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ARTICLE 2.

Reservation

the Kansas.

From the cession aforesaid, the following reservation for the use of the Kansas nation of Indians shall be made, of a tract of land, to begin for the use of twenty leagues up the Kansas river, and to include their village on that river; extending West thirty miles in width, through the lands ceded in the first Article, to be surveyed and marked under the direction of the President, and to such extent as he may deem necessary, and at the expense of the United States. The agents for the Kansas, and the persons attached to the agency, and such teachers and instructors as the President shall authorize to reside near the Kansas, shall occupy, during his pleasure, such lands as may be necessary for them within this reservation.

ARTICLE 3.

In consideration of the cession of land and relinquishments of claims, made in the first Articles, the United States agree to pay to the Kansas nation of Indians, three thousand five hundred dollars per annum, for twenty successive years, at their villages, or at the entrance of the Kansas river, either in money, merchandize, provisions, or domestic animals, at the option of the aforesaid Nation; and when the said annuities, or any part thereof, is paid in merchandize, it shall be delivered to them at the first cost of the goods in Saint Louis, free of transportation.

ARTICLE 4.

The United States, immediately upon the ratification of this convention, or as soon thereafter as may be, shall cause to be furnished to the Kansas Nation, three hundred head of cattle, three hundred hogs, five hundred domestic fowls, three yoke of oxen, and two carts, with such implements of agriculture as the Superintendant of Indian Affairs may think necessary; and shall employ such persons to aid and instruct them in their agriculture, as the President of the United States may deem expedient; and shall provide and support a blacksmith for them.

ARTICLE 5.

Payment to them for their

cession.

Cattle, hogs, &c. to be furnished by U.S.

Land to be

of schools.

Out of the lands herein ceded by the Kanzas Nation to the United States, the Commissioner aforesaid, in behalf of the said United States, sold for support doth further covenant and agree, that thirty-six sections of good lands, on the Big Blue river, shall be laid out under the direction of the President of the United States, and sold for the purpose of raising a fund, to be applied, under the direction of the President, to the support of schools for the education of the Kanzas children, within their Nation.

ARTICLE 6.

Reservations

half-breeds.

From the lands above ceded to the United States, there shall be made the following reservations, of one mile square, for each of the half for the use of breeds of the Kanzas nation, viz: For Adel and Clement, the two children of Clement; for Josette, Julie, Pelagie, and Victoire, the four children of Louis Gonvil; for Marie and Lafleche, the two children of Baptiste of Gonvil; for Laventure, the son of Francis Laventure; for Elizabeth and Pierre Carbonau, the children of Pierre Brisa; for Louis Joncas; for Basil Joncas; for James Joncas; for Elizabeth Datcherute, daughter of Baptiste Datcherute; for Joseph Butler; for William Rodgers; for Joseph Coté; for the four children of Cicili Compáre, each one mile square; and one for Joseph James, to be located on the North side of the Kanzas river, in the order above named, commencing at the line of the Kanzas reservation, and extending down the Kanzas river for quantity.

Agreement

entered into by

the U. S. for certain purposes.

Proviso.

Payment to F. G. Choteau.

Merchandise

to amount of
$2000 to be de-
livered at the
Kanzas river.

Punishment of offences.

Chiefs to exert themselves to recover stolen property, &c.

Proviso.

ARTICLE 7.

With the view of quieting all animosities which may at present exist between a part of the white citizens of Missouri and the Kanzas nation, in consequence of the lawless depredations of the latter, the United States do further agree to pay to their own citizens, the full value of such property as they can legally prove to have been stolen or destroyed since the year 1815: Provided, The sum so to be paid by the United States shall not exceed the sum of three thousand dollars.

ARTICLE 8.

And whereas the Kanzas are indebted to Francis G. Choteau, for credits given them in trade, which they are unable to pay, and which they have particularly requested to have included and settled in the present Treaty; it is, therefore, agreed on, by and between the parties to these presents, that the sum of five hundred dollars, towards the liquidation of said debt, shall be paid by the United States to the said Fran cois G. Choteau.

ARTICLE 9.

There shall be selected at this place such merchandize as may be desired, amounting to two thousand dollars, to be delivered at the Kanzas river, with as little delay as possible; and there shall be paid to the deputation now here, two thousand dollars in merchandize and horses, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged; which, together with the amount agreed on in the 3d and 4th articles, and the provisions made in the other articles of this Treaty, shall be considered as a full compensation for the cession herein made.

ARTICLE 10.

Lest the friendship which is now established between the United States and the said Indian Nation should be interrupted by the misconduct of Individuals, it is hereby agreed, that for injuries done by individuals, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, but instead thereof, complaints shall be made by the party injured, to the other by the said nation, to the Superintendent, or other person appointed by the President to the Chiefs of said nation. And it shall be the duty of the said Chiefs, upon complaints being made as aforesaid, to deliver up the person or persons against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished, agreeably to the laws of the State or Territory where the offence may have been committed; and in like manner, if any robbery, violence, or murder, shall be committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to said nation, the person or persons so offending shall be tried, and, if found guilty, shall be punished in like manner as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is agreed, that the Chiefs of the Kanzas shall, to the utmost of their power, exert themselves to recover horses or other property which may be stolen from any citizen or citizens of the United States, by any individual or individuals of the Nation; and the property so recovered shall be forthwith delivered to the Superintendent, or other person authorized to receive it, that it may be restored to its proper owner; and in cases where the exertions of the Chiefs shall be ineffectual in recovering the property stolen as aforesaid, if sufficient proof can be adduced that such property was actually stolen, by any Indian or Indians belonging to the said nation, the Superintendent or other officer may deduct from the annuity of the said nation a sum equal to the value of the property which has been stolen. And the United States hereby guarantee, to any Indian or Indians, a full indemnification for any horses or other property which may be stolen from them by any of their citizens: Provided, That the pro

perty so stolen cannot be recovered, and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen by a citizen of the United States. And the said Nation of Kanzas engage, on the requisition or demand of the President of the United States, or of the Superintendent, to deliver up any white man resident amongst them.

ARTICLE 11.

It is further agreed on, by and between the parties to these presents, that the United States shall forever enjoy the right to navigate freely all water courses or navigable streams within the limits of the tract of country herein reserved to the Kanzas Nation; and that the said Kanzas Nation shall never sell, relinquish, or in any manner dispose of the lands herein reserved, to any other nation, person or persons whatever, without the permission of the United States for that purpose first had and obtained. And shall ever remain under the protection of the United States, and in friendship with them.

ARTICLE 12.

This Treaty shall take effect, and be obligatory on the contracting parties, as soon as the same shall be ratified by the President, by and

with the consent and advice of the Senate of the United States.

In testimony whereof, the said William Clark, Commissioner as aforesaid, and the Deputation, Chiefs, Head-men and Warriors of the Kanzas Nation of Indians, as aforesaid, have hereunto set their hands and seals, this third day of June; in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and twenty-five, and of the Independence of the United States of America the forty-ninth year.

Nom-pa-wa-rah, or the white plume.
Ky-he-ga-wa-ti-nin-ka, or the full chief.
Ky-he-ga-wa-che-he, or the chief of great
valour.

Ky-he-ga-shin-ga, or the little chief.
Ke-bah-ra-hu.

Me-chu-chin-ga, or the little white bear.

WITNESSES PRESENT:

WILLIAM CLARK.

Hu-ru-ah-te, or the Real Eagle.
Ca-she-se-gra, or the track that sees far.
Wa-can-da-ga-tun-ga, or the great doctor.
O-pa-she-ga, or the cooper.
Cha-ho-nush.

Ma-he-ton-ga, or the American.

R. Wash, Secretary. W. B. Alexander, Sub-Indian
States' Commissioner. Baronet
Jno. K. Walker. Jno. Simonds,
William Milburn. Baptis Du-

Agent. John F. A. Sandford. G. C. Sibley, United
Vasquez, United States' S. Agent. Russel Farnham.
jr. Sanderson Robert. L. T. Honore, U. S. Intptr.
cherut, Interpreter for Kansas. Paul Louise, Osage Interpreter. Noel Dashnay, In-
terpreter. Ant. Le Claire, Interpreter.

To the Indian names are subjoined marks.

U. S. to enjoy

the right of nav. igating the water courses, &c.

Treaty binding

when ratified.

TREATY WITH THE PONCAR TRIBE.

For the purposes of perpetuating the friendship which has heretofore existed, as also to remove all future cause of discussion or dissension, as it respects trade and friendship between the United States and their citizens, and the Poncar tribe of Indians, the President of the United States of America, by Brigadier General Henry Atkinson, of the United States' Army, and Major Benjamin O'Fallon, Indian Agent, with full powers and authority, specially appointed and commissioned for that purpose of the one part, and the undersigned Chiefs, Head-men, and

June 9, 1825.

Proclamation, Feb. 6, 1826.

Supremacy of U. S. acknow

ledged.

U. S. will take the Poncars

Warriors, of the Poncar tribe of Indians, on behalf of said tribe, of the other part, have made and entered into the following articles and conditions, which, when ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall be binding on both parties to wit:

ARTICLE 1.

It is admitted by the Poncar tribe of Indians, that they reside within the territorial limits of the United States, acknowledge their supremacy, and claim their protection. The said tribe also admit the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them.

ARTICLE 2.

The United States agree to receive the Poncar tribe of Indians into their friendship, and under their protection, and to extend to them, under their pro- from time to time, such benefits and acts of kindness as may be convenient, and seem just and proper to the President of the United States.

tection.

Trade, &c. to be transacted at

such places as the President

may designate.

Regulation of trade among the Indians.

Course to be

pursued in order to prevent inju

ries by individuals.

ARTICLE 3.

All trade and intercourse with the Poncar tribe shall be transacted at such place or places as may be designated and pointed out by the President of the United States, through his agents; and none but American citizens, duly authorized by the United States, shall be admitted to trade or hold intercourse with said tribe of Indians.

ARTICLE 4.

That the Poncar tribe may be accommodated with such articles of merchandize, &c. as their necessaties may demand, the United States agree to admit and licence traders to hold intercourse with said tribe, under mild and equitable regulations: in consideration of which, the Poncar tribe bind themselves to extend protection to the persons and the property of the traders, and the persons legally employed under them, whilst they remain within the limits of the Poncar district of country. And the said Poncar tribe further agree, that if any foreigner, or other person not legally authorized by the United States, shall come into their district of country, for the purposes of trade or other views, they will apprehend such person or persons, and deliver him or them to some United States' superintendent, or agent of Indian Affairs, or to the Commandant of the nearest military post, to be dealt with according to law. And they further agree to give safe conduct to all persons who may be legally authorized by the United States to pass through their country; and to protect, in their persons and property, all agents or other persons sent by the United States to reside temporarily among them.

ARTICLE 5.

That the friendship which is now established between the United States and the Poncar tribe should not be interrupted by the misconduct of individuals, it is hereby agreed, that for injuries done by individuals, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, but instead thereof, complaints shall be made, by the party injured, to the superintendent or agent of Indian affairs, or other person appointed by the President; and it shall be the duty of the said Chiefs, upon complaint being made as aforesaid, to deliver up the person or persons against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished agreeably to the laws of the United States. And, in like manner, if any robbery, violence, or murder, shall be committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to said tribe, the person or persons so offending shall be tried, and if found guilty shall be punished in like manner as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is agreed, that the

Chiefs to exert themselves to recover stolen

property.

Chiefs of said Poncar tribe shall, to the utmost of their power, exert
themselves to recover horses or other property, which may be stolen or
taken from any citizen or citizens of the United States, by any indi-
vidual or individuals of said tribe; and the property so recovered shall
be forthwith delivered to the agents or other person authorized to receive
it, that it may be restored to the proper owner. And the United States
hereby guaranty to any Indian or Indians of said tribe, a full indemnifi-
cation for any horses or other property which may be stolen from them
by any of their citizens: Provided, That the property so stolen cannot be Proviso.
recovered, and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually
stolen by a citizen of the United States. And the said Poncar tribe
engage, on the requisition or demand of the President of the United
States, or of the agents, to deliver up any white man resident among
them.

ARTICLE 6.

And the Chiefs and Warriors, as aforesaid, promise and engage, that their tribe will never, by sale, exchange, or as presents, supply any nation or tribe of Indians, not in amity with the United States, with guns, ammunition, or other implements of war.

Done at the Poncar Village, at the mouth of White Paint Creek, the first below the Qui Carre River, this 9th day of June, A. D. 1825, and of the Independence of the United States the forty-ninth.

In testimony whereof, the said Commissioners, Henry Atkinson and
Benjamin O'Fallon, and the Chiefs, Head-men, and Warriors, of
the Poncar tribe, have hereunto set their hands, and affixed their
seals.

H. ATKINSON, Br. Gen. U. S. Army.
BENJ. O'FALLON, U. S. Agt. Ind. Aff.

Shu-de-gah-he-or He who makes Smoke. Woh-ge-a-mussee-or the flying Iron.
Ish-ca-da-bee-or Child Chief.

Tee-la-ga-or Buffalo.

Wah-ha-nee-chee- -or He who Hides Wah-buc-kee-or the Bull that Leads.

Something.

Wah or the Hoe.

O-nam-ba-haa-or Lightning.

Tie-e-kee-ree-or Big Head with Tangled

Hair.

Wa-we-shu-shee-or The Brave.

[blocks in formation]

Ca-hee-tha-bee-or Black Raven.

Gah-he-ga-or the Relative of the Chiefs.

Ou-de-cowee or The one that has been Na-hee-tapee-or He that Stamps.

Wounded.

Ne-ou-gree—or Prairie Apple.

Na-ne-pa-shee-or One that Knows.

WITNESSES-H. Leavenworth, Col. U. S. Army. S. W. Kearney, Br. Maj. 1st Inf. D. Ketchum, Maj. U. S. Army. G. H. Kennerly, U. S. S. Ind. Agt. John Gale, Surgeon U. S. Army. J. Gantt, Capt. 6th Inf. Wm. Armstrong, Capt. 6th Reg. Inf. S. MacRee, Lieut. 1st Inf. J. Rogers, Lieut. 6th Inf. Thomas Noel, Lieut. 6th Inf. S. Wragg, Adjt. 1st Reg. Inf. R. Holmes, Lieut. 6th Inf. Thos. P. Gwynn, Lieut. 1st Inf. L. M. Nute, Lt. 6th Inf. Jas. W. Kingsbury, Lt. 1st Reg. Inf. M. W. Batman, "Lieut. 6th Inf. Wm. L. Harris, 1st Inf. R. M. Coleman, A. Surgeon U. S. A. Wm. Gordon. A. Langham. P. Promo. A. L. Langham, Sec. to the Com.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

No guns, &c. to be furnished

by them to any nation, &c. hos

tile to the U. S.

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