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In a few days will appear, from the pen of a parent, Gleanings and Recollections to assist the Memory of Youth, dedicated from a Father to his Son.
Mr. Thomas Dale, B. A. of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, author of the "Widow of the City of Nain," is preparing for publication, a new Translation of the Tragedies of Sophocles, the object of which has been, to render the various metres of the Greek Tragedian by measures, as nearly corresponding with the original as the genius of the English language will permit. The work will be comprised in two volumes, octavo, and is expected to be ready for publication early in the ensuing spring.
The celebrated Lexicon of Protius, of which an edition was published at Leipzig, from a faulty manuscript, in 1808, is now, for the first time, printing under the auspices of the Society of Trinity College Cambridge, from the celebrated Codex Galeanus, or rather from a corrected transcript of the Codex Galeanus, made with his own hand by the late Professor Porson. Mr. Dobree, the editor, has collated the MS. and noted all the varieties and corrections; and, by way of appendix, has subjoined a fragment of a rhetoric lexicon from a MS. in the University library.
We are happy to announce, that shortly will be published, a very considerable portion of the celebrated treatise of Cicero de Republica, discovered by M. Angelo Mai, the keeper of the Vatican Library, in a codex rescriptus.
The seventh part of the Encyclopædia Metropolitana will appear in October. It will contain, amongst a variety of other articles, the following-Pure Sciences; continuation of the Treatise upon Grammar.-Mixed and Applied Sciences; Plane Astronomy (concluded), Nautical Astronomy.- Historical and Biographical Division; the lives of Socrates, Alexander the Great, Demosthenes, Dionysius the Elder, Timoleon, Annibal, Archimedes.- Miscellaneous Division; continuation of the English Lexicon, Asia, Assay, Astrology, Athens, Attraction, Auction, Australasia, Austria, Balance, Bank, Barometer.
We feel gratified to announce, that a new edition of Bythneri Lyra Prophetica is printing at the Glasgow Univer. sity Press, and will be published early in November, in one handsome volume, octavo.
Speedily will be published in two vols 8vo. with a map, and portraits of the President Boliver, and Don F. A. Zea, minister plenipotentiary to the European powers, Colombia, a Geogra
phical, Statistical, Commercial, Historical, and Political Account of that interesting Country; intended as a Manual for the Merchant and the Settler.
IN THE PRESS.
Ready for publication, The Port Folio, a Collection of Engravings from Antiquarian, Architectural, and Topographical Subjects, curious Works of Art, &c. &c. with Descriptions. This undertaking is intended to form a cabinet of engravings of the miscellaneous works of art and antiquity scattered throughout Great Britain, interspersed with views of seats distinguished by architectural beauty, or rendered subjects of public curiosity by antiquity of character or historical circumstance, together with other objects of marked topographical interest neglected in preceding publications. It will appear in monthly numbers, thus affording to the public a progressive knowledge of the design, and leisure for the contributions of those who may gratify the editor with a correspondence. The first number contains interior views of Fonthill Abbey, Wilts.
The Rev. Thomas H. Horne, M. A. has in the press a third edition of his Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, in four volumes, octavo, corrected, and illustrated with numerous inaps and facsimiles of biblical manuscripts; it is expected to be ready in the course of November next. At the same time will be published, with one new plate, a small supplement to the second edition, (of which a limited number only will be printed) so arranged as to be insert ed in the respective volumes without injury to the binding.
An Analytical Catalogue of Books relating to Heraldry, Genealogy, &c. with an extensive list of heraldic manuscripts, by T. Moule, will appear in a few days, under the title of Bibliotheca Heraldica Magnæ Britanniæ, in one volume, royal octavo.
The Cento, a volume of prose selections from the most approved works of living authors, will be published in course of the ensuing month.*
In a few days will appear a second, and much improved, edition of Mr. Robert Stevens's Remarks on the Present State of Ireland; with an Appendix of new matter, containing a brief outline of the system of education pursued in the rapidly increasing schools of the London Hibernian Society. This edition will be printed in an exceedingly neat, but at the same time cheap form,
to encourage the friends of Ireland to ing the Principles of Colonial Policy distribute it gratuitously.
A work on the subject of our possessions in India, in 1 vol. 8vo. will be published in October, entitled, "An Inquiry into the Expediency of apply
to the Government of India, and of ef fecting an essential Change in its landed Tenures, and in the Character of its Inhabitants.
On the Depressed State of Agriculture. By James Cleghorn, 8vo. 3s.
Tracts on Vaults and Bridges; containing Observations on Vaults, and the taking down and rebuilding London Bridge, and on the Principles of Arches, 20s.
The Returning Sinner Assured of a Successful Reception at the Foot of the Cross; third edition. By S. Nichols. Price 1s.
The Christian Indian, of North America; a Narrative of Facts, with cuts, 6d.
A Sermon Preached at St. Paul's Cathedral, Monday, July 1, at the Visitation of the Bishop of London. Charles Goddard, D. D. Rector of St.
Astronomische Hulfstafeln fur 1822. James, Garlick Hill. 1s. 6d.
The Life of William Penn, abridged and adapted to the Use of Young Per sons. By Mary Hughes, (late Robson.) Foolscap Svó, bds. with portrait, &c, 4s. 6d.
Remains of the late A. L. Ross, A.M. with a Memoir of his Life. 12mo.
Memoirs of Benevenuto Cellini, a Florentine Artist, written by Himself; containing a variety of Information respecting the Arts and the History of the Sixteenth Century. A new edition, corrected and enlarged from the last Milan edition, with the notes and observations of G. P. Carpani, now first translated by Thos. Roscoe, Esq. 2 vols. 8vo.
Life of Ali Pacha, of Janina, elegantly translated, and enlarged from the French of M. Beauchamp; with a fine portrait from a picture taken from the life, 1 vol. 8vo. 10s. 6d. bds.
The Second Part of Lectures on the Holy Trinity. By E. Andrews, LL.D. 8vo. 7s.
Sermons on Subjects Doctrinal and Practical. By the Rev. H. G. White, A.M. 2 vols. 8vo. 24s.
An Elegantly Engraved View of Aberdeen. By G. Smith, Architect, &c. &c. Six Views of Bolton Abbey and its Environs; drawn from Nature. By C, Cosse; and on Stone, by A. Aglio, Folio, 8s.
A Treatise on the Utility of SanguiSuction; or, Leech Bleeding, in the Treatment of a great variety of Diseases; including the Opinions of eminent Practitioners, Ancient and Modern; with Instructions for the Process of Leeching, and an Appendix, delineating the Characteristic Distinction of true Leeches, with Directions for their Management and Preservation.
Sefchel's Catalogue of 5000 Pamph By Rees Price, M.D. Surgeon. 12mo.
An Epitome of Pharmaceutical Che mistry; exhibiting the Names of the various Articles of the London Pharmacopoeia, in contrast with those with which they are incompatible; whereby the art of Prescribing Scientifically may be facilitated, and those Decompositions avoided, which often frustraté the views of the Practitioner in their Medical Effects. By Rees Price, M.D. Surgeon. 12mo. 3s.
An Epitome of Chemistry. By the Rev. J. Topham, M.A. 12mo. 3s. 6d. Analytic Physiology. By S. Hood, M.D. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
On the Duties and Qualifications of a Physician, more particularly addressed
to Students and Junior Practitioners. By G. Gregory, M.D.
Anatomical and Physiological Rcsearches. By Herbert Mayo, No. I. 8vo.
A new Geographical, Historical, and Religious Chart; shewing at one View the principal Places of the known World; the prevailing Religion, form of Government, Degrees of Civilization and Population, together with the Missionary Stations in each Country. By the Rev. T. Clark.
The Gift of Friendship; or, The Riddle Explained. By Mary Elliott, (late Belson). 18mo. half bound, with copper plates. 1s. 6d.
Confessions of an English Opium Eater. 1 vol. 12mo. 5s.
An Historical Review of the Spanish Revolution, including some Account of Religion, Manners, and Literature in Spain. By Edward Blaquiere, Esq. 8vo. with a map.
A System of Mechanics. By the Rev. J. R. Robinson. 8vo. 13s.
Geological Essays; comprising a View of the Order of the Strata Coalfields, and Minerals of the District of the Avon. By Joseph Sutcliffe. 8vo. 4s.
The Literary Character, illustrated by the History of Men of Genius, drawn from their own Feelings and Confessions. By J. D. Israeli. Third edition, considerably enlarged and improved.
The Modern Art of Fencing, agreeably to the most eminent Masters in Europe. By the Sieur Guzman Rolando. 18mo. 10s. 6d.
A Letter to Sir Humphry Davy, Bart. on the Application of Machinery to the Purpose of Calculating and Printing Mathematical Tables. By Charles Babbage, Esq. M.A. 4to. 1s. 6d.
Essays on Subjects of important Inquiry in Metaphysics, Morals, and Religion. By the late Isaac Hawkins Brown, Esq. 8vo. 15s.
The Elements of Music, adapted to the Piano-forte. By John Kelly. 5s.
Evelina; or. the History of a Young Lady's Introduction to the World. By Miss Burney. In 2 vols. 4s. Being the
First of a Series of Novels, entitled "Whittingham's Pocket Novels."
The old Manor House. By Mrs. Smith. 2 vols. 6s. Being the Second of a Series of Novels, which will be published under the Title " Whittingham's Pocket Novels."
Who is the Bridegroom? or, Nuptial Discoveries. By Mrs. Green. 3 vols. 12mo.
Moscow; or, the Grandsire; an Historical Tale. 3 vols. 12mo. 18s.
Analecta; or, Pocket Anecdotes, with Reflections; designed as an agreeable Companion for the social Circles. By the Rev. James Churchill. 5s.
Lavenham Church. By the late Rebecca Ribbans. 5s.
Elegy on the Death of P. B. Shelley. By A. Brooke. 1s. 6d.
A Letter to the Earl of Liverpool, on the Subject of the Greeks. By Thomas Lord Erskine, 8vo. 2s. 6d.
The Substance of a Speech delivered by the Rev. T. Gisborne, A.M. on Laying the Foundation-stone of the New Church at Burton-upon-Trent, on September 11, with a particular Account of the Ceremony,
A Manifesto to the Spanish Nation and especially to the Cortes of 1822 and 1923, respecting the Causes which have paralyzed the Progress of the Spanish Revolution, and the Operations of the Cortes for 1820 and 1821; and pointing out their future Consequences, By the Citizen Jose Morene Guerra, Deputy for the Province of Cordova. Translated from the Spanish. 2s. 6d.
Part IV. completing Vol. VII. of the Journal of Modern Voyages and Travels, containing Dupin's Travels in Great Britain; consisting of Tours through the Naval and Military Establishments. Sewed, 3s. 6d. ; bds. 4s.
Travels into the Arkansaw Territory, with Occasional Observations on the Manners of the Aborigines, illustrated by Maps, and other Engravings. By Thomas Nuttall, F.L.S.
Eur. Mag. Vol. 82.
THE BRITISH INSTITUTION.
ABOVE eighteen years have elapsed since the establishment of the British Institution, for promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom, and it may now be worth while briefly to consider how far it has been successful in accomplishing the purpose for which it was founded.
Well do we recollect the contradictory opinions that existed, and that were promulgated with respect to this Institution, at its origin. By the liberal and enthusiastic it was hailed as the certain precursor of vigorous and successful effort on the one hand, and of generous and enlightened patronage on the other; while the cold and suspicious ridiculed the attempt, and confidently predicted its speedy and utter failure. The steady perseverance of the Directors of the Institution has disappointed the malicious expectations of this latter class of persons; although it must be confessed that all the advantages have not been derived from the Institution which were anticipated by its too sanguine advocates.
The Institution has been conducted on the following plan: Early in every year the gallery has been opened with a collection of the works of living artists, for exhibition and sale. In the course of two or three months, when public curiosity has appeared to be satiated, this exhibition has closed, and another has been speedily prepared, consisting of the works of the old masters, contributed principally by the Governors of the Institution. Towards the end of the summer, when the departure of the noble and opulent from the metropolis has rendered this latter exhibition no longer productive, the pictures have been restored to their proprietors, with the exception of a select few; which, with the permission of their owners, have been retained during the remainder of the year, for the study of such artists of both sexes, as might apply for that privilege, and prove both by the recommendation of a Royal Academician, and by a specimen of their talents, that they were quali
fied to make an advantageous use of it. In the early periods of the Institution, three prizes one of a hundred, another of sixty, and the third of forty guineas, were annually offered for the best three pictures painted as companions to the works of the old masters thus left for study. That practice, however, has been long abandoned; and, in lieu of it, the Directors, when any original pictnre of very superior merit is sent to the first exhibition of the year, present the artist with a sum correspondent to their estimate of his deserts, and sometimes purchase his work in addition.
The annual exhibitions, which have taken place in the gallery of the British Institution, of the works of living artists, have generally been of a very pleasing nature. The exclusion of portraits has rendered them much more miscellaneous than the exhibitions of the Royal Academy At the same time the free admission of pictures, that have already been seen at Somerset House, tends very much to diminish the charm resulting from novelty. It is an introduction, however, that we by no means wish to censure, as it enables the artist to show his pictures again to the public, after he has made those alterations and corrections, which are naturally suggested to him by comparing them with the productions of his contemporaries. One of the best features of these exhibitions is, that they offer to the modern artist that, of which, before their occurrence, he was very much in want, namely, a respectable and gratuitous market. Since the commencement of the Institution, pictures have been disposed of to a very large amount. It is true that in some instances, works of an inferior class, and which merely please the eye, are purchased, while others of a more elevated character, and which address themselves to the mind, are left unregarded on the walls; but the complaints on this subject are greatly exaggerated; some allowance also must be made for mortified vanity; and, after all,
the fault, such as it is, rests not with the Institution, but with the imperfectly cultivated judgment of the public.
To the better cultivation of that judgment the successive exhibitions, in the gallery of the British Institution, of the works of the old masters must, of necessity, greatly contri.bute. It is gratifying to see the dignified and affluent ranks of the community, every year permitting the principal aparments of their houses to be dismantled, for the purpose of furnishing their contributions towards those highly interesting exhibitions. Many of the finest pictures in England, and, indeed, we may say, without fear of contradiction, in the world, have thus been brought into a focus; and both the professional artist and the mere lover of the arts have been enabled to contemplate them at ease and leisure. It is in vain for cavillers and cynics to ascribe this part of the plan of the Institution to the ostentation of the Governors. Nothing can be more unjust or ungrateful towards those distinguished individuals, who, it is manifest, are actuated, with regard to this subject, only by the most pure and patriotic motives. Nor is the objection more valid, that a picture of doubtful authenticity or inferior merit occasionally creeps in among the chef d'auvres of ancient
where's that palace whereinto foul things sometimes intrude not?"
We speak not of the few exceptions, but, generally, the quality of the pictures composing these exhibitions is such, as must render them extensively and beneficially operative on the public taste. At the same time there is certainly some danger, that this regularly recurring display of the powers of ancient may have the effect of discouraging modern art. It is unquestionably hard upon living English artists, that the select pictures of masters of all countries, and who have flourished through a succession of ages, should thus be brought into a kind of competition with the general and unculled produce of the artists of one country, collected at one period. All good is accompanied with some evil. This is the evil attendant on the good ef
fected by the British Institution; and the only question is whether the good or the evil predominates. For ourselves, after a frequent consideration of the subject, we are convinced that the present inconvenience and injury to artists (which we allow to be far from unimportant,) will be much more than compensated by the ultimate benefit to the arts resulting from the practice.
To the school for painting which the British Institution affords, we have never heard a single objection urged. It is admirably calculated to improve the young artist, and to imbue him with sound principles. When Mr. Barry was the Professor of Painting at Somerset House, he loudly and frequently complained that the Royal Academy was exclusively a school for design, and warmly recommended the acquisition of a few fine old pictures as models for the students in composition, chiaro oscuro, and colouring. This suggestion, which was certainly very intemperately urged, was not at that time attended to. Since the formation of the British Institution, however, the Members of the Royal Academy have become so sensible of the advantages of the system there adopted, that, in imitation of it, they have added to the long-established Antique and Model Academies a School for Painting; and give two medals annually for the best studies made in it.
Upon the whole, therefore, it seems undeniable that the British Institution has done considerable good; and that the public are much indebted to it for its exertions. If we are asked whether it has yet created any GREAT artist, we are bound, however reluctantly, to admit, that hitherto it does not appear to have done so; but we beg leave to accompany that admission with the remark, that at any period, in any country, and under any circumstances, a GREAT artist is not a common creation; and that he is very seldom, indeed, the creation of an Institution or Academy. After making every due allowance for the effect of mental culture, it must be acknowledged by all who are not obstinately blind to facts, that a superiority of original organization is indispensible to excellence. A