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nor industry can ensure success in his. Coleccion, &c. :-A Selection of toric researches, or shed over the scenes of other days that informing light which Pragments in the Castilian Lancan alone give them interest and im- guage, collected from the best Wriportance, without an access to original ters. Madrid, 1821. documents; and where no such docu. ments exist, where the public events This collection contains fragments of and transactions of a country are left the poems of Cervantes, Mariana, Solis, unrecorded, and suffered to slumber in Quevedo, Mendoza, Guevara, Granada, oblivion, the historian who seeks to Leon, and Jovelanos, who are the most explore them after a lapse of two thou classical writers of Spain, and, theresand years must frequently wander fore, the best models for youth. through the romantic abodes of fancied events and imaginary heroes, without a guide to direct him to the retreats of certainty. Battles will be won that

Noticia de los Principales Succesos never were fought, and warriors will occuridosen el Gobierno de Espana, &c. be slain that never existed. The author indeed collects with indefatigable

-Also in French, under the title of industry whatever could be gleaned D’Appercu des Revolutions survenues from the Greek and Roman historians; dans le Gonvernement d'Espagne, &c. but this afforded but scanty materials, as these historians never spoke of them

An Account of the Revolutions of the but incidentally, and were but little Spanish Government, from the comacquainted with their local history. M,

mencement of the Insurrection of Micali himself frequently convicts them of erroneous relations, and proves the 1808, to the Dissolution of the Ordifabulous character of many of their nary Cortes in 1814. 8vo. Paris. accounts; but after exploding these poetic dreams, he is unable to unveil to This history of the late Revolutions us the truth which ought to replace which have taken place in the Spanish them. He leads us to doubt, or to in. Government, the production of a Spaeredulity, relative to the greater part niard resident at Paris, has been thought of the traditions which others have im- worthy of a translation into the French plicitly received; but he has substitu. language. The events that led to this ted nothing for them but a void which Revolution are unknown to few. Buono human industry, or intellectual pow. naparte, in virtue of an Act of Session, ers will ever be able to supply. In signed by the Spanish Monarch, claimed, making these observations, we are far in virtue of this Act, the right of Sovefrom depreciating the talents of the reignty over the kingdom of Spain.author: on the contrary, we cannot. The invader prescribed laws to it, and sufficiently admire the vigour and ap gave it a King from his own family. It plication of mind that reign throughout. is obvious, that this Act of Session conWherever he has authority to rest upon, veyed no virtual right. Buonaparte wherever he has such data as enable migbt, indeed, issue his manifestoes him to speak as a critic, and without and decrees, but they could give him which criticism always dwindles into no constitutional authority over the conjecture, he gives soul and aniniation country, and the nation was at liberty to his subject, and proves himself to to choose the best means of redress be what he is, a writer of the first or, which her situation placed within her der. Hence it is, that his account of reach. She did, indeed, all that could the progress of the Pythagorean schools, be done, and more, perhaps, than she and of the revolutions of Greece are could reasonably anticipate, considerread, and will continue to be read with ing the extraordinary circumstances in encreasing interest. His reflections on which she was placed. Deprived of politics and political economy are a central Government, the Provinces equally profound; and potwithstanding rose separately in arms, and formed the insurmountable difficulties under themselves under the direction of Junwhich the author laboured, we have no tos. These partial insurrections leagued hesitation to say, that there is no work with each other by degrees; the juntos more deserving a place in a general were brought to act in unison with each library, or more necessary to bil up, it other, and the federal system united not entirely, at least partially, a void once more the various countries which which has been long experienced with the dethronement of the Monarch bad regard to the history of the native Ita at first separated. In this critical sitaa. Jians.

tion, the juntos formed the virtual

Government. Created by the will of celebrated under the name of the Conthe people, they were guided in all stitution of the Cortes of Cadiz. their acts by that spirit wliich became All the Sovereigns of Europe, who the Spanish nation at the moment, and were not obliged to yield to the inwere the sole organ by which this fluence of Buonaparte, immediatety spirit was directed in its career. recognized the Constitution of the

This natural spirit, by which they Cortes. of this number were,-the were actuated, made them instinctively Infant of Portugal, and the Kings of perceive the necessity of forming a England, Prussia, and Sweden. The centre of action or of government, Emperor of Russia expressly declared, instead of that which had been subs in the third article of the treaty of verted by usurpation; but in order Weliki-Louki, that he recognized the that this centre of action might pre- legitimacy of the Cortes, general and serve the real spirit of its institution, extraordinary, as well as the Constituthey resolved, that it should be com tion, decreed and sanctioned by that posed of deputies from the juntos of assembly. the different provinces, who, by a Established and sanctioned by the generous sacrifice, divested themselves legitimate representatives of the Spanish of their power the moment they had nation, accepted by the people and reestablished a national Government. cognized as a constitutional act by foThe new Government, however, was reign powers, the constitution of 1812 merely provisional, and bound to pre was obligatory throughout all Spain. pare the Convocation of the Cortes, who The King returned to Spain with an inalone could establish a fixed order of tention, as it appeared, of accepting things.

the present constitution; but being imThe central junto composed of thirty- posed upon by intrigue, be engaged in six deputies of the provincial juntos, promoting the purposes of a party. This re united in 1808, at Aranjuez, in the anti-national intrigue caused Spain to midst of the invasion. Faithful to the groan for six years under the despotism discharge of its duties, though driven of a faction. The King could not posfrom town to town, it directed all its sibly emancipate himself from the cir. attention to the Convocation of the cle which this servile faction had drawn Cortes; but as imperious circumstances around him at Valencia. Whoever he required the utmost promptitude in all consulted informed him that Spain measures connected with the public sighed after the establishment of the safety, it substituted a Regency, com. ancient government. The faction, howposed of five members, who were better ever, laboured under some disquietude qualified for assuming the sole direc from the disposition of the army, until tion of things in such a critical emer General Elio was gained over to their gency. The Regency did not yield in designs. From this moment they openly patriotism to its founders, and when avowed their audacity; troops were driven to the very extremity of the sent to the capital to disperse the Cortes kingdom, into the Isle of Leon, they and arrest the liberals. The decree, convened, in 1810, the Cortes, general ordering the subversion of the constiand extraordinary. The provinces which tution, was signed and promulgated; still remained free hastened to send and all the servile deputies hurried to their deputies to Leon ; those which sign a protestation against the Cortes, were under the lash of the invader, the moment they ascertained that this unanimously appointed the representa act of baseness would procure them tives, the moment they were freed from pensions, places and honorary distincthe yoke.

tion. The measures of despotism thenceIn 1811, the Cortes held their gene forth advanced with such rapidity, that ral sessions at Cadiz, with the sole ob the liberals, far from being able to opject of establishing a pew Government pose the violence of its career, oply for Spain. This constituent assembly thought of saving their own lives; but presented, indeed, an august spectacle, the greater part of them were, notdeliberating with the wisdom and un withstanding, seized and thrown into disturbed calmness of an ancient senate, prison.-All these circumstances are on all the articles of the new Constitu related with great fidelity in matters of tion, while the bombs of the enemy fact, and impartiality in matters of opi. were flying over their heads. Deeply nion, by the author of this work; and impressed with the obligation imposed he successfully combats and disproves upon them, of consulting not only for the objection generally urged against the public welfare of their contempo the constitutional validity of the acts raries, but also for that of posterity, of the Cortes, namely :-that they acted they formed that constitutional code, under the influence of English counsels.

Histoire Critique et Militaire des tice. He is dignified and noble in the Guerres de la Révolution :-Critical

recital of events, animated in the de

scriptions of military evolutions and and Military History of the Wars of engagements, and luminous in his dethe Revolution. By General Jomi- scriptions of the plans and maneuvres ni, Aid-de-Camp of the Emperor of of a campaign.

The critical and military history of of Russia. Part I. 6 vols. 8vo, with

General Jomini is not merely a recital an Atlas. Paris. 65 francs.

of operations carried on by stratagem.

The author has evidently felt, that the This is the completest work ever of.

success of battles has a necessary confered to the public on the subject of a nexion with the progress of political struggle, which will ever present a bold events; and he endeavours to make us and prominent feature in the annals of feel the existence of this connexion history. The author, indeed, has taken during the campaigns of which he a most extensive scope in designing treats, and even during the period which the plan of his history; for the part immediately preceded it. His political already published, though it contains views are, in general, comprehensive six volumes, is confined to the cam and profound, two qualities which parpaigns of 1792, 1793, and 1794. ticularly designate the author's talent.

The author might properly prefix to The opinions which he advances on the this work the expression which the motives of action, and the events to Roman poet put into the mouth of his which they gave rise, are proofs of hero,

great wisdom and impartiality.

We dwell upon these evidences of -quæque ipse miserrima vidi

merit, feeling as we do, that they are Et quorum pars magna fui;

qualities which are rarely met with in for he has evidently engaged in the those, who treat of the important events work as a person strongly interested in of the French Revolution. every thing he relates. He is always full of his subject, and always describes as a real actor, not as a philosophic

De la Revolution Piedmontaise, &c. observer. His thoughts are bold, and _Of the Revolution of Piedmont, not biassed by any influence but that of truth; yet the ardour of his imagi

Second edition, revised, corrected, nation seems to have led him beyond and enlarged, by an Analysis of the the rigid limits which the severer laws Sicilian Constitution. I vol. 8vo. of historical writing allow. It is the business of the historian to proceed im

Paris, 1822. mediately to his object, and never to

This work, the first edition of which wander from the direct course into the

was sold in eight days, is attributed to smiling retreats and captivating bowers, the Count de Santa Rosa, minister of which the arts, and sciences, the repre. war at Piedmont, during the revolution sentations of fancy, and the creations of 1821. This historic document is the of poetry, have scattered around it,

more valuable as the author treats in it More skilled in the science of the

of many persons who were opposed to sword than in that of the pen, he has him in the ranks of war, with a degree not attained that happy art which knows of frankness and impartiality which is how to concentrate profound ideas, and seldom met with in tbose who attach to throw them into that concise and

themselves to a party, and particularly picturesque form which gives them to a party that suffers under oppression. energy and splendour in an equal degree. He also wants the rapid simpli. city, the imperatoria brevitas of Cæsar, Voyage en Sicile, fait en 1820, et in his commentaries, and of Bonaparte 1821, &c. :-Travels through Sicily, in his instructions ;-a rapidity so suit. able to the language of a general who

in 1821, By Augustus de Sayve. gives an account of his military labours. 3 vols. 8vo. 18 francs. Paris. 1822. It must not, however, be denied, that though he is far from having attained The travels of M. Sayve is only a the elegance and simplicity of the mo. natural history of the country, its po dels which bave been left us by the litics, literature, archaiology, and inancients, though he is seldom chastely dustry. The first volume, and a consiclassical in his style, he possesses, not derable portion of the second, is dewithstanding, some qualities that must voted to itinerary. In the second vogreatly recommend him to public no Tume he treats at some length on the

ancient political organization of Sicily,

ments only of the history of Savoy. its constitution in 1813, and the want

He commences by a summary of the of stability in its present political state.

history of Savoy before Berold, that Some portion of the third volume is

is, from the period in which Savoy bestowed on the sciences in particular,

became subject to the Romans, to the and on the Sicilians who have shed lus

year 998. He then divides bis his. tre upon them by their works. The

torical abridgment into three parts, the work concludes with general observa

first containing the Counts, the second tions on volcanos, and a summary of

the Dukes, and the third the Princes of Sicilian history. What appears most

Savoy. The first embraces a period of interesting in this work is the journey of three hundred and two, and the third

four bundred and eighteen, the second to Mount Etna, and the observations to which it gave rise; and the feeblest ofninety-seven years. The author bas de

voted six chapters to the stateof religion, parts are, perhaps, the proper history of Sicily itself. His description of government, and the administration of Etna, however, is not only characteri- justice, the public revenues, armed zed by elegance of language, but cal force, industry, commerce, literature, culated to inspire us with sublime emo

public instruction, and the different tions.

eras of the history of the country; and eight chapters, to the events attend

ing the revolution to the entry of Francis Abregé de l'Histoire de Savoie :- into Savoy. It is doubtful, whether this An Abridgement of the History of last part will obtain the approbation of

all classes of readers. This Abridgment, Savoy, from the time of the Romans though small, will serve to convey an to the Restitution of the Duchy to elementary idea of the history of Savoy,

and create a desire to become more the King of Sardinia. I vol. 12mo.

amply acquainted with the annals of The author probably intended to tbat country, and the house by which convey in this little work the ele. it is governed.

ENGLISH PUBLICATIONS.

Bracebridge Hall; or, the Hu our regard. There is nothing principal, mourists. By Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. nothing secondary, and they all present

themselves as a perfect whole. As a 2 vols. 8vo. 24s. London, 1822.

marked countenance is much easier We cannot perceive why the ex painted than a beautiful face, so are planatory title of “ The Humourists” rustic and vulgar much easier painted should be superadded to this work, as than elegant manners. But though the there is not one humourous character manners of a clown or a country gendescribed in it from beginning to end. tleman may appear sufficiently awkThey are all such characters as are ward and ridiculous to us, we consider every day met with in the country neither of them as a humourist, por do parts of England, particularly such they appear so to each other. But parts as are most excluded from an while we object to the title, we are far intercourse with London, and the prin from quarrelling with the execution of cipal cities, where the strong and pic

the work before us. To deny its meturesque features of old English man rits, would be to acknowledge ourselves ners can seldom be traced through the devoid of all taste and feeling. The softer aspect of modern elegance and characters described in “ Bracebridge refinement. There is nothing pictu Hall” present us with the most beauti. resque or characteristic in refined man ful, and, at the same time, with the ners, and, therefore, they are but ill most faithful models of primitive Engadapted to painting or poetry, because lish manners, judging of them from the they present no feature sufficiently pro remains which are still among us, and minent to attract particular notice.- whicb, in many parts of England, may Even if refined manners were painted not become extinct for centuries to to the life, there could be little interest

The author has sketched his excited by the portrait, because all the portrait of these manners from the infeatures so perfectly harmonize with mates of “ Bracebridge Hall,” its occaeach other, that none of them can com sional visitors, and the neighbouring mand particular attention, as each of inhabitants, and we have no hesitation them seems to possess an equal claim to in sayiug, that he has fully supported

come.

we

the character which his « Sketchbook” assembled like boon companions round has already so deservedly procured for a puddle, and making a riotous noise him. He may be justly called, “ the over their liquor." American Bruyere,” with the only dif There are few writers of the day perference, that Bruyere described the fectly free from the use of hacknied, manners of his own countrymen, while modern phrases; but in the author of our author has painted those of a coun “ Bracebridge Hall” we cannot trace try, in which he acknowledges himself even a vestige of them. In one into be still a stranger. In picturesque stance, he uses the term," it was quite description, however, he leaves Bruyere refreshing,but adds, in a parenthesis far behind him. Even Sterne did not (if I may be allowed a hacknied phrase possess the art of exciting imagination of the day.) His style s that of nain so powerful a manner. In the de. tural and unaffected eloquence. Not scription of the “Stout Man," attention only his ideas, but his expressions, and expectation is kept coutinually on seem to flow spontaneously from his the wing ; and when the picture is pen, por is it possible to trace the completed, we know as little what to slightest appearance of labour or effort. make of the “ Stout Man" as when he The style of the “ Sketch-book” was was first introduced to us. This was

easy and eloquent, compared to that of admirably conceived, and proves our other writers, but get it wanted the author a perfect master in his art. freedom of “ Bracebridge Hall," a cirPainting could produce no such effect, cumstance which we can only attribute and we recollect no instance of it even to that facility of expression which is in poetry. His description of " A Wet obtained by experience and practice. Sunday in a Country Inn," is in the His delineation of manners is so faithfinest style of picturesque colouring, fully executed, that we always imagine We cannot forbear presenting it to our are acquainted with the person readers." The rain pattered against whom he is describing, or at least with the casements ; the bells tolled for some person of the same original stamp church with a melancholy sound. I of character. The expressions which went to the windows in search of some he puts into the mouth of General Harthing to amuse the eye, but it seemed bottle after dinner, whose loyalty, he as if I bad been placed completely out says, waxes very fervent with his of the reach of all amusement. The second bottle, and who gets into a perwindows of my bed-room looked out fect ecstasy when he hears “ God save among tiled roofs and stacks of chim

the King,” exposes, more than all the nies, while those of my sitting-room logic of political wisdom, the motives commanded a view of the stable-yard. which influence those who argue against The place was littered with wet straw the existence of public distress. “They that had been kicked about by travellers talk of public distress,” said the Geneand stable.boys. In one corner was ral this day to me at dinner, as he a stagnant pool of water, surrounding smacked a glass of rich Burgundy, and an island of muck; there were several cast his eyes about the ample board; half-drowned fowls crowded together, they talk of public distress, but under a cart, among which, was a mi where do we find it, Sir? I see none. serable, crest-fallen cock, drenched out I see no reason any one bas to comof all life and spirit; bis drooping tail plain. Take my word for it, Sir, this matted, as it were, into a single feather, talk about public distress is all humalong wbich the water trickled from his bug.” back. Near the cart, was a half-dozing The great merit of “ Bracebridge cow, chewing the cud, and standing Hall" is the exquisite delineation of patiently to be rained on, with wreaths character, or rather of manners. It is of vapour rising from ber reeking side. evident the author intended his chaA wall-eyed horse, tired of the loneli

racter of “ Ready-money Jack Tibbets" ness of the stable, was poking his for a portrait of John Bull; and, if the spectral head out of a window, with portrait be correct, we must confess, the rain dripping on it from the eaves. that John Bull, with all his bluntness, An unhappy cur chained to a dog-house is far from being placed beyond the hard by, uttered something every now influence of vanity, particularly where and then between a bark and a yelp. he leaves his breeches uubuttoned at A drab of a kitchen-wench tramped the knees, to shew a broad pair of scarbackwards and forwards through the let garters. He has so many good yard in pattens, looking as sulky as qualities, however, that his vanity only the weather itself. Every thing, in serves to prevent us from falling comshort, was comfortless and forlorn, ex- pletely in love with him. We shall cept a crew of hard-drinking ducks couclude by observing, that our author

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