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laugh at their expense. Persuading lettre, and that order is; “Go and a man to drink more than his head tell a lie for my convenience.” How can bear, by assurances that the wine then, I ask, in the name of justice is not strong, and that he has not and common sense, can I, after givdrank as much as he thinks he has, ing such an order, resent any lie in order to make him intoxicated, is which a servant may think proper a lie of second-rate malignity. Com- to tell me for his convenience, or plimenting either a man or woman his pleasure, or his interest? But on the qualities which they do not amongst the most frequent lies of possess, in hopes of imposing on convenience are those, which are told their credulity; praising a lady's relative to engagements which they work or dress to her face, and then, who make them are averse to keep. as soon as she is no longer present, “ Head-aches,” “ bad colds,” abusing not only both her dress and expected visitors from the country.” work, or person, but laughing at All these in their turn are used as her weakness in believing the praise lies of convenience, and gratify insincere, is one of those lies of second dolence or caprice at the expense of rate malignity, which cannot be ex- integrity. How often have 1 pitied ceeded in base and petty treachery. the wives and children of profes
Lies of interest are very various, sional men for the number of lies, and more excusable and less offenwhich they are obliged to tell in the sive thạn many others. The pale course of the year!—“ Dr. is and ragged beggar who, to add to very sorry, but he was sent for to a the effect of his or her ill looks, tells patient just as he was coming”of the large family which does not " Papa's compliments, and he is very exist, has a strong motive to deceive sorry, but he was forced to attend a in the penury which does exist-and commission of bankruptcy, but will the tradesman, who tells you he can. certainly come, if he can, bye and not afford to come down to your bye,” when the chances are, that the price because he gave almost as much physician is enjoying himself over for the goods you are cheapening, is his book and his fire, and the lawyer only labouring diligently in his call-algo-congratulating themselves on ing, and telling a falsehood which having escaped that terrible bore, a custom authorizes, and which you party, at the expense of teaching may believe or not as you choose. their wife and daughter, or son, to It is not from persons like these that tell what they call a white lie! I the worst, or most disgusting marks would ask those fathers, I would ask of falsehood are found. It is when mothers who make their children the habitual and petty lying profanes bearers of similar excuses, whether the lips of those, whom independence they could conscientiously resent any preserves from the temptation to vio- breach of veracity committed by late the truth, and whom education their children in matters of more and religion ought to have taught to importance. Ce n'est que le premier value it.
pas qui coute, and I believe that Lies of convenience are next in habitual, permitted, and encouraged my list, and are super-eminent in lying in little and unimportant things, extent and frequency. The order to leads undoubtedly to want of truth your servant to say, “ Not at home,” and principle in greater and serious is a lie of convenience; and one matters. The barrier, the restrictive which custom authorizes, and which principle once thrown down, no one even some moralists defend, because, can presume to say where the inroads say they, it deceives no one. But and the destruction will end ; and this I deny-It is often meant to however exaggerated, however ridideceive--but were it not so, and were culously rigid my ideas and opinions it understood amongst equals as a may appear, I must repeat, it is my simple and legitimate excuse, it still firm conviction, that on no occasion is very objectionable, because it must whatever is truth to be violated or have a pernicious effect on the minds withheld. of our servants, who cannot be sup I come now to lies of wantonness, posed parties to this implied com &e. There are some persons who, I pact among their superiors, and must am certain, lie from a love of lying therefore understand the order à la - lie to shew their contempt of truth,
and for those scrupulous men or dress partake of the nature of other women of their acquaintance who lying, and become vicious in thre look on it with reverence, and en eyes of the moralist, as well as of deavour to act up to their principles. the religionist. I have said, the man I know more than one person of this or woman so assisted by art; and I description, and I have listened with trust, that in accusing the stronger, horror and disgust to lies apparently as well as the weaker sex, of having uttered without a motive-but, as all recourse to art in personal decoraactions must have motives, I was tion, I have only been strictly just. forced to search for their's, and I While men hide their baldress by could only find them in a depraved gluing a piece of false hair to the fondness for uttering and inventing top of their heads; while they pad falsehood. Not that these persons their coats, in order to give their confine their lies to this sort of lying shoulders and chests the breadth -on the contrary, it is to the hav- which nature has denied them; while ing exhausted the strongly-motived their boots are so constructed, that and more natural sorts of lying, that they add an inch or more to their I attribute these comparatively un- height, and then, as is not unfrenatural and weakly-motived indul- quently the case, a false calf gives gences in falsehood. For such as muscular beauty to a shapeless leg, these, there is no more hope of amend can the just observer, on human life ment than there is of cure for the and manners, do otherwise than inprofligate who has exhausted life of clude the wiser sex in the list, which its pleasure, and his constitution of tells of those who indulge in the perits energy. Such persons must go mitted artifices and mysteries of the despised and (terrible state of human toilet? degradation !) untrusted, unbelieved But still greater have been and in, to their grave!
are, daily I doubt not, the excarI shall now treat of practical sions, even of distinguished men, lies, not uttered, but acted, and into the sacred mysteries of art, in dress will furnish me with most of personal admiration; for I have seen my illustrations of this sort of false the cheek of a distinguished poet, hood.
glowing with the tint of art, and his It has been said, that the great grey eyebrow frowning with youthart of dress is to conceal defects, ful black; and who is there that, and heighten beauties; therefore, as during the last twenty or thirty concealment is deception, this great years, has perambulated Bond-street, art of dress is founded on falsehood. or joined the drive in Hyde Park, - But if the false hair be so worn without seeing certain notorious men that no one can fancy it natural ; if of fashion glowing in immortal the cheek be so highly rouged that bloom, and rivalling in tint the its bloom cannot be mistaken for dashing belle beside them. nature; or if the person who thus I shall now give another sort of conceals defects, and heightens beau practical lie.-The medical man, who ties, openly avows the deceptions desires his servant to call him out of practised, then is the material'false. church, or out of a party, in order hood of the practice in a measure to give him the appearance of the annihilated, and, consequently, its great business which he has not, is immorality; but, if the cheek be so guilty not of uttering, but acting a artfully tinted that its hue is mis. falsehood; and the author also, who taken for natural colour; if the false makes his publisher put second and hair be so judiciously woven and third editions before a work, of even, that it passes for 'natural hair; which, perhaps, not even the first if the crooked person or a meagre edition is sold. form be so cunningly assisted by But the most false of practical dress, that the uneven shoulder dis- lies is that acted by men, who know appears, and that becoming fulness themselves to be in the gulph of takes place of unbecoming thinness bankruptcy, but, either from wishing of figure, while the man or woman,
to put off the evil day, or from the so assisted by art, hopes and expects visionary hope, that a sort of mirathat these charms will be attributed cle will be worked to save them, to nature alone; then the aids of launch out into new expenses and
encreased splendour of living, in are most commonly learnt in the midorder to obtain further credit, and dle, or decline of life, and that erroinduce their rich acquaintance to neous habits, both of thought and entrust their money to them. conduct, are, then, become so power
Perhaps this last instance of prac- ful, that even the best grounded tical lying may, like the others, be piety finds it difficult to subdue, or classed under the head of Lies of change them. It is not to be wonvanity, but though it is the most dered at, therefore, that lying is so unprincipled, most selfish, and most general a vice, and is, probably, the destructive of all such lies, it is not most general. A confessor once told the most contemptible. With one a friend of mine, that it was the one other practical lie of vanity, I shall most frequently confessed to him. close my list of lies for the present. It is, then, to the next and rising
Who has not seen an elderly man generation alone, that we can look or woman, forbidden by the dread for that strictness of moral conduct, of appearing old to use spectacles, of which the sacredness of truth, on hold an object near, at a distance, all occasions, shall be made the great and in various directions, in order corner-stone; and habits of truth - to obtain that correct view which inculcated, as most precious and - the defect in the sight denies, and acceptable in the sight of God, and - then give an opinion of its beauty or most universally beneficial to man; ugliness, its merit, or demerit, with- and earnestly, most earnestly do Í out having the slightest real idea on conjure all those, who have the care the subject. But this lie is at once an of youth, to consider this important uttered and an acted lie ;-and thus subject seriously, and incessantly.. concludes my list.
For myself, I can only say, that I I often indulge in Utopian re could not be easy in mind, were I to veries, and one is, that of a Society confine my exertions on this subject formed of persons resolved, through to the present defective and crude all temptations, never to violate the observations. Till I cease to exist, or truth but I must own, that the till my faculties are impaired, it must members capable of forming such ever be to me one of the most ina Society, or perhaps of enjoying teresting of enquiries. In the meanit, are not of my acquaintance, and, while, I shall think that I have not I believe, are not known to any one lived in vain, if what I now give to else; for I know not a human being the world should call the attention whom good motives, if not bad ones, of more powerful thinkers, and betdo not sometimes lead to violate, or ter writers than myself, to a serious withhold the truth, and who does investigation of the meanness and not believe that some sort of mental the mischief of every denomination reservation is always to be permitted. of lying, or of lies. If I search for such persons
Of the mischievous nature, and of amongst my most seriously religi. the impolicy of lying, and of the ous friends, even there my search certain benefits to be derived from too often fails; and potent as reli- speaking the truth, I shall treat in gion is in purifying the heart, and a future communication on this subin rectifying all erroneous ideas of ject. I also hope to shew, that truth morals; 'swift and sure, too, as it is may be strictly adhered to, without in its power of teaching sacrifices, its being at all necessary to wound and to endure privations, how is the feelings of any one, or to violate this inconsistency to be accounted the dictates of benevolence.--I shall, for? I can only account for it thus: likewise, mention such authors, and that those deeply religious convic- refer to such books, as treat on sintions, which tend the most surely cerity, and of the advantages of a and powerfully to regulate the con strict adherence to truth. duct in little as well as great things,
THE TEST OF AFFECTION.
(Concluded from page 119.) During the foregoing transactions, gude man, and we'll mind our's,"? my mind was in a state I cannot well rejoined a third, rather grufly, so describe ; my thoughts were all con- that my well-meant admonitions had fusion, while, at the same time, I no better effect than to cause me to struggled to be calm and composed. be more disliked by the party ; for I
Poignant as were my feelings, could perceive, before this, that they I gazed on my dying relative with looked upon me in the light of an a sort of apathy of grief; and, at unwelwelcome intruder. the moment when nature was yield The will was now read, to wbich ing up the contest, I could not shed all paid the greatest attention; a a tear; in a short time, all quitted mute anxiety and deep interest sat the apartment, and I was left alone. upon every countenance : their The branches of the huge elm trees, aspects were, however, instantly with their thickening foliage parti- changed into those of intense disally screening the window, made the appointment and vexation, on hearscene, under such circumstances, aw- ing that my uncle had made a stranfully gloomy and tranquil. I took ger, whom none of us knew, the heir several turns about the room; and, of all his property, real and personal. with a soft step, I approached the For my own part, this circumstance bed, gazed a moment, turned away, did not affect me in the least ; I had and then going up to the window, not had any expectation of inheriting strove to divert my thoughts, by the smallest portion, therefore, could looking at the surrounding land- not feel disappointed on the occasion. scape.
But with the others it was different; • Twilight was descending, and the they had clung to him like so many sober hues of eveving gradually leeches, or like the ivy to an old ruin; enveloped the lofty hills ; no sound and with about as much affection as struck my ear, except the faint and the two beforementioned things have low murmurs of the brook, which for the objects to which they so brawled down the valley at the botclosely adhere. A most appalling tom of the flinty knowe—the shout, and disgusting scene now took place softened by distance, of the peasant, among the disappointed legacy.huntcommitting his steeds to the pasture ers:- they abused the old man in the --and now and then, the solitary most shocking terms; they taxed him barking of a shepherd's dog among with injustice and villainy, and even echoing dales, attendant on his masi proceeded to call down imprecations ter folding the charge for the night. upon his lifeless corse. I shuddered • I had not stood at the casement at the conduct of the unprincipled vilmany minutes, when my cousins, lains ; I trembled at the impiety of all talking in a rude, noisy, and in- men, who could, at a time the most decorous manner, came into the solemn and impressive to a human room with the will, which, it seems, being, act in a manner sufficient to they had departed in search of, the call down upon them immediate and moment the testator had expired.- divine vengeance. I was chilled I was a good deal shocked at the with horror; I almost expected every frivolity they manifested, and could moment to see the lifeless corpse of not help reproving them, though my uncle start from the hed on which in a mild and gentle manner, for the it lay, to take vengeance on the audalittle respect they paid to the me cious wretches. Once, indeed, I acmory of the deceased." Why, ye tually thought I saw his lips quiver ken," said one, “he tauld us to read with rage, his eyebrows knit together, the will amaist as soon as he died." and all the muscles of his countenance
Aye,” cried another, “ and sae, contract into a dreadful frown. I in conformity wi' his command, we shuddered at the sight, and withdrew went straught up the stairs, and my gaze. rummaged o'er his auld kist, till we At length, they went into the found it.” “Mind yea ain concerns, kitchen, and left me, once more,
alone in the chamber of death. table; on the contrary, they grew I went to the bed-side, and the scene more loud and boisterous. In obeI had just witnessed operated so upon dience to their imperious commands, my feelings, that I burst into tears, yet, evidently, with the greatest reand uttered aloud my lamentations luctance, Peggy had kept replenishover my lifeless relative. When this ing the exhausted vessels with more ebullition had somewhat subsided, liquor, and their demands increased. I began to reflect a little where I in proportion to the relactance with was, and a sort of timidity came which they were satisfied. At length, creeping over me. There is an un however, on receiving an intimation definable apprehension which we feel from me that I would interpose, she while we are in company with the absolutely refused to draw any more dead. We imagine, in spite of the liquor for them, telling them, they efforts of reason, that the departed had had plenty, and that it was time spirit is hovering near its former to retire to bed. The scene that now tenement; at least, it is the case with ensued was such, as it is impossible myself. It now being quite dark, for me to describe.-Maddened and and having these feelings in a strong inflamed with rage at being thus redegree, it is no wonder
that I rather fused, the wretches began to throw preferred the company of the wretches the furniture up and down the house, in the kitchen, than remain alone break the glasses and jugs, and to where I was.
abuse the servant, from whom they I accordingly proceeded thither, attempted to wrest the key of the where I found them all carousing cellar, yelling out, at the same time, round a large table ; on which was the most horrid oaths and impreca placed the fragments of the dinner, tions. and plenty of liquor. I reminded The table was shortly overset, and them of our promise, to place my the lights put out in the scuffle; in uncle's old two-armed chair at the a few moments, we should, in all prohead of the table, as he had requested, bability, have had blood shed, as I which they had neglected to do, and felt myself roused to a pitch of fury, which they now strenuously opposed and was advancing with the large me in doing.--I was, however, reso heavy-headed fire-poker to the assistlutely determined to have it done, ance of the servant, who was loudly and at length succeeded. I then re- shrieking for help. Just then, the tired to the fire-side, where I sat old clock struck twelve rapid strokes, without taking any part in the con- and the bell had not ceased to vibrate, versation, or in any thing that passed when we heard three heavy knocks, during the whole evening. I shall as if given by a mallett, upon the pass over the several succeeding wall which separated the kitchen hours, the whole of which they sat from the parlour, where my uncle drinking, till they were all, in a lay. greater or less degree, intoxicated, There appeared to be something and generally brawling, wrangling, supernatural in this. The whole and swearing, in a loud and boister- house seemed to shake to its very
The night became foundation.-A deep silence ensued. stormy as it advanced; the wind I stood still; the wretehes inrose, and, at intervals, moaned, stantly became sober.We all gazed sighed, and whistled shrilly with earnestly and wildly at the place out, roared in the wide chimney, from whence the noise proceeded. and, as it furiously bent the trees, Scarcely had we recovered from the in which the house was embosomed, shock, when we were again thundermade a sound similar to the dashing struck with a noise in the parlour ; of waves on the shore of the ocean. it was unlike any sound that I had -The rain fell in torrents, and the ever heard before ; it seemed as if large drops pattered against the win- all the furniture of the room was dow with a ceaseless and melancholy violently crashed together, mingled cadence.
with the noise of fire-arms; shrieks It was now getting nigh the and exclamations burst from all. “witching time o' night," and I saw The-windows shook, and every no signs of the revellers quitting the door of the habitation gave a mo