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U. S. to pay

ART. 6. The United States agree to pay to the Indians the value of any improvements which they may be obliged to abandon, in conse- for Indian im quence of the lines established by this treaty, and which improvements add real value to the land.

ART. 7. The United States reserve to the proper authority the right to make roads through any part of the land reserved by this treaty.

provements.

U. S. reserve right to make roads.

U.S. to furnish

&c.

ART. 8. The United States engage to provide and support a blacksmith for the Indians, at Saginaw, so long as the President of the United a blacksinith, States may think proper, and to furnish the Chippewa Indians with such farming utensils and cattle, and to employ such persons to aid them in their agriculture, as the President may deem expedient.

ART. 9. This treaty shall take effect, and be obligatory on the contracting parties, so soon as the same shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof.

In testimony whereof, the said Lewis Cass, commissioner as aforesaid, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the Chippewa nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands, at Saginaw, in the Territory of Michigan, this twenty-fourth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nineteen.

Pakenosega,
Kekenutchega,

Chimokemow,

Kekenutchegun,

Mocksonga,

Noukonwabe,
Shingwalk,
Shingwalk, jun.
Wawaubequak,
Pashkobwis,

Muskobenense,

Waubonoosa,

Wausaquanai,

Minequet,

Otauson,

Tussegua,

Mixabee,

Kitchewawashen,

Neebeenaquin,

Anueemaycounbeeme,

Onewequa,

Nayokeeman,

Peshquescum,

Muckcumcinau,

Kitcheenoting,

Waubeekeenew,

Pashkeekou,

Mayto,

Sheemaugua,

Kauguest,

Kitsheematush,

Aneuwayba,

LEWIS CASS.

Okooyousinse,
Ondottowaugane,

Amickoneena,

Kitcheonundeeyo,

Saugassauway,

Okeemanpeenaysee,

Minggeeseetay,

Waubishcan,

Peaypaymanshee,
Ocanauck,
Ogeebouinse,
Paymeenoting,
Naynooautienishkoan,
Kaujagonay gee,
May neeseno,
Kakagouryan,
Meewayson,
Wepecumgegut,
Markkenwuwbe,

Fonegawne,
Nemetetowwa,

Kitchmokooman,

Kishkaukou,
Peenaysee,
Ogemaunkeketo,
Reaume,
Nowkeshuc,
Mixmunitou,
Wassau,

Keneobe,

Walkcaykeejugo,
Autoway nabee,

Moksauba,
Mutchwetau,
Nuwagon,
Okumanpinase,

Treaty to be

obligatory when ratified.

Nawgonissee,

Meckseonne,

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WITNESSES AT SIGNING: John L. Leib, Secretary. D. G. Whitney, Assistant Secretary. C. L. Cass, Capt. 3d Infantry. R. A. Forsyth, jr. acting commissioner. Chester Root, Capt. U. S. Artillery. John Peacock, Lieut. 3d U. S. Infantry. G. Godfroy, sub-Agent. W. Knaggs, sub-Agent. William Tucky, Louis Beufort, John Hurson, sworn Interpreters. James V. S. Ryley. B. Campau. John Hill, Army Contractor. J. Whipple. Henry I. Hunt. William Keith. A. E. Lacock, M. S. K. Richard Smyth. Louis Dequindre. B. Head. John Smyth. Conrad Ten Eyck.

To the Indian names are subjoined marks.

ARTICLES OF A TREATY,

June 16, 1820. Made and concluded at the Sault de St. Marie, in the Territory of Michigan, between the United States, by their Commissioner Lewis Cass, and the Chippeway tribe of Indians.

Proclamation,

March 2, 1821.

Cession by the Chippewas.

Receipt of goods acknow. ledged.

Perpetual right of fishing at the

falls of St. Mary's secured to Indians.

Treaty binding when ratified.

ART. 1. The Chippeway tribe of Indians cede to the United States the following tract of land: Beginning at the Big Rock, in the river St. Mary's, on the boundary line between the United States and the British Province of Upper Canada; and, running thence, down the said river, with the middle thereof, to the Little Rapid; and, from those points, running back from the said river, so as to include sixteen square miles of land.

ART. 2. The Chippeway tribe of Indians acknowledge to have received a quantity of goods in full satisfaction of the preceding cession.

ART. 3. The United States will secure to the Indians a perpetual right of fishing at the falls of St. Mary's, and also a place of encampment upon the tract hereby ceded, convenient to the fishing ground, which place shall not interfere with the defences of any military work which may be erected, nor with any private rights.

ART. 4. This treaty, after the same shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, shall be obligatory on the contracting parties.

In witness whereof, the said Lewis Cass, Commissioner as aforesaid, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the said Chippeway tribe of Indians, have hereunto set their hands, at the place aforesaid, this sixteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty.

LEWIS CASS.

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WITNESSES PRESENT :—R. A. Forsyth, Secretary. Alex. Wolcott, Jr. Indian Agent, Chicago. D. B. Douglass, Capt. U. S. Engineers. Æneas Mackay, Lieut. corps Artillery. John J. Pierce, Lieut. Artillery. Henry R. Schoolcraft, Mineralogist to the Expedition. James Duane Doty. Charles C. Trowbridge. Alex. R. Chase. Jas. Ryley, Sworn Interpreter.

To the Indian names are subjoined marks.

ARTICLES OF A TREATY,

July 6, 1820. Proclamation,

Made and concluded at L'Arbre Croche and Michilimackinac, in the territory of Michigan, between the United States of America, by their Commissioner Lewis Cass, and the Ottawa and March 8, 1821. Chippewa nations of Indians.

St. Martin Isl

ART. 1. The Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians cede to the United States the Saint Martin Islands in Lake Huron, containing ands ceded to plaster of Paris, and to be located under the direction of the United States.

ART. 2. The Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians acknowledge to have this day received a quantity of goods in full satisfaction of the above cession.

ART. 3. This treaty shall be obligatory on the contracting parties after the same shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof.

In testimony whereof the said Lewis Cass, Commissioner as aforesaid, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians, have hereunto set their hands, at Michilimackinac and L'Arbre Croche, in the Territory of Michigan, this 6th day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty.

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the U.S.

Goods in full satisfaction to

the Indians.

Treaty binding when ratified.

Papametaby,

Ceitaw,

Shawanoe,

Oninjuega, or Wing, Ottawa Chief,

Cuddimalmese, or Black Hawk, Ot

tawa Chief,

Dionesau,

Kojenoikoose, or Long.

Skubinesse, or Red Bird,
Weashe,
Nebagnam.

Chippewa Chiefs.

Ainse,

Shaganash, or Englishman.

WITNESSES PRESENT: Jed. Morse, D.D. Gilbert Knapp. Richard C. Morse.

H. G. Gravenant, Sworn Interpreter. George Boyd, Indian Agent.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

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Proclamation, Jan. 13, 1821.

A TREATY,

July 19, 1820. Made and concluded by, and between, Auguste Chouteau and Benjamin Stephenson, Commissioners of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one part, and the undersigned Chiefs and Warriors, of the Kickapoo tribe of Indians, on the part and behalf of their said Nation, of the other part, the same being supplementary to, and amendatory of, the Treaty made and concluded at Edwardsville, on the 30th July, 1819, between the United States and the said Kickapoo nation.

Sixth article of treaty of Edwardsville altered and amended.

Substitute for said sixth article.

ART. 1. It is agreed, between the United States and the Kickapoo tribe of Indians, that the sixth article of the treaty, to which this is supplementary, shall be, and the same is hereby, altered and amended, so as to read as follows, viz:

In consideration of, and exchange for, the cession made by the aforesaid tribe, in the first article of this treaty, the United States, in addition to three thousand dollars worth of merchandise, this day paid to the said tribe, hereby cede to the said tribe, to be by them possessed in like manner as the lands, ceded by the first article of this treaty by them to the United States, were possessed, a certain tract of land in the territory of Missouri, and included within the following boundaries, viz: Beginning at the confluence of the rivers Pommes de Terre and Osage; thence, up said river Pommes de Terre, to the dividing ridge which separates the waters of Osage and White rivers; thence, with said ridge, and westwardly, to the Osage line; thence, due north with said line, to Nerve creek; thence, down the same, to a point due south of the mouth of White Clay, or Richard creek; thence, north, to the Osage river; thence, down said river, to the beginning.

In testimony whereof, the Commissioners aforesaid, and the undersigned Chiefs and Warriors as aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals.

Done at St. Louis, in the Territory of Missouri, the 19th of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty, and of the Independence of the United States the forty-fifth.

AUG. CHOUTEAU,

Signed, sealed, and delivered, in presence of the following witnesses: Pascal Cerre,
Secretary to the Commissioners. Jacques Mette, Interpreter. Jn. Ruland, Sub Agent.
Th. Estes, Geo. Y. Bright, J. Brand, Mal. Detandebarat, Gabriel G. Chouteau, Henry
P. Chouteau, Felix St. Vrain, G. P. Cerre, F. Simon, Peter Didier, T. Goddard, Gl.
Paul, R. Paul, Col. Mi. Mia, Tho. T. Loury, T. B. Mathurin, P. Provenchere.
To the Indian names are subjoined marks.

A TREATY

Made and concluded by Benjamin Parke, a Commissioner for that purpose on the part of the United States, of the one part; and the Chiefs, Warriors, and Head Men, of the Wea tribe of Indians, of the other part.

ART. 1. The Chiefs, Warriors, and Head Men, of the said Tribe, agree to cede, and they do hereby cede and relinquish, to the United States all the lands reserved by the second article of the Treaty between the United States and the said Tribe, concluded at Saint Mary's, on the second day of October, eighteen hundred and eighteen.

ART. 2. The sum of five thousand dollars, in money and goods, which is now paid and delivered by the United States, the receipt whereof the Chiefs, Warriors, and Head Men, of the said Tribe, do hereby acknowledge, is considered by the parties a full compensation for the cession and relinquishment above mentioned.

ART. 3. As it is contemplated by the said Tribe, to remove from the Wabash, it is agreed, that the annuity secured to the Weas, by the Treaty of Saint Mary's, above mentioned, shall hereafter be paid to them at Kaskaskia, in the state of Illinois.

Aug. 11, 1820. Proclamation, Jan. 8, 1821.

Cession by the
Weas.
Ante, p. 186.

$5000, in money and goods, tion to the tribe.

in full satisfac

Annuity to be hereafter paid at Kaskaskia.

ART. 4. This Treaty, as soon as it is ratified by the President and Treaty binding Senate of the United States, to be binding on the contracting parties.

In testimony whereof, the said Benjamin Parke, Commissioner as aforesaid, and the said Chiefs, Warriors, and Head Men, of the said Tribe, have hereunto set their hands, at Vincennes, this eleventh day of August, eighteen hundred and twenty.

Maquakononga, or Negro Legs,
Chequiat, or Little Eyes,
Me Tacoshia, the Frenchman,
Gu Ta Shemi Tai, or Thunder,
Kenacosah Ta, or Long Body,
Wapou Kean, or Swan,

Laushepate Ta, or Two Teeth,
Meahanet, the Lean Man,

B. PARKE.

Cheholcah, the Dipper,
Ceholesehaquah, Bullet Mould,
Samaquah, Yellow Beaver,
Chasahwaha, or Rifle,

Go To paquah, or the Lone Tree,
Chikousah, or Mink,

Teche Pa Low, or Shirt,
Pa Lon Swa, Francis.

In presence of John Law, Secretary to the Commissioner. William Prince, Indian Agent. Nathl. Ewing. W. E. Breading. E. Boudinot. Pr. Laplante. Michel Brouillet, United States' Interpreter.

To the Indian names are subjoined marks.

when ratified.

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