Federal Aid to Education: Hearings on H.R. 140, H.R. 1870, H.R. 1942, H.R. 2188, H.R. 2525, H.R. 2683, H.R. 2953, H.R. 3076, and H.R. 3104. April 29-30; May 1-2, 8-9, 13-6, 20-3, 27-9, 1947
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adequate agency American amount appropriated areas Association attendance authority average basis believe better bill Catholic Chairman child church citizens classroom Commissioner committee Congress Constitution cost course Department determined districts educational opportunity effort elementary equal expenditures fact Federal aid Federal control Federal Government figures finance fiscal funds give Gwinn income increase interest Jersey KEARNS legislation legislature less matter McCowen mean ment Michigan Miss Mississippi Negro NORTON Office OWENS paid percent person population present principle problem public education public schools pupil question raise reason received religious represent respect salaries SCHWABE separate situation spend spent standards statement teachers teaching term Territory thing tion United Washington York
Էջ 437 - Promote, then, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.
Էջ 41 - The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excludes any general power of the State to standardize its children by forcing them to accept instruction from public teachers only. The child is not the mere creature of the State; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right, coupled with the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations.
Էջ 339 - That no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place, or ministry, whatsoever...
Էջ 527 - ... levied to support any religious activities or institutions, whatever they may be called, or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion. Neither a state nor the Federal Government can, openly or secretly, participate in the affairs of any religious organizations or groups and vice versa. In the words of Jefferson, the clause against establishment of *-• religion by law was intended to erect "a wall of separation ^ \'- '} between church and State.
Էջ 527 - No tax in any amount, large or small, can be levied to support any religious activities or institutions, whatever they may be called, or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion.
Էջ 49 - Board for such prior quarter. (3) The Secretary of the Treasury shall thereupon, through the Division of Disbursement of the Treasury Department and prior to audit or settlement by the General Accounting Office, pay to the State, at the time or times fixed by the Board, the amount so certified.
Էջ 697 - The appropriations were made for the specific purpose of purchasing school books for the use of the school children of the state, free of cost to them. It was for their benefit and the resulting benefit to the state that the appropriations were made. True, these children attend some school, public or private, the latter, sectarian or non-sectarian, and that the books are to be furnished them for their use, free of cost, whichever they attend. The schools, however, are not the beneficiaries of these...
Էջ 556 - ... have, when a specification of the objects alluded to by these general terms immediately follows, and is not even separated by a longer pause than a semicolon? If the different parts of the same instrument ought to be so expounded as to give meaning to every part which will bear it, shall one part of the same sentence be excluded altogether from a share in the meaning, and shall the more doubtful and indefinite terms be retained in their full extent, and the clear and precise expressions be denied...
Էջ 270 - In the administration of this Act, no department, agency, officer, or employee of the United States shall exercise any direction, supervision, or control over the personnel, curriculum, or program of instruction of any school or school system of any local or State educational agency.
Էջ 335 - Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion, or forbidding the free exercise thereof, was intended to allow every one under the jurisdiction of the United States to entertain such notions respecting his relations to his Maker and the duties they impose as may be approved by his judgment and conscience, and to exhibit his sentiments in such form of worship as he may think proper, not injurious to the equal rights of others, and to prohibit legislation for the support of any...