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they have hands, eyes, and tongues ; senting them always on the successful but their hands do not seem to have side, though he never makes their sucbeen formed for action; their eyes have cess the result of great and exalted neither the fire of the warrior, nor the emotions. The reader, who is attentive all-surveying glance of the experienced to the genius of his writings, will find Jeader; and their tongues, so far as this one of their most prominent and they are indexes of their minds, only characteristic features. It is true he prove them to be (as it were) characters bas often to describe English bravery, without a character. What Hotspur is, but with him the bravery of an Engno man can tell from bis discourse. He lisbman is made to arise from physical, appears rather a philosopher than a sol that of a Scotchman from mental influ. dier, and yet he is neither. When King ences; and we must say he has shewn Edward tells him that the Scots had very great art, in endeavouring to conalready seen his back, he replies, ceal and to preserve, at the same time,
this characteristic distinction through" Ay; but the mass which now lies weltering
out all his works. The Scottish army On yon bill side, like a leviathan That's stranded on the shallows, then had soul is here routed, but their defeat is asin't,
cribed rather to an excess, than'to a Order and discipline, and power of action.
want of bravery. They quarrel with Now 'tis a headlcss corpse, which only shews By wild convulsions that some life remains in't.” each other for precedence, and the
English, taking advantage of their disAre these the sentiments of a war union, obtain an easy victory. rior? or would not a soldier blush to
Halidon Hill has neither incident, have it thought, much less to acknow character, variety, nor dramatic effect. ledge, that his only hopes of victory From the principal character, Sir Allan depended on the impotence or coward
Swinton), a knight of giant mould, and ice of his enemy. Indeed King Ed long experienced in deeds of arms, we ward and his commanders seem to be are led to expect much; but throughout unacquainted with heroic sentiments the piece there is not one single exploit of any kind, and with regard to per related of him, either by himself or sonal bravery they have none of it. others. Whatever he does in the field They are distant spectators of the com is transacted behind the scene, and the bat, and talk pot of the exploits which imagination is left to form the best picthey have performed themselves, but ture of it which its fertility of concepof what their “ peasant" soldiery are tion can pourtray. Gordon indeed tells performing in their presence. The vic us that Swinton smote Selby, and Swintory it is true is given to the English, ton informs us that Gordon slew stout but it is not the victory of the lion De Grey, but the particulars of the over the tyger; it is not the victory of combat are not described; and all drarival bravery or patriotic enthusiasm. matic as well as all poetic interest must It is a victory without honour, and ap- arise, not from general descriptions, pears to be acquired by the same me. but from particular images and reprechanical process, which is exercised in sentations. The time and place that constructing a waggon or a cart. The ought to be allotted to them here is, English advance in a solid body, and with other ill-timed circumstances, ocshoot their arrows at the enemy with cupied in an idle conversation which out seeming to know for what purpose took place between Swinton and Gorthey shoot them. They act like ma don, after the first onset. The moment chines, and can therefore claim no ho of leisure which was then permitted nour from the victory which they ob them would naturally have bech emtaip. Indeed it would appear not only ployed in relating what they had done, from the present sketch, but from the and devising what was next to be done; spirit which presides over all Sir Wal but instead of this, Gordon, after inter Scott's writings, that he considers forming Swinton of his wife's name, Englishmen no way studious about the (wby the communication was made in means by which they obtain success, a whisper we are really stupid enough provided they obtain it. The true spi not to perceive, nor is the mystery afrit of chivalry, that spirit which looks terwards unravelled, a new mode pernot to conseqnences, but obeys every haps of creating interest,) descants on impulse and every call which is conse her musical powers, vocal as well as secrated by the name of honour and of instrumental, though he was at the heroism, is a spirit which he confines very moment surrounded by an overto his countrymen alone; and as he whelming army who bore down every seems to believe Englishmen desti thing before them. Was there ever an tute of it, he thinks he sufficiently instance of a commander descanting at gratifies their national vanity by repre such a perilous moment on his wife's
qualifications? but what is unnatural not; but should he, we beg to recomin real life, is equally so in description. mend him to choose ground and chaWe could forgive it, however, if it racters of his own, where he will not arose from, or mingled with, apprehen be afraid to clash with tbe genius of a sions for bis own or her personal safety. Shakspeare. He need not be indebted But of this not a word; so that his to others for characters, incidents, or praise is evidently out of place, and powers of description. He has a power ought to have given way to reflectious within bimself which requires not the of a very different nature. The great accession of extrinsic aid. We repeat physical powers, and long-tried bravery it again, Sir Walter Scott deserves a of Swinton, the youthful ardour and severer chastisement for the defects of ambitious longings after military fame this performance than we are willing of Gordon, contrasted with the stub. to bestow. We cannot, however, help born and haughty spirit of Edward, expressing our regret that he did not and the wild heroism and reckless im- suffer it to fall into that nameless situapetuosity of Hotspur, afforded a sub tion for which he at first intended it, ject which required a more powerful namely, " for the purpose of contributdramatic genius, and a more vigorous ing to a miscellany projected by a much and lively colouring than can be traced esteemed friend." If he had, he would, in the faint and fadjog characters and we will not hesitate to assert, hare descriptions of the piece before us. served his friend more than he has Swinton is the only character of whom served his own literary reputation. we can form any thing like a fixed no If we are satisfied that Sir Walter tion. Gordon has no decided charac- Scott is the author of the Scottish No. ter; and as for Percy, we could scarcely vels, it will be very easy to account recoguize in him the shadow of Shak. for his failure in his present performspeare's Hotspur. All the other Dra. ance. There he had the long space of matis Persone were merely used for three volumes to bring his characters the purpose of putting the machine in to maturity, to give them all a decided motion and putting an end to the bat. feature, to enliven his plot with incitle. And as for dramatic effect few dents and scenery, and to exercise, at readers (a Caledonian only excepted) his own will and leisure, his great will feel any interest in the perusal of descriptive powers here he was conthis sketch from begivning to end. In fined to less space than he was acdeed we should not wonder if many customed to, and not recollecting his fing the pamphlet from them, when limits, or if recollecting, not possessthey recollect that for a trifling per- ing the true concentrating powers, so tormance of one hundred and nine necessary to write a good drama, his pages, loosely printed, they have characters were as yet in embryo, thrown away six good shillings of Bri when he found himself approacbing
money, for which they could pur- the limits of his drama, and without chase the entire of Pope's poetical incidents or variety he was obliged works, or, we presume, Campbell's to bring it to a conclusion. In a no Pleasures of Hope. Apropos, by the vel many circumstances, peculiar to a by, it would seem that popular authors man's character, may be introduced feel their literary kibes so closely which cannot at all be admitted into pressed by their less fortunate follow. a drama; where, for want of room ers, that the best and only way left and for the sake of life, energy, and them to keep the petty tribe at a more effect, nothing should be seen of any humble distance, is to lay a double character but the very essence of that price on all their works. We would peculiarity which distinguishes him suppose that three shillings would be from another. an extraordinary price for the work before us, had it come from one of our less presuming dramatists, even though
A Critical and Analytical Dissere it possessed a double portion of the tation on the Names of Persons, By merit of Halidon Hill, backed as it is J. H. Brady. London, 1822. by the renowned name of Sir Walter Scott, Bart. If ever Sir Walter at. There are few persons, however tempt any thing of this kind again; common it may be to deny the impuand we sincerely hope, for the sake of tation, who have not some little portion the reputation he has already acquired, of the Shandean character about them and the esteem we bear him for thé with regard to naines. Surnames in. many, many hours of amusement and deed are placed by various circumliterary recreation his other works stances almost beyond our couptroul; have already afforded us, that he'will but in the choice of Christian names
no little attention is paid to the respec. out some very ingenious suggestions tive claims on our regard, of a certain on the subject of names; and to pernumber of names from which we in. sops who are at all curious in these tend to make a selection. Moses, for matters, and come within the descripexample, may be the name of a rich tion given above, we heartily recomuncle, and there may be a probability mend the publication. The subject is oi reaping sonie advantage from paying treated with a very appropriate degree him the compliment. Why then do we of sprightliness; and those, if there hesitate ?
should be any, who do not edify by the What's in a name? He, whom we christen perusal, will assuredly laugh. We do Charles,
not know that we can give the reader By any meaner name would thrive as well.
a better idea of the book than is conYet is it unquestionably trne, that veyed by it's motto, which we can aswe feel instinctively as much reluct. sure the reader is no delusion. ance in fixipg on an infant a name,
In hoc est hoax whose sound is offensive to our ears
Et quiz et joax or is associated in our minds with any
With gravity for graver folks. 1. thing paltry or ridiculous, as if we had really been appealed to by Mr. Shandy himself, with all the force of his argu An Itinerary of Provence and the mentum ad hominem.
Rhone, in 1819.' By John Hughes, We seem to feel the
importance of A.M. 8vo, pp. 293. 12s. London, the privilege which we possess of designating an individual, and to prize
1822. it as a precious relic of that sovereign This work is written in the style of power which our ancestor, Adam, ex a scholar and a gentleman.-The exeercised over the whole creation. Nor cution of it evinces ability, but which is the value of this privilege a little is surpassed by the practical usefulness enhanced by the hereditary nature of of its plan. The author does not disa our surnames. Our baptismal autho play that parade of antiquarian or hisrity is all which remains to us, and it torical research, or the affectation or behoves us to use it with solemnity superabundance of sensibility at the and discretion. As philosophers, we beauties of nature, with which books must acknowledge that this anxiety of this sort are, in general, so nauseabout a name is a weakness; and in ously replete. In short, there is none our serious moods, we should treat the of the art of book-making in this vowhole affair with perfect non-chalance. volume, but all is either useful or Yet must we not deny, that we should agreeable. The reader is carried from scarcely have been able at all times to Paris to Toulon and Nice, through subdue our vexation, if it had been our Rochepor, Avignon, and Nismes; and lot to answer to so disagreeable a name every thing worthy of bis attention at as Nicodemus; or that we should have the various places is succinctly pointed felt some portion of the embarrassment out with taste and judgment. The of Mr. H. in the farce, if in soliciting author's descriptions, particularly of a young lady to change her name (Bel, the Alps and blue waters of the rapid ford or Beauchamp perhaps) for our. Rhone, reflecting the lovely scenery of sakes, we had no better to offer her its banks, with the groups of white than Hogsflesh. We have indeed, cattle, are enough to make those lament knowa instances of persons taking the who are dooined to stay at home-whilst liberty of altering their surnames, by those, who are about to travel in this a variation in their orthography, or direction, will find the present volume by dropping, or cutting off an offensive a useful companion; and travellers for consonant, or even a whole syllable; pleasure, who are indifferent to the and we could amuse our readers with route they may take, may be induced a pleasant tale of mishaps which befel to follow Mr. Hughes's steps, not only a friend of ours, in consequence of from the many advantages of the joursuch a transmutation of his personal pey, but because this work will enable identity. But we suppress our own them to avoid imposition and incon. good things that we may make room venience; and will, also, enable them, for a few words on those of Mr. Brady without further research or trouble, to This gentleman is the author of a new direct their attention to whatever is translation of “Guzman D'Alfarache," deserving of notice, or calculated to which we reviewed in our number for afford them amusement and delight. April, 1821. He has collected, in the There are numerous etchings in the present little dissertation, several very book, some of which appear to us reuseful scraps of information, and thrown markably spirited and happy.
Select Passages from the Bible; To remedy these inconveniences is arranged under distinct heads, for the object of the present compilation.
The author commences with the first the use of Schools and Families. chapter in Genesis, and selects from it, By Alexander Adam, 12mo. pp. 500. and from every chapter in succession, 4s. 6d.
what is not only best adapted to the
capacities of youth, but also what is This is one of those works for which sufficient to make them acquainted with an author can claim no higher merit the principal historical events related than taste in the selection, and judg- in the Old Testament, omitting, howment in the arrangement; but which, ever, “ all bistorical and genealogical notwithstanding, are of more real use registers." The extracts succeed each to society than many of those imperish- other, with few exceptions, in the same able monuments of genius which have order in which they stand in the Scrip secured the applause and commanded ture, so that the work may be considered the admiration of mankind. What daz- the Scriptures in miniature. The exzles is not always what improves: what ceptions, to which we allude, are met surprizes is not that, with which we love
with in the Psalms and the Books of the to hold commerce in our softer and more Prophets, “ for the purpose of includretired moments. The great business ing," as the compiler observes in his of life is to become wise and virtuous. preface, “ as many as possible of the Wisdom provides for our happiness in
texts most endearingly interesting to this life, -virtue in the next. The Christians, from their affinity to the great advantage which the Bible pos precepts of the Gospel, and from their sesses, over all other works, is, that it prophetic allusion to the future blessedenables us to attain these two great
ness of the righteous.” To accomplish objects. Those who imagine that the this view, the passages have been taken Bible has no reference to our terrestrial from the several books and so arranged, bappiness, and that its aim is solely to as to produce an unbroken relation or lift us to the contemplation of that feli
connexion of sentiment. Any further city which awaits us hereafter, are
comments on the pature of the work greatly deceived. Whoever is guided would be superfluous. The author bas by the moral and social precepts, which
not interfered with the text, and, conit inculcates, must be happy here as
sequently, our estimation of this work well as hereafter. With respect to those must be proportionate to our estimation who maintain, that with regard to
of that from which it is selected. future happiness, we have no certainty; we have only to reply that, abstracted
The Conversational Preceptor in from the authority of the Bible, we have po certainty of the contrary; and, there. French and English, consisting of fore, the Bible stands upon the same useful Phrases, arranged under disgrounds as if the argument had never been advanced. It must, however, be
tinct heads, on a new and more simconfessed, that the Bible is not only ple plan than any hitherto attempttoo voluminous for children, but that it ed. By J. L. Mabire, to which are contains many things of which they might safely remain ignorant, until added amusing Dialogues, by B. M. they attain a more advanced age. The Leblanc, pocket size, 6s. 6d. Halfperusal of the Bible by children is
bound. also productive of many other inconveniences, which, we think, are best There have been such various plans described in the language of the com devised for teaching the French Lanpiler of the present work. It cannot guage, that we are puzzled to know be introduced into a class with advan. which deserves the preference. Those, tage, until it can be read pretty fluently; who have time and patience to pursue and owing to the difficulty experienced a regular grammatical course of inby the learner, in pronouncing the pro- struction, will infallibly attain a comper names, it is, generally, among the petent knowledge of it, so far as last books read at school. This is the
respects reading, writing, and translamore to be regretted, as, at this ad. tion; but there are thousands, who vanced period of their instruction, chil merely want a selection of phrases on dren are chiefly engaged in prosecuting ordinary topics of general interest, to the subsequent branches of education, enable them to ask a few questions, and, consequently, can afford but a small and to answer them. The great ad. portion of their time in school to be em vantages of the present work may be ployed in reading."
described in a few words, The phrases
and sentences are judiciously chosen, highway.men of after ages.-Really, if and carefully arranged under distinct the life of every petty marauder is to heads : for the facility of reference, be honoured with a thick octavo vo. an ample table of contents has been lume, we suppose that a due ratio very properly annexed. The parts of would give to our military heroes a sentences, which are to be filled up fearful number of ponderous quartos, according to the wishes or wants of and an elaborate life of Wellington or the parties, leave ample scope for the Napoleon would monopolize the entire ingenuity of those who may stand in shop of a modern publisher. To be seneed of such helps to composition. rious, these memoirs are so spun out as to The dialogues at the end of the defeat every object which the memoirs volume, are well written and amusing. of such a character can answer. We
believe, that in the book-trade, as in Memoirs of the Life and Trial of every other trade, honesty is the best
policy.-Now, there is enough in the James Mackcoull. 8vo. 8s. 6d. life of such a man as Mackcoull to make The title of this work seems to us
an interesting duodecimo, of about one not altogether to accord with the work
hundred and fifty, or, at the utmost, itself: the book would have been more two hundred pages; and in the volume appropriately named Memoirs of before us, the lengthy report of MackJames Mackcoull, with a long, spun
coull's trial, with the spun-out pros and out, and technical report of his Trial, cons, upon a question, whether the &c.” To those, whose minds are not
wretch was the perpetrator of a murder of the discriminative class, but who
which took place at Edinburgh, render are fond of coarse and strong stimuli; the book dull and tedious in the ex. to those, in short, who pore with de
treme.-Mackcoull is the son of a relight over the Newgate Calendar, or
spectable pocket-book maker of London; who read with breathless expectation but, the mother being a profligate chathe adventures of Sixteen String Jack, racter, the children are badly brought these memoirs of James Mackcoull will up, and, finally, Mrs. Mackcoull with afford considerable entertainment. We all her family, assume the varions sbould perhaps have said, might have
branches of the trade of robbery. The been made to afford; for at present son, James, goes through the common they are so injudiciously spun out as
adventures of a pickpocket and swindto bar every thing like entertainment ler, and exhibits all the opposite traits from their perosal by the lovers of of cunning, caution, imprudence, geadventure; and to check their inspec. nerosity, selfishness, and profusion, fion by those, who might wish to re
cowardice, intrepidity, and ferocity sort to the work for example or ma
which appear to be inherent in those, terials in the science or history of
who exhibit a natural penchant to the the human mind. There is a most course of life of which we are writ. noble art, which was unknown to the ing. Finally, this James Mackcoull ancients as well as to the people of associates with the notorious Huffey the middle ages-It had its rise, we White and others, and robs the Glasbelieve, about the latter end of the gow bank of £20,000. He contrives, last century, and has since reached a by the most selfish villany, to cheat height beyond wbich we imagine it his partners in guilt of part of their can never soar.-Our readers may per
booty, and to escape the vengeance haps by this time guess that we allude
of the laws. He afterwards has the to the noble art of book-making, an impudence to buy up bills of the bank art which the volume before us seems with the very notes of which he had to have carried to the ne plus ultra robbed the establishment, and those of perfection. Here we have the ad. bills being detained by the officers ventures and trial of a highway-man, of the bank, he assumes the character not of so extraordinary a character of respectability, and brings actions but that every metropolis of Europe for the recovery of these bills, ingecan, unfortunately, produce about his viously forging a story as well as a equal ; and when we see the life of correspondence to support bis case. such a man spun out to two hundred This plot leads to his own condemnaand eighty-one thickly-printed octavo tion, and he dies in the jail of Edinpages, with an appendix of about forty burgh. Such is the outline of a life pages of type, equally condensed, we which the writer has contrived to really, as reviewers, tremble for the spin through a thick octavo volume fate of literature, and anticipate with -forgetting the saying of a.great auterror the bulk, to which some future thor, that “a great book is a great biographers may carry the memoirs of evil.”