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square leagues, and 3,686,000 inha fect preservation, and which surpasses bitants.

in size and elegance all the works of In America, Brazil and Guyana art in the roins of Pompeii. 277,000 square leagues, and 24 mil. The Italians claim the priority of in, lions of inhabitants.

venting mutual instruction, which the In the Atlantic Ocean and Africa, French attribute to Herbault and Pau. the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo, let, and the English to Bell and Lan50 square leagues, and 91,200 inha caster. This method of instruction has bitants.

been introduced into Italy for more than The Azores, 147 square leagues, three centuries, and it still exists now. 160,000 inhabitants.

Towards the middle of the eighteenth The islands in Cape Verd, 216 square century, schools called Della Dottrina leagues, 36,000 inhabitants.

Christiana were established at Milan, The islands on the Coast of Guinea, and in 1532, a priest, pamed Castellino 58 square leagues, 35,000 inhabitants. da Castello, improved them, and intro

The Government of Angola, 70 square duced mutual instruction, (le Instru. leagues, 75,000 inhabitants.

zione vicendevole.) At Mozambic, 139 square leagues, The Chevalier Tambroni has in the 60,000 inhabitants.

press the most ancient document ia Goa, 92 square leagues, 60,000 inha- Italy, upon painting; it is entitled, bitants.

Instruzioni Pittoriche, by Cennino Timor and Solon, 33 square leagues, Cennini, a pupil of Giotto. This inte. 15,060 inbabitants.

resting work had remained unknown Macao, 14 square leagues, and 33,800 in the library of the Vatican. It is asinhabitants.

serted in this MS. that oil painting was Total—282,144 square leagues, and known in Italy before the time of Joha 6,649,200 inhabitants, amongst which, of Bruges, to whom that invention has are two millions of slaves.

been attributed. The importance of this Power is The Professor Peyron, at Turin, has equal to that of the Netherlands, and discovered, in the convent of Bobbio, superior to that of Sweden. - The several fragments of manuscripts, whicla revenues of the Crown are from 80 contain Cicero's orations, by means of to 90 millions of francs.The mili which those published by Professor tary force consists of 25,000 troops of Maji will be complete. the line, and 33,000 militia.-In Brazil, It has lately been resolved at Rome there are 50,000 troops of the line and to adopt Copernicus's system of the militia.-The Portuguese Marine con world, and it is now permitted to write sists of only 8 ships of the line and in favour of that system ! 6 frigates.

Pére Jean-Baptiste Aucher, of Venice, SPAIN.

translator of the celebrated Chronicle The buildings of the Inquisition at of Eusebius, has translated from Arme Barcelona are demolished: and a pub nian into Latin a precious manuscript lic place, called Quiroga, established on which is at the congregation of Armethe scite.

vian monks of St. Lagacres, at Venice. CORSICA.

This MS. contains several unpublished There has been recently discovered fragments of Philo the Jew; namely, in Corsica a new mineral, full of parti. three dialogues, two upon Providence, cles of gold. Vases have been made of and one upon the soul of beasts; ques it, which, in beauty and colour, rival tions upon Genesis and Exodus; two vermillion. It is called causicorum. Sermons upon Sampson and Jonas; and ITALY.

a dialogue upon the three angels who M. Joseph Masera, of Montefalcone, appeared to Abraham. This manunear Chiari, has made an ingenious script, which is of the thirteenth cendiscovery; he substitutes in organs and tury, formerly belonged to Haiton, the bird-pipes the horizontal movement and second king of Armenia. The congre. moveable points, for the rotary move gation intend to publish the said transment, and the fixed points of the cy lation in ove vol. 4to. similar in form, linders; which improvement enables paper, and type to the Chronicle of the performer to vary the music at Eusebius; the Armenian translation pleasure.

will run by the side of the Latin ver. Near the Forum of Pompeii, a public sion; it will also contain some Greek edifice, supposed to be the Chalcidium, fragments and notes to facilitate the has been discovered; an inscription, understauding of the text. found there, shews that it was built at Professor Maji has made recent disthe expense of the Priestess Eumacbia coveries of the lost works of some anA few days after this discovery, a sta cient authors, amongst which are sere tue of this priestess was found, in perral parts of mutilated books of Poly.

bius, Diodorus, Dion Cassius, some tion of large clocks, different from fragments of Aristotle, Ephorus, Time. those in common use. All the wheels us, Demetrius Phalaris, &c. some parts are made of copper, the pivots of steel, of the unknown works of Eunapius, and every part is united with screws, Menander, Priscus, and Peter thé and may be taken to pieces and repair Protector. Amongst the unpublished ed at pleasure. The greatest advanaworks of Polybius are the beginnings tage of these clocks is their cheapness: of some lost books, and the entire end being made for half the price of other of the thirty-ninth, in which the author clocks. takes a general review of his history, Madame Lebreton, a midwife at Paand devotes his fortieth book to chro- ris, has improved artificial nipples, and nology. The fragments of Diodorus discovered the ineans of preventing the and Dion are numerous and very pre creases formed in the breasts of females cious. Amongst them is a summary of by suckling their children. These arthe wars of Rome, a narrative of Ma tificial nipples are preferable to those cedonia, Epirus, Syria, Spain, Portu made of elastic gum, and are equally gal, and Persia. These writings were useful in remedying any defect in the discovered in a manuscript containing shape of the breasts. the speeches of Aristides. The writ A discovery bas been made in the iog appears to be of the eleventh cen. department of Calvados, by which the tury. M. Maji has also discovered an finest strokes of the crayon or pencil unpublished Latin grammar that quotes upon porcelaine may be infinitely mula great many writers whose works have tiplied in perfection. These strokes, been lost, and an unknown Latin book traced with a particular metallic comon rhetoric, and moreover a Greek col. position upon the polished surface of Jection, containing fragments of the porcelain, are incrustated by a second lost works of Philo, as well as other application of fire without the slightest precious remains of antiquity.

injury. The parts thus delineated acSWITZERLAND.

quire a sort of roughness, insensible to A very useful machine has lately the touch, and only to be discovered been introduced at Lausanne, and by its perfect retention of ink, which which is well worth imitation. This is easily wiped off the other parts of machine is for the purpose of making the surface. This method seems to bread, or rather to produce the fer have decided advantages over lithomentation of the dough. It is simply graphy. a box made of wood, about one foot A patent has been granted to M. wide and two long; it is placed on sup- Gaspard Schwickardi, at Paris, for a porters, on which it is turned by a new mode of lighting and heating by handle, like that of the cylinder which means of lamps and polychrestic utenjs used to roast coffee. One side of sils. The insides of these lamps never the box opens by a hinge to admit the require cleaning, and will burn all dough. The time necessary to produce kinds of oil. This mode can be used fermentation depends upon the air and in foot-stoves, chafing dishes, chamber the degree of velocity with which the lights, kitchen furnaces, baths, &c. it box is turned. But when the opera- gives one-third more light than thie tion is finished, a loud hissing is heard; common mode, and consumes the same this noise is produced by the escape of quantity of oil. the air, which is usually in about half AGE TURNED TO YOUTH!!-A lady an hour. The labour is very trifling, proposes to establish, at Paris, baths as a child may turn the box.

for the renewal of youth, the removal FRANCE.

of wrinkles, and all other traces of old The Freuch Almanack for the clergy, age. To obtain these great advantages, for the present year, contains the fol a Sexagenary, or Septuagenary is to lowing remarks on the actual state of take twelve baths, which she calls the the priesthood in France. The number Baths of Youth, the price of which of ecclesiastics in priests' orders is, will be 60 francs each. These twelve 35,286, of whom 1,487 are above sixty baths are to be followed by twelve years of age. Out of 4,156 persons others, named the Baths of Eucharis, who received ordination during the the price of which will be 600 francs year 1821, as priests, deacons, and sub- each. The regenerating operation is deacons, there were only 1435 priests, to be completed by twelve other baths, and during the same period 1447 priests called the Baths of Calypso, of which died. The number of pupils educating the price is 1200 francs each. In fine, among the curates, colleges,and schools, for the small trifle of 22,380 francs, an amounts lo 25,537.

old woman may recover the charms she M. Revillon, clock-maker, at Macon, possessed at the blooming age of has obtained a patent for the construc eighteen!




ENGLISH An Historical Review of the jects ofthe social compact--the security

of prosperity, and the liberties of manSpanish Revolution, including some

kind. The work commences by giving Account of Religion, Manners, and an interesting detail of Ferdinand's Literature in Spain. By Edward writing from France in favour of the

Constitution; bis alternately swearing Blaquiere, Esq. London. 8vo. pp. fidelity to it, and his abandonment of it; 656. 18s.

with his persecution of those whose

heroism had secured to bím his throne, The work before us affords ample and whose efforts were to correct those proof that its author is possessed of abuses, by which this weak and corpowers of research and of acute ob- rupt Monarch had ruined his country, servation, with vigilance and an in- and nearly brought it under the yoke defatigable activity. Mr. Blaquiere's of a foreign despot. The spirit of the volume is written in the form of Let- times has prevented Ferdinand's conters. He entered Spain soon after the mitting any of the barbarities of the Constitution was proclaimed at Madrid, Gothic ages, but a greater mass of perand his last Letter is dated Oct. 1820. fidy, meanness, ignorance, and vice, In this intermediate period, he con than is here evinced, bas seldom distrived to acquaint himself with the graced the annals of Europe. The arcana of public affairs, with the de. Spaniards deserve a better Prince; they signs and motives of the numerous are, as Sir John Moore describes them, partisans, the principles of the dif. a fine people; they afford the only ferent political sects, the condition example of a people suddenly emerg. and feelings of the poor, and with the ing from the lowest state of ignorance, manners, sentiments, and degrees of superstition, and tyranny, without the information possessed by the middling intoxication and excitement which leads and upper classes of Spanish society.

to extravagant cruelty and bloodshed, This varied and extensive information and of which the English, of 1645, and Mr. Blaquiere bas given us iu a man- the French, of recent times, have given ner, often rambling and generally dif 80 terrific an example. We trust, that fuse; but the number and importance neither a perseverance in error and of his facts, with the justice of his sen- oppression on the part of Ferdinand, timents and the utility of bis observa nor aggressions from foreigvers, will tions, render his work at once instruc stimulate these people to the outrages tive and highly entertaining. Where and barbarity, which are the features Mr. Blaquiere leaves facts and indul- of revolutions, conducted in a spirit of gences in speculation, or in the ex. anger and resentment. Without juspression of sentiments and opinions, tifying the usurpation of the Spanish we are disposed to place an almost throne by Buonaparte, dar author pays implicit reliance upon bim, for his po- an equitable tribute to the more efficient litical creed appears to us at once and enlightened government introduced rational and free; bis views are in by King Joseph. Mr. Blaquiere, with unison with the spirit of the age, and spirit and intelligence, sketches the with the improved condition of the abuses and errors of the old regime of human intellect; and whilst he justly the Bourbons of Spain; the persecu. discards ancient prejudices, and the tions heaped upon the Patriots, the narrow policy of the old courts and Guerilla Chiefs, the Freemasons, and dynasties, he avoids all those extrava. others; the betraying, trial, and fival gant theories of freedom and improve- sacrifice of Porlier, and what may be ment, which might rather endanger called the legalized murder of the brave thaan advance the great and only ob- and patriotic Lacy; he details the fine

and bappily successful enterprize of that no just conception of the merits Riego; he gives the reader an accurate of the bard could be formed from deand heart-thrilling account of the prio- tached passages and unconnected diaciples and dreadful cruelties of that logues. Thus the English student has greatest of all enormities, the Inquisi- hitherto been confined merely to a tion; and discusses the baneful effects knowledge of a few beautiful metaphors of celibacy, auricular confession, abso- and brilliant figures, and has finished lution, and the various follies, imposi- his education in total ignorance of the tions, and errors of the religion of the mightier powers of his great national country. Mr. Blaquiere says, that he poet. To obviate this evil, there was is happy to bear testimony, that the published, about nine years ago, a segreat body of the Spanish clergy “con lection of Shakspeare's plays, with the tains as much of learning, virtue, and omission of the objectionable passages knowledge, as any in Europe.” As the But this work not succeeding, Mr. Spanish clergy are proverbially defi- Bowdler published his Family Shakcient, we must conclude from this, that speare, but on a scale so voluminous, our author has a greater contempt for as if it were designed solely for the the clergy of Europe, as a body, than shelves of the wealthy matron. Mr. most men would venture to declare, Pitman has now supplied, and we think even in this unequivocal and semi- ably supplied, the great desideratum satirical manner of expression. An of our literature. He has, iu the comaccount of the Prado, the Bull-fights, pass of an octavo volume, given us the Amusements, the School of Paint. thirty-five of the plays attributed to ing, the Literature and Arts of the Shakspeare, omitting the Titus Androcountry, is given with spirit and accu. nicus and the Pericles, the authorship racy. The limits and nature of our of which is disputed, without the mework prevent our doing more, than rits of the pieces being sufficient to passing a favourable judgment, and ręnder the dispute of interest. Mr. giving this general outline or sketch Pitman has preserved the beauties of of the design and execution of Mr. each play, and has judiciously given Blaquiere's volume; but there is no sufficient to enable the reader to comclass of readers who can peruse the prehend the plot and conduct of each work without an acquisition of valua- drama, and the several characters of ble knowledge, or without awakening the piece. There are useful elucida. in him a train of the most useful and tory notes to the plays, and the volume pleasurable reflections.

concludes with a selection of the best

of Shakspeare's sonnets. We have no The School Shakspeare; or, Plays be one of primary utility, and if it be

hesitation in pronouncing the work 10 and Scenes from Shakspeare, illus an object with society and with indivi. trated for the Use of Schools, with duals, that the highest models of poe

tic excellence should be amenable to Glossarial Notes. By the Rev. J.R.

youth without the alloy of wantonness Pitman, M.A. 8vo. pp. 596.

and impurity, the work before us will

be of incalculable advantage in the It is astonishing, that in the vigi- earlier age of one sex, and of equal lance and activity of the literary world, advantage to the other sex throughout a work of such indispensable utility as every age. We trust tbat Mr. Pitman's the present should not have been pub success will induce either himself, or lished before. The excellence of Shak. persons equally skilful, to edit the speare as an English classic, has long works of Shakspeare's contemporaries, convinced all descriptions of instruc. and of some of the writers of Charles tors, that it was absolutely necessary to the Second's reign, upon a similar plan. acquaint the English student with the purer passages of the great dramatist;

Theatrical Portraits, with other but these standing so frequently in contact with parts of the grossest ob- Poems. By Harry Stoe Van Dyk. scenity, the mode of avoiding the con. 12mo. pp. 151. London, 1822. tagion has been to doom the student to a scanty perusal of isolated speeches The pretensions of Mr. Van Dyk, in the Elegant Extracts, or in Enfield's as he expresses them in his preface, Speaker. But Shakspeare, of all poets, are so modest, that we think it imought to be read with judgment and possible he should be disappointed.discrimination, and as his principal ex These Theatrical Portraits,” consicellence is bis consistent and natural dered merely as portraits, are never deliueation of character, it is obvious absolutely untrue to nature, but we

think they are not always “ striking writes feelingly, and his readers feel likenesses." Perhaps this arises, in with him; but let him speak for himsome measure, from a fear of offending, self:by limiting praise to the precise point of desert, and from several of the ori. “Oh! I ne'er shall forget the moment, ginals of his portraits being eminent in when the same way; but we must do our Thou cam'st as lovely Imogen; author the justice to assert, that this With maiden fear, and with dowo-cast species of gallantry in authorship is eye, generally confined to the fair sex, and

And a world of dear simplicity; we know not any one who would have

As if, of all assembled there, been less faulty in this particular

Thou only kuew'st not, thou wert fair ; Perhaps, then, it will scarcely be con

And never leaf from a rose's breast, sidered as censure, to say, that his por

When the day was past and the wind at

rest, trait of Miss Carew would have done as On the bosom of earth more mutely fell, well, possibly better, for Miss Stephens, Than thy echoless footsteps- Ariel. and that, by a change of names, the portraits of Miss M. Tree, Miss Carew,

This is very prettily told, but scarcely and Miss Stephens, might each have been equally well adapted to either of surpasses the following :the other. We think that our author should have been less unqualified in

“Let others prize the Bacchanal's rude his pra and have marked his dis

lay, tinctions more nicely.-His sketch of

And turn from sadder, sweeter themes Maithews is, however, in the happiest But, Oh! give me the tones that seem to

away; manner, and we warmly unite in the

borrow author's wish, that he may ever be The soul of music from a harp of sorrow, * At Home.”—Young's portrait is cri Which, like the words of lovers when tbey tically just :


In broken whispers die upon the beart.” “his passion's even-tide Ne'er swells to grandeur, nor doth qnite His portrait of Miss Brunton pos. subside;

sesses the double merit of being very Correct, not striking – skilful, but not

true and very poetic.The songs are Wanting in fire, and yet to feeling true;

pretty, and very like Moore's, of whom In action graceful, and in judgment clear, he does not scruple occasionally to borWith voice that falls like music on the row.-Lord Byron, too, he lays under ear;

contributions; the words he certainly And form and features, clothe them how varies, but some of his best similies, &c. you can,

are almost verbatim what we have before which still shine forth, and shew the gen met with. His idea of music breathiag tleman!"

in a face is so well known, and has been

so criticised in Lord Byron, that perbaps He could scarcely fail in the portraits our author thought it unnecessary to of Kcan, Harley, Farren, &c., their place it between inverted commas.merits being so decided and so dif Such plagiarisms are not of unfrequent ferent.--Indeed, the whole of his thea recurrence, but we are tired of what trical portraits are generally just; and may appear as censure, and ashamed, if he sometimes err on the favourable after the entertainment we received side, if he be sometimes too lavish of from the perusal of the work, to dwell his praise, we think it is scarcely to be so long upon its faults, that it was regretted, and we almost envy bim the almost impossible to avoid, when we happiness he must experience, in always consider how well every department of looking on the bright side of human poetry is filled, from the energetic and nature.-But now as to his mcrits as lofty style of Lord Byron, to the simply a poet. We do not see any very nu sweet of Coleridge and anybody. merous marks of originality throughout Notwithstanding the difficulties our his poems, but it would require a higher author had to combat, and they are and a brighter genius than we have any striking and numerous, his little volume hopes of seeing, to tread in the steps of of poems is a very pleasing addition to Byron and Moore, and yet possess claims a library; and we doubt not, that the of originality. He is, however, a very generality of his readers, who may agreeable writer, and frequently pours chance to see our remarks, will only forth strains of delicious poetry. The wonder we were not more warm in liges on Miss M. Tree are excellent; he his praise.

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