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monument which belonged to the gures was carved out of two imhistory of the kingdom.
mense blocks, or rather rocks of Krengan and Damaxenes Athle- marble, and was destined for the tes. These figures are of the na city of Milan. : tural size. They were dedicated to The three Graces.—The figures of Cardinal Consalvi, and are now in this group are of the utmost beauty. the Vatican.
It is now the property of the Duke Hehe pouring out the nectar. of Bedford. This figure is of the size of nature, Religion crowned and surroundand belongs to the Emperor of ed by rays of glory. The statue is Russia.
holding a cross and a shield, on Hercules dashing Lycas against which are the figures of St. Paul, the rock.—This colossal group is and St. Peter in relief. Canova now at Rome in the palace of Tor- offered this colossal statue to the lonia Duke of Branciana.
Pope, as a mark of his homage and Napoleon, with the sceptre in his gratitude. Difficulties having been left hand, and in his right hand a raised as to the placing of this staglobe, upon which is seen a genius tue, Canova sold his property, and holding a crown and a branch of withdrew himself from the Papal palm. - This statue, after the battle territories. In his native country, of Waterloo, became the property of he built a temple for the reception the Duke of Wellington. The en. of this figure of religion. The graving of this statue by Racciani building was a rotunda, with a fronwas dedicated by Canóvá to the re- tispiece of the exact dimensions of public of St. Marino, in gratitude to the parthenon at Athens, and resemthe senate for having enrolled his bling it in every respect, except name ainongst their citizens.
that the materials of the copy are Mausoleum of Maria Christina, stone, the original being of marArch-duchess of Austria.—This is ble. esteemed one of the finest of Canó Mars and Venus.-A group deva's works, and is now in the church signed for his Majesty. Canova of the Augustins at Vienna—The was very unfortunate with this stafigure of Beneficence was engraved tue, having successively found three separately, and dedicated to Count blocks of marble defective within, Verri, the author of Les Nuits after considerable progress had been Romaines, and of La Sapho Itali- made in the work.
Peace and the Graces. In possesThe mother of Napoleon, of the sion of His Majesty. natural size. This is an imitation Hector holding a naked sword: of the celebrated statue of Agrippi Ajax seizing his Faulchion. na at the capitol, and is now at An infant St. John. Chatsworth, being the property of
Polyhymnia-sitting. the Duke of Devonshire.
Terpsichore- This statue is the Venus Victorious.- The goddess is property of Count Sommariva, at lying down and holding the apple. Paris. At the sight of this beautiful statue, A winged figure of Peace trampLord Cawdor, to whom it is dedi- ling upon a Serpent-In the right cated, engaged Canova to execute hand is a branch of olive, and in another statue of a nymph lying in the left, a sceptre-Upon the pea different attitude; Canova repre- destal is engraved Peace of Abo, sented the nymph raising herself to 1803. Peace of Camadsgy, 1804. Jisten to the lyre of love. The sta Peace of Frederickscham, 1809. tue of Venus Victorious is a like The statue is the property of Count ness of Pauline Buonaparte, Prin- Romanzoff. cess of Borghese.
Concord-a resemblance of MaVenus rising from the bath. Theria Louisa. The figure is seated, form and position of the head are and holding a sceptre and a discus. almost the same as in the Venus de Piety.--A figure enveloped with Medicis.
veils, and her hands joined, but solely Theseus overcoming the Centaur. by the extremities of the fingers. - This colossal group of two fi Gentleness.-A female figure seat
ed, the likeness of Leopoldina Peter, art to the different Italian states; hazy Lichtenstein. There is a se an office which he executed strictly cond female figure also soated. to the letter of his instructions. This
A female Dancer, supported by work of restitution completed, he the trunk of a tree.
visited this country, and received Paris presenting the Apple. from the Prince Regent a snuff box. These two statues were formerly at richly set in diamonds. On his reMalmaison. They are now the pro turn to Rome, he was received with perty of the Emperor of Russia. honour by the academy of St. Luke
Two Dancers (females) of the na the Pope constituted him prefect tural size, one holding the cymbals, of the Fine Arts, conferred upon and the other a crown.
him the honor of knighthood, afterA Statue of Washington—design- wards created him Marquis d'Ischia, ed for the hall of the senate of South with an annual pension of 1000 Carolina. The individuality of this (roman) crowns. Finally, on the great man is lost by Canova's attir- 5th of January, 1816, the Pope, in ing him in a roman costume. council, enrolled his name in the
A Mausoleum ordered by the book of the capitol. Marchioness of Santa Crux, for her On the evening of the 4th of daughter, but containing now both October last, Canova repaired to the parent and child. Inscribed Venice, being extremely ill. He upon the tomb is the simple and alighted at the house of his friend, affecting epitapla mater infelicissima Antonio Francesconi, but was so filiæ et sibi.
weak that he could scarcely ascend The Mausoleum of Alfieri, with the staircase, In the course of the the figure of Italy weeping over the night he was seized with violent ashes of this celebrated genius. vomitings, which were succeeded by
The Mausoleum of Volpato, with convulsions. His friend, Councela representation of Canova himselflor Aglietti, now thought it advisaweeping at the loss of his friend. ble to communicate to him the ap
The Mausoleuin of Count Souza, proach of death. He received the Portuguese Ambassador at Rome news with firmness - ordered that of Frederick Prince of Orange, and his body might be buried at his of Lord Nelson; and finally, a ceno native town of Possagno, and that taph to the memory of John Fallieri, his heart might be deposited at the a senator of Venice.
Imperial and Royal Academy of Canova likewise executed a colos Fine Arts at Venice, of which be sal statue of himself, and a figure of was the President. He lingered a horse larger than any now xtant. until the 12th of October, and, at He had modelled for this horse a forty-four minutes past eight on the colossal figure of Napoleon, looking morning of that day, he breathed backwards, which, said the artist, his last. A cast was taken of his “is a proof that he is the first of all.” countenance, and on Wednesday the Murat appropriated this equestrian 14th his body was conveyed to the statue to himself; and Charles III. cathedral of St. Marks, attended by of Spain, subsequently designed it the Governor of Venice, and the for his own figure, but it appears President and Society of the Fine destined to bear a colossal statue of Arts, the public authorities, and the Ferdinand of Naples.
members of the University of Padua. We believe we have given a com The body was placed upon a templete list of this artist's works. In porary cenotaph ; a funeral dirge 1798, and 1799, Canova visited Aus was then performed, and, the body tria and Prussia, and in 1802, he being removed to the hall of the repaired to Paris, at the invitation Society of the Fine Arts, an oration of Buonaparte, then first Consul: was pronounced over it by his friend, at this time he executed the colossal Count Cicognara, President of the bust of Napoleon. In 1815, he Society. The next day he was buwas sent to France with the title ried in the patriarchal church of St. of Ambassador of the Pope, his sole Mark, at Venice, and the following object, however, was to superintend inscription was engraved to his methe restoration of the monuments of mory :
Over the Door of the Church.
Funus et Lacryme.
En Exuviæ Mortales
Nunquam Humanæ Sortis
Deo Opt. Max.
On the Left-hand side. .
Ad Phidiae Laudem
Jam Non Te Antoni
Nunc Veneti Tui
Canóva's fine talents were en this group was preserved by Canóra hanced by his virtues, and the ge in his gallery, whether from any nerosity of his disposition. He was esteem for it we do not know, but it modest and unassuming; candid and certainly may serve as a proof of the sincere; disinterested and benevo- immeasurable superiority to which lent, in the extreme. He was free he afterwards attained. The comfrom petty professional jealousies, position of the Mausoleum of Pope and equally free from national vanity Clement XIV. is but indifferent, but and prejudice. He had studied from the fine head of the old man offering. the Italian models, and particularly the bușt of the Pope was a decided from the works of Michael Angelo. ray of his awakened genius. His
- These he held up as the perfection next work, Cupid and Psyche, was of art; but when in the latter part graceful, but it betrayed labour and of his life he had an opportunity of study- faults from which all his seeing the Elgin Marbles, his eleva- subsequent works were free. Psyche tion of mind soared above all his standing, Venus and Adonis, and former prepossessions, and national Mary Magdalen followed in suepartialities; and, alive to the beau cession; this last statue is one of ties of these surprising monuments the happiest productions of Canó. of Greece, he at once pronounced va's chissel. His next work, Cuthat they would infallibly throw all pid and Psyche standing, had the other antique statuary and sculpture unpardonable fault of Cupid's figure into comparative disrepute.
being more delicate than that of the Canova's attempts at painting are female. His Perseus, with the head said to have been abortive. As a of Medusa, was always undervalued sculptor, his genius reached the cor by its having been destined to rerect and beautiful rather than the place the Apollo Belvidere, after sublime. He had not formed his that antique" had been carried to early studies in the severe school of Paris by Buonaparte. His Athletes, Grecian art; fancy and an elegant Krengan and Damaxenes, never imagination pervade his works, and produced much effect upon the pubit is singular, that, alt!
lie. His Hebe has been justly ad. acutely sensible to all the softer mired by all Europe. His statue of emotions and tender sympathies of the Mother of Napoleon is a noble life, he never made any figure which work; it carries in it a conviction can be cited as an example, or even of its being a correct likeness of the an attempt at the pathetic. Canova individual, and yet bears that stamp had no rival, and it is, at least, pre- of mighty power which would lead mature, to oppose to him an artist the beholder to mistake it for a so little known to Europe in gene- work of high imagination, were you ral, as Thorvaldsen, the sculptor of not acquainted with the exalted mind Copenhagen. All comparisons, be- and character of her whom it is detween Canova and our own cele- signed to represent. It is beyond brated artists, are rendered pugatory our limits, however, to indulge in by the different schools in which criticism upon each individual work they respectively excel.
of this great man.
If we canrint Canova's genius was not precoce, give him the fame of a Phidias, and his first works not only did not a Praxitiles, or even of a Michael afford any promise of future excel- Angelo, we must acknowledge, that lence, but they did not display any he is destined to occupy a distinof that character of mind which is guished place in the line of great so decidedly stamped upon his ma masters. 'He had beauties peculiarly turer productions. His two baskets his own; for grace of posture and of of fruit were certainly finished in action, for that perfection of parts an elaborate manner for a boy of and harmony of union which pro fourteen; his next work, Eurydice, duce the effect of loveliness, and was without any decided character, for that animation which deludes us and of little merit; and his Orpheus into a belief of reality, his nymphs was by no means a happy produce are unrivalled; they create what tion, even for a student. His Dæ- may be called a chaste voluptuousdalus and Icarus was esteemed a ness, and revive in the mind some tame imitation of a bad model inju- of the fictions of the ancient poets. diciously selected. The cast from
THE TRAGIC DRAMA.
Tue Drama, from its first appears which appalled the audience, in the ance in the heroic days of ancient presages of fate, the presence of the Greece, down to the present era, furies, and the awful visitations of has occupied more attention than the gods. To them succeeded the any other department of literature. mournful and tender Euripides, less The great productions of Hesiod, terrible in his imagery, but with of Herodotus, of Thucydides, or more of nature ; lofty hymns, in even the Father of Poetry, the im honour of the gods, mixed with the mortal Homer, attracted a less power- chorus, which intimated the moral ful attention than the tragedies of of the play, and instructed and Eschylus and Sophocles, the effu warned the beholders. The Altar sions of the pathetic Euripides, or to the Divinity, which appeared upon the comedies of the licentious Aris- the stage, supported the religious tophanes, and the more chaste and spirit of the performance, and gave elegant Menander. This was to be solemnity to the representation.accounted for by their embodying The interest excited in Greece by feelings, which were at issue with these exhibitions was intense; in the deepest sensations of the human this colder climate, and more adsoul, and the publicity of appeal to vanced state of civilization, the apthe passions of the assembled mul pearance of actors on an immense titude on representation. History stage, disguised with masks, formed and poetry have to make their way at the mouth like trumpets for the in the solitude of leisure, and the enlargement of the voice, and elesilence of the closet; they form vated on the lofty buskin to supertheir impressions, not so much by natural stature, could, from their striking on the senses, and acting want of resemblance to any thing on the passions, as by being ap like human life, create neither inproved by our judgment, and agree- terest nor effect; but in Greece, in ing with our feelings. The Drama, those days of mythology and heroic though it demands to be censured daring, the impression was different. in judgment, awakes the senses to In that delightful climate, the vast judge. It addresses itself to thou theatre, whose roof was the cloud. sands, who come with feelings too less heavens, was crowded with specstrongly excited for mere sober nar tators, who sate whole days at its ration, or beautiful imagery, and lengthened representations. They which require to be sustained by were delighted to see embodied bepowerful and continued incident fore them the resemblance of Herand action. If the author flag, or cules, of Theseus, of those victors the actor prove unequal, the spirits and heroes who had become immorof the auditory become cold and tal by their valour, and lived in the languid ; the tension of interest re songs and annals of their country. quires to be supported to the last, They looked on their attendance as and the crowded audience to be a worship due to these, their great dismissed with feelings too much progenitors, and grateful to their warmed for discrimination, and too divinities, as a sacrifice offered at rapturous for the niceties of critical their shrine. In Greece, the procoldness or reproof.
fession of an actor carried with it In Ancient Greece, the Drama had respect, and honour, and reward ; its commencement in religion : the the generals and warriors who comFeast of the Goat, the Song of the manded in their armies, and their Vintage, and the Hymns in Honour fleets, often appeared after on their of Bacchus, sung by the rustic re stage; it was consecrated by the vellers, who appeared with their incense of religion, and supported faces stained with the lees of wine, by the fervour of popular yenera, shew the humility of its origin.— tion. So enthusiastic and devoted It was enlarged by the dark genius was the attachment of the people to of the terrible Eschylus, and the it, that one of their historians redivine Sophocles, and those harrow- lates, that, on the fatal intelligence ing representations brought forward, arriving at Athens of the disastrous Eur. Mag. Vol. 82.