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dents in this Department. Mr. L. C. Nicholson, Instructor in Electrical Engineering, resigned his position in the summer of 1904, and Mr. Alan E. Flo:vers has been appointed in his place. Mr. J. H. Wallace, Instructor in Mechanical Engineering, having resigned his position in the fall of 1904 on account of ill health, the Curators appointed with the same title Mr. A. F. Van Deinse. For the second semester of the current session Mr. L. M. Fry has been appointed Assistant in Surveying. Mr. A. C. Duncan has been retained during the present session as Instructor in Shopwork. Mr. M. S. Bowen was appointed Assistant in the same subject at the opening of the scholastic year of 1904-5. The unexpectedly large enrollment in Shopwork necessitated the appointment of a student Assistant for the first semester of 1904-5, Mr. A. W. Spaht. The leave of absence granted last year to Mr. T. J. Rodhouse, Instructor in Mechanical Drawing was extended, on account of ill health, to cover the present scholastic year. He has an exceptionally fine opportunity to pursue advanced study. During his absence Mr. W. B. Rollins is Acting Instructor, assisted by Mr. E. F. Robinson and Mr. Omer Denny.

Academic Department. The University sustained a great loss in the resignation of Dr. Frank Thilly, Professor of Philosophy, who left us last summer to accept a chair at Princeton. His successor has not yet been appointed. During the present session Dr. W. B. Elkin has charge of the work of Philosophy. The large enrollment in Mathematics has made it necessary to appoint an Assistant Professor in this subject. Dr. G. A. Bliss has been elected to this position. During the present session Mr. Louis Ingold, Miss Mary Shore Walker, and Miss E. E. Dobbin are Assistants in Mathematics. Mr. A. C. Lyon, Assistant in Chemist:y, resigned his position last summer. His place has been filled by the election of Mr. E. E. Morlan. During the current scholastic year Mr. F. W. Liepsner is Student Assistant in Chemistry. Dr. Raymond Weeks, Professor of Romance Languages, has been granted a year's leave of absence, which he is spending in study in Paris. Dr. C. S. Brown is his substitute. In the place of Assistant Professor R. E. Bassett, whose resignation was noted in the Catalogue of last session, Dr. John T. Clark, of Harvard University, has been elected, with the title of Assistant Professor in Romance Languages. Miss Ellen Douglas, assistant in this work last session, is with us no longer. Dr. J. C. Jones, who was absent last year for study in Germany, has returned and resumed his duties as Professor of Latin and Dean of the Academic Department. Miss Eva Johnston, Assistant Professor of Latin, has been granted a furlough for the present session, which she is spending in study abroad. Dr. E. H. Sturtevant is her substitute. Mr. L. G. Burdick was appointed Assistant in Greek at the opening of the present session. In September, 1904, Mr. H. C. Penn, Assistant Professor in English, resigned his position to accept a professorship at Washington University. Owing to the lateness of the season, it was impossible to fill his place permanently for the present session. Therefore Dr. A. H. R. Fairchild was appointed Instructor for one year. Mr. A. G. Reed was appointed last summer Instructor in English. The immense enrollment in this important subject has necessitated the continued employment of Mr. L. R. Whipple as Assistant, and Miss Lula Belle Wooldridge, one of our graduates, in the same capacity. Miss Wooldridge takes the place of Mr. A. S. Neilson, who resigned his position last summer. In Economics Mr. H. W. Quaintance has been anpointed Instructor to take charge of special investigations in several economic problems in Missouri, as outlined by the Carnegie Institution at Washington. A part of his salary is paid with money received from that Institution. Mr. J. S. Summers resigned his position as Instructor in Physics last summer. Dr. H. M. Reese was elected in his place with the title of Instructor. Mr. A. A. Maxwell is acting as Student Assistant in this subject during the current session. Dr. W. C. Curtis, who has been Instructor in Zoology for several years, was promoted to the rank of Assistant Professor last spring. For the current session Messrs. Walter Arthur, T. D. Woodson, and H. E. Bradley are Student Assistants in this work. Mr. Otto Veatch was appointed Assistant in Geology during the fall of 1904. In Botany Miss Ruby Fitch was appointed Assistant for the current session.

Professor Clark W. Hetherington, Director of Physical Culture, has been given a furlough during the present year, which he is spending abroad in study. His substitute is Mr. C. B. Davis, who for several years has been Graduate Manager of Athletics. Mr. Davis's place has been filled by the election of Mr. R. B. Caldwell, who graduated from the University in 1903.

For several years the Young Men's Christian Association of the University has had a General Secretary who has given his entire time to work in its interest. During the fall of 1904 Miss Nellie Wetzel was appointed to perform a similar function for the Young Women's Christian Association. This is distinctly a step forward in the progress of this organization which is doing much for the young women of the University.

Mr. H. W. Prentiss, Jr., resigned his position as Secretary to the President and Alumni Recorder on February, 1905. Mr. L. E. Bates has been appointed in his place.

During the past year Mr. Fred Kelsey has acted as Publisher of the University, giving a portion of his time to the important work of advertising the University through the press of the State, and otherwise.

Mrs. Julia A. Watkins, Matron of the University Dormitories for men, resigned her position in September, 1904. Under her management these dormitories had been better administered than ever before in the history of the University. After a diligent search for a satisfactory woman Mrs. M. D. Williams was appointed to hold office until June, 1905.

A number of Student Assistants, on salaries varying from $100 to $150, have been appointed, because from lack of money it has not been possible to get better help. These Student Assistants are working faithfully, but we regret that the University is not able in all cases to employ persons of greater attainments and larger experience in teaching. However, the number of such Assistants is smaller now than it has been. Very few of the Student Assistants teach at all, and we hope next year to eliminate them altogether from the roll of teachers. A number of students at small salaries are serving as Assistants in the Various Libraries.

AT THE SCHOOL OF Mines: Owing to the difficulty of obtaining a satisfactory man for the place, the Professorship of Metallurgy was not filled for some time. During the scholastic year of 1903-4 we were fortunate in obtaining the services of Dr. Heinrich O. Hofman of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as Special Lecturer in this subject. In the fall of 1904, Mr. Wm. W. Garrett was elected Professor of Metallurgy. Mr. Arthur Watson Conner was given the position of Instructor in Civil Engineering at the same time. Mr. George W. Harris and Mr. II. A. Roesler have resigned their positions as Assistants in the Chemical Laboratory. Mr. B. T. Snyder is Assistant in this laboratory during the current session. Messrs. W. E. Sheldon, R. A. Barton, and C. L. Lintecum have been elected Student Assistants in Surveying for the current session, taking the places of Messrs. C. A. Minor, J. J. Brown, and C. M. Hummel, resigned. Mr. C. C. Baker has been elected Student Assistant in Shopwork for the present scholastic year.

THE FACULTY.

In administering the affairs of the University one thing challenges the most serious consideration. Changes in the Faculty should never take place except for undoubtedly good reasons. Changes are often inevitable because of our inability to retain in the service of the University the best qualified teachers. Other more favored institutions, with ample resources at command, take from us our experienced, thoroughly trained men. The loss thus sustained in late years has been incalculable. The retention of valuable men is all-important. Enlarged resources should be placed at the command of the Board, enabling us to compete with any institution in the country in securing and retaining the best talent for our University. This view has special reference to the salaries of head professors. A great State like Missouri can not afford to cripple the work of its University or lessen the opportunity of the youth of the commonwealth. Only by supplying in the Faculty teachers of the best ability can we attract the young men of Missouri to the University and prevent them from leaving home to find higher advantages.

The salaries paid in our University are low. The stronger Universities all pay larger salaries. If we are to retain our best Professors it is necessary that they should receive somewhat larger salaries. It is idle to say that good men are easy to get. Experience shows that it is very hard to get thoroughly good men. Every time that a good Professor leaves we incur an immense risk of getting a weak man in his place. It is wise policy when we have secured a thoroughly good Professor to hold him if a few hundred dollars more of salary will do it.

The Faculties at Columbia and at Rolla are more harmonious than they have ever been in the history of the University. Teachers and officers are working cordially together for the advancement of the Institution.

THE STUDENTS.

The thing that has pleased the friends of the University most during the past year has been the remarkable growth of college spirit among the students. We have been surprised at the evidences of unselfish interest in the good of the University which the students have been manifesting on many occasions and in a variety of ways. They have had the interest of their Alma Mater at heart and have shown themselves willing to sacrifice their own personal interests for the good of the Institution. Among the many

factors which have contributed largely to this growth of college spirit may be mentioned the Young Men's Christian Association and Athletics. The conduct of the students during the current session, both at Columbia and at Rolla, has been satisfactory.

Enrollment. The enrollment in all departments of the University, deducting those twice counted, during the session 1903-4 was 1,649. This was by far the largest enrollment of students in the regular session that the University had ever had in its history. Notwithstanding the fact that the attendance upon the summer session in 1904 fell off somewhat for reasons that will be explained later, the enrollment in all departments of the University thus far in the session of 1904-5, deducting names twice counted, is 1,861. Students enter regularly at the opening of the second semester on 1 February of each year. It is confidently expected that the enrollment for the entire session will be not less than 1,900, and that next session there will be in the whole University not less than 2,150 students. During the last scholastic year our students came from fifty-three states, territories, and foreign countries. Among the foreign countries referred to are Japan, Mexico, Porto Rico, Cuba, Egypt, China, Canada, Australia, Argentine Republic, and Trinidad. During the current scholastic year about a dozen Egyptian students have been enrolled, being attracted here by the letters of a student from that country who was with us last year. The United States Government has placed six men from the Philippines in our Medical Department this year. This step was decided upon by the Government Agent after investigating the Medical Schools of a large number of universities of the United States.

Athletics. The organization of athletics at Columbia has occasioned favorable comment far and wide among the educators of the country. Everything connected with athletics-tennis, golf, football, baseball, track events, and gymnastics—has been organized thoroughly and placed in charge of a responsible head. The Director of Athletics is answerable to the President and the Board of Curators for everything connected with his work. Under this system athletics have been turned into a means of grace. The evils of professionalism have been done away with entirely. A spirit of fairness, truthfulness, constancy under defeat, generosity to the vanquished, politeness to opponents, and love of sports for their own sake, has been growing steadily among the students.

Intercollegiate Debates. Our students maintain a number of Debating Clubs, and have engaged in a number of debates with other colleges and universities. We are proud to say that out of 21 debates in which they have engaged 14 have been won by our students.

Other student organizations, such as the Glee Clubs, the Cadet Band, the English Club, etc., are in a flourishing condition. In addition to the weekly paper, “The Independent of the University of Missouri,” and the Annual, “The Savitar,” our students have recently established the “Missouri Agricultural College Farmer," and "The Asterisk,” a literary magazine.

Young Men's Christian Association. A vigorous canvass is being made, among the faculty, students, and alumni of the University, with a view to raising sufficient funds to erect a handsome Young Men's Christian Association building for the use of all the students of the University. The Association hopes to erect à building to cost about $55,000. Already the ground has been secured and about $25,000 of this amount has been subscribed. No building could possibly be more needed at the present time. The Curators commend this movement heartily and hope that in the near future the actual construction of the building may be begun.

In addition to their meritorious work in raising the standard of religious life among the students by means of public meetings and Bible

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