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SEC. 644. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT.
The President is authorized to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the environmental problems in the region to determine(1) which environmental problems threaten human health the most, particularly the health of the urban poor;
(2) which environmental problems are most threatening, in the long-term, to the region's natural resources;
(3) which countries have the most pressing environmental problems; and
(4) whether and to what extent there is a market for United States environmental technology, practices, knowledge, and innovations in the region.
SEC. 645. ESTABLISHMENT OF TECHNOLOGY AMERICA CENTERS.
(a) AUTHORITY TO ESTABLISH.-The President, acting through the Director General of the United States and Foreign Commercial Service of the Department of Commerce, is authorized to establish Technology America Centers (TEAMS) in the region to serve the entire region and, where appropriate, to establish TEAMS in urban areas of the region to focus on urban environmental problems.
(b) FUNCTIONS.-The TEAMS would link United States private sector environmental technology firms with local partners, both public and private, by providing logistic and information support to United States firms seeking to find local partners and opportunities for environmental projects. TEAMS should emphasize assisting United States small businesses.
(c) LOCATION.-In determining whether to locate a TEAM in a country, the President, acting through the Director General of the United States and Foreign Commercial Service of the Department of Commerce, shall take into account the country's need for logistic and informational support and the opportunities presented for United States firms in the country. A TEAM may be located in a country without regard to whether a mission of the United States Agency for International Development is established in that country.
22 USC 2151p note.
22 USC 2151p note.
SEC. 646. PROMOTION OF WATER QUALITY, WATER TREATMENT SYS- Grants. TEMS, AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY. 22 USC 2151p note.
Subject to the availability of appropriations, the President is authorized to provide matching grants to United States associations and United States nonprofit entities for the purpose of promoting water quality, water treatment systems, and energy efficiency in the region. The grants shall be used to support joint projects, including professional exchanges, academic fellowships, training programs in the United States or in the region, cooperation in regulatory review, development of training materials, the establishment and development in the region of local chapters of the associations or nonprofit entities, and the development of online exchanges.
SEC. 647. GRANTS FOR PREFEASIBILITY STUDIES WITHIN A DES-
(a) GRANT AUTHORITY.—
(1) IN GENERAL.-Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Director of the Trade and Development Agency is authorized to make grants for prefeasibility studies for water projects in any country within a single subregion or in a single country designated under paragraph (2).
22 USC 2151p note.
22 USC 2151p note.
22 USC 2151p note.
22 USC 2151p
22 USC 2151p note.
(2) DESIGNATION OF SUBREGION.-The Director of the Trade and Development Agency shall designate in advance a single subregion or a single country for purposes of paragraph (1). (b) MATCHING REQUIREMENT.-The Director of the Trade and Development Agency may not make any grant under this section unless there are made available non-Federal contributions in an amount equal to not less than 25 percent of the amount of Federal funds provided under the grant.
(c) LIMITATION PER SINGLE PROJECT.-With respect to any single project, grant funds under this section shall be available only for the prefeasibility portion of that project.
(d) DEFINITIONS.-In this section:
(1) PREFEASIBILITY.-The term "prefeasibility" means, with respect to a project, not more than 25 percent of the design phase of the project.
(2) SUBREGION.-The term "subregion" means an area within the region and includes areas such as Central America, the Andean region, and the Southern cone.
SEC. 648. CLEAN WATER TECHNICAL SUPPORT COMMITTEE.
(a) IN GENERAL.-The President is authorized to establish a Clean Water Technical Support Committee (in this section referred to as the "Committee") to provide technical support and training services for individual water projects.
(b) COMPOSITION.-The Committee shall consist of international investors, lenders, water service providers, suppliers, advisers, and others with a direct interest in accelerating development of water projects in the region.
(c) FUNCTIONS.-Members of the Committee shall act as field advisers and may form specialized working groups to provide incountry training and technical assistance, and shall serve as a source of technical support to resolve barriers to project development.
SEC. 649. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
(a) IN GENERAL.-There are authorized to be appropriated to the President $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2003, 2004, and 2005 to carry out this subtitle.
(b) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.-Funds appropriated pursuant to subsection (a) are authorized to remain available until expended.
SEC. 650. REPORT.
Eighteen months after the establishment of the program pursuant to section 643, the President shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees containing
(1) an assessment of the progress made in carrying out the program established under this subtitle; and
(2) any recommendations for the enactment of legislation to make changes in the program established under this subtitle. SEC. 651. TERMINATION DATE.
(a) IN GENERAL.-Except as provided in subsection (b), the authorities of this subtitle shall terminate 3 years after the date of establishment of the program described in section 643.
(b) EXCEPTION.-In lieu of the termination date specified in subsection (a), the termination required by that subsection shall take effect five years after the date of establishment of the program described in section 643 if, prior to the termination date specified
in subsection (a), the President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that it would be in the national interest of the United States to continue the program described in such section 643 for an additional 2-year period.
SEC. 652. EFFECTIVE DATE.
This subtitle shall take effect 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
Subtitle E-Freedom Investment Act of
SEC. 661. SHORT TITLE.
This subtitle may be cited as the "Freedom Investment Act of 2002".
SEC. 662. PURPOSES.
The purposes of this subtitle are the following:
(1) To underscore that promoting and protecting human rights is in the national interests of the United States and is consistent with American values and beliefs.
(2) To establish a goal of devoting one percent of the funds available to the Department under "Diplomatic and Consular Programs", other than such funds that will be made available for worldwide security upgrades and information resource management, to enhance the ability of the United States to promote respect for human rights and the protection of human rights defenders.
SEC. 663. HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVITIES AT THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE. (a) INCREASING RESOURCES AND IMPORTANCE OF HUMAN RIGHTS. It is the sense of Congress that
(1) the budget for the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor for fiscal years 2003 and 2004 should be substantially increased so that beginning in fiscal year 2005, and each fiscal year thereafter, not less than 1 percent of the amounts made available to the Department under the heading "Diplomatic and Consular Programs", other than amounts made available for worldwide security upgrades and information resource management, should be made available for salaries and expenses of the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor; and
(2) any assignment of an individual to a political officer position at a United States mission abroad that has the primary responsibility for monitoring human rights developments in a foreign country should be made upon the recommendation of the Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor in conjunction with the head of the Department's regional bureau having primary responsibility for that country.
22 USC 2151p note.
22 USC 2151
22 USC 2151n-2 note.
(b) PLAN RELATED TO HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVITIES.-Not later Deadline. than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report containing a plan for the Department designed to achieve the following objectives:
22 USC 2151n-2.
(1) Improving the integration of human rights policy into the Department's overall policy formulation and implementation.
(2) Achieving closer communication and policy coordination between the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor and the regional bureaus of the Department, both within the United States and at overseas posts.
(3) Assigning individuals recommended by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, in conjunction with the relevant Department regional bureau, to political officer positions at United States missions abroad that have the primary responsibility for monitoring human rights developments in foreign countries.
SEC. 664. HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY FUND.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF FUND.-There is established a Human Rights and Democracy Fund (in this section referred to as the "Fund") to be administered by the Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
(b) PURPOSES OF FUND.-The purposes of the Fund shall be— (1) to support defenders of human rights;
(2) to assist the victims of human rights violations;
(3) to respond to human rights emergencies;
(4) to promote and encourage the growth of democracy, including the support for nongovernmental organizations in foreign countries; and
(5) to carry out such other related activities as are consistent with paragraphs (1) through (4). (c) FUNDING.
(1) IN GENERAL.-Of the amounts made available to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for fiscal year 2003, $21,500,000 is authorized to be available to the Fund for carrying out the purposes described in subsection (b). Amounts made available to the Fund under this paragraph shall also be deemed to have been made available under section 116(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(e)).
(2) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS FOR THE DOCUMENTATION CENTER OF CAMBODIA. Of the amount authorized to be available to the Fund under paragraph (1) for fiscal year 2003, $1,000,000 is authorized to be available for the Documentation Center of Cambodia for the purpose of collecting, cataloguing, and disseminating information about the atrocities committed by the Khmer Rouge against the Cambodian people.
(3) FATHER JOHN KAISER MEMORIAL FUND.-Of the amount authorized to be available to the Fund under paragraph (1) for fiscal year 2003, $500,000 is authorized to be available to advance the extraordinary work and values of Father John Kaiser with respect to solving ethnic conflict and promoting government accountability and respect for human rights. The amount made available under this paragraph may be referred to as the "Father John Kaiser Memorial Fund".
SEC. 665. REPORTS ON ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE UNITED STATES TO
(a) SECTION 116 REPORT.-Section 116(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d)) is amended
(1) in paragraph (7), by striking "and" at the end and inserting a semicolon;
(2) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the end and inserting “; and"; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
"(9) for each country with respect to which the report indicates that extrajudicial killings, torture, or other serious violations of human rights have occurred in the country, the extent to which the United States has taken or will take action to encourage an end to such practices in the country.".
(b) SECTION 502B REPORT.-Section 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2304(b)) is amended by inserting after the fourth sentence the following: "Such report shall also include, for each country with respect to which the report indicates that extrajudicial killings, torture, or other serious violations of human rights have occurred in the country, the extent to which the United States has taken or will take action to encourage an end to such practices in the country.".
(c) SEPARATE REPORT.-The information to be included in the 22 USC 2151n report required by sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 pursuant to the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) may be submitted by the Secretary as a separate report. If the Secretary elects to submit such information as a separate report, such report shall be submitted not later than 30 days after the date of submission of the report required by section 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
Subtitle F-Elimination and Streamlining
SEC. 671. ELIMINATION OF CERTAIN REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
(1) ECONOMIC POLICY AND TRADE PRACTICES.-Section 2202 of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 (15 U.S.C. 4711).
(2) ANNUAL REPORTS ON ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL GROWTH.— Section 574 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1996 (22 U.S.C. 2394 note).
(3) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS REGARDING CERTAIN LEASES OF REAL PROPERTY.-Section 488(a)(3) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291g(3); relating to reporting requirements regarding certain leases of real property).
(4) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS REGARDING PLACEMENT OF SENIOR FOREIGN SERVICE PERSONNEL.-Section 324 of the Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (section 324 of division A of H.R. 3427, as enacted into law by section 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; appendix G; 113 Stat. 1501A437).
SEC. 672. BIENNIAL REPORTS ON PROGRAMS TO ENCOURAGE GOOD
(a) CONVERSION OF ANNUAL REPORTS TO BIENNIAL REPORTS.— Section 133(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2152c(d)) is amended
22 USC 3945 note.