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of arms between Lord Claud Hamilton and Mr. Bright. The Church Bill
passes the Commons.-Mr. Bright on the House of Lords.-Great Debate
in the Upper House on the Government Measure.-Majority for Dis-
establishment.- Mr. Bright at Birmingham in January, 1870.-The Irish
Land Question. - National Education.— Reciprocity. - Free Land. - Mr.
Bright and the Land Bill of 1870.-Provisions of the Measure.-The Pur-
chase Clauses of the Act.-Mr. Bright's Plans for Land Reform.-His Irish
Addresses . .
. . 321
THE ELECTION OF 1868.-MR. BRIGHT ACCEPTS OFFICE.-SECOND
ILLNESS AND RESIGNATION, ETC.
The General Election of 1868.--Mr. Bright's Address to his Constituents. His
Speech in the Town Hall.-Contrast between Toryism and Liberalism.-
Mr. Bright on the Minority Clause.-Address to the Gun-makers.--The
enormous Public Expenditure.—Policy and Opinions of the Tory Candidates.
- National Education.-Scene at the Birmingham Nomination.-Result of
the Poll.-Great Liberal Triumph. Liberal Victory throughout the Country.
-Resignation of Mr. Disraeli.—Mr. Gladstone becomes Prime Minister.-
He offers a Seat in the Cabinet to Mr. Bright.-It is ultimately accepted.-
The Gladstone Ministry.-Mr. Bright's Re-election. Address to his Con-
stituents.-Remarks on his Acceptance of Office.-President of the Board of
Trade.-Mr. Bright on Nova Scotia and the Confederation Scheme.-On
Marriage with a Deceased Wife's Sister -Sir T. Chambers's Bill of 1869.-
Banquet at the Trinity House.-Speech by Mr. Bright.-Amnesty to the
Fenian Prisoners in 1870.—Mr. Bright's Second Illness. He resigns Office.-
The Press on the Resignation.-Mr. Bright condemns Home Rule.-Con-
gratulatory Address from the Workmen of London.—Mr. Bright on Repub-
licanism.-Presentation from the Potteries.-Review of Public Questions.-
Reconstruction of Mr. Gladstone's Cabinet.-Mr. Bright accepts Office as
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.-Great Meeting at Birmingham.-
Stirring Scene.-Important Speech by Mr. Bright.-Free Land.—The waning
Popularity of the Government.--Mr. Gladstone's Manifesto to the Electors
of Greenwich.-Dissolution of Parliament.-The Election for Birmingham,-
The old Members returned.-Speech by Mr. Bright.-Results of the General
Election.-Mr. Disraeli accedes to Office as Premier
MR. BRIGHT ON THE EASTERN QUESTION.
The Eastern Question in 1875-76.-Insurrection in Turkish Provinces.—The Bul-
garian Atrocities.-Mr. Gladstone's Pamphlet.-English Proposals to the
Porte.-Meeting of the Manchester Reform Club.-Speech by Mr. Bright.-
Mr. Disraeli's Address at Aylesbury.-The Constantinople Conference.-
Great Speech by Mr. Bright at Birmingham.—Lord Salisbury's Policy.--
National Conference on the Eastern Question.-Failure of the Constanti.
nople Conference.-Russia declares War against Turkey in April, 1877.-
Mr. Bright at Bradford.—Address on Affairs in the East.-Neutrality.-
England and the European Concert.-Unfounded jealousy of Russia.-
Progress of the War.–Turkey desires the Mediation of the Powers.-Mr.
Bright at Birmingham.- Protest against War.-Retirement of Lords Derby
and Carnarvon from the Ministry.-Debate on the Vote of Credit.-Treaty
of Peace signed at San Stefano.-Despatch of Indian Troops to Malta.-
War Excitement in England. -Anti-War Conference and Demonstration at
Manchester.— Vigorous Speech by Mr. Bright.-Strong Condemnation of
Lord Beaconsfield's Policy - European Congress in July, 1878.—Conclusion
of the Berlin Treaty
. . . . 401
PUBLIC ADDRESSES AND CORRESPONDENCE-1867-79.-DEATH OF
Mr. Bright's Addresses in the Provinces.—Mr. Jacob Bright's Return for Man-
chester.--Political Retrospect by Mr. Bright.-Speech at Birmingham on
Education and Government Aid.-Mr. Bright receives the Freedom of the
City of Edinburgh.-His Address on that occasion.- Elected Honorary
Member of the Edinburgh Chamber of Commerce.-Important Speech in
the Corn Exchange.-Mr. Bright at Birmingham in January, 1875.-The
Government and the Church.—The Efforts to suppress Ritualism.—The
Public Worship Bill.–Tribute to Mr. Gladstone.-Mr. Bright on the Liberal
Defeat of 1874.-On Political Questions in the year 1875.—The direct Repre-
sentation of Labour.–The Gothenburg System of Public-house Manage-
ment.-Social Progress.-Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Bright at Birmingham.-
A Stirring Week.-Mr. Bright on Household Suffrage for the Counties.-
Speech at Bradford on Free Trade.- Opening of the New Town Hall at
Manchester.-Mr. Bright on the Cotton Trade and Indian Administration.
-Address at Rochdale on Science and Art.-On Liberal and Conservative
Legislation.-On the Work of Sunday Schools.-Letter on Protection in
America.-Correspondence on Public Questions.-Great Speech at Birming.
ham on Foreign Affairs.—The Eastern Question.--Egypt.—The War in
Afghanistan.—The Government strongly condemned.-Mr. Bright on Pro-
tectionism in England. On the Depression in Trade.-Canadian Policy.-
Waning Popularity of the Beaconsfield Administration.-Conservative
Demonstration at Manchester in October, 1879.-Great Counter-Demonstra-
tion by the Liberals.-Animated Speech by Mr. Bright.-Scathing Denun-
ciation of the Government.--Mr. Bright on Education.-The Progress of the
United States.-Death of Mrs. Bright . . . . . 426
MR. BRIGHT AND THE UNITED STATES.
Letter from President Hayes to Mr. Bright : Invitation to visit the Unitea
States.--Mr. Bright's Reply . . . . . . . 197
Mr. Gladstone's Temporary Retirement from the Liberal Leadership. Lord
Hartington elected as his Successor.—The Session of 1875.-Dr. Kenealy
and the Tichborne Claimant.-Speech of Mr. Bright.-Dr. Kenealy's Motion
against the Judges.-A Singular Division.-Mr. Bright on the Burials Bill.
-The Prince of Wales's Visit to India.-The Irish Franchise. Elementary
Education.-Women's Suffrage.—The Sunday Liquor Traffic in Ireland. -
The County Franchise.—Mr. Bright on Parliamentary Reporting.–Capital
Punishment.-On Indian Famines.-Settlement of the Burials Question.-
The Management of King Edward the Sixth's Grammar School, Birmingham.
-Indian Debate in 1879.—The Bright Clauses in the Irish Land Act.-Mr.
Bright on Agricultural Depression.-Motion on the Irish Franchise in 1880.
--Sir Wilfrid Lawson's Local Option Resolution
THE GENERAL ELECTION OF 1880.
Causes which led to the Dissolution of 1880.- Opening of the Birmingham Liberal
Club.--Speeches of Sir William Harcourt and Mr. Bright.-Brilliant Attack
on the Government.-Meeting of the Birmingham Junior Liberal Association.
-Address by Mr. Bright.—The Zulu and Afghan Wars.—Dissolution of
Parliament.—Manifesto by the Premier.- English Ascendency in Europe.-
The Liberal Leaders and Lord Beaconsfield's Letter to the Duke of Marl-
borough.—The General Election.-The Contest in Birmingham.-Reception
and Speeches of Mr. Bright.-Interview with the Licensed Victuallers.-
The County Franchise and the Land Question.—Result of the Poll at
Birmingham.-Great Liberal Triumph.-Enormous Liberal Majority in the
Country:-Mr. Gladstone called to power.-Mr. Bright again accepts Office.
-Re-election with Mr. Chamberlain at Birmingham .
Mr. Bright on the Pacification of Ireland.-Speech at Birmingham.-Scheme for
the Reform of the Irish Land Laws. -Mr. Bright on the Rise of Noncon-
formity.-The Session of 1880.-Mr. Bradlaugh and the Oath.-Mr. Gladstone
proposes the appointment of a Select Committee.-Appeal by Mr. Bright.-
A Committee appointed.--Its Decision.-Further Debates in the House,
Eloquent Speech by Mr. Bright.-Arrest and Release of Mr. Bradlaugh.-
Further History of this Legislative Difficulty.-Mr. Bright on Capital
Punishment.- On the Representation of Minorities.—He is elected Lord
Rector of Glasgow University.-Mr. Bright at Birmingham.-Address on
Irish Affairs.—The House of Lords and the Compensation for Disturbance
Bill.-Necessity for a good Land Reform.-Correspondence with Lord
Carnarvon.-Mr. Bright on International Arbitration.-Address from French
Liberals on the Transvaal War.-Free Trade and Reciprocity.-Letters from
Mr. Bright.-Local Option in the House of Commons.-Sir Wilfrid Lawson's
Resolution carried.-Irish Questions in the Session of 1881.-The Coercion
Bill.-Speech of Mr. Bright.-The Land League Agitation.-Mr. Gladstone
Introduces the Land Bill.—Mr. Bright at the Fishmongers' Banquet.-
Observations on the Land Bill.-Debate on the Condition of the Agricultural
Labourers in Ireland.-Mr. Bright's Views on the Question.-Second Reading
of the Land Bill.-Mr. Bright's Speech.-Ministers at the Mansion House.
-The Land Bill passes the Lords and becomes Law
MR, BRIGHT'S ORATORY.-GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS.
Personal Characteristics of Mr. Bright.-His Oratory.-Its Power and Quality.
-Its Freshness, etc.—Comparison with Mr. Gladstone.-Mr. Bright's Know-
ledge of Literature. - His Humour. — Examples. — Recreations. — Moral
Characteristics.-His Courage and Earnestness.-Mr. Bright as an Agitator.
-The true Seer in English Politics. His Career and its Objects. The
Friend of true Liberty.-Influence upon his Time.-Conclusion . . 605,
THE FRENCH TREATY AND FOREIGN QUESTIONS.
Foreign Questions.— The Emperor Napoleon and the Anglo-French Treaty.-Effect
of Mr. Bright's Speech.—Mr. Cobden's Negotiations.--The Treaty signed.--
Mr. Gladstone's Budget of 1860.-Details of the French Treaty.–Tribute to
Mr. Cobden.-Debates upon the Budget and the Treaty.--Mr. Bright defends
the Government Scheme.—The Treaty approved.-Mr. Bright on the Policy
of the French Emperor.—The Annexation of Savoy.-Mr. Bright's attitude
on this question.-England and China.-Debate on the War.-Mr. Bright on
Government Policy.He severely condemns the Wars with China.-Financial
Affairs of India.–Foreign Invasion Panic in 1860.-Increased Fortifications.
-Powerful Speech by Mr. Bright.—The Disturbances in Syria.—Mr. Bright
on the Support of Turkey.-Mazzini and Mr. Stansfeld.-Mr. Bright defends
the Member for Halifax.–Scene between Mr. Disraeli and Mr. Bright.
PETWEEN the years 1860 and 1864, inclusive,
several important questions affecting our foreign
policy were discussed in Parliament; and in the
debates which arose in the Lower House Mr. Bright
took a conspicuous part. Foremost amongst these
questions was the negotiation of the French Treaty.
Mr. Bright, who was in perfect accord with Mr.
Cobden both as regards the reduction of our national