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APHORISMS, OPINIONS, AND THOUGHTS ON MORALS.

WINNING manners are to the vir. session of wealth, but in the use tues what a becoming habit is to made of it. the person, therefore it is the duty The most necessary of all sciences of those, who wish to promote the is to learn to preserve oneself from influence of virtue, to make her ap the contagion of bad example. pear in as attractive a form as pos

The miser does not so much possible.

sess his wealth, as his wealth posMoralists of all ages have not

sesses him. only considered man as a bundle of The only treasure, which we canhabits, but the human character, as not be deprived of, is the consciousmade of almost as many impercepti- ness of doing good, and acting upble particles, of which habits are rightly. the chief ingredients, as those which Those who enter on the career of compose a Mosaic pavement—it is the sciences, or indeed on any cxeron the purity, the brilliancy, and the cise of the mind or the fancy, should strength of those component parts fix their eye on those who are before that the value of a character, or the them on the road, and not look on beauty of a pavement, depends. those who are behind them. Innocence and mystery never in.

The diamond that falls in a dunghabit long together.

hill does not thereby become less True education consists less in precious; and the dust, which the precepts than in practice.

wind elevates high in air, does not No one can be happy who does thence become less vile. not enjoy his own esteem.

To believe that a feeble enemy When the appetite is not content cannot hurt us is as absurd, as to ed with bread, says the proverb, the think a spark cannot cause a confiaback is ready for servitude.

gration. All wickedness springs from weak What is the tongue in the month pess.

of a wise and virtuous man ?-A key The weak man is apt to be rest that unlocks a treasure. less; the great man is always tran

Let us endeavour to conquer ours quil.

selves rather than our fortune, beThe weak deceive the powerful cause we can alter our desires sooner command.

than the order of the world and We love our equals better than because nothing is in our own power our superiors.

but our thoughts. The love of our country is a pas In order to make fortune and sion in the people of that country, events subservient to you, begin by but it is a virtue in a philosopher. making yourself independent of

We sometimes pardon hatred—but them. never contempt.

The first step towards vice is to The friend, who conceals our de- make a mystery of innocent actions ; fects from us, serves us less than the and he, who is fond of concealment, enemy who reproaches us with them. will sooner orlater have reason to con.

Few things are more difficult than ceal himself. This moral precept, to keep a secret, to forget an injury, if attended to, would annihilate the and to make the best use possible of necessity of any other. one's leisure.

Never do or say any thing that There is less baseness in attacking thou dost not wish all the world to an unarmed man, than in speaking see and hear. ill of those who can't defend them. We ought never to blush to avow selves.

that we have done wrong, because There are two things to be feared by making this confession we prove, -the envy of friends, and the ha. that we are wiser to-day than we tred of enemies.

were yesterday. An empire must be in danger, if It is much easier to act well in the magistrate does not obey the difficult and strongly exciting cirlaws, and the people the magistrate. cumstances, than to fulfil correctly Riches do not consist in the pos- the quiet duties of every day life! Eur. Mag. Vol. 82.

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wear.

It is easy to avoid a great and evi ous givers of common-place advicedent danger, and to perform a duty their tinsel will seem gald to them that is obvious and prominent—but to the end of the chapter. duties and danger, that are remote When an old man marries a young and gradual in their operations, are wife, he should add a new quarterdifficult to avoid and to fulfil. When ing to his arms, namely, a cradle one meets a chimney-sweep in a nar with a coffin beside it; for the chit row path, one takes care to avoid the dren, that may result from such a certain and obvious contamination marriage, will, as well as their youthof his touch--but we are not consci- ful mother, entail on bim so many ous of the equally certain destruc cares and anxieties, that the coffin tion of the purity of our garments will very soon succeed to the cradle, from dust and the effects of constant and his life be shortened, if not em

bittered by his folly. That woman is indeed pitiable, The parting hour is far more who can bring herself to believe trying to those who remain than to that a marriage of mere interest is those who go-as a path, a view, a any thing better than legal prosti- chair, the veriest trifle are to the tution.

former, melancholy memorials of To perform one's duty, at what departed pleasures—while for the ever risk and sacrifice to oneself, is latter, new scenes, new objects, and always the safest, and even in this even motion itself possess a power world the happiest path ; and vainly to lull the mind in temporary forbeat the waves of woe against the getfulness. feet of those who firmly and closely How worthy of love is that being, cling to the “ Rock of ages.” who is fond of encouraging sources

There is not in the daily inter- for thankfulness, and how salutary course of life any charm like atten is the influence of such a one! Such tion, and attention in trifles.

a temper, like the Claude Lorraine What an awful thing it is to be gloss,' sheds a glowing tint over the depository of another's happi- scenes which are already pleasing, ness! Let no one presume to enter and creates them where the prospect the marriage state, who is not deeply is gloomy and cheerless. sensible of this awful responsibility. Alas! it is painful to reflect how

There is a time when even the often we owe our happiest days to most rational enthusiasm looks back, illusion and imagination. appalled in some measure, on the When vanity tirst gave birth to, actions to which it has impelled. and then married detraction, and no

Love levels all in their turns-the one can doubt of their being thus weak with the strong, the sensible doubly united, they became the pawith the foolish.

rents of the largest family in the The passive virtue of patient en world—for up to them may be traced durance is far more difficult to prac- some of the crimes, and most of the tise than any other, and it is only vices and evils that embitter and detoo often the necessary duty of wives solate society. -a duty too, which is so much ex As a man covered with a case of pected from them, that they cannot asbestos might go through tire unbe excited to the performance of it hurt, so the man whose habits are by the hope of obtaining applause, those of spotless truth and ingenu. but they have the support of their ousness, inay go through the world own approving conscience, and the uninjured, even by the shafts of certainty that “ he who seeth in se malice. Those only are vulnerable cret will reward them openly.” to them, in whose minds and conduct

To give advice is the cominon and there is something which will not troublesome propensity of weak peo- always bear the light, and to hide ple--they over-rate their own saga- which they are found occasionally city, as the child does the value of to have recourse to falsehood. its play-thing, and fancies the tinsel Vanity and conceit are often used on its doll to be gold; but the child as synonymous terms, though in rewill grow wiser one day, and know ality none can be more distinct. gold from tinsel-not so the offici.

SKETCHES OF SOCIETY AND MANNERS IN LONDON

AND PARIS,

1

LETTER I.

Sir Charles Darnley, Bart. at Paris, to the Marquess de Vermont,

in London.

MY DEAR VERMONT,

disappointment (which I have the Ever since my return from Ame- vanity to believe you will regret no rica, where I spent so many happy less than myself,) may eventually days in your society, I have medita- prove favourable to the attainment ted a journey to Paris—to that Paris of the objects which we have mutuwhich you made me anxious to see, ally in view. No doubt, in visiting hy the enthusiastic terms in which London, it is your wish, as it is mine you used to speak of it. After in coming hither, to examine every having been prevented again and thing with impartiality and fairness again, by a variety of circumstances, -had you met me in England, or I from carrying this favourite project met you in France, would this have into execution, I at last availed my- been possible? The stranger resself of the opportunity of being at pecting the judgment of his resident Brighton, from which place packets friend, would have been implicitly sail daily for the coast of France- governed by his opinions-admiring and embarking on board one of these what he admired, and censuring vessels on Friday last, arrived here what he censured—he would have yesterday evening. As one of my lost all the pleasure of first impresprincipal inducements for coming sions, and would have seen none of hither was the hope of renewing our the objects of curiosity presented to former habits of intimacy, and, un his attention with unprejudiced eyes. der your auspices, of seeing the Left to ourselves we shall, doubtless, Gallic capital to the greatest possi- be both guilty of a thousand ridicuble advantage, I need scarcely say lous mistakes; and, with the precihow great was my disappointment, pitancy so common to all travellers, when on going this morning to your we shall alike praise and condemn hotel, I learnt from your old Swiss improperly-still, let us determine porter that you were absent, and to communicate to each other our gone to London: the latter piece of respective remarks and observations intelligence has increased my cha- with the utmost candour; and the grin; for I am thus not only de errors of each may be subsequently prived of your expected aid in pi- corrected by the maturer knowledge loting my way through the unknown of his correspondent. In losing my regions of the French metropolis, “ fidus achates," I shall, therefore, but also of the sincere pleasure with make a merit of necessity, and learn which I should have offered you to depend on myself. Hoping that mine, in exploring the wonders of in your letters to me you will speak London.

of England with no less freedom On receiving these unwelcome ti than I shall use towards you in dings, I was so surprised, and so talking of France, I shall throw distressed, that had I allowed myself aside all ceremony, and tell you hoto be governed by my first impres- nestly and freely what I think. sions, I should immediately have or Having been only four days in dered post-horses, and should have France, and but four and twenty now been on my road back to Eng hours at Paris, you will not expect land; in order, if I may be permit in this first epistle that I should have ted to use a French phrase, de vous much to say. Yet, perhaps, you will faire les honneurs de mon pays. receive, with a smile of good humour,

Having, however, allowed myself the crude reflections of an inexperia few moments for reflection, (with enced foreigner, the novelty of whose out which you know we sober Eng situation may plead his excuse for lish seldom take any decided step,) I innumerable faults. begin to think that this apparent In landing at Dieppe, I experi

enced (never having been before on - linen delicately white, but the furnithe Continent of Europe) all that ture, of silk or satin, was often surprise which prior tourists have ragged, and sometimes dirty; and described, and, indeed, after an ex a mahogany dining-table seemned an peditious voyage of a few hours, I unknown luxury. found such a change of scene in all I had an early specimen of the around me, that I seemed much manners of your people, exhibited more in a new world, than when, in those of a short boy, about fourafter traversing the Atlantic, I set teen years of age, who waited on me foot in America. There, the objects at dinner, on the day of my landing. which presented themselves, were all He displayed no trifling marks of similar to those which I had left be- their volubility, vivacity, and officihind. The countenances of the peo- ous politeness, which are supposed ple, their dress, their manners, and to be inherent in Frenchmen, in every theirlanguage were allthe same. Here class of society, and at every period every thing seemed metamorphosed of life. But though no creature The darker complexions and more could be possibly more civil, -and he marked features of the crowds who might well be called rempli de grace, thronged the shore, the large cocked -I was surprised at certain improhats and fierce looks of the military, prieties in his behaviour, of which the high head-dresses, and other pecụthe aukwardest clown in our island liarities of the Norman costume, which would be ashamed. When I asked the female peasantry displayed, and him for drink, he took a small tumthe unaccustomed sounds of French bler from the table (exactly such a and Patois, which assaulted my ears, one as we use in our dressing-rooms presented altogether a picture so dif. in England,) and throwing some ferent from that which I had taken water which it contained under the leave of a few hours before at Brigh- cinders of the fire, wiped the glass ton, that I had some difficulty in with a dirty napkin, which he carpersuading myself, that what I saw

ried under his arm, and then filled and heard was real, and not the it with wine. phantom of a dream.

This seemed to me no very deWhen I had sufficiently recovered corous mode of executing, my commy astonishment to observe them, mands; but my surprise increased, I found ınyself surrounded with the when, at the conclusion of the dinimportunate, but civil emissaries of ner, the same graceful youth, after numerous inns; each of whom in.

removing the cloth, threw the crumbs sisted, as he forced a card into my of bread, parings of apples, orange hand, that the house which he re, peel, and other relics of the meal commended was incomparably the which it contained, under the table, best. The one to which, by the ad at which I sat, without attempting to vice of a fellow passenger, I allowed sweep them away, or to offer any myself to be conducted at Dieppe, as apology for what he had done. well as most of those at which I In the course of eonversation (for stopped on the road, afforded much this pigmy waiter had chatted away better accommodations than I had during the whole of his services, been led to expect ; but you must and let me into all his secrets,) he pardon me for obserying, that I re had informed me, that he was very marked in all of them, an incon, partial to the English, and was gruity of the most extraordinary going very soon to Brighton, in kind. The walls of the rooms order to learn our language, and to were generally painted with Arabesq study our manners. I therefore figures, or otherwise ornamented took the liberty of hinting, that but the floors, rarely carpeted, were among other improvements which often tiled, and commonly far from probably he would derive from his clean. Every where we found mag- visit to Great Britain, I hoped he nificent looking glasses, marble chim, would discover, that (at least accordney pieces, and or-moulu clocks of ing to our prejudices,) it was not great value and beauty; while the very delicate to empty a glass in the doors would not shut, and the win. fire-place, or to throw a cloth full of dows displayed many a broken panc crumbs under the table. He stared, the beds were excellent, and the thanked me; and, secming to be

quite unconscious of having been the company seemed disposed to guilty of the least impropriety, ob- agree, was to disbelieve my eviServed, as he shrugged up his shoul- dence; and, in spite of the repeated ders, and walked out of the room, assurances which I gave them, that “ Que tout pays a ses usages.

I had left Londen perfectly quiet In respect to the appearance of only two days before, my declarathe country, I had heard much of tions, produced no effect on these the beauty of Normandy, and was ardent poziticians; and though they not disappointed: it fully answered were too well bred to tell me I lied, my expectations, particularly as we I read in their countenances that drove along the smiling banks of the such was their opinion. Seine. The scenery is, indeed, de In the course of the same converlightful, and wants nothing to com sation, I was informed (and many plete the landscape but some of those an Englishman has before heard the elegant villas, thatched cottages, and same news in France,) that Bonaromantic villages, which are so com- parte's return from Elba was a Britmon on the English side of the Chan- ish maneuvre; that L'affaire meurnel. The specimens of Gothic archi- trierede de Mont St. Jean (as the tecture which the buildings of Rouen, battle of Waterloo was called,) was and other towns which I traversed on not a victory gained, but a fortunate my way to Paris, so profusely offer to escape on our part, on which occathe attention of the antiquary, I did sion we owed our escape to the accinot stop critically to examine, but dental arrival of the Prussians; and what I saw both pleased and sur that the victor at Toulouse was not prised me, and, perhaps, on some the Duke of Wellington, but Marshal future occasion, I may be tempted Soult. to come hither again, purposely to I have no doubt that you will find study these interesting edifices. English quid-nunes making very

On the road, I made it my prac- egregious errors in their estimate tice to dine at the Tables d'Hote, of the present state of France ; both for the sake of society, and in but I apprehend you will scarcely order to have an opportunity of see meet with an instance of mis-stateing the manners of the people who ments, as gross as those which I frequent them. At one of those din. have just related, yet those who ners, finding that politics were the were guilty of them belonged to order of the day, I determined to rather a higher class of society, take no share in the conversation, consisting (besides ladies) of two but to listen in silent attention. Ecclesiastics, several military men,

One of the company, however, and three returned emigrants, on seemed resolved not to let me off so whose button-hole dangled the cross easily. From his dress, I concluded of St. Louis. that he was an Abbé, and, from his Of Paris, I have as yet only seen mode of arguing, that he belonged the principal features, and I am so to that party, which bears, in this bewildered with gazing at the varicountry, the name of Ultra-Royalist. ous splendid objects which claim my -Having made some observations, attention, that I shall reserve my which, by his looks, he seemed to observations till another time. expect that I should approve, but to For the present, then, adieu. I which I neither expressed assent nor enclose some letters, which, I hope, dissent," Mais parlez donc, Mon will procure you an entrée into some sieur L'Anglois,exclaimed he, “ et of our most distinguished circles, in dites nous n'est il pas vrai que vous which you may study the English commencez d'eprouver dans votre pays character en beau. As to John Bull les tristes effets de principes revolu- in his rough garb, he is so very timaires que l'insurrection est or- easily known, that I shall leave him, ginazeć á Londres, l'anneé séduite, et with all his faults and merits, to the un gouvernement provisionné formé unbiassed examination of your penechez le Lord Mayor."

trading eye. Such seemed to be the current re

Believe me, port of the day, and when I met this enquiry with a positive negative, I

C. Darnler, found the only point, upon which

Ever yours,

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