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beautiful and terrible as sin, arrayed the ocean, working and lashing itself, in a vest of green shells, with flashing to foam like a boiling cauldron; and eyes and glowing hair, bore the bow the ship, like a lost thing, feebly of Time, for eternity seemed written encountering the rage of the world upon it. These were girded round of waters. Streams of light now as with the darkling embryo of gushed from the clouds, that, like storms, all ready to rush forth at pillars, supported the glaring sky; their command. Behind and around and we saw, as it were, a fleet movthem, in all directions, whirled a ing towards us, in the form of a host of spirits, decked out in the crescent. The spectral thing admost brilliant manner. Some ap- vanced, and we beheld on board peared mounted on dolphins and stately warriors, as pale and as coldsharks ; others resting upon the looking as marble, with fixed eyes continued fountain which sprung and motionless limbs ; they passed from the nostrils of the whale; by on each side of us, with unbroken others darted javelins, made of the order, in all their terrible pomp.tusks of the hippopotamus, in mock Then, again, the ocean rolled up, warfare, at each other; and eternally and swallowed us ; the figures we sounds were produced from conchs had seen before, danced their terriof the most singular form, terrible, ble dances, and sung and revelled, yet grand. Here rolled the immense and dashed about in the waves, till foundering form of the leviathan, one tremendous clash shook heaven the shaggy sea lion, the tasked wal and ocean. Forms came striding rus, and the fleshy blubber fish:- on towards us, and sunk, of every all the monsters of the deep seemed shape and magnitude : headless and called into action. It was now almost horrible monsters extended their upon us, when I, stung to desperar arms to seize us, and the teeth of tion, and determined to do some. the sea lions glistened to devour us. thing ere I perished, seized a small These things vanished each instant, harpoon, and running to the end of and their places were as quickly supthe vessel which fronted this tre plied: but the water soon stifled us, mendous host, threw it with all my and took away all perception. might at the form of the Miner. When I recovered from the long So true was my aim, that it pierced insensibility into which I had fallen, him exactly in the centre of his tem. I found myself lying on a rougla ples; our crew set up a wild shout wave-worn rock, and heard the sea of horror at the deed, but the con: dashing beside me. I looked around: sequence was astonishing : the vast I had been thrown by the waves into wave sunk and subsided immediately, a vast cavern, whose extent, by reaand one loud wail echoed from the son of the impenetrable darkness, sea to the sky. All became as black I could not discern; it was extremely as midnight, and the air, thick, lofty, and the crags that jutted down choaking, and almost palpable.- seemed like outstretched hands, ready Nothing could be seen for a yard to bear me away. It gradually before us; a general commotion took widened and expanded from the nar. place; and, in the darkness, many row entrance, near which I lay, into fell overboard; it was, indeed, à prodigious width and height. A rapid night of terror: low bursts from the stream of salt water rushed furiously sea : the weltering of the waves : past at my feet, and, joining with prayers, groans, and curses, were some other currents which forced heard every where. Could the heart themselves through similar interof man bear long such an accumula- stices in the rock, was dashed down tion of horror? But the worst was in an immense fall, whose roarings yet to come. The black overhang and bellowings, like those of some ing canopy of clouds, that mattled enraged giant, were echoed and res up the beautiful sky, were rent open echoed by the deep and spirit-like at once, and a broad streak of dusky voices of the lofty cavern. lurid light spread from one extremity I lay here a while, ruminating to the other; it was of a deep blood- upon the prodigies I had lately been red colour, and reflected every thing a witness of, and upon means of like a mirror: in it we could see escape from my perilous situation, Eur, Mag. Vol. 83.

2 R


which I well knew could only be I raised myself as well as I could effected by exertion, and, therefore, from my resting place; I seized his determined to set about it instantly, hand; and, in an almost inarticulate ere another relapse should preclude voice, exclaimed,—“Martin!”. all chance of success. The darkness We both were equally affected, and which enveloped every thing, at once there was a long dead pause, which prevented me from choosing to pe- was at length broken by Martinnetrate deeper into the cavern, so “ Raymond, I rejoice, yet I sorrow I resolved to look to the entrance. to see ye-ye are sairly-sairly alI found great difficulty in raising tered--inany a wearisome care ye myself; my limbs were stiffened mann ha' had sin ye left us, to have and cramped by the moist cold stone, wrinkled that once smooth brow, and and I had likewise sustained innu- grizzled that black hair. Ye hae merable bruises, by being thrown seen nae common perils.” I mournagainst the sharp rocks, so that it fully replied in the affirmative, and was no easy matter for me to crawl informed him of the extraordinary along, even at a slow pace. This manner in which I found myself cast platform of rocks, I found, shelved into the cavern at Zetland, when the down to the sea, which rose con- storm had happened far off in the siderably higher than the entrance, Atlantic. and only could force itself in by Skelder shook his head : “ You a sınall aperture, through which it were wrecked off our coast," said he; gushed to the cataract. Weak as Feldspar's vessel is too well known î was, I scarcely hesitated a mo- here not to be easily recognized. ment, but rousing every energy, Three nights since it was seen hoand collecting every remaining por. vering among the blue mists about tion of strength, I dived through a inile from the shore; it came nearthe narrow chasm; I cut through er, but mist and darkness clouded the waves as long as my breath round it. We got upon the rocks to lasted, and when I rose high above watch her motions, for the weather the water, was greeted by the sheen was hazy, and every thing boded the of the bright sun and the blue coming storm. We wondered that heavens. I looked towards the land; she sent out no boat, for she floated crags and precipices met my eye every along and never cast anchor. Prewhere; I however swam on: escape sently a growling squally wind from death, which had appeared in arose, and all the clouds rolled out, the gloomy place I had just left to and darkened the whole face of the be yawning for me, gave me hope sky: the sea swelled and splashed and spirits, and vigour. I prayed the black crags upon the beach : for deliverance, nor were my prayers night drew on, and it was an awful unheard. Between a narrow slip or one; but the ship never sent out a cleft of two rocks, I perceived green boat. fields; my heart leaped within me : “ We saw the poor labouring and I swam towards it; I crawled up the struggling thing tossed by foaming sides with a preternatural strength; breakers: such a skirling and roarI rushed through the opening; í ing there never was, and such flash, bounded on the field; I gave one ing and gleaming of lightning: and look, but that one was sufficient ; then the howling of the wind, and I knew, I knew where I was: I saw the pattering of the sleety rain ; but my own dear Zetland; but it was the greedy waves soon sucked in too much: I fainted.

their victim : they cast themselves The first words that I heard ut- up, and gloried over, as she went tered after this was from a well down,--poor fated souls! We heard known voice,—“ How are ye, my their shrieks and cries, but could brave heart?"

not help them. Feldspar buffeted I looked up: I knew the fine the waters a moment, but it was unvenerable features: the smile tem- availing; he was dashed against yon pered with sorrow: the keen blue red rock, and his head cloven in eye, that had somewhat lost its fire: twain." the scant grey locks; it was my old Such then had been the fate of the friend, Martin Skelder.

gallant, the daring, the heroic Feld


cause or

spar; a man whose sense of honour, by me, and smiled upon me. “ Raywhose generosity of spirit, and whose mond,” said it, in a soft musical frank and free humour was unequal- voice,--so soft, indeed, that I never led: I loved him as a brother. heard its like, save in the breathings

Old Martin here paused; and his of the summer-wind over an Eolian emotions were so overpowering, that lyre,—“ Raymond, I may now visit he rushed ont of the apartment. I thee; my pledge is now also redeemwept at the fate of my friend like an ed; I would have been with you infant; and soon fretted myself into


but it was not permitted ine. a slumber which, contrary to my ex- There has been a fearful strife for pectations, was sound and refreshing. ye, Raymond, but your good fates I awoke from some

have got the better; the demon who other about the middle of the night, has so long persecuted you, will now nor did I again feel inclined to sleep; trouble you no more. There have I therefore raised myself up on things occurred, but I may not remy truckle bed and looked around. veal them; your good and your evil The mild beams of the moon flooded deeds have been weighed in the baround the small chamber, and ren- lance; had they been found wanting dered every thing plain and dis- —but you shall see as far as my tinct. It was hung round with power extends; arise, and follow me.” nets and small plaited spears, I obeyed him. We passed through with here and there a dusty another apartment, there lay old seal-skin cap and blue jacket; and Skelder sleeping; his breathing on the floor were laid some rudely- seemed, however, to stop; and the fashioned chests and other lumber. hair bristled up on the back of the As I was gazing upon these objects, whining dog that lay at his feet, as

inanimate tractors of the soul,' as the spirit passed. The door ilew some one would call them, and think- open, and we stood in the open air; ing upon my own fishing exploits, I we passed along till we came to a cast à careless glance towards the remarkably green patch of ground. foot of the bed ;-all the blood cur- Here the spirit paused; I watched its dled in my veins as I saw in a slip slow and solemn movements in of wan moonlight, that gushed speechless awe. It raised its head through the narrow window, the upwards toward heaven, and that figure of George Harvey ; he stood siniling heaven seemed to grow there even as I had known him when brighter as the pure and etherial bealive, only pale as a corse, and

corse, and ing gazed upon it. The ground at moveless; his eyes were fixed and our feet now began to move and unmeaning, and a dim blue lambent tremble, the grass blades untwined fire seemed to encircle him round like and separated, and a yawning chasm a halo, but his dress was exactly the lay open before us; I looked down same, and his hair,--his black' and it; it seemed a gradual sloping decrisped locks,—divided in the centre, scent, as far as it was visible, to still grew and curled: not a feature which there was no termination. was altered; but there was something The spirit descended, and I followabout him that breathed of the grave; ed; we passed on long in utter darksomething that caused all the flesh to ness, and seemed to be penetrating creep on my bones: my eyes were the very bowels of the earth, when fixed intensely on his, and a damp suddenly a dazzling brilliant flash cold sweat burst out on my brow: I of light burst upon us, almost too tried in vain to utter a word, fa- intense for mortal eye to bear; we culties were entranced and enchained still kept on, and the light grew in horrot, and my tongue stuck fast brighter and brighter, and the fisto the roof of my mouth.; at last, sure in the earth widened each inby a mighty effort, I compelled my- stant. We now emerged into a vast self to speak, and though it was un- illimitable hall, sileut, but shining like the sound of any thing earthly, with reflected light; it was hot and hollow and rattling, it was sufficient. stifling; but no sounds were heard,

Harvey,” said R1. The shade not so much as the tread of my footcame nearer; it seemed a thing of sieps; it seemed the hall of death. air: so light, so noiseless, that I The vasty walls were of clear bright could not hear its approach: it stood beaming chrystal, and one immense



column of the same substance de- could not break his bonds, and he scended from the roof to the floor. shrunk back in sullen and moody To this, girdled with brazen chains, silence. The spirit gazed upon me, was fastened my hated foe, the Miner, “ Thy foe is fast for ever,” said it; of a huge size, and foaming and " he shall pursue thee no longer; struggling with impotent rage; thou art safe : remember this, and when he beheld me, his efforts were live. Farewell.” The spirit—the enterrible : his eyes glared : and he tombed prison sunk, and I found churned and gnashed his teeth, and myself lying near the cottage of old shook his everlasting chains; but he Martin Skelder.



It is well known that the Me- “ Fever is the punishment for having tempsycosis, or the doctrine of the killed an innocent Kheterie. Treatment. transmigration of the soul into the Repeat a hundred times the incantabody of some animal, is believed in tion of Mahadeo, maintain thirteen Braseveral Pagan nations. Pythagoras, mins, and sprinkle the image of Mawho taught this doctrine, derived it hades one hundred times with water. from Egypt, or the Indies. Those, her, having been, before her marriage,

“ A wife, whose husband dies before who profess it, think that their of a high family, and leaving it to live future state will be happy or miserable, according to their conduct herself, when he dies. Treatment.

with a stranger, for whom she burns whilst they continued in their hu. She must pass her life in religioas man shape.

severities, or bury herself in snow. The Bramins pretend to under- “ A wife, whose children are all stand a science, called Kurrembry- girls, is punished for having been too pack, by which they divine the cha- proud in her former existence, and for racter of a man in his first state of not being respectful enough to her hus. existence, and they prescribe a par- band. Treatment.--After baving coticular expiation for every crime.

vered a white ox with cloth of gold, she This art is divided into four kinds,

must majntain 100 Bramins. and several examples of each may

“ The wicked, who have committed be found in the Ayeen Akberry, froin many sins, are exposed to all sorts of which are taken the following ex

diseases. He who has robbed a Bratracts :

min, has whitlows on his nails; be who

drinks strong liquors, has black teeth; “ Diseases which are the punish the murderer of a Bramio, the marasments for crines committed in a past ma; a liar, stinking breath; a stealer state ;

of corn, pains in his limbs; a stealer of u Losing the use of the limbs is cloths, the leprosy; a stealer of horses the punishment for having killed a is lame, &c." Bramin. Treatment.-Make the sick person take a tolak of gold, in the According to this doctrine, it is deshape of a horse, and distribute it in cessary to expiate one's crimes during charities, and let him maintain 150 life; for if not, we shall be born again Bramins.

with disgraceful marks of it,



“ Through Pope's soft song though all the graces breathe,

Our happiest art adorn his attic page;
Yet does my mind with sweetest transport głow,
As, at the root of mossy trunk reclined,
In magic Spenser's wildly warbled song,
I see deserted Una wander wide,
Through wasteful solitudes, and lurid heaths,
Weary, forlorn ; than when the fated fair
Upon the bosom bright of silver Thames
Launches in all the lustre of brocade,
Amid the splendours of the laughing Sao :
The gay description palls upon the sense,
And coldly strikes the mind with feeble bliss.”

Warton's Pleasures of Melancholy. Tae admirers of Spenser are more

which he is held, would it still be numerous at present than they have wise or natural to adopt his style been at any former period; indeed, and manner at present ? so numerous are they, that our lan- The qualities of style, which conguage seems in some danger of being fer excellence on poetry, are so nubroken into two dialects by them. merous, that no one writer was ever In a great portion of our modern known to excel in them all. It is poetry we have the idiom, phrase- not, however, to be supposed that a ology, and diction of Spenser; so poem cannot be excellent unless it that if this rage should happen to possess the whole aggregate of these continue to the middle of the present qualities. The qualities which concentury, it is a question whether we stitute the excellence of one poem, shall not have a dialect peculiarly cannot be transferred to a poem of a appropriated to poetry, and clearly different nature. The excellence of distinct from the language of prose. Butler's Hudibras consists in its wit: Two questions, therefore, naturally the excellence of Pope's Eloisa to present themselves to us at setting Abelard consists in its pathos. The out, which are not only of import- pathos of Eloisa, however, cannot be ance in themselves, but inseparably transferred to Hudibras, nor the wit blended with an inquiry into the of Hudibras imparted to Eloisa, genius of Spenser. The first is, without destroying the excellence whether the encreased admiration of of both. It would, therefore, be abSpenser should be attributed to the surd to say that Hudibras excels improved taste of the present day; Eloisa to Abelard, because it has or to one of those revolutions in more wit, or that Eloisa excels Hu. literature which' are brought about dibras, because it is more pathetic. by silent and imperceptible causes; Accordingly, if we would form a causes which, though slow in their proper idea of Spencer's genius, paroperations, are eternally impressing ticularly that idea which will enable a new character on the literature of us to form a just comparison between every age. In attempting to resolve him and others, we must enquire what this question, it is obvious we do not are the qualities of style that prodigress from the nature of our pro- perly constitute the excellence of posed subject; for we cannot tell how the subjects in which he engaged, far the admiration of Spenser is and how far he has attaineď these just, without investigating, at the qualities of perfection. In estimatsame time, the extent and cha- ing afterwards his comparative meracter of his intellectual endow. rits, it is obvious, from the reasons ments. The second question natur- which I have already assigned, that ally arises from the first; admitting he must be compared only with such the superiority of Spenser's genius, poets as engaged in similar or kinand the justice of the admiration in dred subjects with himself; and who,

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