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confidence. But on the evening of and the Bishop of Madrid performed the. 2d of July, four battalions of a solemn mass, in honour of the trithe guards, amounting to between umph gained, in presence of the one thousand five hundred and two militia. It is said, that all the King's thousand men, evinced symptoms of ministers have since resigned, and insubordination ; and after display- positively refused his Majesty's soliing much disorder and tumult, raised citation to resume their functions. the standard of revolt. Finding that This, however, is mere rumour. there was no expectation of support The contest between the Greeks from any of the civil party, they re and the Turks continues to be vigortired to the Pardo, an old palace on ously maintained on both sides. the other side of the Manzanares. A most atrocious act of barbarity Pressed, however, by the want of has been committed by the Turkish provisions, they formed the project Government, in the execution of of attacking the city on the morning ninety-five Greek merchants, eightyof the 7th, at an early hour, conceive five at Scio, and ten at Constantinoing, that the militia and armed in- ple, who had been detained above habitants, who had been on duty for twelve months as hostages for the several days and nights successively, good behaviour of their brethren in might easily be overcome. With the Isle of Scio. The Samiotes, have this view, they left their position in ing invaded the Island of Scio, comthe night, and at daylight entered pelled some of the inhabitants to the avenues leading to the Square of join them; in consequence of which, the Constitution; where they found the Turks massacred, or carried into four companies of militia, and a de- slavery, the whole of the unfortunate tachment of cavalry, supported by islanders ; and then sacrificed their two pieces of artillery. The guards, generous and unoffending securities! shouting “ Long live the absolute A Russian document, bearing the King," immediately commenced a stamp of authority, has been pubbrisk fire. When they reached the lished in some of the continental line occupied by the militia, two journals. It declares, first, that the grenadier companies of the latter, cause of the Greeks, being one of and a company of chasseurs, attacked rebellion and insubordination, can them, and considerable loss was ex never be espoused by the Emperor perienced on both sides. At six in Alexander, without a departure from the morning, General Morillo ordered the principles to which he pledged a piece of artillery to be placed in the himself at the Congress of Vienna; main street, to prevent the escape of and, secondly, that peace being no the guards in that direction. The less the interest than the wish of his mutineers then retreated, in two bo Imperial Majesty, he has accepted dies, towards the palace, to join two the mediation of friendly powers, battalions of their comrades, which for the adjustment of the differences still remained there under the pre subsisting between the Russian and text of guarding the person of the Ottoman governmente. King. On their way, they were re News has been received at Lisbon, peatedly charged by the regiment of from Rio Janeiro, and Pernambuco, the Prince, crying out, “ Long live announcing the independent feeling Liberty." The King's stables, where of the people, and adding that althe guards had collected and posted though no actual declaration of inthemselves, were next attacked by dependence had been made, yet that General Morillo, at the head of the virtually the Brazils were no longer militia and forced with fixed bay under the controul of the mother onets. Repulsed on all sides, the country. At Lisbon, the King seems mutineers offered to enter into nego to leave the direction of public afciations; and, after several partial fairs entirely at the disposal of the actions, on the 8th they surrendered, Cortes.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

FOREIGN.

POLAND.

different models must be publicly exhi. New Publications.-The youth of bited, so that the common workmen Sweden, having no powerful motive or

may scour the sand with both instrureal interest to engage them in the ments, and verify the results. military service, since the re-establish

ITALY ment of peace, have devoted them

Archeology -A complete edition of selves chiefly to the study of the Arts

the works of Visconti is beiog printed and Sciences. The severity of censure, wbich characterizes the political Jour

at Milan, withont note or comment; the nals of Warsaw, has led to the extinc

editors wishing to give them to the

world in all their original purity. The tion of the greater part of them; but

last volume will contain an examinaperiodical, literary, and scientific works

tion of such of the opinions of Visconti, are very numerous. Even the military

as have become the subject of criti. do not disdain the courtship of the Muses M. Niemcewikz, one of the

çism. Two German writers, M. M. most distinguished among them, is pre

Kobler and Bættiger, have published paring a Philosophic Grammar. The

a memoir, in which they manifest pre

judices not calculated to place the prename of the illustrious author is asso

seut edition in a favorable point of ciated with every species of glory, which has tended to raise the character and

view. They maintain, that the errors

of the celebrated antiquary ought to national splendor of Poland within the last fifty years, and he still continues

be expunged; but they do not seem to his watchful care of the welfare of his

take into consideration, that these country. He has published Memoirs to

errors were, in a manner, unavoidable, serve as documents for the History of in a work of such vast extent and that, Poland. A German Polish Dictionary,

notwithstanding these errors, Visconti which an inhabitant of Dantzic has been

may still pass for the most learned compiling during the last thirty years,

antiquary in Europe. is also being printed at Warsaw; also

Fine Arts. The group of Mars and

Venus has been exhibited at the house a curious work, called, the Sportman's

of Canova, at Rome. The group was Dictionary. The greater part of new works are privted at Glügsberg, where

executed for his present Majesty, the

King of England. It is easy to perthey are brougbt out in the first style of excellence. It is to be regretted,

ceive the difficulty of such a work, and

the immense distance between its first that the bookseller's are restricted in their intercourse with foreign nations.

conception, and perfect execution. It In general, the sale of books, particu

would seem, that the artist was desirous larly foreign and political works, is

of uniting, at once, the severe and ten

der, or graceful style with each other, subject to many obstacles'; and the wayt of a general trade, which raises

The contrast has produced a most de.

lightful effect, and gives a character of the price very considerably, is another inconvenience which retards the circu.

originality to this new production of

the Italian sculptor. The attitude of lation of knowledge, and the progress Venus, her tender and moving aspect, of instruction.

seems to indicate, that she wishes to GERMANY.

prevail on Mars to desist from the mili. Mechanics.- The Government of tary exploits which he meditates. The Baden has offered a prize of from fifty connoisseurs regard the present proto one hundred ducats, out of the Trea duction as one of the most distinguished sury, to any person who will invent a which the artist has ever produced, machine proper to scour the sands of whether we consider the merit of the the Rhine, which contain particles of composition, the beauty of fornis, or gold; by means of which one indivi. the dignity of expression. dual may collect, in one day, as much Chemistry.-M. Pepe, Professor of gold as two or three workmen can in Chemistry at Naples, has discovered the ordinary way. The new machine a means of preserving all sorts of meis to be constructed in such a manner, tals, as iron, pewter, bronze, &c. from that a workman may handle it as rea the effects of air and water, by coverdily as the one now in use. The ex- · ing them with a metallic plaster, which pence of it must not exceed, twice can only be removed by the file, and or thrice that of the old machine. The which, after polishing, becomes as white

and brilliant 'as silver. He has pub- servatory of the Arts, in which will lished a treatise on this important dis be deposited the machines, models, and covery

plans of artists, in order to excite emu. A new Journal has lately appeared lation, extend knowledge, and encouin Bologna, entitled, Nuova Dottrina rage talent. The minister of war is at Medica Italiana. The new Italian this moment president of this Society, practice of physic.' The object of the and has been chiefly instrumental in editors is to explain the origin, pro- its formation. gress, and actual state of the doctrine

FRANCE. of Contra Stimulus. They have com Oriental Encyclopedia. The commenced with extracts from the works

mencement of this work has been pub of M. Thomasini, and other eminent lished at Marseilles, in a quarto form, physicians; but particularly from those and printed in two columns. It is of M. Rasoni, who is regarded as the principally intended to serve as a de. founder of this new doctrine. The

velopement, errata, and continuation first part of the journal is composed of of the work of Herbelot. these extracts; and, under the head of M. Huyot, architect, who has disrarieties, are given clinical observa- tinguished himself by his “Restoration tions, and polemical discussions. Italy of Ancient Rome," is returned to Paris; possesses some other journals connect after having, during five years, visited ed either directly or indirectly with and explored Greece, Asia-Minor, upthe diffusion of 'medical science; but per and lower Egypt and Nubia. He tbis is the only one which aims at tra has brought back a great quautity of cing the progress of Italian medicine, valuable plans and drawings of these and at presenting the public with a countries, which it is expected he will complete treatise on the art.

publish with an account of his travels. Count Litta has lately published, at It has been ascertained, with certainMilan, a new chart of the Southern ty, that the Zodiack of Denderal has States of the Church. It is divided been purchased by Louis XVIII. out of into four topographical numbers, ac his own privy purse. It is said, the companied by two numbers of explana. Zodiack will be placed in the ceiling tion. The author has examined, and of the Louvre, but it will be extremely corrected all the general and particu. necessary in attending to the execution lar paps wbieh were already publish of this project, that the public and the ed; and, profiting by every thing he curious may not be deprived of inspectfound in them worth notice, he has ing it with ease, and of the means of given one which is esteemed greatly studying it. It is also necessary to superior to all the rest. He has point. make the hollow in which it will be ed out whatever is most remarkable in placed strong and solid, so that it may the different parts, relative to their be conveniently handled. learning, history, chronology, natural

SWITZERLAND. history, and population. His observa

The ecclesiastical counsel of the tions are just, and presented with great

Canton of Berne has been directed to correctness of expression. . What in

organize an Institution for the Educaterests most, perhaps, is a table of men

tion of deaf and dumb Children, born suration, arranged in a clear and per

in the country,

The future director spicuous manner, and reduced to mea

of this interesting establishment will sure, He has also laboured to ascer

be first sent to foreign countries to tain the ancient Roman mile more

study, at the national expense, the parcorrectly than any of his predecessors ticular methods of instruction which have done. According to his calculations, it consists of 1471, 23, or 1469, dumb. Independent of the ordinary

are adopted in educating the deaf and 84 fathoms.

instruction adopted in other schools, he PORTUGAL.

will have to give his pupils the elemenA Society for the Encouragement of tary instructions of manual labour, eiNational Industry was instituted at ther of agriculture or of mechanical Lisbon, the 27th of last April. Its

art.

Children under the age of seven principal object is to collect, and pub are pot admitted without a salary, which lish all the discoveries useful to agri. is to be determined by the ecclesiastj. culture, the arts, and to foreign and cal counsel, and independent of the domestic commerce. It will distribnte fixed salary allowed to the director. prizes yearly to such scholars, artists, Lithography.-M. Charles Girardet mechanics, &c. as shall answer most of Neuchatel, having submitted to the satisfactorily to the questions proposed Society of Artists of Zurich, and to the by the Society. It intends to form an Society for the promotion of the Arts establishment, to be entitled the Con at Geneva, his beautiful lithographic

cross.

painting of the Transfiguration of Ra- been entered into to establish immediphael, these two societies have expres. ately, at Athens, schools, museums, and sed this inost favourable judgment; libraries; so that the blessings of learn6 that it unites," according to the ex ing and liberty will soon be extended pression of the secretary of the Society over this ancient country of arts and of Artists, " the energy of engraving civilization. in relief to the sweetness of dotting." A Journal, called the Grecian Trum

pet, which was originally published at GREECE

Calamata, is now being published at Though the provisional seat of go. Corinth. vernment is fixed at Corinth, it has A Collection of the Acts of the Sebeen resolved, that Athens is to be the nate of Peloponesus.--A collection of capital of all Greece. The national all the patriotic proclamations and acts arms is supported by a Minerva, with the of this Senate, which have appeared attributes of wisdom. The colours are from the commencement of the heroic a light blue and white, united by a struggle of the Greeks against their

The orthodox religion is pro oppressors, has been translated from claimed the religion of the state : all the original modern Greek into French, other religions, however, are tolerated by M. Mustoxydi, a learned Greek of and protected. To be a citizen, it is the city of Corfu. It is said that this necessary to be a Grecian by birth, and translation, which has been transmitted of some Christian communion. A fo- to Paris, will be shortly published. reigner may become a citizen by an Population. The Peninsula contains act of naturalization, provided be pro about two millions of souls; the Morea fess some Christian ritual. The legis- and Negropont, one million; the Islation will be provisionally founded on lands, one million. Making a total of the laws of the ancient emperors of four millions. Of these the Greeks France, but the present commercial may be computed at not less than three and military codes of France are pro. millions, the rest being composed of claimed to be the national laws. The Turks, Mussulmen, Albanians, Jews, colours of the King of France will form and the mixed descendants of Romans, a part of the arms of the Greek union. Venetians, Neapolitans, and other EuThese resolutions have been adopted, ropeans, known generally by the name according to the terms made use of in of Franks. The population of the Seven the act of the Congress, as a testimony Ionian Islands, now under British rule, of grateful remembrance of the protec. has been estimated at 200,000, the mation, which the Consul of France ex jority of them Greeks. Of these Corfu tended to all the Greeks at Patras, in may contain from 60 to 70,000; Cepha 1821; and bave been signed by the pre lonia, 60.000; Zante, 40,000; Santa sident Maurocordato, the vice-presi. Maura, 18,000; Ithaca and Cerigo, each dent Mauromichali, and the secretary 8,000; and Paxo, 3 or 4,000. Theodore Negri. A resolution bas

GREAT, BRITAIN.

Mr. Edward Blaquiere is engaged extensive attainments in general knowin a work on the revolution of Spain, ledge, especially in oriental literawhich will form a sequel to his work ture. upon Sicily, now preparing for publica Mr. Pontey's Practical Treatise on tion at Paris. This work will contain Rural Ornament, which deduces the a compendium of the history of Spain, science from well known fixed princito the invasion of Buonaparte; an ac ples, will certainly appear in the course count of what has passed from the re of the present month. turn of Ferdinand, to the re-establish The Odyssey of Homer, translated ment of the Constitution; and an exa. into English Prose, as literally as the mination of what has been effected by different idioms of the Greek and Engthe Cortes in 1820; with different anec lish languages will allow, will soon be dotes and biographical notices of the published with explanatory notes; by most distinguished characters in the a member of the University of Oxford, peninsula.

in two Volumes, 8vo. The remains of the late Alexander Mr. Hogg has in the press a new ediLeith Ross, A. M. of Aberdeen, with a tion, with considerable improvements, memoir of his Life, is nearly ready for of his “ Concise Treatise on the Growth publication. This volume will contain and Culture of the Carnation, Pink, the Literary Remains of a young man, Auricula, Polyanthus, Ranunculus, Tudistinguished for talents, piety, and lip, and other flowers:" in 1 Vol. 12mo.

Captain Manby, author of “The Osniond; a Tale, by the Author of means of saving persons from Ship 66 The Favourite of Nature,” in 3 vols. wreck," has nearly ready for publica 12mo. tion, a Journal of a Voyage to Green The School for Mothers; or the Po. land, in the year 1821, with graphic litics of a Village, a Novel, will shortly illustrations, in one Volume, 4to. appear in 3 vols. 12mo.

The French Primer, containing a IN THE PRESS.

copious vocabulary of familiar words, The Heir of Kenningmuir, a Tale, in illustrated by 250 Engravings, with 3 vols. by Thomas Angus Lyle.

interesting dialogues, arranged in the An Abridgement of Blackstone's most pleasing form, by Madame Doüin, Commentaries on the Laws of Eng- ls. sewed, and 1s. 6 d. bds. land, in a Series of Letters from a Fa The Second French Book, containing ther to his Daughter, chiefly intended short Phrases, and easy Reading Lesfor the Use and Advancement of Fe sons, illustrated by 100 Engravings, Is. male Education, by a Barrister at Law, 6d. F.R. F.A. F.L.S.

RECENT PUBLICATIONS.

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Established Church of England; and DIVINITY.

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&c. By the Rev. Henry John Todd, Discharge of their various Duties, and

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his

Majesty, 8vo. 4s, with Instructions to Candidates for Holy

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1. of Justification by Faith : 2. Original Digest of the Laws of Tithes. By the

Sin : 3. Predestination : with Notes.. Rev. David Williams, M.A.late of Christ

Also, a Synopsis of the Argument of Church, Oxford. 16s. boards.

St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. By The Influence of Protestant Mis

the Rev. Thomas Young, A.M. Rector siopary Establishments, in developing

of Gilling. Second Edition, enlarged,

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Jobo Radcliffe, M.A. Rector of St. Anne, Thomas Myers, A.M. of the Royal Mili.

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Reading. By the Rev. T. Clark. Eur. Mag. Vol. 82.

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