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Supremacy of U. S. acknow

ledged.

U. S. receive

Pawnees under their protection.

Places for trade to be de

ARTICLE 1.

It is admitted by the Pawnee tribe of Indians, that they reside within the territorial limits of the United States, acknowledge their supremacy, and claim their protection.-The said tribe also admit the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them.

ARTICLE 2.

The United States agree to receive the Pawnee tribe of Indians into their friendship, and under their protection, and to extend to them, from time to time, such benefits and acts of kindness as may be convenient, and seem just and proper to the President of the United States.

ARTICLE 3.

All trade and intercourse with the Pawnee tribe shall be transacted at such place or places as may be designated and pointed out by the signated by the President of the United States, through his agents; and none but American citazens, duly authorized by the United States, shall be admitted to trade or hold intercourse with said tribe of Indians.

President.

Regulation of trade.

Course to be

pursued in order to prevent injuries by individuals, &c.

Chiefs to exert themselves to recover stolen property.

ARTICLE 4.

That the Pawnee tribe may be accommodated with such articles of merchandize, &c. as their necessaties may demand, the United States agree to admit and licence traders to hold intercourse with said tribe, under mild and equitable regulations: in consideration of which, the said Pawnee tribe bind themselves to extend protection to the persons and the property of the traders, and the persons legally employed under them, whilst they remain within the limits of their particular district of country. And the said Pawnee tribe further agree, that if any foreigner or other person, not legally authorized by the United States, shall come into their district of country, for the purposes of trade or other views, they will apprehend such person or persons, and deliver him or them to some United States' superintendent, or agent, of Indian Affairs, or to the commandant of the nearest military post, to be dealt with according to law. And they further agree to give safe conduct to all persons who may be legally authorized by the United States to pass through their country, and to protect in their persons and property all agents or other persons sent by the United States to reside temporarily among them; nor will they, whilst on their distant excursions, molest or interrupt any American citizen or citizens, who may be passing from the United States to New Mexico, or returning from thence to the United States.

ARTICLE 5.

That the friendship which is now established between the United States and the Pawnee tribe, shall not be interrupted by the misconduct of individuals, it is hereby agreed, that for injuries done by individuals, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, but instead thereof, complaints shall be made, by the party injured, to the superintendent, or agent of Indian affairs, or other person appointed by the President; and it shall be the duty of said Chiefs, upon complaint being made as aforesaid, to deliver up the person or persons against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished, agreeably to the laws of the United States. And, in like manner, if any robbery, violence, or murder, shall be committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to said tribe, the person or persons so offending shall be tried, and if found guilty, shall be punished in like manner as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is agreed, that the Chiefs of said Pawnee tribe shall, to the utmost of their power, exert themselves to recover horses or other property, which may be stolen or

taken from any citizen or citizens of the United States, by any individual or individuals of said tribe; and the property so recovered shall be forthwith delivered to the agents or other person authorized to receive it, that it may be restored to the proper owner. And the United States hereby guarranty to any Indian or Indians of said tribe, a full indemnification for any horses or other property which may be stolen from them by any of their citizens: Provided, That the property stolen cannot be recovered, and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen by a citizen of the United States. And the said Pawnee tribe engage, on the requisition or demand of the President of the United States, or of the agents, to deliver up any white man resident among them.

ARTICLE 6.

And the Chiefs and Warriors, as aforesaid, promise and engage that their tribe will never, by sale, exchange, or as presents, supply any nation, tribe, or band of Indians, not in amity with the United States, with guns, ammunition, or other implements of war.

Done at Fort Atkinson, Council Bluffs, this thirtieth day of September, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five, and of the Independence of the United States the fiftieth.

In testimony whereof, the said Commissioners, Henry Atkinson and
Benjamin O'Fallon, and the Chiefs, Head-men, and Warriors, of
the Pawnee tribe, have hereunto set their hands and affixed their
seals.

H. ATKINSON, Br. Gen. U. S. Army.
BENJ. O'FALLON, U. S. Agt. Ind. Aff.

Esh-ca-tar-pa-the bad chief.
Shar-co-ro-la-shar-the sun chief.
La-cota-ve-co-cho-la-shar—the eagle chief.
La-tah-carts-la-shar-the war eagle chief.
La-ta-le-shar-the knife chief.
Scar-lar-la-shar-the man chief.
La-ke-tar-la-shar—the partizan chief.
Lark-tar-ho-ra-la-shar-the pipe chief.
Esh-ca-tar-pa-the bad chief republican

band.

Co-rouch-la-shar-the bear chief.
Ah-sha-o-ah-lah-co-the dog chief.
La-ho-rah-sha-rete-the man who strikes

men.

Tah-rah-re-tah-coh-sha-the singing crow.
Lah-ro-wah-go-the hill chief.

Ta-rah-re-tah-nash-the big horse stealer.
La-shar-pah-he-the tranquil chief.
Ah-re-cah-rah-co-chu-the mad elk.
Ta-lah-re-ta-ret-the partizan that strikes
and carries his bird on his back.
Ta-lah-re-we-tail-The Crow that strikes.
Lo-lab-re-wah-the horse stealer who suf-
fers his prize to be retaken.
Ta-hah-lah-re-esh-lah--the handsome bird.
Ah-sho-cole-the rotten foot.
Ah-shar-o-ca-tah-co-the poor man.

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A. R. Woolley, Lieut. Col. U. S. A.
S. MacRee, A. Camp. Thomas

In presence of A. L. Langham, Sec. to the Com.
John Gale, Surg. U. S. A. J. Gantt, Capt. 6th Inf.
Noel, Adj. 6th Reg. J. Rogers, Lieut. 6th Inf. R. Holmes, Lt. 6th Inf. M. W.
Batman, Lieut. 6th Inf. J. Nichols, Lieut. 6th Inf. W. W. Eaton, Lieut. 6th Inf.

G. H. Kennerly, U. S. S. Ind. Agt. A. L. Papin. William Rodgers.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

No arms, &c. to be furnished mies of U. S. by them to ene

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Oct. 6, 1825.

Proclamation, Feb. 6, 1826.

Supremacy of U. S. acknowledged.

U. S. receive them under

their protection.

Places for

trade to be designated by the

President.

Regulation of trade.

TREATY WITH THE MAHA TRIBE.

For the purpose of perpetuating the friendship which has heretofore existed, as also to remove all future cause of discussion or dissention, as it respects trade and friendship between the United States and their citizens, and the Maha tribe of Indians, the President of the United States of America, by Brigadier General Henry Atkinson, of the United States' Army, and Major Benjamin O'Fallon, Indian Agent, with full powers and authority, specially appointed and commissioned for that purpose, of the one part, and the undersigned Chiefs, Head-men and Warriors, of the said Maha tribe of Indians, on behalf of their tribe, of the other part, have made and entered into the following articles and conditions, which, when ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall be binding on both parties-to wit:

ARTICLE 1.

It is admitted by the Maha tribe of Indians, that they reside within the territorial limits of the United States, acknowledge their supremacy, and claim their protection. The said tribe also admit the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them.

ARTICLE 2.

The United States agree to receive the Maha tribe of Indians into their friendship, and under their protection, and to extend to them, from time to time, such benefits and acts of kindness as may be convenient, and seem just and proper to the President of the United States.

ARTICLE 3.

All trade and intercourse with the Maha tribe shall be transacted at such place or places as may be designated and pointed out by the President of the United States, through his agents: and none but American citazens, duly authorized by the United States, shall be admitted to trade or hold intercourse with said tribe of Indians.

ARTICLE 4.

That the Maha tribe may be accommodated with such articles of merchandize, &c. as their necessaties may demand, the United States agree to admit and licence traders to hold intercourse with said tribe, under mild and equitable regulations: in consideration of which, the Maha tribe bind themselves to extend protection to the persons and the property of the traders, and the persons legally employed under them, whilst they remain within the limits of their particular district of country. And the said Maha tribe further agree, that if any foreigner, or other person not legally authorized by the United States, shall come into their district of country, for the purposes of trade or other views, they will apprehend such person or persons, and deliver him or them to some United States' superintendent or agent of Indian Affairs, or to the Commandant of the nearest military post, to be dealt with according to law. And they further agree to give safe conduct to all persons who may be legally authorized by the United States to pass through their country; and to protect in their persons and property, all agents or other persons sent by the United States to reside temporarily among them; nor will they, whilst on their distant excursions, molest or inter

rupt any American citizen or citizens who may be passing from the United States to New Mexico, or returning from thence to the United States.

ARTICLE 5.

That the friendship which is now established between the United States and the Maha tribe should not be interrupted by the misconduct of individuals, it is hereby agreed, that, for injuries done by individuals, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, but instead thereof, complaints shall be made by the party injured, to the superintendent or agent of Indian affairs, or other person appointed by the President; and it shall be the duty of said Chiefs, upon complaint being made as aforesaid, to deliver up the person or persons against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished agreeably to the laws of the United States. And, in like manner, if any robbery, violence, or murder, shall be committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to said tribe, the person or persons so offending shall be tried, and if found guilty shall be punished in like manner as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is agreed, that the Chiefs of said Maha tribe shall, to the utmost of their power, exert themselves to recover horses or other property, which may be stolen taken from any citizen or citizens of the United States, by any individual or individuals of said tribe; and the property so recovered shall be forthwith delivered to the agents or other person authorized to receive it, that it may be restored to the proper owner. And the United States hereby guarranty to any Indian or Indians of said tribe, a full indemnification for any horses or other property which may be stolen from them by any of their citizens: Provided, That the property stolen cannot be recovered, and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen by a citizen of the United States. And the said Maha tribe engage, on the requisition or demand of the President of the United States, or of the agents, to deliver up any white man resident among them.

ARTICLE 6.

or

And the Chiefs and Warriors, as aforesaid, promise and engage, that their tribe will never, by sale, exchange, or as presents, supply any nation, tribe, or band of Indians, not in amity with the United States, with guns, ammunition, or other implements of war.

Done at Fort Atkinson, Council Bluffs, this sixth day of October, A.
D. 1825, and of the Independence of the United States the fiftieth.

In testimony whereof, the said Commissioners, Henry Atkinson and Benjamin O'Fallon, and the Chiefs, Head-men, and Warriors, of the Maha tribe, have hereunto set their hands, and affixed their seals.

Opa-ton-ga-the big elk.

H. ATKINSON, Br. Gen. U. S. Army.
BENJ. O'FALLON, U. S. Agt. Ind. Aff.

Esh-sta-ra-ba

Oho-shin-ga-the man that cooks little in Ta-reet-tee-the side of a buffaloe.

a small kettle.

Wash-ca-ma-nee-the fast walker.

Shon-gis-cah-the white horse.

We-du-gue-noh-the deliberator.

Wa-shin-ga-sabba-the black bird.
Ta-noh-ga-the buffaloe bull.

Sa-da-ma-ne-he that arrives.
Moh-pe-ma-nee-the walking cloud.
Momee-shee-he who lays on the arrows
from the number that pierce him.
Ma-sha-ke-ta-the soldier.
Te-sha-va-gran-the door of the lodge.

Course to be

pursued in order ries by indivito prevent injuduals, &c.

Chiefs to exert themselves to recover stolen property.

Proviso.

No guns, &c. to be furnished hostile to U.S. by them to those

In presence of A. L. Langham, Sec. to the Com. A. R. Woolly, Lieut. Col. U. S. A. J. Gantt, Capt. 6th Inf. John Gale, Surgeon U. S. Army. George C. Hutter, Lieut. 6th Inf. M. W. Batman, Lieut. 6th Inf. G. H. Kennerly, U. S. S. Ind. Agt. Michael Burdeau, Interpreter. William Rodgers.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

Proclamation, Dec. 30, 1825.

ARTICLES OF A CONVENTION

Nov. 7, 1825. Made between William Clark, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and the undersigned Chiefs and Head Men of the Shawonee Nation of Indians, residing within the State of Missouri, duly authorized and empowered by said Nation, at the City of St. Louis, on the seventh day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five.

Preamble.

Cession of land by the Shaw

nees.

U. S. to give a certain tract in

exchange.

WHEREAS the Shawnee Indians were in possession of a tract of land near Cape Geredeau, in the State of Missouri, settled under a permission from the Spanish Government, given to the said Shawnees and Delawares by the Baron De Carondelet, on the fourth day of January, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-three, and recorded in the office of Recorder of Land Titles at St. Louis, containing about (25) twentyfive miles square, which said tract of land was abandoned by the Delawares, in the year 1815: and from which the said Shawnees, under an assurance of receiving other lands in exchange, did remove, after having made valuable and lasting improvements on the same, which were taken possession of by the citizens of the United States: And it being the desire of the United States fully to indemnify said tribe for all losses and injuries sustained by them by reason of such removal —the following articles have been agreed upon, between WILLIAM CLARK, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, specially authorized on the one part, and the undersigned Delegates of the Shawnee tribe, residing within the State of Missouri, on the other part:

ARTICLE 1.

The Shawnee tribe, do, hereby, cede and relinquish to the United States, all their claim, interest and title, to the lands on which they settled, near Cape Geredeau, under an authority of the Spanish government as aforesaid, situate, lying, and being between the River St. Come and Cape Geredeau, and bounded on the east by the Mississippi, and westwardly by White Water.

ARTICLE 2.

It is further agreed by the contracting parties, that, in consideration of the cession aforesaid, the United States do, hereby, agree to give to the Shawnee tribe of Indians, within the State of Missouri for themselves and for those of the same nation, now residing in Ohio, who may hereafter emigrate to the west of the Mississippi, a tract of land equal to fifty (50) miles square, situated west of the State of Missouri, and within the purchase lately made from the Osages, by treaty bearing date the second day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five, and within the following boundaries: Commencing at a point (2) two miles north-west of the south-west corner of the State of Missouri; from thence, north, (25) twenty-five miles; thence, west, (100) one hundred miles; thence, south, (25) twenty-five miles; thence, east, (100) one hundred miles, to the place of beginning. But, whereas the said

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