Page images
PDF
EPUB

—SEPT.

22 USC 5952 note.

President.
22 USC 5952
note.

Deadlines.
President.
22 USC 5952
note.

SEC. 1319. IMPLEMENTATION OF UNITED STATES POLICY.

It is the sense of Congress that implementation of debt-fornonproliferation programs with the Russian Federation should be overseen by the coordinating mechanism established pursuant to section 1334 of this Act. SEC. 1320. CONSULTATIONS WITH CONGRESS.

The President shall consult with the appropriate congressional committees on a periodic basis to review the implementation of this subtitle and the Russian Federation's eligibility for debt reduction pursuant to this subtitle. SEC. 1321. ANNUAL REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

Not later than December 31, 2003, and not later than December 31 of each year thereafter, the President shall prepare and transmit to Congress a report concerning actions taken to implement this subtitle during the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year in which the report is transmitted. The report on a fiscal year shall include

(1) a description of the activities undertaken pursuant to this subtitle during the fiscal year;

(2) a description of the nature and amounts of the loans reduced pursuant to this subtitle during the fiscal year;

(3) a description of any agreement entered into under this subtitle;

(4) a description of the progress during the fiscal year of any projects funded pursuant to this subtitle;

(5) a summary of the results of relevant audits performed in the fiscal year; and

(6) a certification, if appropriate, that the Russian Federation continued to meet the condition required by section 1317(a), and an explanation of why the certification was or was not made.

Subtitle C—Nonproliferation Assistance

Coordination

Nonproliferation
Assistance
Coordination Act
of 2002.
50 USC 2301
note.

50 USC 2357.

SEC. 1331. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the "Nonproliferation Assistance
Coordination Act of 2002”.
SEC. 1332. FINDINGS.
Congress finds that,

(1) United States nonproliferation efforts in the independent states of the former Soviet Union have achieved important results in ensuring that weapons of mass destruction, weapons-usable material and technology, and weapons-related knowledge remain beyond the reach of terrorists and weaponsproliferating states;

(2) although these efforts are in the United States national security interest, the effectiveness of these efforts has suffered from a lack of coordination within and among United States Government agencies;

(3) increased spending and investment by the United States private sector on nonproliferation efforts in the independent states of the former Soviet Union, specifically, spending and investment by the United States private sector in job creation initiatives and proposals for unemployed Russian Federation weapons scientists and technicians, are making an important contribution in ensuring that knowledge related to weapons of mass destruction remains beyond the reach of terrorists and weapons-proliferating states; and

(4) increased spending and investment by the United States private sector on nonproliferation efforts in the independent states of the former Soviet Union make advisable the establishment of a coordinating body to ensure that United States public and private efforts are not in conflict, and to ensure that public spending on efforts by the independent states of the former Soviet Union is maximized to ensure efficiency and

further United States national security interests. SEC. 1333. DEFINITIONS.

(a) INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.In this subtitle, the term "independent states of the former Soviet Union” has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the FREEDOM Support Act (22 U.S.C. 5801).

(b) APPROPRIATE COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS.—In this subtitle, the term “the appropriate committees of Congress” means the Committees on Foreign Relations, Armed Services, and Appropriations of the Senate and the Committees on International Relations, Armed Services, and Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

50 USC 2357a.

SEC. 1334. ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMITTEE ON NONPROLIFERATION President. ASSISTANCE.

50 USC 2357b. (a) IN GENERAL.—The President shall establish a mechanism to coordinate, with the maximum possible effectiveness and efficiency, the efforts of United States Government departments and agencies engaged in formulating policy and carrying out programs for achieving nonproliferation and threat reduction.

(b) MEMBERSHIP.—The coordination mechanism established pursuant to subsection (a) shall include

(1) representatives designated by

(A) the Secretary of State;
(B) the Secretary of Defense;
(C) the Secretary of Energy;
(D) the Secretary of Commerce;
(E) the Attorney General; and

(F) the Director of the Office of Homeland Security,
or the head of a successor department or agency; and
(2) such other executive branch officials as the President

may select.

(c) LEVEL OF REPRESENTATION.—To the maximum extent possible, each department or agency's representative designated pursuant to subsection (b)(1) shall be an official of that department or agency who has been appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.

(d) CHAIR.—The President shall designate an official to direct the coordination mechanism established pursuant to subsection (a). The official so designated may invite the head of any other department or agency of the United States to designate a representative of that department or agency to participate from time to time in the activities of the Committee.

50 USC 2357c.

SEC. 1335. PURPOSES AND AUTHORITY.
(a) PURPOSES. —

(1) IN GENERAL.—The primary purpose of the coordination mechanism established pursuant to section 1334 of this Act should be

(A) to exercise continuing responsibility for coordinating worldwide United States nonproliferation and threat reduction efforts to ensure that they effectively implement United States policy; and

(B) to enhance the ability of participating departments and agencies to anticipate growing nonproliferation areas of concern.

(2) PROGRAM MONITORING AND COORDINATION.—The coordination mechanism established pursuant to section 1334 of this Act should have primary continuing responsibility within the executive branch of the Government for

(A) United States nonproliferation and threat reduction efforts, and particularly such efforts in the independent states of the former Soviet Union; and

(B) coordinating the implementation of United States policy with respect to such efforts. (b) AUTHORITY.—In carrying out the responsibilities described in subsection (a), the coordination mechanism established pursuant to section 1334 of this Act should have, at a minimum, the authority to

(1) establish such subcommittees and working groups as it deems necessary;

(2) direct the preparation of analyses on issues and problems relating to coordination within and among United States departments and agencies on nonproliferation and threat reduction efforts;

(3) direct the preparation of analyses on issues and problems relating to coordination between the United States public and private sectors on nonproliferation and threat reduction efforts, including coordination between public and private spending on nonproliferation and threat reduction programs and coordination between public spending and private investment in defense conversion activities of the independent states of the former Soviet Union;

(4) provide guidance on arrangements that will coordinate, deconflict, and maximize the utility of United States public spending on nonproliferation and threat reduction programs, and particularly such efforts in the independent states of the former Soviet Union;

(5) encourage companies and nongovernmental organizations involved in nonproliferation efforts of the independent states of the former Soviet Union or other countries of concern to voluntarily report these efforts to it;

(6) direct the preparation of analyses on issues and problems relating to the coordination between the United States and other countries with respect to nonproliferation efforts, and particularly such efforts in the independent states of the former Soviet Union; and

(7) consider, and make recommendations to the President with respect to, proposals for such new legislation or regulations relating to United States nonproliferation efforts as may be necessary.

50 USC 2357d.

50 USC 2357e.

50 USC 2357f.

SEC. 1336. ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT.

All United States departments and agencies shall provide, to the extent permitted by law, such information and assistance as may be requested by the coordination mechanism established pursuant to section 1334 of this Act, in carrying out its functions and activities under this subtitle. SEC. 1337. CONFIDENTIALITY OF INFORMATION.

Information which has been submitted to or received by the coordination mechanism established pursuant to section 1334 of this Act in confidence shall not be publicly disclosed, except to the extent required by law, and such information shall be used by it only for the purpose of carrying out the functions set forth in this subtitle. SEC. 1338. STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION. Nothing in this subtitle

(1) applies to the data-gathering, regulatory, or enforcement authority of any existing United States department or agency over nonproliferation efforts in the independent states of the former Soviet Union, and the review of those efforts undertaken by the coordination mechanism established pursuant to section 1334 of this Act shall not in any way supersede or prejudice any other process provided by law; or

(2) applies to any activity that is reportable pursuant to title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 413

et seq.). SEC. 1339. REPORTING AND CONSULTATION.

(a) PRESIDENTIAL REPORT.-Not later than 120 days after each inauguration of a President, the President shall submit a report to the Congress on his general and specific nonproliferation and threat reduction objectives and how the efforts of executive branch agencies will be coordinated most effectively, pursuant to section 1334 of this Act, to achieve those objectives.

(b) CONSULTATION.—The President should consult with and brief, from time to time, the appropriate committees of Congress regarding the efficacy of the coordination mechanism established pursuant to section 1334 of this Act in achieving its stated objectives.

50 USC 2357g.

Subtitle D-Iran Nuclear Proliferation

Prevention Act of 2002

Iran Nuclear
Proliferation
Prevention Act of
2002.

22 USC 2021 note.

SEC. 1341. SHORT TITLE.

This subtitle may be cited as the "Iran Nuclear Proliferation
Prevention Act of 2002”.
SEC. 1342. WITHHOLDING OF VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE

INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY FOR PRO

GRAMS AND PROJECTS IN IRAN. Section 307 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2227) is amended by adding at the end the following:

"d)(1Notwithstanding subsection (c), if the Secretary of State determines that programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency in Iran are inconsistent with United States nuclear

Effective date.

22 USC 2027.

Deadline.

nonproliferation and safety goals, will provide Iran with training or expertise relevant to the development of nuclear weapons, or are being used as a cover for the acquisition of sensitive nuclear technology, the limitations of subsection (a) shall apply to such programs and projects, and the Secretary of State shall so notify the appropriate congressional committees (as defined in section 3 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003).

"(2) A determination made by the Secretary of State under
paragraph (1) shall be effective for the 1-year period beginning
on the date of the determination.”.
SEC. 1343. ANNUAL REVIEW BY SECRETARY OF STATE OF PROGRAMS

AND PROJECTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC
ENERGY AGENCY; UNITED STATES OPPOSITION TO CER-

TAIN PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS OF THE AGENCY.
(a) ANNUAL REVIEW.-

(1) IN GENERAL.-The Secretary shall undertake a comprehensive annual review of all programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in the countries described in section 307(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2227(a)) and shall determine if such programs and projects are consistent with United States nuclear nonproliferation and safety goals.

(2) REPORT.-Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act, and on an annual basis thereafter for five years, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report containing the results of the review under paragraph (1).

(b) OPPOSITION TO CERTAIN PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS OF INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY.—The Secretary shall direct the United States representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency to oppose programs of the Agency that are determined by the Secretary under the review conducted under subsection (a)(1) to be inconsistent with nuclear nonproliferation and safety goals of the United States. SEC. 1344. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

(a) IN GENERAL.-Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and on an annual basis thereafter for five years, the Secretary, in consultation with the United States representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency, shall prepare and submit to Congress a report that contains

(1) a description of the total amount of annual assistance to Iran from the International Atomic Energy Agency;

(2) a list of Iranian officials in leadership positions at the Agency;

(3) the expected timeframe for the completion of the nuclear power reactors at the Bushehr nuclear power plant;

(4) a summary of the nuclear materials and technology transferred to Iran from the Agency in the preceding year that could assist in the development of Iran's nuclear weapons program; and

(5) a description of all programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency in each country described in section 307(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2227(a)) and any inconsistencies between the technical cooperation and assistance programs and projects of the Agency and United States nuclear nonproliferation and safety goals in those countries.

22 USC 2021 note. Deadline.

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »