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113 Stat. 1501A-42.
(3) Section 941(a)(3) is amended by striking "and for any other organization to which none of the conditions in subsection (b) apply".
(4) Section 941(b)(3) is amended
(A) in the paragraph heading, by striking "NEW BUDGET PROCEDURES" and inserting "BUDGET PRACTICES";
(B) by striking "has established and";
(C) by striking "procedures" and inserting "practices";
(D) in subparagraphs (A) and (B) by striking "require" each place it appears and inserting "result in".
(5) Section 941(b)(9) is amended
(A) in the paragraph heading by striking "NEW BUDGET PROCEDURES" and inserting "BUDGET PRACTICES";
(B) by striking "Each designated specialized agency has established procedures to-" and inserting "The practices of each designated specialized agency-"; and
(C) in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) by striking "require" each place it appears and inserting "result in". (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.-The undesignated paragraph under the heading "ARREARAGE PAYMENTS" in title IV of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2000 (as contained in section 1000 of division B of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2000; Public Law 106-113) is amended
(1) in the first proviso, by striking "the share of the total of all assessed contributions for any designated specialized agency of the United Nations does not exceed 22 percent for any single member of the agency, and"; and
(2) by inserting after "respective agencies:" the following: "Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available under this heading for payment of arrearages may be obligated with respect to a designated specialized agency of the United Nations until such time as the share of the total of all assessed contributions for that designated specialized agency does not exceed 22 percent for any member of the agency:".
(c) TRANSMITTAL OF CERTIFICATIONS TO CONGRESS.-Section 912(c) of the United Nations Reform Act of 1999 (title IX of division A of H.R. 3427, as enacted into law by section 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; appendix G; 113 Stat. 1501A-477) is amended to read as follows:
"(c) ADVANCE CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION.-Funds made available pursuant to section 911 may be obligated and expended only if the appropriate certification has been submitted to the appropriate congressional committees 15 days prior to payment of the funds, in the case of a certification submitted with respect to funds made available for fiscal year 2000.".
SEC. 402. LIMITATION ON THE UNITED STATES SHARE OF ASSESS-
(a) IN GENERAL.-Section 404(b)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 287e note) is amended
(1) by striking "Funds" and inserting "(A) IN GENERAL.— Except as provided in subparagraph (B), funds"; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
"(B) REDUCTION IN UNITED STATES SHARE OF ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS.-Notwithstanding the percentage limitation contained in subparagraph (A), the United States share of assessed contributions for each United Nations peacekeeping operation during the following periods is authorized to be as follows:
"(i) For assessments made during calendar year 2001, 28.15 percent.
"(ii) For assessments made during calendar year 2002, 27.90 percent.
"(iii) For assessments made during calendar year 2003, 27.40 percent.
"(iv) For assessments made during calendar year 2004, 27.40 percent.".
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO PUBLIC LAW 92-544.—Title I of the Departments of State, Justice, and Commerce, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1973 (22 U.S.C. 287e note) is amended
(1) in the next to the last sentence of the undesignated paragraph under the heading "CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS" in Public Law 92-544 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), by striking "After" and inserting "Subject to section 404(b)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), after"; and
(2) in the last sentence of the undesignated paragraph under the heading "CONTRIBUTIONS ΤΟ INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS" in Public Law 92-544 (22 U.S.C. 287e note)—
(A) by striking "Appropriations are authorized" and inserting "Subject to section 404(b)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), appropriations are authorized"; and
(B) by striking "(other than United Nations peace-
SEC. 403. LIMITATION ON THE UNITED STATES SHARE OF ASSESS-
The United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 11. LIMITATION ON THE UNITED STATES SHARE OF ASSESS- 22 USC 287e-3. MENTS FOR UNITED NATIONS REGULAR BUDGET.
"None of the funds available to the Department of State shall be used to pay the United States share of assessed contributions for the regular budget of the United Nations in an amount greater than 22 percent of the total of all assessed contributions for that budget.".
SEC. 404. PROMOTION OF SOUND FINANCIAL PRACTICES BY THE
(a) FINDINGS.-Congress makes the following findings:
(1) In the early 1980s, the United States Government began to pay United States assessments to certain international organizations in the last quarter of the calendar year in which they were due. This practice allowed the United States to pay its annual assessment to the United Nations and other
international organizations with the next fiscal year's appropriations, taking advantage of the fact that international organizations operate on calendar years. It also allowed the United States to reduce budgetary outlays, making the United States budget deficit appear smaller.
(2) The United States, which is assessed 22 percent of the United Nations regular budget, now pays its dues at least 10 months late, and often later depending on when the relevant appropriation is enacted.
(3) This practice causes the United Nations to operate throughout much of the year without a significant portion of its operating budget. By midyear, the budget is usually depleted, forcing the United Nations to borrow from its separate peacekeeping budget (the organization is prohibited from external borrowing). As a result, countries that contribute to United Nations peacekeeping missions are not reimbursed on a timely basis.
(4) For years, the United States has been encouraging the United Nations and other international organizations to engage in sound, fiscally responsible budgetary practices. In fact, many of the conditions in United States law for paying nearly $1,000,000,000 in debt to the United Nations and other international organizations are aimed at this goal. But late payment of United States dues forces the United Nations and other international organizations to engage in budgetary practices that are neither sound nor responsible.
(b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.-It is the sense of Congress that the United States should initiate a process to synchronize the payment of its assessments to the United Nations and other international organizations over a multiyear period so that the United States can resume paying its dues to such international organizations at the beginning of each calendar year.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
(1) IN GENERAL.-In addition to amounts otherwise available for the purpose of payment of the United States assessed contributions to the United Nations and other international organizations, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the policy described in subsection (b).
(2) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.-Amounts appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) are authorized to remain available until expended.
SEC. 405. REPORTS TO CONGRESS ON UNITED NATIONS ACTIVITIES. (a) AMENDMENTS TO UNITED NATIONS PARTICIPATION ACT.Section 4 of the United Nations Participation Act (22 U.S.C. 287b) is amended
(1) by striking subsections (b) and (c);
(2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new subsection:
"(b) ANNUAL REPORT ON FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS.-Not later than July 1 of each year, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the designated congressional committees on the extent and disposition of all financial contributions made by the United States during the preceding year to international organizations in which the United States participates as a member.";
(3) in subsection (e)(5) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:
"(B) ANNUAL REPORT.-The President shall submit an President.
(4) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g) as subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f), respectively.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
(1) Section 2 of Public Law 81-806 (22 U.S.C. 262a) is amended by striking the last sentence.
(2) Section 409 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), is amended by striking subsection (d).
SEC. 406. USE OF SECRET BALLOTS WITHIN THE UNITED NATIONS.
Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees containing a detailed analysis, and a determination based on such analysis, on whether the use of secret ballots within the United Nations and the specialized agencies of the United Nations serves the interests of the United States.
SEC. 407. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO MEMBERSHIP OF THE
It is the sense of Congress that the President, having announced that the United States will rejoin the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), should submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees
(1) describing the merits of renewing the membership and participation of the United States in UNESCO; and
(2) detailing the projected costs of United States membership in UNESCO.
SEC. 408. UNITED STATES MEMBERSHIP ON THE UNITED NATIONS
The United States, in connection with its voice and vote in the United Nations General Assembly and the United Nations Economic and Social Council, shall make every reasonable effort
(1) to secure a seat for the United States on the United Nations Commission on Human Rights;
(2) to secure a seat for a United States national on the United Nations International Narcotics Control Board; and
(3) to prevent membership on the Human Rights Commission by any member nation the government of which, in the judgment of the Secretary, based on the Department's Annual Country Reports on Human Rights and the Annual Report on International Report on Religious Freedom, consistently violates internationally recognized human rights or has engaged in or tolerated particularly severe violations of religious freedom in that country.
22 USC 287 note.
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SEC. 409. PLAN FOR ENHANCED DEPARTMENT OF STATE EFFORTS
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report containing a plan that provides for
(1) proposals to reverse the decline in recent years in funding and personnel resources devoted to the placement of United States citizens in positions within the United Nations system;
(2) steps to intensify coordinated, high-level diplomatic efforts to place United States citizens in senior posts in the United Nations Secretariat and the specialized agencies of the United Nations; and
(3) appropriate mechanisms to address the underrepresentation, relative to the United States share of assessed contributions to the United Nations, of United States citizens in junior positions within the United Nations and its specialized agencies.
SEC. 501. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON GRANT AMOUNTS TO RFE/
Section 308(c) of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6207(c)) is amended to read as follows: "(c) The total amount of grants made for the operating costs of RFE/RL, Incorporated, may not exceed $85,000,000 in fiscal year 2003.".
SEC. 502. PAY PARITY FOR SENIOR EXECUTIVES OF RFE/RL, INCOR-
Section 308(h)(1) of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6207(h)(1)) is amended
(1) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph: "(C) Notwithstanding the limitations under subparagraph (A), grant funds provided under this section may be used by RFE/RL, Incorporated, to pay up to three employees employed in Washington, D.C., salary or other compensation not to exceed the rate of pay payable for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, United States Code."; and
(2) in subparagraph (A), by striking "(B)," and inserting "(B) or (C),".
SEC. 503. AUTHORITY TO CONTRACT FOR LOCAL BROADCASTING
Section 802(b)(4) of the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1472(b)(4)) is amended(1) by inserting before the period the following: "and is authorized to enter into contracts for periods not to exceed ten years to acquire local broadcasting services outside the United States"; and