Page images
PDF

S E 3% | 722.

<3 INITIALS USED IN VOLUME II. TO IDENTIFY INDIVIDUAL

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

CONTRIBUTORS, witH THE HEADINGS OF THE
ARTICLES IN THIS VOLUME SO SIGNED.

ANDrew Alexander BLAIR.
Chief Chemist, U.S. Geological Survey and Tenth U.S. Census, 1879-1881. Assaying.
Member American Philosophical Society. Author of Chemical Analysis of £ &c.

ALFRED BARTON RENDLE, F.R.S., F.L.S., D.Sc. - -
Keeper of the Department of Botany, British Museum. {Angiosperms (in part); Apple,

Albert Charles Robinson CARTER. { -
Editor of The Year's Art. Art Societies.

ARTHUR CoE SPENCER, PH.D.
Geologist to the Geological Survey of the United States.

A": # LEACH, #: Fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford

'harity Commissioner since 1906. Fellow o Souls' College, Oxford, 1874–1881.

Formerly Assistant Secretary, Board of Education. Author of English £ al Ascham.
the Reformation; History of # College; Bradfield College; &c.

ALBERT FREDERICK PollARD, M.A., F.R.Hist.Soc.
£" of English History in University of London. Fellow of All Souls' College, 3 Askew.
OrC1.

{Appalachian Mountains.

[merged small][ocr errors]

Sir A. Houtum-SCHINDLER, C.I.E. - { Ardebil
General in the Persian Army. Author of Eastern Persian Irak. -

ANDREw JACKsoN LAMoUREUx. - - - -
Librarian, College of Agriculture, Cornell University. Editor of the Rio News
(Rio de Janeiro), 1879-1901.

MAJOR ARTHUR GEORGE FREDERICK GRIFFITHS (d. 1908) { Anthropometry.

[ocr errors]

| Argentina: Geography.
Atacama, Desert of.

ANDREw LANG.
See the biographical article: LANG, ANDREw. {Apparitions.
AGNES MARY Clerke. { • -
See the biographical article: CLERKE, A. M. Astronomy: History.
AlexANDER StuArt MURRAY. LL.D. -
See the biographical article: Murray, Alexander Stuart. {Aqueduct (in part).

"#varia. Men", f F D

rofessor in the University of Paris. Member of the Institute of France. Director •

of Studies at the École Pratique des Hautes Études. Author of Les États pro- Aubusson: Town.
vinciaux de la France centrale sous Charles VII, &c.

ALExANDER Wood RENtoN, M.A., LL.B. - -
Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Ceylon. Editor of Encyclopaedia of the Laws { £".
of-England. toitration.

Lord BALCARREs, M.P., F.S.A.
Eldest son of the 26th Earl of Crawford. Trustee of National Portrait Gallery. {Art Galleries.
Hon. Secretary, Society for Protection of Ancient Buildings. Author of Donatello; &c.

SIR BovertoN REDwood, D.Sc., F.R.S. (Edin.), Assoc.INST.C.E., M.INST.M.E. [.
Adviser on Petroleum to the Admiralty, the Home Office and the Indian Office. Asphalt.
President, Society Chemical Ind., 1907-1908. l

CHANNING ARNOLD. - - {Australia: Aborigines.
University College, Oxford. Barrister-at-law. Author of The American Egypt.

[ocr errors]

See the biographical article: BEMONT, CHARLEs. Arbois de Jubainville; Aulard. CHARLEs CHREE, M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., F.R.S... - Atmospheric Electricity;

£& Department, National Physical Laboratory. Formerly Aurora Polaris

Fellow of King's College, Cambridge. President, Physical Society of London.

"A complete list, showing all individual contributors, appears in the final volume.
v

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

SIR CHARLEs Norton EDGEcuMBE ELIOT, K.C.M.G., C.B., M.A., LL.D., D.C.L.
Vice-Chancellor of Sheffield University. Scholar of Balliol, Oxford, 1881-1885;
tiertford, Boden, Ireland, Craven and Derby Scholar. Fellow of Trinity. Third • -
Secretary Embassy at St Petersburg, 1888-1892; Constantinople, 1893-1898. Asia: History.
Commissioner for British East Africa, 1900-1904. Author of Turkey n Europe;
Letters from the Far East.

CHARLEs FRANCIS ATKINSON.
Formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Captain, 1st City of London (Royal
Fusiliers). Author of The Wilderness and Cold Harbour.

CHARLEs HERCULES READ, LL.D. (St Andrews). -
Keeper of British and Medieval Antiquities and Ethnography, British Museum. Archaeology.

Arms and Armour: Firearms:
Army; Artillery.

President of the Society of Antiquaries of London. Past President of the Anthro-
pological Institute. Author of Antiquities from Benin; &c.

CHRISTIAN PFISTER, D.-Rs-L. Antrustion:
Professor at the Sorbonne, Paris. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Author Austrasia p
of Éludes sur le regne de Robert le Pieux. -

REv. CHARLEs PLUMMER, M.A.
Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Ford's Lecturer, 1901. Author of Life Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
and Times of Alfred the Great; &c.

CHARLEs WALDSTEIN, M.A., D.LITT., PH.D.
Slade. Professor of Fine Art, Cambridge., Fellow of King's College, Cambridge.
Director of the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge, 1883-1889. Director of the
American Archaeological School at Athens, 1889-1893.

{* The Heraeums. SIR CHARLEs WILLIAM WILsoN, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., F.R.S. (1836–1897). |

Major-General, Royal Engineers. Secretary to the North American Boundary | Ararat;
Commission, 1858–1862. British Commissioner on the Servian Boundary Com- Armenia:
mission. Director-General of the Ordnance Survey, 1886-1894. Director- Asi p
General of Military Education, 1895-1898. Author of From Korti to Khartum; a Minor.
Life of Lord &#&c.

DEMETRIUS CHARLes Boulcek
Author of England and Russia in Central Asia; History of China; Life of Gordon; 3 Antwerp.
India in the 19th Century; History of Belgium; &c.

DoNALD FRANCIS Tovey.
Balliol College, Oxford. Author of Essays in Musical Analysis, comprising The + Aria.
Classical Concerto, The Goldberg Variations, and analyses of many other classical works.

Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.
Fellow of the British Academy. Excavated at Paphos, 1888; Naukratis, 1899
and 1903; Ephesus, 1904-1905; Assiut, 1906-1907. Director, British School at
Athens, 1897-1900. Director, Cretan Exploration Fund, 1899.

Dw: £ h Vice-C l hor of H she al Anson, Baron;
'ormerly British Vice-Consul at Barcelona. Author of Short History of the Roy ntoni •
Navy, 1217-1688; Life of Emilio Castclar; &c. £ £ £".

ERNEST BARKER, M.A. p
Fellow and Lecturer of St John's College, Oxford. Formerly Fellow and Tutor of 3 Aulic Council.
Merton College.

[ocr errors]

DAVID GEORGE HocARTH, M.A.
| Assus.

Edward BURNETT TYLoR, F.R.S., D.C.L. (Oxon.).
See the biographical article: Tylor, E. B. Anthropology.
RIGHT REv. Edward CUTHBERT BUTLER, O.S.B., D.LITT. (Dubl.). Anthony, Saint; Augustinian
Abbot of Downside Abbey, Bath. Canons; Augustinian
Hermits; Augustinians.

EDUARD MEYER, D.LITT. (Oxon.). - - -
Professor of Ancient History in the University of Berlin. Author of Geschichte des : £ Arsaces;
Alterthums; Forschungen zur alten Geschichte; Geschichte des allen Aegyptens; Die rses; Ar nus;

Israeliten und ihre Nachbarstamme; &c. Artaphernes; Artaxerxes;
Astyages.
EDMUND Gosse, LL.D.
See the biographical article: Gosse, E. W. Asbjornsen and Moe;
Assonance.

[ocr errors]

Consulting Surgeon to St Mary's Hospital, London, and to the Children's Hospital, Aneurysm:
Great Ormond Street. Late Examiner in £ at the Universities of Cam- rysm;
bridge, Durham and London. Author of A Manual of Anatomy for Senior Students. Appendicitis.

ERNEST PREscot HILL, M.INST.C.E. -
Member of the firm of G.A. Hill & Sons, Civil Engineers, London. { Aqueduct: Modern.

SIR EDw1N RAY LANKESTER, K.C.B., F.R.S., D.Sc. (Oxon.) LL.D.
Hon. Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford. President of the British Association, 1906.
Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy in University College, London, Arachnida:
'874-1890, Linacre Professor of Comparative Anatomy at Oxford, 1891-1898. Arthr *
Director of the Natural History Departments of the British Museum, 1898–1907. opoda.
Vice-President of the Royal Society, 1896. Romanes Lecturer at Oxford, 1905.
Author of Degeneration; The Advancement of Science; The Kingdom of Man, &c.

REv., ETHELEED LEONARD TAUNToN (d. 1907).
Author of The English Black Monks of St Benedict; History of the Jesuits in Aquaviva, Claudio.
Englani; &c. U.

EowARD VERRALL LUCAs. Austen, Jane.
Editor of Letters of Charles and Mary Lamb. Author of Life of Charles Lamb. { usten,

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

FREDERICK CoRNwALLIs CoNYBEARE, M.A. D.Th. (Giessen). Anointing; Armenian Church:
Formerly. Fellow of University College, Oxford. Fellow of the British Academy. {Armenian Language an
Author of The Ancient Armenian Texts of Aristotle; Myth, Magic and Morals; &c. Literature; Asceticism.

FREDERICK GYMER PARsons, F.R.C.S., F.Z.S., F.R.ANTHRoP.INST.
Vice-President Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Lecturer on
Anatomy at St Thomas's Hospital and the London School of Medicine for 4 Arteries.
Women. Formerly Examiner in the Universities of Cambridge, Aberdeen, London
and Birmingham; and Hunterian Professor at the Royal College of Surgeons.

FRANCIs HENRY NEVILLE, M.A., F.R.S.
Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and Lecturer on Physics and { Atom.
Chemistry.

FRANCIs LLEweLYN GRIFFITH, M.A., PH.D. (Leipzig), F.S.A. | Anubis; Apis;

Reader in #. Oxford. Editor of the Archaeological Survey and Archaeo- Assiut; Assuan.
e ;

logical Reports of Egypt Exploration Fund. Fellow of the Imperial German
Archaeological Institute.
FRANK R. CANA.
Author of South Africa from the Great Trek to the Union. | Ashanti.
SIR FRANK T. MARzIALs, C.B.
Formerly_Accountant-General of the Army. Author of Lives of Victor Hugo; 3 Augier, G. W. E.
Molière; Dickens; &c. "
FREDERICK WALKER MoTT, F.R.S., M.D.
£ to Charing Cross Hospital., Pathologist to the London County Asylums. 4 Apoplexy.
Fullerian Professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution.

FREDERICK WILLIAM RUDLER, I.S.O., F.G.S. Asbestos:
Curator and Librarian of the Museum of Practical Geology, London, 1879-1902. Ata mile
President of the Geologists' Association, 1887-1889. Carrulo.

GILBERT CHARLEs BourNE, M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., D.Sc. (Oxon.).
Linacre Professor of Comparative Anatomy at Oxford. Fellow of Merton + Anthozoa.
College, Oxford.

Rev. GEORGE EDMUNDsoN, M.A., F.R.HIST.S. • -
Formerly Fellow and Tutor of Brasenose College, Oxford. Ford's Lecturer, 1909. ! Argentina: History.

GEORGE HERBERT CARPENTER, B.Sc. Ant:
Professor of Zoology in the Royal College of Science, Dublin. President of the A tra
Association of Economic Biologists. Author of Insects: their Structure and Life. ptera.

GEORGE HERBERT FowleR, F.Z.S., F.L.S., PH.D. r
Formerly Berkeley Fellow of Owens College, Manchester, and Assistant *{A".
of Zoology at University College, London.

Gustav KRUGER, Ph.D. Arius; Athanasius;
Professor of Church History, University of Giessen. Author of Das Papsttum; &c. 1 Augustine, Saint (of Hippo).

GRANT SHoweRMAN, PH.D. -
£ of Latin in the University of Wisconsin. Author of The Great Mother of {Attis.
5.
GEORGE WILLIS BotsFoRD, A.M.
£ in Columbia University, New York. Author of The Roman Assemblies
(1909); &c.

Areopagus.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

HANs FRIEDRica GADow, F.R.S., Ph.D.

Anthracite.

[ocr errors]

Strickland Curator. and Lecturer on Zoology in the University of Cambridge... Archaeopteryx.
Author of Amphibia and Reptiles.

HENRY FRANCIS PELHAM, LL.D.
See the biographical article: PELHAM, H. F. | Augustus.

REv. HENRY FANSHAwe TozER, M.A., F.R.G.S.
ellow of Exeter College, Oxford. Fellow of the British Academy. Corre- A
sponding Member of Historical Society of Greece. Author of Lectures on the Geo- ttica.
graphy of Greece; History of Ancient Geography. Editor of Finlay's History of Greece.
"#". } Auctions and Auctioneers.
HENRY HEATHcoTE STATHAM, F.R.I.B.A.
Editor of The Builder. Author of Architecture (Modern) for General Readers; Architecture: Modern.
Modern Architecture; &c.
HECTOR MUNRO CHADwick, M.A. -
£ Librarian of Clare College, Cambridge. Author of Studies on *{ Angli; Anglo-Saxons.
nstitutions

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

HENRY NEwToN Dickson, M.A., D.Sc. (Oxon.), F.R.G.S., F.R.S. (Edin.).
Professor of Geography, University College, Reading, "Author of Elementary { Atlantic Ocean.

Meteorology; Papers on Oceanography; &c. -
HENRI SEE.
Professor in the University of Rennes. { Anne of Brittany.

HUGH SHERINGHAM.
Angling Editor of The Field (London). Angling.

ISRAEL ABRAHAMs, M.A.
Reader in Talmudic and Rabbinic Litcrature, University of Cambridge. President, J .
jewish Historical Society of £and. Author of A'shari His'y of Jewish Eile: 'Asher Ben Jehiel.
ture; Jewish Life in the Middle Ages.

ISAAC BAYLEY BALFour, F.R.S., M.D.
ing's Botanist in Scotland. R£ Keeper of Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh,
Professor of Botany in the University of Edinburgh. Regius Professor of + Angiosperms (in part).
Botany in the University of Glasgow, 1879-1884. Sherardian Professor of Botany
in the University of Oxford, 1884-1888.
JoHN ALLEN Howe, B.Sc. Archean System;
Curator and Librarian of the Museum of Practical Geology, London. Arenig Group.
ver, £ £ £ £ #4 I' i Fell f Ch
can o estminster. Fellow of the Britis cademy. Hon. Fellów o rist's
College, Cambridge. Formerly Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge, and Norrisian Aristides, Apology of.
Professor of Divinity. Author of Some Thoughts on the Incarnation; &c.
SIR JoHN BATTY TUKE, M.D., LL.D. (Edin.), D.Sc. (Dubl.)
President of the Neurological Society of the United Kingdom. Medical Director . Aphasia.
of New Saughton Hall Asylum, Edinburgh. M.P. for the Universities of Edinburgh
and St Andrews, 1900-1910.

JoHN BILsoN. Architecture: Romanesque and

External Examiner in Architecture, University of Manchester. Gothic, in England.

JAMEs DAvID BourcHIER, M.A., F.R.G.S.
Correspondent of The Times in South-Eastern Europe. Commander of the Orders J Athens;
of Prince Danilo of Montenegro and of thc Saviour of Greece, and Officer of the Athos.
Order of St Alexander of Bulgaria.

JoHN DYNELEY PRINCE, PH.D.
Professor of Semitic Languages, Columbia University, New York. Took part in
the Expedition to Southern Babylonia, 1888-89. Author of A Critical Commentary Assur (Biblical).
on the Book of Daniel; Assyrian Primer.

JoHN GEORGE CLARK ANDERSoN, M.A.
Student, Censor and Tutor of Christ Church, Oxford. Craven Fellow, 1896. Angora.
Formerly Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford. Joint-author of Studica Pontica.

SIR. Joshua GIRLING FITCH. { d. Mat -
See the biographical article: Fitch, SIR Joshua G. Arnold, Matthew (in part).

JosepH G. HoRNER, A.M.I.MECH.E. -
Author of Plating and Boiler Making; &c. Annealing

SIR JAMEs GEORGE Scott, K.C.I.E.
Superintendent and Political Officer, Southern Shan States. Author of Burma, a Arakan.
Handbook; The Upper Burma Gazettecr; &c.

JoHN HENRY ARTHUR HART, M.A. Archelaus, King of Judaea;
Fellow, Lecturer and Librarian of St John's College, Cambridge. Asmoneus; Assideans.
JoHN HENRY FREESE, M.A. Annalists; Aphrodite; Apollo;
Formerly Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge. Artemis; Athena,
JoHN HoRACE Round, M.A., LL.D. (Edin.).
Author of Feudal England : Peerage and Pedigree; &c. {Arundel. Earldom of.

JoHN HoLLAND Rose, M.A., LITT.D.
Lecturer on, Modern History... to the Cambridge, University Local Lectures A
Syndicate. Author of Life of Napoleon I: Napoleonic Studies; The Development of ugereau.
the European Nations; The-Life of Pitt; Chapters in the Cambridge Modern History.

ULES ISAAC.
J Professor of History at the Lycée of Lyons. {Ann of France.
Miss JESSIE L. WESTON. Arthur (King); .
Author of Arthurian Romances. Arthurian Legend.

Aqueduct: Ancient and
JoHN MALcoLM MITCHELL. :-P -
Formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Lecturer in Classics, East London Medieval ; Aquinas, Thomas
College (University of London). Joint-editor of Grote's History of Greece. (in part); Archon; Arms
and Armour: Ancient.
JAMES MAcquEEN.
Member and Fellow of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons. Professor of
Surgery at the Royal Veterinary College, London. Examiner for the Fellowship
Diploma of the R.C.V.S. Editor of Fleming's Operative Veterinary Surgery (2nd Anthrax.
edition); Dun's Veterinary Medicines (1oth edition); and Neumann's Parasites and
Parasitic Diseases of the Domesticated Animals (2nd cdition).

JEAN PAUL HIPPoLYTE EMMANUEL ADHÉMAR EsMEIN.
Professor of Law in the University of Paris. Officer of the Legion of Honour.
Member of the Institute of France. Author of Cours élémentaire d'histoire du Appanage.
droit français; &c.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

JACOB SAMUEL BALLIN:

Founder and Hon. Sec. of the National Institution of Apprenticeship, London. Apprenticeship.
JoHN SMITH FLETT, D.Sc., F.G.S.

Petrographer to the Geological Survey. £ Lecturer on £ in Edin- Aplite.

burgh University. Neill Medallist of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Bigsby
Medallist of the Geological Society of London.

[ocr errors]

JAMEs VERNoN BARTLET, M.A., D.D. (St Andrews). ...] Apostle;
#: of Church History, Mansfield College, Oxford. Author of The Apostolic Apostolic Fathers.
JoHN WALTER GREGoRY, F.R.S., D.Sc. -
Professor of Geology, University of Glasgow. Professor of Geol and J Australia: Physical
Mineralogy, University of Melbourne, 1900–1904. Author of The £a: of Geography.
Australia; Australasia.

JAMES WYCLIFFE HEADLAM, M.A.
Staff Inspector of Secondary Schools under the Board of Education. Formerly
Fellow of King's College, Cambridge. Professor of Greek and Ancient History at 4 Arnim, Count.
ueen's £e. London. Author of Bismarck and the Foundation of the German
mpire; &c.

KATHLEEN SCHLESINGER. - -
Author of The Instruments of the Orchestra. {* Asor; Aulos.
Louis HALPHEN. D.-És-L.
Lecturer on Medieval History at the University of Bordeaux. Formerly Secretary + Anjou.
of the École des Chartes, Paris.
Anhydrite; Ankerite;
LEONARD JAMEs SPENCER, M.A., F.G.S. Annabergite; Anorthites
rtment of Mineralogy, British Museum. Formerly Scholar of Sidney Sussex 4 Apatite; Apophyllite;
College, Cambridge, and Harkness Scholar. Editor of the Mineralogical Magazine. Aragonite; Argentite;

Argyrodite; Augite.
Louis MAURICE BRANDIN, M.A.
Fielden Professor of French and of Romance Philology in the University of London. { Anglo-Norman Literature.

LUCIEN Wolf.
Vice-President of the Jewish Historical Society of England. Formerly President of Anti-Semitism.
the Society. Joint editor of the Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica.

Moses GAster.
£ £ ' Sephardic ‘': of £, # £
ongress, 1898, 1899, 1900. chester Lecturer at Oxford on Slavonic an
Byzantine Literature, 1886, and 1891. President, Folklore Society of England. Anthim the Iberian.
Vice-President, Anglo-Jewish Association. Author of History of Rumanian
Popular Literature; A New Hebrew Fragment of Ben-Sira; The Hebrew Version of
Secretum Secretorum of Aristotle.

Mo: # £ £: pct: ly Member of the General

resident of the Eugenics Education iety. Formerly Member of the Genera

Council of the Bar and Council of Legal Education. Late Chairman, Incorporated Arbitration, International.
Council of Law Reporting. Honorary Fellow St John's College, Oxford.

MICHAEL JAN DE GOEJE. • f. -
See the biographical article:Goeje, MichAEL JAN DE. Arabia: Literature (in part).

MoRRIs JASTRow, PH.D. (Leipzig). - -
Professor of Semitic Languages, University of Pennsylvania. Author of Religion Anu; Assur (God);
of the Babylonians and Assyrians; &c. Astrology.

LADY HUGGINs. -
See the biographical article: HUGGINs, SIR WILLIAM. {Amma, Astrolabe.

MARCUs NIEBUHR Top, M.A. - -
Fellow and Tutor of Oriel College, Oxford. University Lecturer in *{: Archida':
Joint author of Catalogue of the Sparta Museum. Aristodemus, Aristomenes.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »