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(J) The Secretary shall determine whether it is appropriate to provide transition periods between promulgation of the regulations and the effective date of the regulations and shall prescribe such transition periods in the regulations, as appropriate. The Secretary may determine that different transition periods are appropriate for different classes of affected parties.
(K) With respect to requirements imposed on carriers, the Secretary, in consultation with the Postmaster General, shall determine whether it is appropriate to impose the same or similar requirements on shipments by the United States Postal Service. If the Secretary determines that such requirements are appropriate, then they shall be set forth in the regulations.
(L) Not later than 60 days prior to promulgation of Deadline. the regulations, the Secretary shall transmit to the Committees on Finance and Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committees on Ways and Means and Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report setting forth—
(i) the proposed regulations;
(ii) an explanation of how particular requirements in the proposed regulations meet the needs of aviation, maritime, and surface transportation safety and security;
(iii) an explanation of how the Secretary expects the proposed regulations to affect the commercial practices of affected parties; and
(iv) an explanation of how the proposed regulations address particular comments received from interested parties.
(b) DOCUMENTATION OF WATERBORNE CARGO.-Part II of title IV of the Tariff Act of 1930 is amended by inserting after section 431 the following new section:
"SEC. 431A. DOCUMENTATION OF WATERBORNE CARGO.
"(a) APPLICABILITY.-This section shall apply to all cargo to be exported that is moved by a vessel carrier from a port in the United States.
"(b) DOCUMENTATION REQUIRED.—(1) No shipper of cargo subject to this section (including an ocean transportation intermediary that is a non-vessel-operating common carrier (as defined in section 3(17)(B) of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. App. 1702(17)(B)) may tender or cause to be tendered to a vessel carrier cargo subject to this section for loading on a vessel in a United States port, unless such cargo is properly documented pursuant to this subsection.
"(2) For the purposes of this subsection, cargo shall be considered properly documented if the shipper submits to the vessel carrier or its agent a complete set of shipping documents no later than 24 hours after the cargo is delivered to the marine terminal operator, but under no circumstances later than 24 hours prior to departure of the vessel.
(3) A complete set of shipping documents shall include
"(A) for shipments for which a shipper's export declaration is required, a copy of the export declaration or, if the shipper files such declarations electronically in the Automated Export
19 USC 1431a.
System, the complete bill of lading, and the master or equivalent shipping instructions, including the Internal Transaction Number (ITN); or
"(B) for shipments for which a shipper's export declaration is not required, a shipper's export declaration exemption statement and such other documents or information as the Secretary may by regulation prescribe.
"(4) The Secretary shall by regulation prescribe the time, manner, and form by which shippers shall transmit documents or information required under this subsection to the Customs Service.
"(c) LOADING UNDOCUMENTED CARGO PROHIBITED.—
"(1) No marine terminal operator (as defined in section 3(14) of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. App. 1702(14))) may load, or cause to be loaded, any cargo subject to this section on a vessel unless instructed by the vessel carrier operating the vessel that such cargo has been properly documented in accordance with this section.
"(2) When cargo is booked by 1 vessel carrier to be transported on the vessel of another vessel carrier, the booking carrier shall notify the operator of the vessel that the cargo has been properly documented in accordance with this section. The operator of the vessel may rely on such notification in releasing the cargo for loading aboard the vessel.
"(d) REPORTING OF UNDOCUMENTED CARGO.-A vessel carrier shall notify the Customs Service of any cargo tendered to such carrier that is not properly documented pursuant to this section and that has remained in the marine terminal for more than 48 hours after being delivered to the marine terminal, and the location of the cargo in the marine terminal. For vessel carriers that are members of vessel sharing agreements (or any other arrangement whereby a carrier moves cargo on another carrier's vessel), the vessel carrier accepting the booking shall be responsible for reporting undocumented cargo, without regard to whether it operates the vessel on which the transportation is to be made.
"(e) ASSESSMENT OF PENALTIES.-Whoever is found to have violated subsection (b) of this section shall be liable to the United States for civil penalties in a monetary amount up to the value of the cargo, or the actual cost of the transportation, whichever is greater.
"(f) SEIZURE OF UNDOCUMENTED CARGO.
"(1) Any cargo that is not properly documented pursuant to this section and has remained in the marine terminal for more than 48 hours after being delivered to the marine terminal operator shall be subject to search, seizure, and forfeiture.
"(2) The shipper of any such cargo is liable to the marine terminal operator and to the ocean carrier for demurrage and other applicable charges for any undocumented cargo which has been notified to or searched or seized by the Customs Service for the entire period the cargo remains under the order and direction of the Customs Service. Unless the cargo is seized by the Customs Service and forfeited, the marine terminal operator and the ocean carrier shall have a lien on the cargo for the amount of the demurrage and other charges.
"(g) EFFECT ON OTHER PROVISIONS.-Nothing in this section. shall be construed, interpreted, or applied to relieve or excuse any party from compliance with any obligation or requirement
arising under any other law, regulation, or order with regard to the documentation or carriage of cargo.".
(c) SECRETARY.-For purposes of this section, the term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Treasury. If, at the time the regulations required by subsection (a)(1) are promulgated, the Customs Service is no longer located in the Department of the Treasury, then the Secretary of the Treasury shall exercise the authority under subsection (a) jointly with the Secretary of the Department in which the Customs Service is located.
SEC. 343A. SECURE SYSTEMS OF TRANSPORTATION.
19 USC 2071 note.
19 USC 2071 note.
(a) JOINT TASK FORCE.-The Secretary of the Treasury shall Establishment. establish a joint task force to evaluate, prototype, and certify secure systems of transportation. The joint task force shall be comprised of officials from the Department of Transportation and the Customs Service, and any other officials that the Secretary deems appropriate. The task force shall establish a program to evaluate and Deadline. certify secure systems of international intermodal transport no later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act. The task force shall solicit and consider input from a broad range of interested parties.
(b) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.-At a minimum the program referred to in subsection (a) shall require certified systems of international intermodal transport to be significantly more secure than existing transportation programs, and the program shall
(1) establish standards and a process for screening and evaluating cargo prior to import into or export from the United States;
(2) establish standards and a process for a system of securing cargo and monitoring it while in transit;
(3) establish standards and a process for allowing the United States Government to ensure and validate compliance with the program elements; and
(4) include any other elements that the task force deems necessary to ensure the security and integrity of the international intermodal transport movements.
(c) RECOGNITION OF CERTIFIED SYSTEMS.
(1) SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.-The Secretary of the Treasury shall recognize certified systems of intermodal transport in the requirements of a national security plan for United States seaports, and in the provisions requiring planning to reopen United States ports for commerce.
(2) COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS.-The Commissioner of Customs shall recognize certified systems of intermodal transport in the evaluation of cargo risk for purposes of United States imports and exports.
(d) REPORT.-Within 1 year after the program described in subsection (a) is implemented, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transmit a report to the Committees on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and Finance of the Senate and the Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and Ways and Means of the House of Representatives that—
(1) evaluates the program and its requirements;
(2) states the Secretary's views as to whether any procedure, system, or technology evaluated as part of the program offers a higher level of security than under existing procedures;
19 USC 1583.
(3) states the Secretary's views as to the integrity of the procedures, technology, or systems evaluated as part of the program; and
(4) makes a recommendation with respect to whether the program, or any procedure, system, or technology should be incorporated in a nationwide system for certified systems of intermodal transport.
SEC. 344. BORDER SEARCH AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN CONTRABAND
(a) IN GENERAL.-The Tariff Act of 1930 is amended by inserting after section 582 the following:
"SEC. 583. EXAMINATION OF OUTBOUND MAIL.
"(1) IN GENERAL.-For purposes of ensuring compliance with the Customs laws of the United States and other laws enforced by the Customs Service, including the provisions of law described in paragraph (2), a Customs officer may, subject to the provisions of this section, stop and search at the border, without a search warrant, mail of domestic origin transmitted for export by the United States Postal Service and foreign mail transiting the United States that is being imported or exported by the United States Postal Service.
“(2) PROVISIONS OF LAW DESCRIBED. The provisions of law described in this paragraph are the following:
"(A) Section 5316 of title 31, United States Code (relating to reports on exporting and importing monetary instruments).
"(B) Sections 1461, 1463, 1465, and 1466, and chapter 110 of title 18, United States Code (relating to obscenity and child pornography).
"(C) Section 1003 of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (relating to exportation of controlled substances) (21 U.S.C. 953).
"(D) The Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2401 et seq.).
"(E) Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778).
"(F) The International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
"(b) SEARCH OF MAIL NOT SEALED AGAINST INSPECTION AND OTHER MAIL.-Mail not sealed against inspection under the postal laws and regulations of the United States, mail which bears a Customs declaration, and mail with respect to which the sender or addressee has consented in writing to search, may be searched by a Customs officer.
"(c) SEARCH OF MAIL SEALED AGAINST INSPECTION WEIGHING IN EXCESS OF 16 OUNCES.
"(1) IN GENERAL.-Mail weighing in excess of 16 ounces sealed against inspection under the postal laws and regulations of the United States may be searched by a Customs officer, subject to paragraph (2), if there is reasonable cause to suspect that such mail contains one or more of the following:
"(A) Monetary instruments, as defined in section 1956 of title 18, United States Code.
"(B) A weapon of mass destruction, as defined in section 2332a(b) of title 18, United States Code.
"(C) A drug or other substance listed in schedule I, II, III, or IV in section 202 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812).
"(D) National defense and related information transmitted in violation of any of sections 793 through 798 of title 18, United States Code.
"(E) Merchandise mailed in violation of section 1715 or 1716 of title 18, United States Code.
"(F) Merchandise mailed in violation of any provision of chapter 71 (relating to obscenity) or chapter 110 (relating to sexual exploitation and other abuse of children) of title 18, United States Code.
"(G) Merchandise mailed in violation of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2401 et seq.).
"(H) Merchandise mailed in violation of section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778).
"(I) Merchandise mailed in violation of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
"(J) Merchandise mailed in violation of the Trading with the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C. App. 1 et seq.).
"(K) Merchandise subject to any other law enforced by the Customs Service.
"(2) LIMITATION.-No person acting under the authority of paragraph (1) shall read, or authorize any other person to read, any correspondence contained in mail sealed against inspection unless prior to so reading
"(A) a search warrant has been issued pursuant to rule 41 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure; or "(B) the sender or addressee has given written authorization for such reading.
"(d) SEARCH OF MAIL SEALED AGAINST INSPECTION WEIGHING 16 OUNCES OR LESS.-Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, subsection (a)(1) shall not apply to mail weighing 16 ounces or less sealed against inspection under the postal laws and regulations of the United States.".
(b) CERTIFICATION BY SECRETARY.-Not later than 3 months after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary of State shall determine whether the application of section 583 of the Tariff Act of 1930 to foreign mail transiting the United States that is imported or exported by the United States Postal Service is being handled in a manner consistent with international law and any international obligation of the United States. Section 583 of such Act shall not apply to such foreign mail unless the Secretary certifies to Congress that the application of such section 583 is consistent with international law and any international obligation of the United States.
(c) EFFECTIVE DATE.
(1) IN GENERAL.-Except as provided in paragraph (2), this note. section and the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
(2) CERTIFICATION WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN MAIL.-The provisions of section 583 of the Tariff Act of 1930 relating to foreign mail transiting the United States that is imported or exported by the United States Postal Service shall not take effect until the Secretary of State certifies to Congress, pursuant to subsection (b), that the application of such section 583