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on at the rate of nearly one per night since this theatre opened, Miss Chester, in genteel comedy, and Miss Lacey, in tragedy, were decidedly the best. Miss Chester, is one of the most beautiful women on the stage: her graceful movements qualify her to assume the airs of high life, while her vivacity supplies a constant power of entertainment. Violante, in The Wonder, and the Widow Belmour, in The Way to Keep Him, has already established a high reputation for this lady, who may be classed among the best actresses of the second rate. Miss Lacy has not the same advantages of person; but her talents are full as considerable in her line. She is the grand-daughter of Mr. Lacy, who was joint-patentee of
Drury Lane Theatre with Garrick ; a circumstance which we thought was likely to create a warmer interest in her favour than the result has manifested, Miss Lacy came out as Belvidera, and was much ap plauded; but she has only repeated that character once since, and to a very thin house. A Mr. Evans made his debut in Farmer Ashfield, but after attempting a few other parts in Mr. Emery's line, it was evident that he was not destined to become a popular substitute for that truly comic genius. Mr. Mason, of the Kemble family, in Young Norval, was the last introduction; but though a youth of some promise, his effort does not afford us an opportunity of concluding our notice with praise.
FOREIGN POLITICAL DIGEST.
FRANCE. His Majesty has commuted the punishment of death, to which Fradin and Senechault, participators in the conspiracy of Berton, were condemned, into imprisonment; Fradin to twenty years, and Senechault to fifteen. General Berton, Sange, and Jaglin, have been executed, according to their sentence. Caffe put himself to death some hours before the time fixed for his execution. Considerable sensation has been caused by the arrest of Mr. Bowring; and the compulsory departure of Sir Robert Wilson from Paris. Mr. Bowring is an English merchant, remarkable for his literary talents, and his friendship with many celebrated characters, both in France and England. He was arrested at Calais, in consequence of a telegraphic dispatch from Paris, his papers searched and seized, and his person confined: he was afterwards removed to the prison at Boulogne, where he still remains, charged with facilitating a correspondence among the disaffected part of the French people. Mr. Bowring is author of the elegant volume called the Russian An
thology, and is much esteemed by a large circle of friends. As great interest has been made with the English Ambassador at Paris, it is expected that his case will be enquired into, as soon as possible, and no avoidable delay will be allowed to prolong without trial his present punishment, which is imprisonment
SPAIN. The accounts from Spain, since our last, are by no means so decisive or clear, as to leave us without some uncertainty as to the actual state of the internal war now carried on by the advocates of arbitrary power against the constitutional forces. Though no doubt can be entertained as to the issue of the contest, the preparations making by the Spanish Cortes, and the manly exposition made by them of the impending difficulties, will not allow us to think lightly of the strength of their domestic enemies, aided by the hope of foreign assistance. In the Northern provinces, several actions have been fought between the Constitutional troops and the Insurgents, in which the former have been generally success
ful. Regiments of regulars and militia from other parts of the kingdom have been poured into Navarre, Arragon, and Catalonia; and every exertion is made to root out the factious. Colonel Tabnenca, with a column of 800 men, was attacked, on the 18th of September, by 6000 Insurgents, near Tolva. The combat was very obstinate, and the Constitutionalists retreated in good order, after spiking two pieces of cannon. They lost 101 men, and the Colonel, being surrounded on a heighth, was taken prisoner; and was afterwards assassinated in the most barbarous manner. It would be difficult to describe the sensation produced by this event in all the cities of Spain, and particularly in Madrid. On the 24th of September a grand fete took place at Madrid, in celebration of the installation of the Cortes in 1820. The Extraor dinary Cortes, held a preparatory meeting on the 1st of October, and on the 7th the session was opened in form. The King attended in person, accompanied by the Queen and two Princesses, and delivered a constitutional speech. The Deputy Salvato has been chosen President, and the Deputy Dominech VicePrecident. Both are distinguished liberals. The choice of the four Secretaries, who are likewise tried patriots, proves the spirit of the New Cortes. The day after the King's speech, two most important reports were read to that assembly; one from the Minister of War, Lopez Banos, the other from the Minister of Finance, Don Maviano Egoa. They proclaim in the face of Europe, that the troubles of Spain have been mainly produced by the machinations of despotism, which dreaded the example of freedom. They speak of the unavoidable suspicions of an attack from the Holy Alliance. They describe Portugal as a friend, and in case of need, a sincere ally-France, (or rather the Bourbon Gouvernment), as playing the unequivocable part of a foe, while hypocritically professing peace and good understanding." The inefficient force, and worse appointments of the army, the progress of the Insurgents, the delapidated state of the finances, are all set forth with minute candour; and the Cortes are
shewn at once the extent, the sacrifices, and efforts necessary to preserve their own independence. The Ministers call for an augmentation of the regular troops to the number 100,000, the organization of the militia, and (to cover all deficiencies and these extra demands) a loan of more than 7,000,000l. This course is the only true and safe one for Spain; and the calm and consistent resoluteness with which the new Ministers have adopted it, makes us sanguine of success. The loan is the most arduous part of the business; but we do not fear its accomplishment. The security Spain can offer is the best in the world, provided the government be an honest one. It depends on no contingencies of commerce or manufactures. The ecclesiastical property, lands and houses, belonging to the state, are worth nearly double the amount of the national debt. There only wants time for the sales to be advantageously made; and the same vigour and honesty, which now call upon the nation to meet the crisis in this manly way, are the best pledges possible for the exact fulfillment of all financial obligations.
PORTUGAL. On the 26th of September, the Constitution of the Portuguese Monarchy, as it has been amended and finally completed by the labours of the Cortes, was sworn to by the King. (To the bases of this Constitution, his Majesty had sworn, on his arrival last year, from Brazil.) The ceremony was very magnificent. The King offered four of his most splendid coaches to the Deputation of the Cortes, which was to present to him the Constitution. The procession passed from the Hall of the Congress to the Palace of Queluz, through multitudes of enthusiastic people, assembled in the streets of Lisbon. As the deputies passed the houses, white handkerchiefs waved from the windows, and the ladies, with which they were crouded, showered flowers of all kinds. Two ladies went down to the road to offer to the illustrious bearers of the new Social Compact, crowns interwoven with olive, laurel, and perpetuals-a demonstration that called forth loud and reiterated acclamations of the immense concourse. The King re
ceived the Deputation very cordially, and M. Fernandez Thomas, addressing him in an eloquent speech, presented him a splendid copy of the constitution, written on sheets of parchment and bound in velvet. When the orator said, "Your Majesty is free to accept or not, on oath, the constitution," the King interrupted by telling him, "that he had already sworn to the bases of the same that he would never be wanting to his oath, and that from that very moment he would swear to the Constitution."
On the 1st of October, the King went in state to the Hall of the Cortes, attended by the members of his family, and there, after deliver ing a speech expressing the most patriotic sentiments, took and subscribed the oath to the now completed Constitution. When the President and Secretaries ascended the throne, and presented the Bible, his Majesty said, he desired to pronounce it aloud, and he accordingly proceeded" I accept, and swear to observe, and to cause to be observed, the Political Constitution of the Portuguese Monarchy, which has been just decreed by the Constituent Cortes of the same nation;" and he then added, " and with the greatest pleasure, and with all my heart." The Hall resounded with enthusiastic transports of joy, and cries of The Constitution for ever! Long live the best of Kings, the father of his country.' His Majesty, descending from the throne, exclaimed with great enthusiasm, "The Sovereign Congress for ever." which was echoed by the acclama. tions of all present.
GREECE AND TURKEY. By a lets ter from the British Consul at Cy. prus, dated August 15th, we learn that sixty-two towns and villages, in this unhappy island, have wholly disappeared, and yet the rage of
these blood-stained monsters is not appeased. At Morphon, they des troyed every thing with fire and sword: the women and children were for the most part confined for days in private houses, without food: those not destroyed by hunger were burnt with the houses.
A letter from Smyrna, dated Sept. 1st, states that in Cyprus, 25,000 Christians of all ages, and both sexes, have fallen under the hands of the Turkish soldiery. The children under four years of age have been killed or thrown into the sea. The churches aud monasteries, in a district of forty square miles, have disappeared; the priests and monks without exception have perished in dreadful torments, yet there has been no insurrection in Cyprus; but the Sultan has sworn the extirpation of Christianity! The Turkish garri son of Corinth, on the 16th Sept., made a great effort to raise the seige, but were driven into the town with great loss. One thousand remained dead in the field, 3,000 wounded returned, and increased the difficulties of the garrison. The Greeks hav ing made themselves masters of the town, the Castle surrendered at discretion, on the 24th September. General Colocotroni conducted these operations.
The grand Turkish naval Expedition, which has been so long lying at Patras, after an unsuccessful attack on Missolonghi, attempted to sail round the Morea, and return to Constantinople. It was pursued and harassed by the Greek fleet, continually losing ships; and at length was forced, on the 13th September, to enter the haven of Napoli di Romania, where the Greeks, collecting all their vessels from the islands, blockaded it. An attack was bourly expected when the accounts came away.
Harvest was finished in the southern and forward districts during the course of the last month; in the northern and less favoured, during the present. A tolerably accurate general estimate may now be formed. On all the best lands, wherever situated, the wheat crop is considerably above an average, the quality uncommonly weighty and fine; and the straw, although not so bulky as in some years, substantial and extremely valuable. The oat-straw, as fodder, will almost equal the hay of some years. The spring crops, it is now confirmed, are generally defective, but the quality is generally good; upon moist and productive light lands, however, some of these crops have reached an average; and, with respect to barley, it is remarked in the barley counties, that the old stock on hand equals in quantity the new growth. Hays and grasses rather of fine condition than in very great plenty, with exceptions of heavy crops and plenty of green food, particularly after-math on various parts. Potatoes a universally productive growth, the quantity greatly enhanced by superior quality, the turnips defective in both; as to Swedes, scarcely any quotable crop. The eagerness of the farmers, and the two growths, occasioned part of the wheat almost every where to be carted and stacked prematurely; whence heating, and a necessity of preventive measures. A great hop and fruit year, even to pears, in some parts. The greatest grape season of the last forty. The live stock and flesh markets, as well as that of corn, have of late made some stand and some advance in price; but autumn, the season of plenty and of overflow, is at hand. The fallows are backward for want of rain, and very little wheat has yet been put into the earth. The state of the farming interest is truly lamentable, in which the poor labourer must necessarily share. The condition of a greater part of the yeomanry of Sussex is truly deplorable. Almost daily, sales of live and dead stock take place; and such is the scarcity of money, that in many instances they are literally given away. Ease, affluence, and plenty, which seven or eight years since so universally predominated among the Sussex yeomanry, have nearly disappeared, Eur. Mag. Vol. 82.
and penury, grumbling, and discontent prevail in their stead.
A fact has been communicated to us, on unquestionable authority, which strikingly exemplifies the unprecedented depression which at present overwhelms the agricultural interest. Very recently a drove of 300 Devonshire oxen travelled from South Molton, in that county, to every fair betwixt that place and London; and stood at Smithfield market: failing in a purchaser at all these marts, they proceeded forty miles beyond town. The proprietor, still disappointed, again turned their heads towards the metropolis; the cattle stood a second time at Smithfield; were at Reading and other fairs on their return; and on Thursday se'nnight by far the greater part were at Bristol market, but still they could not be sold, and were driven back to the place' whence they came, after having tra velled in this fruitless way not less than 400 miles.
In Ireland agricultural distress seems to be greater even than in this coun try; an intelligent correspondent informs us that," the farming interest is ruined;" the fair of Ballinastoe has put the seal on the faint hopes of the farmer. Wethers at 14s., and ewes at 8s.! Sixpence in the pound on account of rents cannot, be collected in Ireland this season.
The corn market has also declined in a corresponding ratio. In the Dublin market, the 'middle price of wheat is about 16s. a barrel. In the country, generally, it is scarcely 12s. Other corn in proportion.
Those prices would be enough to give the finishing blow to the farming interest, and more than sufficient to make the owners reel. But, unfortunately, the mischief does not stop here. The burning of farming stock is spreading. In Cork, Tipperary, Roscommon and Clare, the work of destruction is rapidly going on. Haggards and farm houses are burning every night, and we are informed by a gentleman well acquainted with the country, that at no period, during the disturbances last winter and spring, had so general an alarm spread itself through all the south of Ireland. It is now verging towards the west, and is creeping along the banks of the canal towards the
capital. All this part of the country is under the Insurrection Act, and a heavy police force is established in alinost every district. How this calamity is to be arrested we do not know. The punishment inflicted by government has been exemplary-but neither
this, nor the still more exemplary clemency of the Lord Lieutenant, have produced the effects, which were so sanguinely and so rationally expected. The very roots of society are in the course of being torn up.
(London, Oct. 25.)
COTTON.-We have latety noticed a decided improvement in the Cotton market, and we have now to state an advance of d. to ¿d. on East India descriptions, and from d. to ¡d. on the other qualities.
SUGAR. The prices of Muscovades are advanced 1s. 'per cwt. but there is little business doing.
In Refined Goods there are few purchases; the prices are about 1s. per ewt. lower, owing to the late fall in Raw Sugars, and the heavy market. Molasses are 30s. a 30s. 6d.
In Foreign Sugars the purchases by private contract have been considerable, good yellow Havannah realised 28s, and one contract of fine reported at 30s. White Havannah and Brazil are enquired after, but the sales reported are inconsiderable.
COFFEE. The public sales of Coffee this week are inconsiderable, consisting of ordinary rank and mixed parcels of the British plantations; the whole have sold heavily at a further reduction of 2s. a 4s. per cwt.; ordinary Jamaica 88s. a 93s., good ordinary 94s. a 98s. There have been very few parcels of fine ordinary or middling lately brought forward; the few which have appeared have sold freely, fully supporting the highest prices lately realized.
RUM, BRANDY, & HOLLANDS.— The holders of Rum have lately evinced a decided inclination to force sales; parcels have in consequence been sold privately at 1s. 44d, and one large contract of about 600 puncheons Leewards under proofs is reported at 1s. 4d. The market may in consequence be stated heavy, and the prices a shade lower,
There are very few actual purchases of Brandy lately, but the best marks of Cognac may be purchased at 3s. Id., and as the new offer at such low rates the latter must either advance or the old decline to nearly the price of the new. In Geneva there is nothing doing.
CORN.-The arrivals of Wheat this week are moderate; the fine runs sell rather freely at the late prices.—On account of the extensive arrivals of Oats, the prices must be quoted 1s. lower.-Barley is without variation; the samples for malting are much enquired after.-In Beans and Peas there is little variation; the request is rather languid.-In other articles there is no alteration.
There have been large supplies of Flour and Wheat brought to market; the fine runs of the latter sell freely, at rather high prices; the middling and inferior go off, but without any improvement in the currency. There is little fine Barley at market; the few parcels offering sell at the previous prices, but the middling and inferior, of which there are large supplies, are heavy and offered on lower terms without facilitating sales.-There were extensive arrivals of Oats; the heavy corn supported the late prices; the light and rough were dull, and fully is. lower. The arrivals of Beans are chiefly left over unsold, no alteration in the prices can be stated-White Peas were heavy, at the decline of 4s. per quarter.
There are several cargoes of Bounded Wheat 'reported for exportation, but the shipments are supposed to be on account of the previous holders, as