, had to answer with his remembered with regret by the schohead for the safety of the traveller. lar, the geographer, and the antiHis route was nearly the same as quary. From Sinope he went by that by which he came, by Tauris, land' to Ineboli, and embarked for the lake of Ormiah, and Khoi: at the celebrated town of Amastrah, this last place he parted from the where still exist the remains of a royal physician; for whose safety he temple of Neptune, and the valley provided for in his turn, by giving of 'Bartin, anciently Parthenius, him a certificate of his good health. which, though almost unknown or : Thence the travellers went to Van. neglected, is a most fertile and picIn this place is the convent of the turesque country. seven churches, inhabited by Arme M. Jaubert next arrived at Heranian monks, less rigid in their diet clea, an inhospitable country, and than the monks of La Trappe. They dangerous to Europeans, of which then passed an arm of the Euphra. he presents his readers with an intes, near Touzla, which they crossed teresting account from the pen of with the help of leather bottles; and M. Allier de Hauteroche. He found lastly, the Araxes, which is in the at this place a forty-gun frigate, same mountains as the Tigris and which in two days carried him to the Euphrates. Arrived at Erze- Tarapia, a town on the Bosphorus, Roum, the Persian escort quitted where the French ambassador, GeM. Jaubert, who took the road to neral Sebastiani, was waiting for Djennés, which he considered the him; in the General's society he same place as Gymnias, known by soon forgot his privations, his fathe retreat of the ten thousand (ra- tigues, and his misfortunes. ther than Kenes, as Mr. Macdonald Here the narrative of M. Jaubert Kinneir thought) then he reached closes : it is full of simplicity and Tchiftlik, the silver mines of Gu- truth; and his descriptions are remach-Khaneh, and the fine country plete with energy and grace. of Trebizond, the end of M. Jaubert's We will conclude by pointing out voyage in Asia Minor. At this place to the reader some very remarkable he embarked directly for Constanti. passages upon the manners, religion, nople. Bad weather forced the tra- usages, and actual state of civilizavellers to stay at several places on tion in this part of Armenia and the southern borders of the Black Persia. Amongst others there are, Sea, as Thermeh, the ancient The the twelfth chapter upon the Armemisciza, the fabled country of the nians, the fourteenth upon the aboAmazons, Samsoun or Amisus, and minable superstitions of the Yezidis; Sinope; which gave him an oppor- the seventeenth and thirty-ninth op, tunity of observing the soil, climate, on the manners of the Persians, and and produce. The author was de the degree of confidence to be placed sirous of going by land to Sinope, in their politeness, with a parallel
between them and the Turks. The tal manners in general. In short, portraits of Feth-Aly-Chah, his sons this narrative, although contained and his ministers, are drawn with a in one volume, is not less useful than masterly hand. It would be well the larger works on Persia already also to read in the twenty-seventh published, and is worthy of a dischapter the history of the reigning tinguished place in the best libraries. King, and in chapters thirty to thirty Besides a map, which is very well four, and thirty-eight are observa. engraved, the work contains seven tions upon the population, commerce lithographic engravings, well executwealth, and military state of the ed, amongst which are the portraits Persian empire, as well as on orien of Abbas-Mirza and Asker-Ran.
EXTRACT FROM THE SUICIDES-AN UNPUBLISHED Poem.
For she was calm, but pale with constant thought;
'Tis well-exult in thy morning hour;
'Twere pity to cloud that beamy brow,
Of promising hope; but smile not thou
Have scattered thy path with its fairest flowers;
Have swept not a leaf from thy chosen bowers ;
And skies are cloudless, and hope is high ;
The rage of the storm is gathering nigh:
The goblet of gladness is mingled for thee:
Look bright in their prospect, nor fade ere they flee;
Rejoice in the pride of thy beauty and youth;
The visions of Hope in the garments of Truth :
Of the wise and the brave that are past away;
Or the hues of the woods that are gone to decay;
The records of hours they would not forget;
That are vanish'd for ever, have nought to regret:
Though pleasure at length begins to pall;
The delight that it found in the festival;